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VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
Most Visayan songs or music are written in
duple or triple meter with a simple melody that is
easy to sing. Its musical style is a song-and-dance
debate between a man and a woman known as
balitaw. The theme of the musical style is about
love and marriage and usually performed by good
singers as well as dancers and actors.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
In words which may be humorous and full
of energy, the typical Visayan balitaw speaks of all
domestic phases of life, from love and courtship,
marriage and separation, gambling and
employment, child-rearing, envious neighbors, to
dignity of labor.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
The city served as the gateway for Catholicism to the
Philippines, so Cebuanos are said to be highly Christianized.
Spanish culture and indigenous Philippine traditions have
strongly influenced Cebuano culture. The main source of
livelihood in Cebu has the vast ocean surrounding it.
If the Tagalogs have the kundiman for their romantic
folk song, the Visayans have the Visayan love songs called
balitao or balitaw.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
The Visayan music is Spanish-influenced
because they colonized the Philippines for a
long time. They brought the culture and
religion through Western practices. Spaniard
musicians introduced new styles of music
which have also Western musical traditions.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
Balitaw is a Visayan folk song from Malayan word
“berita” which means narration or balita in Tagalog. It is a
dance and song which is the counterpart of the kundiman. It is
usually in triple meter. It is also an improvised song in
Cebuano language and is performed with musical
accompaniment and dance. It has a rhythm of a melodious
and spiritual waltz. It sometimes mimics or imitates sounds of
nature and environment, mostly in a livelier tempo.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
The music of the balitaw is usually written in ¾ time. It is
also danced, although it originally was merely sung. In older
times, the accompaniment of the balitaw was simpler than it is
today. The earliest accompaniment to the balitaw was a three-
string coconut shell guitar. The early accompanists had not
discovered yet such embellishments as played by modern
accompanists. When the harp was introduced, a greater variety
of chords could be played on it, therefore the accompaniment
was livelier. The advantage of the harp over the guitar is that the
right hand plays its own accompaniment while the left hand
makes some progression of its own in the form of double bass.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
The present accompaniment, a five-
string guitar, is a Filipino adaptation from six-
string guitar which was introduced by
Spaniards into the islands. They found a great
advantage of guitar over the harp because it
has its semi-tones called chromatics while
harp is practically diatonic.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
ACTIVITY 1 “It’s Chirping Time”
Kukok is an Ilonggo folk song
which depicts the merriment
of two love birds on a tree,
the male being “Alimokon”.
ACTIVITY 1 “It’s Chirping Time”
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
1. Were you able to assess the origin of
the song through the language being
used in it? Why? Why not?
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
Other Representative Music of Visayas
A love song is a song about being in love, falling in
love, and heartbreaks upon the end of love and the feelings
that these experiences bring. It can be found in the histories
and cultures of most societies, though their universality is a
modern phenomenon.
A courting song is a song about courting or dating. It
represents the romance between two people.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
Other Representative Music of Visayas
A drinking song is a song sung during social
gatherings. It may vary from person to person and
region to region in both the lyrics and in the music.
A farewell song is a song of goodbye or leaving
someone.
VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
Other Representative Music of Visayas
A lullaby is a soothing song with which to lull a child
to sleep.
A work song is typically sung for two reasons: to
coordinate the labor of a group of people working together,
which improves the efficiency of the work, and to relieve the
boredom of a tedious job, which improves the lives of the
workers.
ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time”
Take time to listen to
these other representative
vocal music of Visayas.
After listening to the sample
vocal music above, try to match each
song with its corresponding use or
function. Write your answers on
your notebook.
ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time”
ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time”
1. Perform a simple dance number of Kuradang
De Bohol. Sample video is provided for your
reference. Carefully observe the dance steps.
You may refer to our previous discussion
regarding the dance movements of Visayan in
relation to its culture.
2. Evaluate your own performance using the
rubrics below.
ACTIVITY 2 “Let’s Twist Again”
ACTIVITY 2 “Let’s Twist Again”
I. Directions: Read and
analyze each sentence.
Write the letter of the best
answer.
1. The Visayan’s way of peeling fruits is directed away from
the body while Ilocanos way is usually directed towards the
body.
A. These opposing styles complement each other.
B. These opposing styles could be indicative of contrasting
temperament and values of Ilocanos and Visayan.
C. Ilocanos and Visayan’s music get along with each other.
D. These opposing styles match each other’s values.
2. These opposing styles could be indicative of the
contrasting temperament and values of Ilocanos and
Visayan.
A. Visayans are more reserved while Ilocanos are exuberant.
B. Visayans and Ilocanos are of the same nature.
C. Visayans and Ilocanos are of the same culture.
D. Visayans are exuberant while Ilocanos are more reserved.
3. When can you say that the music is in conjunct motion?
A. The melodic line is monotonous.
B. The motion proceeds by leaps and skips rather than steps.
C. The music proceeds by steps having an interval of half or
whole steps.
D. The music proceeds with a combination of short and long
intervals.
4. When can you say that the music is in disjunct motion?
A. The music proceeds by step having an interval of half or
whole steps.
B. The motion proceeds by leap and skip rather than in
steps.
C. The music proceeds with a combination of short and long
intervals.
D. The melodic line is monotonous.
5. While Ilocanos love closed, inward movement, the
Visayans cherish open and outward movement.
Which statement supports this idea?
A. Ilocanos hardly move away from the center while
the Visayans move around freely.
B. Ilocanos are carefree while Visayan are reserved.
C. Ilocanos and Visayans have the same culture.
D. Ilocanos value songs rather than dances.
Direction: Write TRUE if the statement
is correct. Write FALSE if the statement
is incorrect. Write the word/s that
make/s the statement incorrect, and
write the correct one. Write your
answers on your activity notebook.
1. The Visayan music is Spanish-influenced
because the Spaniards colonized the Philippines
for a long period of time.
2. Spaniard musicians introduced new style of
music, with Eastern musical traditions.
3. The theme of the musical style of Visayan
music is about love and marriage.
4. Ilocanos like their music close to each
other while Visayan music notes are quite
apart.
5. Ilocanos are gifted towards survival
while Visayans have a preference for
competitions.

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Music of Visayas

  • 1.
  • 2. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS Most Visayan songs or music are written in duple or triple meter with a simple melody that is easy to sing. Its musical style is a song-and-dance debate between a man and a woman known as balitaw. The theme of the musical style is about love and marriage and usually performed by good singers as well as dancers and actors.
  • 3. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS In words which may be humorous and full of energy, the typical Visayan balitaw speaks of all domestic phases of life, from love and courtship, marriage and separation, gambling and employment, child-rearing, envious neighbors, to dignity of labor.
  • 4. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS The city served as the gateway for Catholicism to the Philippines, so Cebuanos are said to be highly Christianized. Spanish culture and indigenous Philippine traditions have strongly influenced Cebuano culture. The main source of livelihood in Cebu has the vast ocean surrounding it. If the Tagalogs have the kundiman for their romantic folk song, the Visayans have the Visayan love songs called balitao or balitaw.
  • 5. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS The Visayan music is Spanish-influenced because they colonized the Philippines for a long time. They brought the culture and religion through Western practices. Spaniard musicians introduced new styles of music which have also Western musical traditions.
  • 6. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS Balitaw is a Visayan folk song from Malayan word “berita” which means narration or balita in Tagalog. It is a dance and song which is the counterpart of the kundiman. It is usually in triple meter. It is also an improvised song in Cebuano language and is performed with musical accompaniment and dance. It has a rhythm of a melodious and spiritual waltz. It sometimes mimics or imitates sounds of nature and environment, mostly in a livelier tempo.
  • 7. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS The music of the balitaw is usually written in ¾ time. It is also danced, although it originally was merely sung. In older times, the accompaniment of the balitaw was simpler than it is today. The earliest accompaniment to the balitaw was a three- string coconut shell guitar. The early accompanists had not discovered yet such embellishments as played by modern accompanists. When the harp was introduced, a greater variety of chords could be played on it, therefore the accompaniment was livelier. The advantage of the harp over the guitar is that the right hand plays its own accompaniment while the left hand makes some progression of its own in the form of double bass.
  • 8. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS The present accompaniment, a five- string guitar, is a Filipino adaptation from six- string guitar which was introduced by Spaniards into the islands. They found a great advantage of guitar over the harp because it has its semi-tones called chromatics while harp is practically diatonic.
  • 9. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS
  • 10. ACTIVITY 1 “It’s Chirping Time” Kukok is an Ilonggo folk song which depicts the merriment of two love birds on a tree, the male being “Alimokon”.
  • 11. ACTIVITY 1 “It’s Chirping Time”
  • 12.
  • 13. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS 1. Were you able to assess the origin of the song through the language being used in it? Why? Why not?
  • 14. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS Other Representative Music of Visayas A love song is a song about being in love, falling in love, and heartbreaks upon the end of love and the feelings that these experiences bring. It can be found in the histories and cultures of most societies, though their universality is a modern phenomenon. A courting song is a song about courting or dating. It represents the romance between two people.
  • 15. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS Other Representative Music of Visayas A drinking song is a song sung during social gatherings. It may vary from person to person and region to region in both the lyrics and in the music. A farewell song is a song of goodbye or leaving someone.
  • 16. VOCAL MUSIC OF VISAYAS Other Representative Music of Visayas A lullaby is a soothing song with which to lull a child to sleep. A work song is typically sung for two reasons: to coordinate the labor of a group of people working together, which improves the efficiency of the work, and to relieve the boredom of a tedious job, which improves the lives of the workers.
  • 17. ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time” Take time to listen to these other representative vocal music of Visayas.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. After listening to the sample vocal music above, try to match each song with its corresponding use or function. Write your answers on your notebook. ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time”
  • 25. ACTIVITY 2 “It’s Guessing Time”
  • 26.
  • 27. 1. Perform a simple dance number of Kuradang De Bohol. Sample video is provided for your reference. Carefully observe the dance steps. You may refer to our previous discussion regarding the dance movements of Visayan in relation to its culture. 2. Evaluate your own performance using the rubrics below. ACTIVITY 2 “Let’s Twist Again”
  • 28.
  • 29. ACTIVITY 2 “Let’s Twist Again”
  • 30. I. Directions: Read and analyze each sentence. Write the letter of the best answer.
  • 31. 1. The Visayan’s way of peeling fruits is directed away from the body while Ilocanos way is usually directed towards the body. A. These opposing styles complement each other. B. These opposing styles could be indicative of contrasting temperament and values of Ilocanos and Visayan. C. Ilocanos and Visayan’s music get along with each other. D. These opposing styles match each other’s values.
  • 32. 2. These opposing styles could be indicative of the contrasting temperament and values of Ilocanos and Visayan. A. Visayans are more reserved while Ilocanos are exuberant. B. Visayans and Ilocanos are of the same nature. C. Visayans and Ilocanos are of the same culture. D. Visayans are exuberant while Ilocanos are more reserved.
  • 33. 3. When can you say that the music is in conjunct motion? A. The melodic line is monotonous. B. The motion proceeds by leaps and skips rather than steps. C. The music proceeds by steps having an interval of half or whole steps. D. The music proceeds with a combination of short and long intervals.
  • 34. 4. When can you say that the music is in disjunct motion? A. The music proceeds by step having an interval of half or whole steps. B. The motion proceeds by leap and skip rather than in steps. C. The music proceeds with a combination of short and long intervals. D. The melodic line is monotonous.
  • 35. 5. While Ilocanos love closed, inward movement, the Visayans cherish open and outward movement. Which statement supports this idea? A. Ilocanos hardly move away from the center while the Visayans move around freely. B. Ilocanos are carefree while Visayan are reserved. C. Ilocanos and Visayans have the same culture. D. Ilocanos value songs rather than dances.
  • 36. Direction: Write TRUE if the statement is correct. Write FALSE if the statement is incorrect. Write the word/s that make/s the statement incorrect, and write the correct one. Write your answers on your activity notebook.
  • 37. 1. The Visayan music is Spanish-influenced because the Spaniards colonized the Philippines for a long period of time. 2. Spaniard musicians introduced new style of music, with Eastern musical traditions. 3. The theme of the musical style of Visayan music is about love and marriage.
  • 38. 4. Ilocanos like their music close to each other while Visayan music notes are quite apart. 5. Ilocanos are gifted towards survival while Visayans have a preference for competitions.

Editor's Notes

  1. Compared to the instrumental music of Mindoro, Palawan’s instrumental music has a very different sound. Some samples that you will hear in this module will give you some ideas about how rich the musical style of Palawan is but what do you think are the reasons why their instrumental music is as rich as this?
  2. Watch and listen to this Visayan Balitaw: Kukok –Mabuhay Singers (1969) through the link: https://youtu.be/BLNx7inuwn8.
  3. Listen to the Visayan Balitaw below. Observe the musical characteristics of the music as you listen. Visayan Balitaw
  4. Now let us get to know more about the kinds of musical instruments of Palawan.
  5. Let’s proceed with your analysis by answering the following questions on a separate sheet of paper:
  6. Every song has its purpose to convey to the listeners especially through its lyrics and melody, be it for entertainment or rituals. As for Visayas, vocal music mirrors its culture and tradition.
  7. In the previous activity you were able to assess Visayan vocal music through applying your knowledge on musical elements. This time, can you identify the following songs according to their functions?
  8. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  9. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  10. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  11. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  12. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas Pandan 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  13. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  14. 1. Ili-Ili Tulog Anay 2. Dandansoy 3. Si Pilemon 4. Rosas 5. Matud 6. Condansoy
  15. Did you get all five of them correctly? Great job!
  16. Did you get all five of them correctly? Great job!
  17. B
  18. D
  19. C
  20. B
  21. A
  22. 1. True 2. Eastern Western - False. 3. True
  23. 4. True 5. – False. competitions celebrations