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RASESWARA DARSANA
BY Dr ANJANA.P
3RD YEAR PG SCHOLAR
R&B department
Govt. Ayurveda College Tripunithura, Kerala
INTRODUCTION :-
• Darsana - root Drysyatae – which means to see
• drsyatae anena iti darsanaih
• Which sees, looks, or view or sight is called Darsana .
• Means the eye , the mirror and the knowledge.
• Darsanas include all forms of knowledge – Physical , mental , intellectual
and spiritual
• NUMBER OF DARSANA :-
• Darsana samucchaya – 6 Darsanas.
Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Boudha, Jaina, Jaiminiya, Sankhya
darsana
• Some scholars – 108
• Some other opinion – 300
• Sarva Darsana Sangraha – 15 Darsanas
• Charvaka, Boudha, Jaina, Visista adwaita, Dvaita, Nakulisapagupta, Saiva,
Pratyabhijna, Raseswara, Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Jaimini, Paniniya, Sankhya
and Yoga.
• CLASSIFICATION OF DARSANAS:-
ASTIKA
DARSANAS
Vaisheshika
Nyaya
Sankhya
Yoga
Purva Mimamsa
Uttara Mimamsa
NASTIKA DARSANAS
Charvaka
Boudha
Jaina
• SARVA DARSANA SANGRAHA :-
• Author – Sayana Madhava Acharya
• Time period – 14th century A.D.
• Son of Sayana and Shrimati
• Yajurvedi Brahmana kula
• Vijayanagara ( Andrapradesh).
• Sarvadarsana Sangraha – 15 Darsanas.
• Out of 15 – four Maheswara darsanas.
1. Nakuli sapagupta Darsana
2. Shaiva Darsana
3. Pratyarbhanjya Darsana
4. Raseswara Darsana
 Among all 15 Darsanas – 9th one is Raseswara Darsana
• All Darsanas believe in getting Mukti by uniting Jeevatma and Paramatma .
• Ie, Mukti obtains only after Samadhi or death.
• The followers of Raseswara Darsana believes in attaining Mukti by getting
pinda sthirtwa by the usage of Rasa or Parada.
CONCEPT OF RASESWARA DARSANA :-
 Philosophical aspects of Rasa Sastra .
 Contains references from Rasarnava, Rasa Hridaya Tantra and
Raseswara Siddanta .
 Believes that Jeevanmukti can be attained only through using Parada .
 Its unique nature differentiate this from other Darsanas.
• According to Madhava Acharya ,
“ अपरे माहेश्वर परमेश्वर तादात्म्यवाददनो अदप ।
दपण्ड्स्थैयय‘ सवायदिमता जीवन्मुदि रोत्यातय‘ इत्मय्थाय ॥
दपण्ड््थैयोपाय‘ पारदादद पद वेदनीयम, रसमेव संदिरन्ते |
• Other Darsanas believes in attaining Mukti only after Samadhi.
• Raseswara Darsana believes in attaining Mukti in living state itself
• By achieving Pindasthairyam by means of Parada seva
•
• By attaining द्थरदेह --- अध्ययन --- attaining proper knowledge and got free
from Mithyaajyana --- Atmasakshatkaram --- Mukti.
• The followers of Raseswara Darsana believes that they are the only
person who enjoys the pleasure of Jeevanmukti which is not possible
without Sarira Tyaga in other Darsanas.
• Synonym – Aparamukti.
• IMPORTANCE OF PARADA :-
•
According to Rasarnava :-
स्सार्य परम पारम दत्तै असौ पारद: ्रुत |
• The one which gives Moksha to Samsara is known as Parada
• Also known as Rasa, because as it is originated from Sarira satwa of
Lord Shiva.
• Parada makes the body Ajara and Amara .
• NEED FOR JEEVANMUKTI :-
• According to Rasarnava,
shaddarsane api muktisthu darsataa pindapaatanae |
karamalakavatsyapi pratyakshaa nopalabhyatae ||
tasmat rakshayet pindam rasaschaiva rasayanai: |
• In other Darsanas Mukti will attain only after death , which will be
difficult to understand.
• It is not Pratyaksha , as holding Amalaka in hand.
• So Pindarakshana should be done by the use of Rasa or Rasayana
prayoga , for attaining Mukti
• Raseswara Darsana classified Mukti in to two levels
• Paramukti and Jeevanmukti
• Shad darsanas – more emphasized on Paramukti
• Raseswara Darsana – Jeevanmukti
• CONCEPT OF HARA- GOURI SRISTI :-
• It is none other than Rasa and Abhraka samyoga.
• As Khana Sarira and Bhoga are Anitya , so to attain Mukti one should try
to attain a Sthira Deha which help in to get Jyana prapti and hence the
Mukti.
• So Lord Shiva said that
अभ्रक्य बीजम तु मम बीजम तु पारद: ।
अनयोमेलनम देदव रुत्मयुदादिद्य नाशनम ॥
( R.H.T)
• Abhraka is Bija of you ( Parvati), and Parada is Bija of mine ( Shiva) ,
by its combination there will be Nasha of Mrutyu and daridryam .
• CONCEPT OF KARMAYOGAS:-
• Two types of Karma yogas , which helps in liberation are explained
• Parada & Prana Vayu
• Both in Murchita avastha – Vyadhi hara
• Mritavastha – Jeevayati
• Badhavastha – Khecharatvam ( facilitates easy movements in
srotas)
• Murchito haratim vyadhim mrito jeevayati swayam |
badha khecharatam kuryat raso vayuscha bhairavi ||
• 3 stages of Parada are explained with Lakshanas :-
• Murchita Parada :-
nanavarno bhavet sooto vihaya khana chapalam |
lakshanam drusyatae yasya murchitam tam vadanthi hi ||
• Has different colours, looses its heaviness and fickleness.
• Mrita Parada :-
ardratvam cha khanatwam cha tejo gourava chapalam |
yasyaitani na drusyanthae tam vidyat mritasootakam ||
• Has no wet nature, heaviness, shine and rigidity.
• Badha Parada :-
akshatascha laghusravi tejaswi nirmalo guru |
skodanam punaravritto badhasootasya lakshanam ||
• Kshaya rahita, slightly liquid, shining, clear, heavy and punaravritti
after samskara.
• CONCEPT OF RASA SIDDHAS :-
• Who got Jivanmukti by Rasa seva
• Description about 8 Rasa Siddhas like Somadeva, Mahesh, Govind
bhagavat padacharya etc.
• CONCEPT OF PARADA SAMSKARAS :-
• Our body does not have the capacity to tolerate Hara- Gouri Sristi.
• In order to make it suitable for body , samskaras should be carried
out.
• 18 Samskaras are explained .
swedana mardana moorchana sthapana patana nirodha
niyamascha |
deepana gamana grasa pramanamadha jarana pidhanam ||
garbhadruti bahyadruti ksharana samraga saaranaschaiva |
kramana vedho bhakshanat astadasa eti rasa karma ||
• CONCEPT OF DEHAVEDA & LOHAVEDA :-
• Rasa sastra has two application levels – Lohaveda and deha Veda
• Among these Dehaveda concept is very important , its ultimate aim is to
attain Mukti through Rasa seva.
• It is said that as Parada is used in Loha , in the same way it must be
used in Deha as it has similar role in Loha and Deha.
• It should be tested first in Loha and then in Deha.
• In olden days there was no facility for animal experimentation and
because of Budhism, it was even more banned.
• Hence the sages might have tested it in Loha first , as Loha is also the
content of our body.
• Parada has the power to enter and convert that Loha in to superior metal
like gold.
• In the same way it can transform our body and rejuvenate it.
• Yatha lohae tathe dehae kartavya: sootak: tatha |
samanam kurutae devi pratyayam dehalohayoho ||
poorvam loham pariksheta paschath dehae prayojayet |
• CONCEPT OF KSHETRIKARANA :-
• Before administration of Rasa medicines , the pre-treatment to clean the
body by panchakarma procedures and removal of diseases if present with
proper medicine .
• Parada administered without kshetrikarana , will act like poison .
• PROCEDURE :-
• Pachana or Krimipatana
• Snehana
• Swedana
• Vamana
• Virechana
• CONCEPT OF SADEHA MUKTI :-
• People think what is the need for doing all this when one can attain
Moksha by Sat chitta anand.
• Then Raseswara said that Moksha can only be attained if body is
healthy.
• A diseased body is not capable of Samadhi.
• Only Rasa and Rasayana has the capacity to keep the body healthy
by warding off the diseases.
•
• CONCEPT OF RASA LINGA :-
• Doing puja of Parada by Bhakshana, Sparsana, Dana, Dhyana and
Paripoojana alleviates diseases.
• If one offers prayers to Rasa Linga , it will produce same effect as
that of worshipping all Shiva Lingas.
• Offering prayers to Rasa Linga is more powerful than
worshipping the Linga of Kashi.
• CONCEPT ABOUT DIVYA DEHA :-
• All purusarthas can be achieved by Divya deha
• Parada is considered as Paramam Brahma .
• Parada helps to preserve the body and make the body undecaying and
immortal .
• So the final objective of Dehaveda is to achieve a Divya deha by the
use of Rasa.
• CONFLICT OVER MUKTI IN LIVE STATE:-
• Jeeva means to live along with world and staying away from it
means Mukti.
• So how can Mukti be attained being alive?
• According to Raseswara darsana , Mukti is jneya or Ajneya
• If we consider it as Ajneya , then the whole concept is of no use
• It is like horns on head of a donkey , that we cant see.
• In the same way we cant see Mukti in live stage.
• If we consider it as Jneya , then we must be alive to know it .
• If we are dead then we do not have any knowledge about it.
• Hence Jeevanmukti ie, lively liberation is right.
• CONCLUSION :-
• Raseswara Darsana deals with the philosophical aspects of
Rasa sastra
• The followers of this Darsana believes in attaining Mukti in
living state itself.
• Jeevanmukti can be achieved by accomplishing Pinda sthiratwa
by Rasa seva
• This Darsana gives descriptions about 3stages of Parada and its
18 Samskaras.
• Compares Rasa to Atma or Brahma or Iswara itself.
• So by the Darsana of Rasa , which is considered as Iswara itself
one can attain Mukti in living state itself.
• Hence the name Raseswara Darsana.
THANK YOU

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RASESWARA DARSANA

  • 1. RASESWARA DARSANA BY Dr ANJANA.P 3RD YEAR PG SCHOLAR R&B department Govt. Ayurveda College Tripunithura, Kerala
  • 2. INTRODUCTION :- • Darsana - root Drysyatae – which means to see • drsyatae anena iti darsanaih • Which sees, looks, or view or sight is called Darsana . • Means the eye , the mirror and the knowledge. • Darsanas include all forms of knowledge – Physical , mental , intellectual and spiritual
  • 3. • NUMBER OF DARSANA :- • Darsana samucchaya – 6 Darsanas. Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Boudha, Jaina, Jaiminiya, Sankhya darsana • Some scholars – 108 • Some other opinion – 300 • Sarva Darsana Sangraha – 15 Darsanas • Charvaka, Boudha, Jaina, Visista adwaita, Dvaita, Nakulisapagupta, Saiva, Pratyabhijna, Raseswara, Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Jaimini, Paniniya, Sankhya and Yoga.
  • 4. • CLASSIFICATION OF DARSANAS:- ASTIKA DARSANAS Vaisheshika Nyaya Sankhya Yoga Purva Mimamsa Uttara Mimamsa NASTIKA DARSANAS Charvaka Boudha Jaina
  • 5. • SARVA DARSANA SANGRAHA :- • Author – Sayana Madhava Acharya • Time period – 14th century A.D. • Son of Sayana and Shrimati • Yajurvedi Brahmana kula • Vijayanagara ( Andrapradesh).
  • 6. • Sarvadarsana Sangraha – 15 Darsanas. • Out of 15 – four Maheswara darsanas. 1. Nakuli sapagupta Darsana 2. Shaiva Darsana 3. Pratyarbhanjya Darsana 4. Raseswara Darsana  Among all 15 Darsanas – 9th one is Raseswara Darsana
  • 7. • All Darsanas believe in getting Mukti by uniting Jeevatma and Paramatma . • Ie, Mukti obtains only after Samadhi or death. • The followers of Raseswara Darsana believes in attaining Mukti by getting pinda sthirtwa by the usage of Rasa or Parada.
  • 8. CONCEPT OF RASESWARA DARSANA :-  Philosophical aspects of Rasa Sastra .  Contains references from Rasarnava, Rasa Hridaya Tantra and Raseswara Siddanta .  Believes that Jeevanmukti can be attained only through using Parada .  Its unique nature differentiate this from other Darsanas.
  • 9. • According to Madhava Acharya , “ अपरे माहेश्वर परमेश्वर तादात्म्यवाददनो अदप । दपण्ड्स्थैयय‘ सवायदिमता जीवन्मुदि रोत्यातय‘ इत्मय्थाय ॥ दपण्ड््थैयोपाय‘ पारदादद पद वेदनीयम, रसमेव संदिरन्ते | • Other Darsanas believes in attaining Mukti only after Samadhi. • Raseswara Darsana believes in attaining Mukti in living state itself • By achieving Pindasthairyam by means of Parada seva •
  • 10. • By attaining द्थरदेह --- अध्ययन --- attaining proper knowledge and got free from Mithyaajyana --- Atmasakshatkaram --- Mukti. • The followers of Raseswara Darsana believes that they are the only person who enjoys the pleasure of Jeevanmukti which is not possible without Sarira Tyaga in other Darsanas. • Synonym – Aparamukti.
  • 11. • IMPORTANCE OF PARADA :- • According to Rasarnava :- स्सार्य परम पारम दत्तै असौ पारद: ्रुत | • The one which gives Moksha to Samsara is known as Parada • Also known as Rasa, because as it is originated from Sarira satwa of Lord Shiva. • Parada makes the body Ajara and Amara .
  • 12. • NEED FOR JEEVANMUKTI :- • According to Rasarnava, shaddarsane api muktisthu darsataa pindapaatanae | karamalakavatsyapi pratyakshaa nopalabhyatae || tasmat rakshayet pindam rasaschaiva rasayanai: | • In other Darsanas Mukti will attain only after death , which will be difficult to understand. • It is not Pratyaksha , as holding Amalaka in hand.
  • 13. • So Pindarakshana should be done by the use of Rasa or Rasayana prayoga , for attaining Mukti • Raseswara Darsana classified Mukti in to two levels • Paramukti and Jeevanmukti • Shad darsanas – more emphasized on Paramukti • Raseswara Darsana – Jeevanmukti
  • 14. • CONCEPT OF HARA- GOURI SRISTI :- • It is none other than Rasa and Abhraka samyoga. • As Khana Sarira and Bhoga are Anitya , so to attain Mukti one should try to attain a Sthira Deha which help in to get Jyana prapti and hence the Mukti.
  • 15. • So Lord Shiva said that अभ्रक्य बीजम तु मम बीजम तु पारद: । अनयोमेलनम देदव रुत्मयुदादिद्य नाशनम ॥ ( R.H.T) • Abhraka is Bija of you ( Parvati), and Parada is Bija of mine ( Shiva) , by its combination there will be Nasha of Mrutyu and daridryam .
  • 16. • CONCEPT OF KARMAYOGAS:- • Two types of Karma yogas , which helps in liberation are explained • Parada & Prana Vayu • Both in Murchita avastha – Vyadhi hara • Mritavastha – Jeevayati • Badhavastha – Khecharatvam ( facilitates easy movements in srotas)
  • 17. • Murchito haratim vyadhim mrito jeevayati swayam | badha khecharatam kuryat raso vayuscha bhairavi || • 3 stages of Parada are explained with Lakshanas :- • Murchita Parada :- nanavarno bhavet sooto vihaya khana chapalam | lakshanam drusyatae yasya murchitam tam vadanthi hi ||
  • 18. • Has different colours, looses its heaviness and fickleness. • Mrita Parada :- ardratvam cha khanatwam cha tejo gourava chapalam | yasyaitani na drusyanthae tam vidyat mritasootakam || • Has no wet nature, heaviness, shine and rigidity.
  • 19. • Badha Parada :- akshatascha laghusravi tejaswi nirmalo guru | skodanam punaravritto badhasootasya lakshanam || • Kshaya rahita, slightly liquid, shining, clear, heavy and punaravritti after samskara.
  • 20. • CONCEPT OF RASA SIDDHAS :- • Who got Jivanmukti by Rasa seva • Description about 8 Rasa Siddhas like Somadeva, Mahesh, Govind bhagavat padacharya etc. • CONCEPT OF PARADA SAMSKARAS :- • Our body does not have the capacity to tolerate Hara- Gouri Sristi. • In order to make it suitable for body , samskaras should be carried out.
  • 21. • 18 Samskaras are explained . swedana mardana moorchana sthapana patana nirodha niyamascha | deepana gamana grasa pramanamadha jarana pidhanam || garbhadruti bahyadruti ksharana samraga saaranaschaiva | kramana vedho bhakshanat astadasa eti rasa karma ||
  • 22. • CONCEPT OF DEHAVEDA & LOHAVEDA :- • Rasa sastra has two application levels – Lohaveda and deha Veda • Among these Dehaveda concept is very important , its ultimate aim is to attain Mukti through Rasa seva. • It is said that as Parada is used in Loha , in the same way it must be used in Deha as it has similar role in Loha and Deha. • It should be tested first in Loha and then in Deha.
  • 23. • In olden days there was no facility for animal experimentation and because of Budhism, it was even more banned. • Hence the sages might have tested it in Loha first , as Loha is also the content of our body. • Parada has the power to enter and convert that Loha in to superior metal like gold. • In the same way it can transform our body and rejuvenate it.
  • 24. • Yatha lohae tathe dehae kartavya: sootak: tatha | samanam kurutae devi pratyayam dehalohayoho || poorvam loham pariksheta paschath dehae prayojayet | • CONCEPT OF KSHETRIKARANA :- • Before administration of Rasa medicines , the pre-treatment to clean the body by panchakarma procedures and removal of diseases if present with proper medicine . • Parada administered without kshetrikarana , will act like poison .
  • 25. • PROCEDURE :- • Pachana or Krimipatana • Snehana • Swedana • Vamana • Virechana
  • 26. • CONCEPT OF SADEHA MUKTI :- • People think what is the need for doing all this when one can attain Moksha by Sat chitta anand. • Then Raseswara said that Moksha can only be attained if body is healthy. • A diseased body is not capable of Samadhi. • Only Rasa and Rasayana has the capacity to keep the body healthy by warding off the diseases. •
  • 27. • CONCEPT OF RASA LINGA :- • Doing puja of Parada by Bhakshana, Sparsana, Dana, Dhyana and Paripoojana alleviates diseases. • If one offers prayers to Rasa Linga , it will produce same effect as that of worshipping all Shiva Lingas. • Offering prayers to Rasa Linga is more powerful than worshipping the Linga of Kashi.
  • 28. • CONCEPT ABOUT DIVYA DEHA :- • All purusarthas can be achieved by Divya deha • Parada is considered as Paramam Brahma . • Parada helps to preserve the body and make the body undecaying and immortal . • So the final objective of Dehaveda is to achieve a Divya deha by the use of Rasa.
  • 29. • CONFLICT OVER MUKTI IN LIVE STATE:- • Jeeva means to live along with world and staying away from it means Mukti. • So how can Mukti be attained being alive? • According to Raseswara darsana , Mukti is jneya or Ajneya • If we consider it as Ajneya , then the whole concept is of no use • It is like horns on head of a donkey , that we cant see.
  • 30. • In the same way we cant see Mukti in live stage. • If we consider it as Jneya , then we must be alive to know it . • If we are dead then we do not have any knowledge about it. • Hence Jeevanmukti ie, lively liberation is right.
  • 31. • CONCLUSION :- • Raseswara Darsana deals with the philosophical aspects of Rasa sastra • The followers of this Darsana believes in attaining Mukti in living state itself. • Jeevanmukti can be achieved by accomplishing Pinda sthiratwa by Rasa seva • This Darsana gives descriptions about 3stages of Parada and its 18 Samskaras.
  • 32. • Compares Rasa to Atma or Brahma or Iswara itself. • So by the Darsana of Rasa , which is considered as Iswara itself one can attain Mukti in living state itself. • Hence the name Raseswara Darsana.