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Music of MIndanao (Islam and non-Islam).ppt 1 k-12

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Music of MIndanao (Islam and non-Islam).ppt 1 k-12

  1. 1. Music of Mindanao Music of Islamic Filipino Islamic Cultural Groups Badjao- Sulu Ilanun – Sulu, Tawi Tawi Jama Mapun- Sulu Maguindanao- Maguindanao, Cotabato, SK Maranao –Lanao, Bukidnon Samal- Sulu Tausug-Sulu Yakan- Basilan
  2. 2. Characteristics of Islamic Music Melisma singing Song Phrases Narrow singing Fluid singing Tremolo Strained Voice Nasal Enunciation
  3. 3. Vocal Music Life Cycle Langan Bata Bata- Lullabye of Tausug. Tarasul- Tausug song of advice to wedded couple. Dekir- death song of Maranao. Dekil- Maguindanao dirge in vigil.
  4. 4. Religious Chants Salathul Juma- Friday prayer chant Tarawe- chant during the Ramadan Folk Epic Rajah Indarapatra- Maguindanao Darangen- Maranao
  5. 5. Music of Non-Islam Filipino Non-Islam Cultural Groups Bagobo- Davao Gulf and Davao Region Bilaan – Davao Gulf Kalagan – Davao Gulf Mandaya – Davao Region Mansaka – Davao Region Manobo – Bukidnon, Agusan Del Sur, Cotabato Matigsalug- Bukidnon Subanon- Zamboanga peninsula Tiruray- SOCCSARGEN Region, T’boli – South Cotabato
  6. 6. Vocal Music Life Cycle Bua - Lullabye of Subanon. Uyug- Uyug – Lullabye of Mansaka. Yadadang- Lullabye of Bilaan Manambay- Chant on circumscision ritual of Subanon Kambong- love incantation of Manobo
  7. 7. Life Cycle Sinda-ay- Weddingchant sung before inviting the groom’s party to enter the bride’s house. Balow– song for a dead husband of Matigsalug. Iring Iring- Manobo song sung on wakes Ulag Ing- lament song of Manobo
  8. 8. Occupational Song Gago Napu- song for either hunting or fishing of Subanon Balatuking– Manobo harvest song Ritual Song Diwata- for curing ceremony of Subanon Pamasag- for victory celebration of Manobo Pangan Do- for thanksgiving of Manobo
  9. 9. 1-6 Islamic Cultural Groups B___ I___ J___ M___ M_____ M____ S____ T_____ Y_____
  10. 10. 7-14 Non-Islam Cultural Groups B___ B____ K____ M____ M____ M____ M____ S___ T___ T___
  11. 11. Rearranged the scrambled letters to find the answer 15. nganla taba taba- Lullabye of Tausug. 16. rasulta- Tausug song of advice to wedded couple. 17.kired- death song of Maranao. 18.kdeil- Maguindanao dirge in vigil.
  12. 12. 19. lasathul muja- Friday prayer chant 20.ratawe- chant during the Ramadan 21.jahra daintrapa- Maguindanao 22.randagen- Maranao
  13. 13. 23.abu- Lullabye of Subanon. 24.yugu- yugu – Lullabye of Mansaka. 25.dadayang- Lullabye of Bilaan 26.nambamay- Chant on circumscision ritual of Subanon
  14. 14. 27. nidsa-ya- Wedding chant sung before inviting the groom’s party to enter the bride’s house. 28.lobaw– song for a dead husband of Matigsalug.
  15. 15. 29.aggo puna- song for either hunting or fishing of Subanon 30..watadi- ritual song of Subanon for curing ceremony.
  16. 16. The Musical Instruments of Mindanao
  17. 17. CHORDOPHONES (STRINGED INSTRUMENTS) A chordophone is any musical instrument which makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points
  18. 18. 02/16/15 TWO STRINGED-LUTE Mansaka-Binarig Bilaan-Faglong T'boli-Hagelong or hegalong Mansaka -Kudlong Manobo - Kudlong, kdlung, kutyapi Maranao-Kutyapi Bukidnon – “katyapi” Subanen – “kutapi” Tiruray -“fegerong”  Ata – “kudlung” Bagobo – “kodlong” Maguindanao- Kudyapi
  19. 19. Kudyapi - is a guitar with two strings. It is about 1 1/2 m long and made of wood. It has a stick to support in its lower end and is played in the same position as cello.
  20. 20. 02/16/15 KUDLUNG
  21. 21. side view Kudlung, top view Kudlung, the head with the handle for fine tuning Ethnic group: B'laan Location: SE Mindanao (christian / animist part) Classification Chordophone, two stringed boat lute
  22. 22. Saluroy- is a bamboo polychordal tube zither of Bagobo .It is called as kolitong in Cordillera region.
  23. 23. Aduwag-ay -one -stringed fiddle instrument of Bilaans also called Kugot (Agusan-Manobo) and Duwagey (T'boli)
  24. 24. AEROPHONES (WIND INSTRUMENTS) is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibratewithout the use of strings or membranesand without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
  25. 25. Sahunay - is a bamboo flute, leaving six holes for the fingers and trumpet made of coconut leaf. It is about 50 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. This is a bamboo flute of the Tausugs in Sulu.
  26. 26. Palendag- A lip-valley flute, it is considered the toughest of the three bamboo flutes (the others being the tumpong and the suling) to use because of the way one must shape one's lips against its tip to make a sound.The construction of the mouthpiece is such that the lower end is cut diagonally to accommodate the lower lip and the second diagonal cut is make for the blowing edge. is a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon, a smaller type of this instrument is called the Hulakteb (Bukidnon). Other names: Bunabon- Mandaya Hlandag- T’boli Palundag- Bilaan Tanggab and Tulali- Subanon Pulalu – Manobo and Mansaka Palandag- Bagobo Pulala- Bukidnon
  27. 27. Suling- ring flute of Bilaan and Tiruray, Maguindanao, Samal, Tausug and Yakan -is the smallest bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon and the only one classified as a ring-flute (the other two bamboo flutes of the Maguindanaon, the tumpong and the palendag are both lip-valley flutes). Other names for the suling include: Lantey (Ata), Kinsi (Bukidnon), Dagoyong (Higanon) Babarak (Palawan)
  28. 28. IDIOPHONES (PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS) An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument's vibrating, without the use of strings or membranes Most percussion instruments which are not drums are idiophones.
  29. 29. Kulintang is a term with various meanings, all related to the melody-playing gong row. Technically, the term kulintang is the Maguindanao word for eight gong kettles which are laid horizontally upon a rack creating an entire kulintang set called apasangan. This idiophone functions as a lead/central melodic instrument for the entire ensemble. Other names: Kulintang - Bilaan, Subanon, Maguindanao, Maranao, Samal, and Jama Klintang- T’boli Kwintangan- Yakan
  30. 30. Kulintang- is a set of eight knobbed gongs in graduated sizes from largest to smallest mounted in a wooden frame, about a meter long. Muslim carvings decorated the frame. The kulintang is played by striking the gongs with two pieces of wood, about 12 inches long while the player squats on the floor. The instruments is popular in Sulu.
  31. 31. Gabbang - is similar to a xylophone. It is made of wooden box with one end wider than the other, and with an open top. Across top, wooden bars of different lengths are placed to fit the shape of the box, about 1 cm from each other. It is played by striking the wooden bars with a wooden hammer. This instruments is popular in Sulu.
  32. 32. Front view Top view The two beaters Gabbang Description Xylophone with 17 keys made of bamboo, separated by metal nails. The resonating case is dcorated with floral motives. At the sides are two mirrors. The beaters are made of wood with a piece of tube rubber Dimensions: length: 102 cm., width: 51 cm. height: 37 cm.
  33. 33. The Gabbang can be played as a solo instrument. Sometimes a duo is formed with a 'biula', a local violin. A Taosug woman plays the gabbang. The resonating case, decorated with floral motives
  34. 34. Gandingan a Kayo (translated means, “wooden gandingan,” or “gandingan made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone and considered the wooden version of the real gandingan. This instrument is a relatively new instrument coming of age due to the increasing popularity of the “wooden kulintang ensemble,”
  35. 35. Kulintang a Kayo This is a wooden xylophone of the Maguindanao people.
  36. 36. Kulintang a Kayo (literally, “wooden kulintang”) is a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people with eight tuned slabs arranged horizontally atop a wooden antangan (rack). Made of soft wood such as bayug, the kulintang a kayo is a common found among Maguindanaon households with a musical background. Traditionally, it was used for self- entertainment purpose inside the house, so beginners could practice kulintang pieces before performing them on the real kulintang and only recently have they been performed as part of a “wooden kulintang ensemble.”
  37. 37. Agung – is a set a two wide rimmed bossed- gongs hangs from horizontal pole or wooden frame. It is used by the Maguindanao, Maranao, Samal- Bajau and Tausug people of the Philippines
  38. 38. The larger, lower pitched gong of the two is called the pangandungan by the Maguindanao and the p'nanggisa-an by the Maranao. Played on the musician's right, it provides the main part, which it predominantly played on the accents of the rhythmic structure. The smaller, higher pitched gong, the thicker of the two, is called the panentekan by the Maguindanao and the p'malsan or pumalsan by the Maranao.
  39. 39. The agung is usually performed while standing beside the instrument, holding the upper edge of its flange between the thumb and other fingers with the left hand while striking the knob with the right hand. The mallets, called balu, are made from short sticks about half a foot in length and padded with soft but tough material such as rubber at one end.
  40. 40. Gandingan - is a set of four small narrow- rimmed and suspended gongs. They hang in pairs with the knobs of the lower pitched gongs facing each other. The same with the two higher pitched gongs. The pair of lower pitched gongs is positioned on the player's left side while the pair of the higher pitched gongs is on the right. The player usually a woman who stands between the two pair of gongs. Her body touches slightly the gong in the middle to prevent from swinging. She uses two padded mallets
  41. 41. Gandingan When integrated into the ensemble, it functions as a secondary melodic instrument after the main melodic instrument, the kulintang. When played solo, the gandingan allows fellow Maguindanao to communicate with each other, allowing them to send messages or warnings via long distances. This abilityto imitate tones of the Maguindanaolanguage using this instrument has given the gandingan connotation: the “talking gongs.
  42. 42. Babandil- is a single, narrow- rimmed Philippine gong used primarily as the “timekeeper” of the Maguindanao kulintang ensemble. Also called: Babendir- (Maguindanao) Babandir - (Maranao), Babandir - (Tagbanwa, Batak, Palaw’an), Banendir and Tungtung,- (Tausug), Salimbal - (Samal) Mapindil - (Yakan Bubundi- Mansaka
  43. 43. Babandil It is struck with thin bamboo sticks to produce a metallic sound. There are three ways to play the babendil. 1. by striking the rim of the suspended gong with a pair of sticks on the left hand. 2. by striking the gong's rim with the right hand using one stick while the left hand grasps the rim. 3. by laying the instruments upside and striking the gong's rim with the two sticks.
  44. 44. Kagul is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon and Visayans with a jagged edge on one side, played with two beaters, one scarping the jagged edge and the other one making a beat. The Maguindanaon and the Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies to guard against voracious birds, using the sound it produces to scare them away.The Maguindanaon and theBukidnon also use it for simple dance rhythms during social occasions. It is also called: Garakot ( Maranao) Tagutok (Yakan) Bantula or Tagungtung –(Bukidnon)
  45. 45. Tagutok/ Kagul
  46. 46. Kulintang a Tiniok is a type of Philippine metallophone with eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung together via string atop a wooden antangan (rack). Kulintang a tiniok is a Maguindanaon term meaning “kulintang with string” but they also could call them kulintang a putao, meaning “kulintang of metal.” The Maranao refer to this instrument as a sarunay (or salunay, salonay, saronay, saronai, sarunai), terminology which has become popular for this instrument in America.
  47. 47. Kubing –it is a bamboo jaw harp of Tiruray. These have become one of the most popular jaw harps internationally due to their highly responsive sound and ornate designs. In the hands of a good player the kubing is capable of a vast number of sounds and timbres. This kubing was collected in Manila in 1987. Other names: Kumbing –Bagobo Lideng- Bilaan Kobing- Maranao and Samal Kulaing – Tausug and Yakan
  48. 48. Kubing Ethnic group: Atta Location: SE Mindanao Classification: Idiophone, jaw harp Description Made of bamboo; Made of bamboo; the instrument is held horizontally with the bamboo tongue in front of the opened mouth. The left end is hit by the thumb of the right hand. This makes the bamboo tongue vibrate which causes a sound. The mouth serves as a resonator and by changing the shape and size of the mouth opening, the overtones can be changed, thus creating a melody. By strongly breathing in or out the volume can be changed as well. Dimensions: length: 20,8 cm., width: 1 cm. Quintik Ofong plays the kubing (T'boli)
  49. 49. MEMBRANOPHONES (DRUM INSTRUMENTS)
  50. 50. Dabakan - is a goblet -shaped drum of Maguindanao and Maranao, which has a single head covered with goat, lizard or snakeskin. It is struck withtwo thin bamboo sticks about 18 inches in length.
  51. 51. Dadabuan Ethnic group: Maranao Location: West central Mindanao (muslim south) Classification Membranophone, hour glass shaped drum Description Hour glass shaped drum made of wood; the membrane is made of carabao skin. Decorated with carvings and painted. The drum is part of the Kulintang ensemble. Dimensions: height: 59 cm. diameter (membrane): 19 cm.
  52. 52. Gandang - is a two-headed cylindrical drum of Tausug, Samal, Badjao, Maranao and Maguindanao. Called as Kendang in other South East Asian countries. It is one of the primary instruments used in the Gamelan ensembles ofJava, Bali and Terengganu.
  53. 53. Gandang
  54. 54. Ensemble – small groups of instrument played simultaneously.
  55. 55. Pala Buni Bunyan- Maguindanao ensemble consisted of five instruments the kulintang, agung, gandingan, dabakan and babendil/ babandir
  56. 56. The complete ensemble Kulintang ensemble
  57. 57. Tagunggo – Yakan ensemble is made up of brass kwintangan, gabbang, set of 3 agung and bamboo slit drum called Tagutok.
  58. 58. I. Identify the instrument.Rearrange the scrambled letters to find the answer:
  59. 59. 1. anggand - is a two-headed cylindrical drum of Tausug, Samal, Badjao, Maranao and Maguindanao.
  60. 60. 2. atutgok- is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper or bamboo slit drum
  61. 61. 3.dabanbil- is a single, narrow- rimmed Philippine gong used primarily as the “timekeeper” of the Maguindanao kulintang ensemble.
  62. 62. 4. nadgingan - is a set of four small narrow- rimmed and suspended gongs usually played by a woman.
  63. 63. 5.ganug – is a set a two wide rimmed bossed-gongs hangs from horizontal pole or wooden frame.
  64. 64. 6. lintakngu a yoka (literally, “wooden kulintang”) is a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people with eight tuned slabs arranged horizontally atop a wooden rack
  65. 65. 7. ndinagdan a yoka (translated means, “wooden gandingan,” or “gandingan made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone and considered the wooden version of the real gandingan.
  66. 66. 8.bagbang – is a wooden xylophone
  67. 67. 9.lintakngu- is a set of eight knobbed gongs in graduated sizes from largest to smallest mounted in a wooden frame.
  68. 68. 10.lisngu- ring flute of Bilaan and Tiruray, Maguindanao, Samal, Tausug and Yakan
  69. 69. 11.alpandagu- A lip-valley flute, of Bilaan.
  70. 70. 12.ugkot -one -stringed fiddle instrument of Agusan- Manobo
  71. 71. 13.duyakpi - is a guitar with two strings shaped like a boat.
  72. 72. 14.luroyas- is a bamboo polychordal tube zither of Bagobo .It is called as kolitong in Cordillera region.
  73. 73. 15.binguk –it is a bamboo jaw harp of Tiruray.
  74. 74. Hi! I’m Elmer Thank you for listening

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