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MUSIC OF
MINDANAO
ABOUT
MINDANAO
MINDANAO
• Second largest island of the Philippines
• At the southern end of the archipelago
Culture
• Consists of mostly MUSLIM or MORO people.
• It also composed of ethnic group
Ethnic Group
• Maranao,Tausug, Banguingi and indigenous tribe
• Known as Lumad.
Philippine
Eagle
MARAWIMangosteen
Pacquiao
SARIMANOK
1.Badjao Tribe - Sulu 2. Ilanun Tribe -
Sulu
3. Jama Mapun
Tribe - Sulu
4.Maguindanao
Tribe – Cotabato,
SK
5.Maranao Tribe -
Lanao, Bukidnon
6. Samal
Tribe - Sulu
7. Tausug
Tribe - Sulu
8. Yakan Tribe -
basilan
Characteristics of Music
of Islamic
Vocal Music
(LIFE CYCLE)
1.Langan Bata Bata - Lullabye of
Tausug.
2.Tarasul - Tausug song of advice to
wedded couple.
3.Dekir- death song of Maranao.
4.Dekil- Maguindanao dirge in vigil.
Religious Chant
1. Salathul Juma- Friday prayer
chant
2. Tarawe - chant during the
Ramadan Folk Epic Rajah
3. Indarapatra - Maguindanao
4Darangen - Maranao
BAGOBO TRIBE – Davao
Gulf and Davao Region
BILAAN – Davao Gulf
NON-ISLAM CULTURAL GROUP
KALAGAN – Davao Gulf
MANDAYA – Davao Region
MANSAKA – Davao
Region
MANOBO – Bukidnon,
Agusan del Sur, Cotabato
MATIGSALUG – Bukidnon
SUBANON – Zamboanga
Peninsula
TIRURAY– SOCCSARGEN
Region
T’BOLI – South Cotabato
LIFE CYCLE
1.Sinda-ay- Wedding chant sung before
inviting the groom’s party to enter the
bride’s house.
2.Balow– song for a dead husband of
Matigsalug.
3.Iring Iring- Manobo song sung on wakes
4.Ulag Ing- lament song of Manobo
OCCUPATIONAL
SONG
1. Gago Napu- song for either hunting or
fishing of Subanon
2. Balatuking– Manobo harvest song Ritual
Song
3. Diwata- for curing ceremony of Subanon
4. Pamasag- for victory celebration of Manobo
5. Pangan - Do- for thanksgiving of Manobo
CHORDOPHONES
(STRINGED INSTRUMENTS)
 A chordophone is any musical
instrument
 which makes sound by way of a
vibrating string
 or strings stretched between two
points
• Mansaka-Binarig
• Bilaan-Faglong
• T'boli-Hagelong or
hegalong
• Mansaka -Kudlong
• Manobo - Kudlong,
kdlung, kutyapi
• Maranao-Kutyapi
• Bukidnon – “katyapi”
• Subanen – “kutapi”
• Tiruray -“fegerong”
• Ata – “kudlung”
• Bagobo – “kodlong”
• Maguindanao-
Kudyapi
TWO STRINGED-LUTE
Kudyapi - is a guitar with two strings. It is
about 1 1/2 m long and made of wood. It
has a stick to support in its lower end and is
played in the same position as cello.
KUDLONG
Two stringed lute made of wood, one string for the
melody, one for the drone. Eight frets are glued on the
neck of the lute. The body of the instrument is carved
with geometric patterns. The neck and the head are
adorned with horse hair; the tail has two (originally
three) pieces of Carabao skin; the strap is adorned with
bead work.
Dimensions: length: 98 cm., width: 8,5 cm., height: 5,5
cm.
SALUROY - is a bamboo
poly chordal tube zither of
Bagobo . It is called as
kolitong in Cordillera region.
Aduwag-ay -one -
stringed fiddle
instrument of Bilaans
also called Kugot
(Agusan-Manobo) and
Duwagey (T'boli)
AEROPHONES
(WIND INSTRUMENTS)
is any musical instrument which produces
sound primarily by causing a body of air to
vibrate without the use of strings or membranes
and without the vibration of the instrument
itself adding considerably to the sound.
Sahunay - is a bamboo
flute, leaving six holes for the
fingers and trumpet made of
coconut leaf. It is about 50 cm
long and 3 cm in diameter.
This is a bamboo flute of the
Tausugs in Sulu.
Palendag
 A lip-valley flute, it is considered the
toughest of the three bamboo flutes (the
others being the tumpong and the
suling) to use because of the way one
must shape one's lips against its tip to
make a sound.
 The construction of the mouthpiece is
such that the lower end is cut diagonally
to accommodate the lower lip and the
second diagonal cut is make for the
blowing edge.
 a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest
one used by the Maguindanaon, a smaller type
of this instrument is called the Hulakteb
(Bukidnon).
 Other names: Bunabon- Mandaya Hlandag-
T’boli Palundag- Bilaan Tanggab and Tulali-
Subanon Pulalu – Manobo and Mansaka
Palandag- Bagobo Pulala- Bukidnon
Suling - ring flute of Bilaan and Tiruray, Maguindanao,
Samal, Tausug and Yakan
-is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the
only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo
flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag
are both lip-valley flutes). Other names for the suling include:
Lantey (Ata), Kinsi (Bukidnon), Dagoyong (Higanon) Babarak
(Palawan)
IDIOPHONES
(PERCUSSION
INSTRUMENTS)
An idiophone is any musical instrument
which creates sound primarily by way of
the instrument's vibrating, without the use
of strings or membranes
Most percussion instruments which are
not drums are idiophones.
Kulintang is a term with various
meanings, all related to the
melody-playing gong row.
 Technically, the term
kulintang is the Maguindanao
word for eight gong kettles
which are laid horizontally upon
a rack creating an entire
kulintang set called apasangan.
This idiophone functions as a lead/central
melodic instrument for the entire ensemble.
Other names: Kulintang - Bilaan, Subanon,
Maguindanao, Maranao, Samal, and
Jama Klintang- T’boli Kwintangan- Yakan
Kulintang - is a set of eight knobbed gongs
in graduated sizes from largest to smallest
mounted in a wooden frame, about a meter
long. Muslim carvings decorated the frame.
The kulintang is played by striking the
gongs with two pieces of wood, about 12
inches long while the player squats on the
floor. The instruments is popular in Sulu.
Gabbang - is similar to a xylophone. It is
made of wooden box with one end wider than
the other, and with an open top. Across top,
wooden bars of different lengths are placed to
fit the shape of the box, about 1 cm from each
other. It is played by striking the wooden bars
with a wooden hammer. This instruments is
popular in Sulu.
Gabbang Description
Xylophone with 17 keys made
of bamboo, separated by metal
nails. The resonating case is
dcorated with floral motives.
At the sides are two mirrors.
The beaters are made of wood
with a piece of tube rubber
Dimensions: length: 102 cm.,
width: 51 cm. height: 37 cm.
The Gabbang can be
played as a solo instrument.
Sometimes a duo is formed
with a 'biula', a local violin.
A Taosug woman plays the
gabbang. The resonating
case, decorated with floral
motives
Gandingan a Kayo (translated
means, “wooden gandingan,” or
“gandingan made of wood”) is a
Philippine xylophone and
considered the wooden version
of the real gandingan. This
instrument is a relatively new
instrument coming of age due to
the increasing popularity of the
“wooden kulintang ensemble,”
Kulintang a Kayo This is a wooden
xylophone of the Maguindanao people.
 Kulintang a Kayo (literally,
“wooden kulintang”) is a Philippine
xylophone of the Maguindanaon
people with eight tuned slabs arranged
horizontally atop a wooden antangan
(rack). Made of soft wood such as
bayug, the kulintang a kayo is a
common found among Maguindanaon
households with a musical
background.
Traditionally, it was used for
self- entertainment purpose
inside the house, so beginners
could practice kulintang
pieces before performing them
on the real kulintang and only
recently have they been
performed as part of a
“wooden kulintang ensemble.”
Agung – is a set a two wide
rimmed bossed- gongs hangs
from horizontal pole or wooden
frame.
 It is used by the
Maguindanao, Maranao,
Samal- Bajau and Tausug
people of the Philippines
The larger, lower pitched gong of the
two is called the pangandungan by
the Maguindanao and the p'nanggisa-
an by the Maranao. Played on the
musician's right, it provides the main
part, which it predominantly played
on the accents of the rhythmic
structure. The smaller, higher pitched
gong, the thicker of the two, is called
the panentekan by the Maguindanao
and the p'malsan or pumalsan by the
Maranao.
The Agung is usually performed
while standing beside the instrument,
holding the upper edge of its flange
between the thumb and other fingers
with the left hand while striking the
knob with the right hand.
 The mallets, called balu, are made
from short sticks about half a foot
in length and padded with soft but
tough material such as rubber at one
end.
Gandingan - is a set of four
small narrow- rimmed and
suspended gongs.
 They hang in pairs with the
knobs of the lower pitched
gongs facing each other. The
same with the two higher
pitched gongs. The pair of
lower pitched gongs is
positioned on the player's
left side while the pair of the
higher pitched gongs is on
the right.
The player usually a woman
who stands between the two
pair of gongs. Her body
touches slightly the gong in
the middle to prevent from
swinging. She uses two
padded mallets
 Gandingan When integrated into the ensemble, it
functions as a secondary melodic instrument after the
main melodic instrument, the kulintang. When
played solo, the gandingan allows fellow
Maguindanao to communicate with each other,
allowing them to send messages or warnings via long
distances.
 This ability to imitate tones of the
Maguindanaolanguage using this instrument has
given the gandingan connotation: the “talking gongs.
Babandil- is a single, narrow- rimmed
Philippine gong used primarily as the
“timekeeper” of the Maguindanao kulintang
ensemble.
Also called:
Babendir- (Maguindanao)
Babandir - (Maranao),
Babandir - (Tagbanwa,Batak,
Palaw’an),
Banendir and Tungtung,-
(Tausug),
Salimbal - (Samal)
Mapindil - (Yakan)
Bubundi -(Mansaka)
Babandil It is struck with thin bamboo sticks to
produce a metallic sound. There are three ways to
play the babendil.
1.by striking the rim of the suspended gong with a
pair of sticks on the left hand.
2.by striking the gong's rim with the right hand
using one stick while the left hand grasps the rim.
3. by laying the instruments upside and striking the
gong's rim with the two sticks.
Kagul - is a type of
Philippine bamboo scraper
gong/slit drum of the
Maguindanaon and Visayans
with a jagged edge on one
side, played with two beaters,
one scarping the jagged edge
and the other one making a
beat.
 The Maguindanaon and the
Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies
to guard against voracious birds,
using the sound it produces to scare
them away.The Maguindanaon and
theBukidnon also use it for simple
dance rhythms during social
occasions. It is also called:
Garakot ( Maranao)
Tagutok (Yakan)
Bantula or Tagungtung –(Bukidnon)
Kulintang aTiniok is a type of
Philippine metallophone with eight
tuned knobbed metal plates strung
together via string atop a wooden
antangan (rack).
 Kulintang a tiniok is a Maguindanaon
term meaning “kulintang with string” but
they also could call them kulintang a
putao, meaning “kulintang of metal.” The
Maranao refer to this instrument as a
sarunay (or salunay, salonay, saronay,
saronai, sarunai), terminology which has
become popular for this instrument in
America.
Kubing –it is a bamboo jaw harp of
Tiruray. These have become one of
the most popular jaw harps
internationally due to their highly
responsive sound and ornate designs.
In the hands of a good player the
kubing is capable of a vast number of
sounds and timbres. This kubing was
collected in Manila in 1987. Other
names: Kumbing –Bagobo Lideng-
Bilaan Kobing- Maranao and Samal
Kulaing – Tausug and Yakan
MEMBRANOPHONES
(DRUM INSTRUMENTS)
A membranophone is any musical
instrument which produces sound
primarily by way of a vibrating
stretched membrane
Dabakan - is a
goblet -shaped drum of
Maguindanao and Maranao,
which has a single head
covered with goat, lizard or
snakeskin. It is struck with
two thin bamboo sticks about
18 inches in length.
 primarily used as a
supportive instrument in
the kulintang ensemble
Dadabuan
Ethnic group: Maranao
 Location: West central
Mindanao (muslim south)
Classification Membranophone,
hour glass shaped drum
Description Hour glass shaped
drum made of wood; the
membrane is made of carabao
skin. Decorated with carvings
and painted. The drum is part of
the Kulintang ensemble.
Dimensions: height: 59 cm.
diameter (membrane): 19 cm.
Gandang - is a
two-headed cylindrical drum
of Tausug, Samal, Badjao,
Maranao and Maguindanao.
Called as Kendang in other
South East Asian countries. It
is one of the primary
instruments used in the
Gamelan ensembles of Java,
Bali and Terengganu.
Ensemble – small groups of
instrument played simultaneously.
Pala Buni Bunyan- Maguindanao
ensemble consisted of five
instruments the kulintang, agung,
gandingan, dabakan and babendil/
babandir
 The complete ensemble Kulintang ensemble
 Tagunggo – Yakan ensemble is made up of brass
kwintangan, gabbang, set of 3 agung and bamboo slit
drum called Tagutok.
JOEY AYALA (BUKIDNON) is
a Filipino singer, songwriter and
former chairman of the music
committee of the National
Commission for Culture and the
Arts. He is well known for his
style of music that combines the
sounds of Filipino ethnic
instruments with modern pop
music.
Reported by:
Ma.Lourdslyn F. Vitto BEED –III
Joliver P. Custoddi BEED – III
Alliah Lalata BEED – II

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Music of mindanao

  • 3. MINDANAO • Second largest island of the Philippines • At the southern end of the archipelago Culture • Consists of mostly MUSLIM or MORO people. • It also composed of ethnic group Ethnic Group • Maranao,Tausug, Banguingi and indigenous tribe • Known as Lumad.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. 1.Badjao Tribe - Sulu 2. Ilanun Tribe - Sulu 3. Jama Mapun Tribe - Sulu 4.Maguindanao Tribe – Cotabato, SK
  • 9. 5.Maranao Tribe - Lanao, Bukidnon 6. Samal Tribe - Sulu 7. Tausug Tribe - Sulu 8. Yakan Tribe - basilan
  • 11. Vocal Music (LIFE CYCLE) 1.Langan Bata Bata - Lullabye of Tausug. 2.Tarasul - Tausug song of advice to wedded couple. 3.Dekir- death song of Maranao. 4.Dekil- Maguindanao dirge in vigil.
  • 12. Religious Chant 1. Salathul Juma- Friday prayer chant 2. Tarawe - chant during the Ramadan Folk Epic Rajah 3. Indarapatra - Maguindanao 4Darangen - Maranao
  • 13.
  • 14. BAGOBO TRIBE – Davao Gulf and Davao Region BILAAN – Davao Gulf NON-ISLAM CULTURAL GROUP
  • 15. KALAGAN – Davao Gulf MANDAYA – Davao Region
  • 16. MANSAKA – Davao Region MANOBO – Bukidnon, Agusan del Sur, Cotabato
  • 17. MATIGSALUG – Bukidnon SUBANON – Zamboanga Peninsula
  • 19. LIFE CYCLE 1.Sinda-ay- Wedding chant sung before inviting the groom’s party to enter the bride’s house. 2.Balow– song for a dead husband of Matigsalug. 3.Iring Iring- Manobo song sung on wakes 4.Ulag Ing- lament song of Manobo
  • 20. OCCUPATIONAL SONG 1. Gago Napu- song for either hunting or fishing of Subanon 2. Balatuking– Manobo harvest song Ritual Song 3. Diwata- for curing ceremony of Subanon 4. Pamasag- for victory celebration of Manobo 5. Pangan - Do- for thanksgiving of Manobo
  • 21.
  • 22. CHORDOPHONES (STRINGED INSTRUMENTS)  A chordophone is any musical instrument  which makes sound by way of a vibrating string  or strings stretched between two points
  • 23. • Mansaka-Binarig • Bilaan-Faglong • T'boli-Hagelong or hegalong • Mansaka -Kudlong • Manobo - Kudlong, kdlung, kutyapi • Maranao-Kutyapi • Bukidnon – “katyapi” • Subanen – “kutapi” • Tiruray -“fegerong” • Ata – “kudlung” • Bagobo – “kodlong” • Maguindanao- Kudyapi TWO STRINGED-LUTE
  • 24. Kudyapi - is a guitar with two strings. It is about 1 1/2 m long and made of wood. It has a stick to support in its lower end and is played in the same position as cello.
  • 25.
  • 26. KUDLONG Two stringed lute made of wood, one string for the melody, one for the drone. Eight frets are glued on the neck of the lute. The body of the instrument is carved with geometric patterns. The neck and the head are adorned with horse hair; the tail has two (originally three) pieces of Carabao skin; the strap is adorned with bead work. Dimensions: length: 98 cm., width: 8,5 cm., height: 5,5 cm.
  • 27.
  • 28. SALUROY - is a bamboo poly chordal tube zither of Bagobo . It is called as kolitong in Cordillera region.
  • 29.
  • 30. Aduwag-ay -one - stringed fiddle instrument of Bilaans also called Kugot (Agusan-Manobo) and Duwagey (T'boli)
  • 31. AEROPHONES (WIND INSTRUMENTS) is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate without the use of strings or membranes and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
  • 32. Sahunay - is a bamboo flute, leaving six holes for the fingers and trumpet made of coconut leaf. It is about 50 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. This is a bamboo flute of the Tausugs in Sulu.
  • 33. Palendag  A lip-valley flute, it is considered the toughest of the three bamboo flutes (the others being the tumpong and the suling) to use because of the way one must shape one's lips against its tip to make a sound.  The construction of the mouthpiece is such that the lower end is cut diagonally to accommodate the lower lip and the second diagonal cut is make for the blowing edge.
  • 34.  a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon, a smaller type of this instrument is called the Hulakteb (Bukidnon).  Other names: Bunabon- Mandaya Hlandag- T’boli Palundag- Bilaan Tanggab and Tulali- Subanon Pulalu – Manobo and Mansaka Palandag- Bagobo Pulala- Bukidnon
  • 35. Suling - ring flute of Bilaan and Tiruray, Maguindanao, Samal, Tausug and Yakan -is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Other names for the suling include: Lantey (Ata), Kinsi (Bukidnon), Dagoyong (Higanon) Babarak (Palawan)
  • 36. IDIOPHONES (PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS) An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument's vibrating, without the use of strings or membranes Most percussion instruments which are not drums are idiophones.
  • 37. Kulintang is a term with various meanings, all related to the melody-playing gong row.  Technically, the term kulintang is the Maguindanao word for eight gong kettles which are laid horizontally upon a rack creating an entire kulintang set called apasangan.
  • 38. This idiophone functions as a lead/central melodic instrument for the entire ensemble. Other names: Kulintang - Bilaan, Subanon, Maguindanao, Maranao, Samal, and Jama Klintang- T’boli Kwintangan- Yakan
  • 39. Kulintang - is a set of eight knobbed gongs in graduated sizes from largest to smallest mounted in a wooden frame, about a meter long. Muslim carvings decorated the frame. The kulintang is played by striking the gongs with two pieces of wood, about 12 inches long while the player squats on the floor. The instruments is popular in Sulu.
  • 40.
  • 41. Gabbang - is similar to a xylophone. It is made of wooden box with one end wider than the other, and with an open top. Across top, wooden bars of different lengths are placed to fit the shape of the box, about 1 cm from each other. It is played by striking the wooden bars with a wooden hammer. This instruments is popular in Sulu.
  • 42. Gabbang Description Xylophone with 17 keys made of bamboo, separated by metal nails. The resonating case is dcorated with floral motives. At the sides are two mirrors. The beaters are made of wood with a piece of tube rubber Dimensions: length: 102 cm., width: 51 cm. height: 37 cm.
  • 43. The Gabbang can be played as a solo instrument. Sometimes a duo is formed with a 'biula', a local violin. A Taosug woman plays the gabbang. The resonating case, decorated with floral motives
  • 44. Gandingan a Kayo (translated means, “wooden gandingan,” or “gandingan made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone and considered the wooden version of the real gandingan. This instrument is a relatively new instrument coming of age due to the increasing popularity of the “wooden kulintang ensemble,”
  • 45. Kulintang a Kayo This is a wooden xylophone of the Maguindanao people.  Kulintang a Kayo (literally, “wooden kulintang”) is a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people with eight tuned slabs arranged horizontally atop a wooden antangan (rack). Made of soft wood such as bayug, the kulintang a kayo is a common found among Maguindanaon households with a musical background.
  • 46. Traditionally, it was used for self- entertainment purpose inside the house, so beginners could practice kulintang pieces before performing them on the real kulintang and only recently have they been performed as part of a “wooden kulintang ensemble.”
  • 47. Agung – is a set a two wide rimmed bossed- gongs hangs from horizontal pole or wooden frame.  It is used by the Maguindanao, Maranao, Samal- Bajau and Tausug people of the Philippines
  • 48. The larger, lower pitched gong of the two is called the pangandungan by the Maguindanao and the p'nanggisa- an by the Maranao. Played on the musician's right, it provides the main part, which it predominantly played on the accents of the rhythmic structure. The smaller, higher pitched gong, the thicker of the two, is called the panentekan by the Maguindanao and the p'malsan or pumalsan by the Maranao.
  • 49. The Agung is usually performed while standing beside the instrument, holding the upper edge of its flange between the thumb and other fingers with the left hand while striking the knob with the right hand.  The mallets, called balu, are made from short sticks about half a foot in length and padded with soft but tough material such as rubber at one end.
  • 50. Gandingan - is a set of four small narrow- rimmed and suspended gongs.  They hang in pairs with the knobs of the lower pitched gongs facing each other. The same with the two higher pitched gongs. The pair of lower pitched gongs is positioned on the player's left side while the pair of the higher pitched gongs is on the right.
  • 51. The player usually a woman who stands between the two pair of gongs. Her body touches slightly the gong in the middle to prevent from swinging. She uses two padded mallets
  • 52.  Gandingan When integrated into the ensemble, it functions as a secondary melodic instrument after the main melodic instrument, the kulintang. When played solo, the gandingan allows fellow Maguindanao to communicate with each other, allowing them to send messages or warnings via long distances.  This ability to imitate tones of the Maguindanaolanguage using this instrument has given the gandingan connotation: the “talking gongs.
  • 53. Babandil- is a single, narrow- rimmed Philippine gong used primarily as the “timekeeper” of the Maguindanao kulintang ensemble.
  • 54. Also called: Babendir- (Maguindanao) Babandir - (Maranao), Babandir - (Tagbanwa,Batak, Palaw’an), Banendir and Tungtung,- (Tausug), Salimbal - (Samal) Mapindil - (Yakan) Bubundi -(Mansaka)
  • 55. Babandil It is struck with thin bamboo sticks to produce a metallic sound. There are three ways to play the babendil. 1.by striking the rim of the suspended gong with a pair of sticks on the left hand. 2.by striking the gong's rim with the right hand using one stick while the left hand grasps the rim. 3. by laying the instruments upside and striking the gong's rim with the two sticks.
  • 56. Kagul - is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon and Visayans with a jagged edge on one side, played with two beaters, one scarping the jagged edge and the other one making a beat.
  • 57.  The Maguindanaon and the Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies to guard against voracious birds, using the sound it produces to scare them away.The Maguindanaon and theBukidnon also use it for simple dance rhythms during social occasions. It is also called: Garakot ( Maranao) Tagutok (Yakan) Bantula or Tagungtung –(Bukidnon)
  • 58.
  • 59. Kulintang aTiniok is a type of Philippine metallophone with eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung together via string atop a wooden antangan (rack).  Kulintang a tiniok is a Maguindanaon term meaning “kulintang with string” but they also could call them kulintang a putao, meaning “kulintang of metal.” The Maranao refer to this instrument as a sarunay (or salunay, salonay, saronay, saronai, sarunai), terminology which has become popular for this instrument in America.
  • 60. Kubing –it is a bamboo jaw harp of Tiruray. These have become one of the most popular jaw harps internationally due to their highly responsive sound and ornate designs. In the hands of a good player the kubing is capable of a vast number of sounds and timbres. This kubing was collected in Manila in 1987. Other names: Kumbing –Bagobo Lideng- Bilaan Kobing- Maranao and Samal Kulaing – Tausug and Yakan
  • 61.
  • 62. MEMBRANOPHONES (DRUM INSTRUMENTS) A membranophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a vibrating stretched membrane
  • 63. Dabakan - is a goblet -shaped drum of Maguindanao and Maranao, which has a single head covered with goat, lizard or snakeskin. It is struck with two thin bamboo sticks about 18 inches in length.  primarily used as a supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble
  • 64. Dadabuan Ethnic group: Maranao  Location: West central Mindanao (muslim south) Classification Membranophone, hour glass shaped drum Description Hour glass shaped drum made of wood; the membrane is made of carabao skin. Decorated with carvings and painted. The drum is part of the Kulintang ensemble. Dimensions: height: 59 cm. diameter (membrane): 19 cm.
  • 65. Gandang - is a two-headed cylindrical drum of Tausug, Samal, Badjao, Maranao and Maguindanao. Called as Kendang in other South East Asian countries. It is one of the primary instruments used in the Gamelan ensembles of Java, Bali and Terengganu.
  • 66.
  • 67. Ensemble – small groups of instrument played simultaneously. Pala Buni Bunyan- Maguindanao ensemble consisted of five instruments the kulintang, agung, gandingan, dabakan and babendil/ babandir
  • 68.  The complete ensemble Kulintang ensemble  Tagunggo – Yakan ensemble is made up of brass kwintangan, gabbang, set of 3 agung and bamboo slit drum called Tagutok.
  • 69.
  • 70. JOEY AYALA (BUKIDNON) is a Filipino singer, songwriter and former chairman of the music committee of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. He is well known for his style of music that combines the sounds of Filipino ethnic instruments with modern pop music.
  • 71. Reported by: Ma.Lourdslyn F. Vitto BEED –III Joliver P. Custoddi BEED – III Alliah Lalata BEED – II