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 Practical Research 1
Sample Titles
 Cost Modeling and Design Techniques
for Integrated Package Distribution
Systems
 Asymptotically Optimal Schedules for
Single-Server Flow Shop Problems with
Setup Costs and Times
 A Class of Hybrid Methods for Revenue
Management
 Tradeoffs Between Customer Service
and Cost in an Integrated Supply Chain
Design Framework
 Facility Location in Supply Chain Design
 A Competitive Marketing/Operations
Model of Differentiate Product Decisions
 A Joint Marketing/Operations Model of
Differentiated Product Decisions
 Serial Agile Production Systems with
Automation
 The Stochastic Location Model with Risk
Pooling
 The Project Portfolio Management
Problem
 Push and Pull Production in Automated
Agile Workforce Environments
 Opportunity of Hierarchical Cross-
training in Serial Production
 Path Planning in an Anisotropic Medium
 Capacity Option Transfer Rights: Do
They Benefit Suppliers?
 Disaster Relief Routing: Integrating
Research and Practice
 Models for Relief Routing: Equity,
Efficiency and Efficacy
 Sequential Resource Allocation for
Nonprofit Operations
 Workforce management in periodic
delivery operations
 Dynamic Spectrum Management with
the Competitive Market Model
 Cost-Effective Control of Chronic Viral
Diseases: Finding the Optimal Level of
Screening and Contact Tracing
Parts of Chapter 1
 Introduction
 Background of the
Study
 Statement of the
Problem
 Theoretical
Framework
 Conceptual
Framework
 Assumptions and
Hypothesis
 Scope and
Delimitations of the
Study
 Limitations of the
Study
 Definition of Terms
Introduction
 Discusses four (4) relevant ideas:
 TOPIC or subject matter: define and elaborate
using methods of paragraph development like
classification and giving examples
 IMPORTANCE of the Topic: cite the role that the
topic plays in your life and the benefits you
derive from it.
 REASONS for Choosing the topic: emphasized
what motivated you to choose the topic.
 PURPOSE of the Study: discusses the objective
of the study.
 Practical Research 1
Background of The Study
 consists of statements on what led the
investigator to launch the study.
 may have been generated by some
empirical observations, the need to
explore the problem and some other
relevant conditions.
 describe as clearly as possible the
problem intended to be addressed and
refer to the relevant literature in the field.
Background of the Study
 it is an overview of factors which have
led to the problem, comprise the
problem and historical significance
relative to the problem.
 Practical Research 1
Statement of the Problem
 There should be a general statement of
the whole problem followed by the
specific questions or sub problems into
which the general problem is broken up.
 Practical Research 1
 Practical Research 1
Theoretical Framework
 This is the foundation of the research
study. These are highly related theories
and principles that were established and
proven by authorities
 refers to the set of interrelated construct,
definitions, and prepositions that
presents a systematic view of
phenomena
Theoretical Framework
 an organized body that explains what
has been done and what has been said
on the topic or problem being
investigated.
What must be obtained from a
theory?
 The name/s of author/s of the theory
must be taken including the place and
the time / year when he or she
postulated such a principle or
generalization.
 the part or parts of the theory that are
relevant to your study
 synthesis by relating to your findings
 Practical Research 1
 Practical Research 1
Conceptual Framework
 a tentative explanation or theoretical
explanation of the phenomenon or
problem and serves as the basis for the
formulation research hypotheses.
 consists of the investigator’s own
position on a problem after his exposure
to various theories that have bearing on
the problem
Conceptual Framework
 The conceptual framework becomes the
central theme, the focus, the main thrust
of the study. It serves as a guide in
conducting investigation.
 Paradigm. A paradigm is a
diagrammatic representation of a
conceptual framework. It depicts in a
more vivid way what the conceptual
framework wants to convey.
Conceptual Framework:
Paradigm
 Practical Research 1
 Practical Research 1
Deductive Reasoning
 : In deductive reasoning, a conclusion is
reached reductively by applying general
rules that hold over the entirety of
a closed domain of discourse, narrowing
the range under consideration until only
the conclusion is left.
 a method of reasoning by which
concrete applications or consequences
are deducted from general principles or
theorems
Assumptions and
Hypothesis
 Historical and descriptive investigations
do not need explicit hypotheses and
assumptions. Only experimental studies
need expressly written assumptions and
hypotheses.
 Assumptions- a belief that forms one
of the bases for the research. This belief
is not to be tested or supported with
empirical data. Very often belief is not
stated in a research proposal.
Assumptions and
Hypothesis
 Hypothesis is a tentative answer to a
research question, it can be derived
 from the observation before the research is
conducted. This is called inductive
hypothesis.
 from the theory. This is called deductive
hypothesis.
 Practical Research 1
Kinds of Hypothesis
 Research hypothesis is usually
developed from experience, literature or
theory, or combination of these. This is
the expected relationship
between variables.
 Null hypothesis is the one that states
NO relationship between varibales. The
function is to let the research test the
hypothesis statistically.
Scope and Delimitations
 The scope and delimitations should
include the following:
 A brief statement of the general purpose of
the study.
 The subject matter and topics studied and
discussed.
 The locale of the study, where the data were
gathered or the entity to which the data
belong.
Scope and Delimitations
 The population or universe from which the
respondents were selected. This must be
large enough to make generalizations
significant.
 The period of the study. This is the time,
either months or years, during which the
data were gathered.
 Practical Research 1
Limitations of the Study
 include the weaknesses of the study
beyond the control of the researcher.
 The weaknesses spring out of the
inaccuracies of the perceptions of the
respondents.
 Practical Research 1
Variables
 is the operationalized way in which the
attribute is represented for further data
processing.
 Values of each variable statistically
"vary" (or are distributed) across the
variable's domain
 Basically, a variable is any factor that
can be controlled, changed, or
measured in an experiment.
Types of Variables
 The independent variable is the one
condition that you change in an
experiment.
 The dependent variable is the variable
that you measure or observe. It is the
factor that is dependent on the state of
the independent variable.
Types of Variables
 A controlled variable or constant
variable is a variable that does not
change during an experiment.
 Extraneous variables are "extra"
variables that may influence the
outcome of an experiment, but aren't
taken into account during measurement.
Significance of the Study
 The rationale, timeliness and/or
relevance of the study. The rationale,
timeliness and/or relevance of the study
to existing conditions must be explained
or discussed.
 Possible solutions to existing problems
or improvement to unsatisfactory
conditions.
Significance of the Study
 Who are to be benefited and how they
are going to be benefited. It must be
shown who are the individuals, groups,
or communities who may be placed in a
more advantageous position on account
of the study.
 Possible contribution to the fund of
knowledge.
Significance of the Study
 Possible implications. It should be
discussed here that the implications
include the possible causes of the
problems discovered, the possible
effects of the problems, and the
remedial measures to solve the
problems.
 Practical Research 1
Definition of Terms
 Only terms, words, or phrases which
have special or unique meanings in the
study are defined.
 Terms should be defined operationally,
that is how they are used in the study.
 The researcher may develop his own
definition from the characteristics of the
term defined.
Definition of Terms
 Definitions may be taken from
encyclopedias, books, magazines and
newspaper articles, dictionaries, and
other publications but the researcher
must acknowledge his sources.
 Definitions should abe brief, clear, and
unequivocal as possible.
 Acronyms should always be spelled out
fully
 Practical Research 1
 Practical Research 1
Thank you so much

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Practical Research 1

  • 2. Sample Titles  Cost Modeling and Design Techniques for Integrated Package Distribution Systems  Asymptotically Optimal Schedules for Single-Server Flow Shop Problems with Setup Costs and Times  A Class of Hybrid Methods for Revenue Management
  • 3.  Tradeoffs Between Customer Service and Cost in an Integrated Supply Chain Design Framework  Facility Location in Supply Chain Design  A Competitive Marketing/Operations Model of Differentiate Product Decisions  A Joint Marketing/Operations Model of Differentiated Product Decisions  Serial Agile Production Systems with Automation  The Stochastic Location Model with Risk Pooling
  • 4.  The Project Portfolio Management Problem  Push and Pull Production in Automated Agile Workforce Environments  Opportunity of Hierarchical Cross- training in Serial Production  Path Planning in an Anisotropic Medium  Capacity Option Transfer Rights: Do They Benefit Suppliers?  Disaster Relief Routing: Integrating Research and Practice
  • 5.  Models for Relief Routing: Equity, Efficiency and Efficacy  Sequential Resource Allocation for Nonprofit Operations  Workforce management in periodic delivery operations  Dynamic Spectrum Management with the Competitive Market Model  Cost-Effective Control of Chronic Viral Diseases: Finding the Optimal Level of Screening and Contact Tracing
  • 6. Parts of Chapter 1  Introduction  Background of the Study  Statement of the Problem  Theoretical Framework  Conceptual Framework  Assumptions and Hypothesis  Scope and Delimitations of the Study  Limitations of the Study  Definition of Terms
  • 7. Introduction  Discusses four (4) relevant ideas:  TOPIC or subject matter: define and elaborate using methods of paragraph development like classification and giving examples  IMPORTANCE of the Topic: cite the role that the topic plays in your life and the benefits you derive from it.  REASONS for Choosing the topic: emphasized what motivated you to choose the topic.  PURPOSE of the Study: discusses the objective of the study.
  • 9. Background of The Study  consists of statements on what led the investigator to launch the study.  may have been generated by some empirical observations, the need to explore the problem and some other relevant conditions.  describe as clearly as possible the problem intended to be addressed and refer to the relevant literature in the field.
  • 10. Background of the Study  it is an overview of factors which have led to the problem, comprise the problem and historical significance relative to the problem.
  • 12. Statement of the Problem  There should be a general statement of the whole problem followed by the specific questions or sub problems into which the general problem is broken up.
  • 15. Theoretical Framework  This is the foundation of the research study. These are highly related theories and principles that were established and proven by authorities  refers to the set of interrelated construct, definitions, and prepositions that presents a systematic view of phenomena
  • 16. Theoretical Framework  an organized body that explains what has been done and what has been said on the topic or problem being investigated.
  • 17. What must be obtained from a theory?  The name/s of author/s of the theory must be taken including the place and the time / year when he or she postulated such a principle or generalization.  the part or parts of the theory that are relevant to your study  synthesis by relating to your findings
  • 20. Conceptual Framework  a tentative explanation or theoretical explanation of the phenomenon or problem and serves as the basis for the formulation research hypotheses.  consists of the investigator’s own position on a problem after his exposure to various theories that have bearing on the problem
  • 21. Conceptual Framework  The conceptual framework becomes the central theme, the focus, the main thrust of the study. It serves as a guide in conducting investigation.  Paradigm. A paradigm is a diagrammatic representation of a conceptual framework. It depicts in a more vivid way what the conceptual framework wants to convey.
  • 25. Deductive Reasoning  : In deductive reasoning, a conclusion is reached reductively by applying general rules that hold over the entirety of a closed domain of discourse, narrowing the range under consideration until only the conclusion is left.  a method of reasoning by which concrete applications or consequences are deducted from general principles or theorems
  • 26. Assumptions and Hypothesis  Historical and descriptive investigations do not need explicit hypotheses and assumptions. Only experimental studies need expressly written assumptions and hypotheses.  Assumptions- a belief that forms one of the bases for the research. This belief is not to be tested or supported with empirical data. Very often belief is not stated in a research proposal.
  • 27. Assumptions and Hypothesis  Hypothesis is a tentative answer to a research question, it can be derived  from the observation before the research is conducted. This is called inductive hypothesis.  from the theory. This is called deductive hypothesis.
  • 29. Kinds of Hypothesis  Research hypothesis is usually developed from experience, literature or theory, or combination of these. This is the expected relationship between variables.  Null hypothesis is the one that states NO relationship between varibales. The function is to let the research test the hypothesis statistically.
  • 30. Scope and Delimitations  The scope and delimitations should include the following:  A brief statement of the general purpose of the study.  The subject matter and topics studied and discussed.  The locale of the study, where the data were gathered or the entity to which the data belong.
  • 31. Scope and Delimitations  The population or universe from which the respondents were selected. This must be large enough to make generalizations significant.  The period of the study. This is the time, either months or years, during which the data were gathered.
  • 33. Limitations of the Study  include the weaknesses of the study beyond the control of the researcher.  The weaknesses spring out of the inaccuracies of the perceptions of the respondents.
  • 35. Variables  is the operationalized way in which the attribute is represented for further data processing.  Values of each variable statistically "vary" (or are distributed) across the variable's domain  Basically, a variable is any factor that can be controlled, changed, or measured in an experiment.
  • 36. Types of Variables  The independent variable is the one condition that you change in an experiment.  The dependent variable is the variable that you measure or observe. It is the factor that is dependent on the state of the independent variable.
  • 37. Types of Variables  A controlled variable or constant variable is a variable that does not change during an experiment.  Extraneous variables are "extra" variables that may influence the outcome of an experiment, but aren't taken into account during measurement.
  • 38. Significance of the Study  The rationale, timeliness and/or relevance of the study. The rationale, timeliness and/or relevance of the study to existing conditions must be explained or discussed.  Possible solutions to existing problems or improvement to unsatisfactory conditions.
  • 39. Significance of the Study  Who are to be benefited and how they are going to be benefited. It must be shown who are the individuals, groups, or communities who may be placed in a more advantageous position on account of the study.  Possible contribution to the fund of knowledge.
  • 40. Significance of the Study  Possible implications. It should be discussed here that the implications include the possible causes of the problems discovered, the possible effects of the problems, and the remedial measures to solve the problems.
  • 42. Definition of Terms  Only terms, words, or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined.  Terms should be defined operationally, that is how they are used in the study.  The researcher may develop his own definition from the characteristics of the term defined.
  • 43. Definition of Terms  Definitions may be taken from encyclopedias, books, magazines and newspaper articles, dictionaries, and other publications but the researcher must acknowledge his sources.  Definitions should abe brief, clear, and unequivocal as possible.  Acronyms should always be spelled out fully
  • 46. Thank you so much