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The Role of GCF in Climate-Water Finance
Valuing Water For SDGs
Dr Amgad Elmahdi
Water Sector Lead
Aelmahdi@gcfund.org
Chair of Water Security Bureau-Int Water Res Ass-IWRA
The Climate crisis: Where we are What needs to be done
Why we need Finance
The world faces
unavoidable multiple
climate hazards over the
next two decades with
global warming of 1.5°C
(2.7°F).
IPCC report
Around 80 % of climate impacts are manifested through water – extreme precipitation, drought,
melting ice, sea-level rise and more.
Increase of agricultural drought has been observed in all
continents
More than half of the planet has been facing increase of
heavy precipitation
Water Sector: is the Connector
“Water is the best investment we can
make to improve Climate, water and food
security, health, gender equality, and the
environment while transforming lives and
communities to be more resilient .”
Water
Security
Climate
Security
Food
Security
Energy
Security
Ecosystem
Security
• Green water links the freshwater boundary
tightly to other planetary boundaries such
as land use, biodiversity and climate
• But we are profoundly changing the water
cycle. This is now affecting the health of
the entire planet.
The planetary boundaries framework,2022
scaling and market-creation role, and as accelerator and amplifier for
climate action
GCF in the Climate Finance Landscape and Potential Collaborators
Barriers to Financing Water Projects
Under-pricing of water: Water is a public good and generally
an under-valued resource, not properly accounted for by
the government and the investors that depend on or affect
its availability in other sectors such as urban development,
agriculture, and energy.
Water services are often under-priced, resulting in low
cost-recovery for water investments.
Capital-intensive Water resources, irrigation, water supply,
and wastewater infrastructures are generally capital
intensive, with high sunk costs and long pay-back periods.
Monetising benefits: Water management provides both
public and private co-benefits, many of which cannot be
easily monetised. This reduces potential revenue flows.
Context-specific projects: Water projects are often too
small or too context-specific, raising transaction costs and
making innovative financing models difficult to scale-up.
Poor business models: Business models often fail to
support O&M efficiency, hampering the ability to
sustain service at least cost over time.
Lack of integrated development
planning and capacities that
consider maladaptation risks and
investment needs across the NEXUS
sectors, climate information services
and supply;
Limited investment in innovative
farming practices, agricultural
technologies and business models
to incentivize stakeholders to adapt;
Lack of access to affordable finance
to invest in low-emission agricultural
practices, regenerative businesses and
sustainable food systems:
Inadequate public and private
finance to invest in commercially
viable climate-resilient projects and
programs at scale;
Lack of knowledge and access to
information on resilient and low-
emission Nexus practices and related
benefits;
Lack of awareness of low-emissions
Nexus practices, use of modern ICT
tools and techniques for climate
resilient Nexus systems.
Cultural and behavioral barriers in
changing food production systems and
diets.
03
Mobilizing
finance
04
Coalition and
Knowledge to
Scale-up Success
02
Catalyzing
innovation
01
Transformational
planning
How we drive change!!!
creating and sharing
knowledge to
harmonise valuation
methodologies with
climate risks built into
financial decisions for
sustainable
development.
scaling-up successful
climate investments to
de-risk investments
through strengthening
domestic capital
markets and climate
financing institutions
Technology
development and
transfer with enabling
institutional
environments, including
conservation,
preservation, sanitation
asset class, EbM, and
smart utilities
Integrated climate
development policies
promoting climate
finance coherence.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Investment Criteria
HOWWE INVEST
Through a Range of Financial Instruments
De-risking & Concessionality
Role of the GCF
Leveraging private sector, institutional investors and DFIs funding to support green growth in DevelopingCountries
GCF Overview
Financial Instruments and Programming
SectorGuides
Water AssetTransition
•Treat water as "a new asset class" for water reuse and sanitation, using
credit enhancement towards developing debt capital market and
acceptable financial returns but remain in line with ESG impacts and the
Paris Agreement and contribute to UN SDGs that will allows
municipalities and private sector to scale up water reuse, sanitation and
desalination projects and/or governments purchase a service instead of an
asset.
• support countries develop, adapt policies and legislation to creates an
enabling investment environment to identify, design, and implement
public and private funded transformational water security
interventions as a new asset class
•finance the transition and de-risk private investment in address
financial market barriers and ensure affordability and bankability to
unlock water reuse investment,
•Supporting new financial models accompanied with acceptable
revenue in line with Paris agreement targets and SDGs
GCF-Initiatives
How to Improve Financing and
Valuing Water
Improved
management and
performance
(technical and
Finance)
Improved
capacity to
absorb and
disburse funds
Improved
accounting,
transparency
and integrity
Legal and regulatory
framework (budget and
revenue)
Better and
acceptable
revenue streams
Advocacy
Coordinated
finance
planning
❑ Revisit the water value across the value chain and circular economy and call for Integrated Water Multi-Sectors Management -
IWMSM instead of IWRM
❑ Maximise the value of existing assets for -related investments
❑ Design investment pathways that maximise related benefits over the long term in line with Paris Agreement, ESG Impacts and SDGs
❑ Projects should be designed to be scalable and adjustable to changing conditions.
❑ Ensure synergies with investments in other sectors
❑ Attract more financing by improving the risk-return profile of NEXUS investments
❑ Leverage opportunity from recovery packages using IWRM coordination mechanisms
❑ Improve coordination and prioritization of funds across sectors and develop integrated finance/investment with multiple co-
benefits across sectors
❑ Improve coordination between donors and banks for investment targets and benefits
❑ Improve cooperation to transparency, integrity, anti-corruptions and accountability
❑ Actively mobilizing private sector accompanied with good policy and supported investment environment
Dr Amgad Elmahdi
Water Sector Lead
Chair of Water Security Bureau-IWRA
Aelmahdi@gcfund.org @Dr_AmgadElmahdi
https://www.greenclimate.fund/
ThankYou

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Presentation - 9th Roundtable on Financing water - Amgad Elmahdi

  • 1. The Role of GCF in Climate-Water Finance Valuing Water For SDGs Dr Amgad Elmahdi Water Sector Lead Aelmahdi@gcfund.org Chair of Water Security Bureau-Int Water Res Ass-IWRA
  • 2. The Climate crisis: Where we are What needs to be done Why we need Finance
  • 3. The world faces unavoidable multiple climate hazards over the next two decades with global warming of 1.5°C (2.7°F). IPCC report Around 80 % of climate impacts are manifested through water – extreme precipitation, drought, melting ice, sea-level rise and more. Increase of agricultural drought has been observed in all continents More than half of the planet has been facing increase of heavy precipitation
  • 4. Water Sector: is the Connector “Water is the best investment we can make to improve Climate, water and food security, health, gender equality, and the environment while transforming lives and communities to be more resilient .” Water Security Climate Security Food Security Energy Security Ecosystem Security • Green water links the freshwater boundary tightly to other planetary boundaries such as land use, biodiversity and climate • But we are profoundly changing the water cycle. This is now affecting the health of the entire planet. The planetary boundaries framework,2022
  • 5. scaling and market-creation role, and as accelerator and amplifier for climate action GCF in the Climate Finance Landscape and Potential Collaborators
  • 6. Barriers to Financing Water Projects Under-pricing of water: Water is a public good and generally an under-valued resource, not properly accounted for by the government and the investors that depend on or affect its availability in other sectors such as urban development, agriculture, and energy. Water services are often under-priced, resulting in low cost-recovery for water investments. Capital-intensive Water resources, irrigation, water supply, and wastewater infrastructures are generally capital intensive, with high sunk costs and long pay-back periods. Monetising benefits: Water management provides both public and private co-benefits, many of which cannot be easily monetised. This reduces potential revenue flows. Context-specific projects: Water projects are often too small or too context-specific, raising transaction costs and making innovative financing models difficult to scale-up. Poor business models: Business models often fail to support O&M efficiency, hampering the ability to sustain service at least cost over time. Lack of integrated development planning and capacities that consider maladaptation risks and investment needs across the NEXUS sectors, climate information services and supply; Limited investment in innovative farming practices, agricultural technologies and business models to incentivize stakeholders to adapt; Lack of access to affordable finance to invest in low-emission agricultural practices, regenerative businesses and sustainable food systems: Inadequate public and private finance to invest in commercially viable climate-resilient projects and programs at scale; Lack of knowledge and access to information on resilient and low- emission Nexus practices and related benefits; Lack of awareness of low-emissions Nexus practices, use of modern ICT tools and techniques for climate resilient Nexus systems. Cultural and behavioral barriers in changing food production systems and diets.
  • 7. 03 Mobilizing finance 04 Coalition and Knowledge to Scale-up Success 02 Catalyzing innovation 01 Transformational planning How we drive change!!! creating and sharing knowledge to harmonise valuation methodologies with climate risks built into financial decisions for sustainable development. scaling-up successful climate investments to de-risk investments through strengthening domestic capital markets and climate financing institutions Technology development and transfer with enabling institutional environments, including conservation, preservation, sanitation asset class, EbM, and smart utilities Integrated climate development policies promoting climate finance coherence.
  • 9. HOWWE INVEST Through a Range of Financial Instruments De-risking & Concessionality Role of the GCF Leveraging private sector, institutional investors and DFIs funding to support green growth in DevelopingCountries
  • 10. GCF Overview Financial Instruments and Programming SectorGuides
  • 11. Water AssetTransition •Treat water as "a new asset class" for water reuse and sanitation, using credit enhancement towards developing debt capital market and acceptable financial returns but remain in line with ESG impacts and the Paris Agreement and contribute to UN SDGs that will allows municipalities and private sector to scale up water reuse, sanitation and desalination projects and/or governments purchase a service instead of an asset. • support countries develop, adapt policies and legislation to creates an enabling investment environment to identify, design, and implement public and private funded transformational water security interventions as a new asset class •finance the transition and de-risk private investment in address financial market barriers and ensure affordability and bankability to unlock water reuse investment, •Supporting new financial models accompanied with acceptable revenue in line with Paris agreement targets and SDGs GCF-Initiatives
  • 12. How to Improve Financing and Valuing Water Improved management and performance (technical and Finance) Improved capacity to absorb and disburse funds Improved accounting, transparency and integrity Legal and regulatory framework (budget and revenue) Better and acceptable revenue streams Advocacy Coordinated finance planning ❑ Revisit the water value across the value chain and circular economy and call for Integrated Water Multi-Sectors Management - IWMSM instead of IWRM ❑ Maximise the value of existing assets for -related investments ❑ Design investment pathways that maximise related benefits over the long term in line with Paris Agreement, ESG Impacts and SDGs ❑ Projects should be designed to be scalable and adjustable to changing conditions. ❑ Ensure synergies with investments in other sectors ❑ Attract more financing by improving the risk-return profile of NEXUS investments ❑ Leverage opportunity from recovery packages using IWRM coordination mechanisms ❑ Improve coordination and prioritization of funds across sectors and develop integrated finance/investment with multiple co- benefits across sectors ❑ Improve coordination between donors and banks for investment targets and benefits ❑ Improve cooperation to transparency, integrity, anti-corruptions and accountability ❑ Actively mobilizing private sector accompanied with good policy and supported investment environment
  • 13. Dr Amgad Elmahdi Water Sector Lead Chair of Water Security Bureau-IWRA Aelmahdi@gcfund.org @Dr_AmgadElmahdi https://www.greenclimate.fund/ ThankYou