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J O S E R I Z A L A N D T H E
P H I L I P P I N E
N A T I O N A L I S M
T H E P H I L I P P I N E
S Y M B O L S
L E A R N I N G O B J E C T I V E S
A T T H E E N D O F T H E L E S S O N , T H E
S T U D E N T S S H O U L D B E A B L E T O :
1 . E x a m i n e t h e v a l u e s h i g h l i g h t e d b y t h e
v a r i o u s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s o f R i z a l a s a
n a t i o n a l s y m b o l .
2 . A d v o c a t e t h e v a l u e s R i z a l ’ s l i f e
e n c a p s u l a t e s
I N T R O D U C T I O N
S Y M B O L S A R E R E P R E S E N T A T I O N S O F
M A N Y T H I N G S . W H E N P E O P L E S E E A
P A R T I C U L A R S Y M B O L , T H E Y
A S S O C I A T E I T W I T H S O M E T H I N G
M E A N I N G F U L O R S T A N D A R D . L E T U S
S E E H O W W E L L Y O U K N O W T H E
N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S O F T H E
P H I L I P P I N E S . I D E N T I F Y W H A T I S
B E I N G A S K E D F O R I N E A C H I T E M .
W R I T E T H E C O R R E C T A N S W E R O N T H E
B L A N K .
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 . N A T I O N A L F L O W E R
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 . N A T I O N A L A N T H E M
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 . N A T I O N A L T R E E
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 . N A T I O N A L B I R D
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 . N A T I O N A L G E M
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 . N A T I O N A L S P O R T S
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 . N A T I O N A L L E A F
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8 . N A T I O N A L F R U I T
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9 . N A T I O N A L A N I M A L
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 0 . N A T I O N A L H O U S E
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 1 . N A T I O N A L F I S H
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 2 . N A T I O N A L H E R O
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 3 . N A T I O N A L D A N C E
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 4 . N A T I O N A L C O S T U M E
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 5 . N A T I O N A L S L I P P E R
I N T R O D U C T I O N
A C C O R D I N G T O T H E N A T I O N A L
C O M M I S S I O N F O R C U L T U R E A N D
T H E A R T S ( N C C A ) , O F F I C I A L
N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S O F T H E
P H I L I P P I N E S R E P R E S E N T T H E
C O U N T R Y ’ S T R A D I T I O N S A N D
I D E A L S A N D C O N V E Y T H E
P R I N C I P L E S O F P H I L I P P I N E
S O V E R E I G N T Y A N D N A T I O N A L
S O L I D A R I T Y.
O N F E B R U A R Y 1 7 , 2 0 1 4 , B O H O L
F I R S T D I S T R I C T R E P R E S E N T A T I V E
R E N E R E L A M P A G O S F I L E D A B I L L A T
T H E P H I L I P P I N E H O U S E O F
R E P R E S E N T A T I V E S T H A T S E E K S T O
D E C L A R E O R R E - D E C L A R E A N D T O
R E C O G N I Z E A N U M B E R O F N A T I O N A L
S Y M B O L S . T H E P R O P O S E D B I L L ,
H O U S E B I L L 3 9 2 6 O R T H E
" P H I L I P P I N E N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S
A C T O F 2 0 1 4 "
I N F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 3 , T H E
P H I L I P P I N E S E N A T E P A S S E D A
B I L L D E C L A R I N G W A L I N G -
W A L I N G ( V A N D A
S A N D E R I A N A ) A S T H E
N A T I O N A L F L O W E R
A L O N G S I D E S A M P A G U I T A .
M A K I N G O F
N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
A P H I L I P P I N E N A T I O N A L
S Y M B O L W I L L B E
C O N S I D E R E D O F F I C I A L
O N C E I T I S D E C L A R E D
T H R O U G H A L A W O R A
P R O C L A M A T I O N .
M A K I N G O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
A C C O R D I N G T O N E S T O R C A S T R O , A
F I L I P I N O C U L T U R A L
A N T H R O P O L O G I S T , M O S T O F T H E S E
U N O F F I C I A L S Y M B O L S W E R E
P A S S E D O N A S T R A D I T I O N I N
S C H O O L S E V E R Y S T A R T O F T H E
S C H O O L Y E A R W H E N S T U D E N T S
W E R E A S K E D T O B U Y P O S T E R S
C O N T A I N I N G T H E S U P P O S E D
N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S .
M A K I N G O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
F I L I P I N O A S
N A T I O N A L S Y M N O L
F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
A C C O R D I N G T O T H E N H C P
( N A T I O N A L H I S T O R I C A L
C O M M I S S I O N O F T H E P H I L I P P I N E )
S E C T I O N C H I E F T E O D O R O A T I E N Z A ,
A N D F I L I P I N O H I S T O R I A N A M B E T H
O C A M P O , T H E R E I S N O F I L I P I N O
H I S T O R I C A L F I G U R E O F F I C I A L L Y
D E C L A R E D N A T I O N A L H E R
T H R O U G H L A W O R E X E C U T I V E
O R D E R . ( I N C L U D I N G R I Z A L )
F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
O N N O V E M B E R 1 5 , 1 9 9 5 , T H E
T E C H N I C A L C O M M I T T E E O F T H E
N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I T T E E ,
C R E A T E D T H R O U G H E X E C U T I V E
O R D E R N O . 5 B Y F O R M E R
P R E S I D E N T F I D E L R A M O S ,
R E C O M M E N D E D N I N E F I L I P I N O
H I S T O R I C A L F I G U R E S T O B E
N A T I O N A L H E R O E S .
F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
J O S E R I Z A L , A N D R E S B O N I F A C I O ,
E M I L I O A G U I N A L D O , A P O L I N A R I O
M A B I N I , M A R C E L O H . D E L P I L A R ,
S U L T A N D I P A T U A N K U D A R A T , J U A N
L U N A , M E L C H O R A A Q U I N O , A N D
G A B R I E L A S I L A N G . N O A C T I O N H A S
B E E N T A K E N F O R T H E S E
R E C O M M E N D E D N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
U N T I L I T W A S R E V I S I T E D I N O N E O F
T H E P R O C E E D I N G S O F T H E 1 4 T H
C O N G R E S S I N 2 0 0 9 .
F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
O N 3 A U G U S T 2 0 0 9 , S H O R T L Y
A F T E R T H E D E A T H O F F O R M E R
P R E S I D E N T C O R A Z O N
A Q U I N O , W I D O W O F B E N I G N O
A Q U I N O , J R . , L E G I S L A T I V E
M E A S U R E S H A V E B E E N F I L E D
C A L L I N G F O R H E R O F F I C I A L
R E C O G N I T I O N A S A N A T I O N A L
H E R O .
F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
C O N G R E S S M A N S A L V A D O R
E S C U D E R O I N T E R P E L L A T E D
V I N Z O N S - C H A T O ' S S P E E C H
A N D S T A T E D T H A T “ H E R O E S
A R E M A D E I N T H E H E A R T S
A N D M I N D S O F P E O P L E A N D
N O T T H R O U G H
P O L I T I C S / L E G I S L A T I O N ” .
R I Z A L A S A
N A T I O N S Y M B O L
V A L U E S D E R I V E D F R O M R I Z A L ’ S L I F E
1 . N A T I O N A L I S M
2 . P A T R I O T I S M
3 . F A I T H I N G O D
4 . L O V E O F F E L L O W M E N
5 . L O V E O F P A R E N T S
V A L U E S D E R I V E D F R O M R I Z A L ’ S L I F E
6 . D E V O T I O N T O T R U T H
7. S I N C E R I T Y
8 . S E L F - D E N I A L
9 . P E R S E V E R A N C E
1 0 . L O V E F O R J U S T I C E
C R I T E R I A F O R
N A T I O N A L
H E R O E S
C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
T H E C O N C E P T O F O F F I C I A L L Y
R E C O G N I Z I N G H E R O E S B E G A N I N T H E
P H I L I P P I N E S I N 1 9 0 0 W H E N T H E
P H I L I P P I N E C O M M I S S I O N ( P A R D O D E
T A V E R A , L E G A R D A , L U Z U R R I A G A
( F I L I P I N O M E M B E R S ) A N D H E A D E D B Y
W I L L I A M H O W A R D T A F T ) A P P R O V E D
A C T N O . 1 3 7 C O M B I N I N G T H E D I S T R I C T S
O F M O R O N G A N D M A N I L A T O B E N A M E D
A S “ P R O V I N C E O F R I Z A L , ” I N H O N O R
O F T H E M O S T I L L U S T R I O U S F I L I P I N O .
C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
D U R I N G F E R D I N A N D M A R C O S ’
P R E S I D E N C Y , H E T A S K E D T H E
N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I S S I O N T O
C O M E U P W I T H T H E C R I T E R I A F O R
N A T I O N A L H E R O . O N M A R C H 2 8 , 1 9 9 3 ,
T H R U T H E P R E S I D E N T ’ S E X E C U T I V E
O R D E R N O . 7 5 U N D E R T H E F O R M E R
P R E S I D E N T F I D E L V. R A M O S , T H E
N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I T T E E ( N H C )
W A S C R E A T E D .
C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
1 . T H E E X T E N T O F A P E R S O N ’ S S A C R I F I C E S
F O R T H E W E L F A R E O F T H E C O U N T R Y
2 . T h e m o t i v e a n d m e t h o d s e m p l o y e d i n
t h e a t t a i n m e n t o f t h e i d e a l
3 . T h e m o r a l c h a r a c t e r o f t h e p e r s o n
c o n c e r n e d
4 . T h e i n f l u e n c e o f t h e p e r s o n
c o n c e r n e d o n h i s a g e a n d o r t h e
s u c c e e d i n g a g e .
5 . H e r o e s a r e t h o s e w h o h a v e a c o n c e p t
o f n a t i o n a n d t h e r e a f t e r a s p i r e a n d
s t r u g g l e f o r t h e n a t i o n ’ s f r e e d o M .
C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
6 . H E R O E S A R E T H O S E W H O D E F I N E A N D
C O N T R I B U T E T O A S Y S T E M O F L I F E O F F R E E D O M
A N D O R D E R F O R A N A T I O N .
7 . H e r o e s a r e t h o s e w h o c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e
q u a l i t y o f l i f e a n d d e s t i n y o f a n a t i o n .
8 . A h e r o i s p a r t o f t h e p e o p l e ’ s e x p r e s s i o n
9 . A h e r o t h i n k s o f t h e f u t u r e , e s p e c i a l l y t h e
f u t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s , h i s c o n c e r n f o r t h e
f u t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s m u s t b e s e e n i n h i s
d e c i s i o n s a n d i d e a l s
1 0 . T h e c h o i c e o f a h e r o i n v o l v e s n o t o n l y
t h e r e c o u n t i n g o f a n e p i s o d e o r e v e n t s i n 
h i s t o r y , b u t o f t h e e n t i r e p r o c e s s t h a t
m a d e t h i s p a r t i c u l a r p e r s o n a h e r o .
C O N C L U S I O N
N E V E R T H E L E S S , O U R N A T I O N A L
H E R O E S R E M A I N A D M I R E D A N D
R E V E R E D F O R T H E I R R O L E S I N T H E
C O U N T R Y ’ S H I S T O R Y. H E R O E S ,
A C C O R D I N G T O H I S T O R I A N S ,
S H O U L D N O T B E L E G I S L A T E D . T H E I R
A P P R E C I A T I O N S H O U L D B E B E T T E R
L E F T T O A C A D E M I C S . A C C L A M A T I O N
F O R H E R O E S , T H E Y F E L T , W O U L D B E
R E C O G N I T I O N E N O U G H .

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Jose-Rizal-and-Philippine-Nationalism-National-Symbol-2.pptx

  • 1. J O S E R I Z A L A N D T H E P H I L I P P I N E N A T I O N A L I S M T H E P H I L I P P I N E S Y M B O L S
  • 2. L E A R N I N G O B J E C T I V E S A T T H E E N D O F T H E L E S S O N , T H E S T U D E N T S S H O U L D B E A B L E T O : 1 . E x a m i n e t h e v a l u e s h i g h l i g h t e d b y t h e v a r i o u s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s o f R i z a l a s a n a t i o n a l s y m b o l . 2 . A d v o c a t e t h e v a l u e s R i z a l ’ s l i f e e n c a p s u l a t e s
  • 3. I N T R O D U C T I O N S Y M B O L S A R E R E P R E S E N T A T I O N S O F M A N Y T H I N G S . W H E N P E O P L E S E E A P A R T I C U L A R S Y M B O L , T H E Y A S S O C I A T E I T W I T H S O M E T H I N G M E A N I N G F U L O R S T A N D A R D . L E T U S S E E H O W W E L L Y O U K N O W T H E N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S O F T H E P H I L I P P I N E S . I D E N T I F Y W H A T I S B E I N G A S K E D F O R I N E A C H I T E M . W R I T E T H E C O R R E C T A N S W E R O N T H E B L A N K .
  • 4. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 . N A T I O N A L F L O W E R _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 . N A T I O N A L A N T H E M _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 . N A T I O N A L T R E E _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 . N A T I O N A L B I R D _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 . N A T I O N A L G E M _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 . N A T I O N A L S P O R T S _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 . N A T I O N A L L E A F _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8 . N A T I O N A L F R U I T _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9 . N A T I O N A L A N I M A L _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 0 . N A T I O N A L H O U S E _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 1 . N A T I O N A L F I S H _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 2 . N A T I O N A L H E R O _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 3 . N A T I O N A L D A N C E _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 4 . N A T I O N A L C O S T U M E _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 5 . N A T I O N A L S L I P P E R
  • 5. I N T R O D U C T I O N A C C O R D I N G T O T H E N A T I O N A L C O M M I S S I O N F O R C U L T U R E A N D T H E A R T S ( N C C A ) , O F F I C I A L N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S O F T H E P H I L I P P I N E S R E P R E S E N T T H E C O U N T R Y ’ S T R A D I T I O N S A N D I D E A L S A N D C O N V E Y T H E P R I N C I P L E S O F P H I L I P P I N E S O V E R E I G N T Y A N D N A T I O N A L S O L I D A R I T Y.
  • 6. O N F E B R U A R Y 1 7 , 2 0 1 4 , B O H O L F I R S T D I S T R I C T R E P R E S E N T A T I V E R E N E R E L A M P A G O S F I L E D A B I L L A T T H E P H I L I P P I N E H O U S E O F R E P R E S E N T A T I V E S T H A T S E E K S T O D E C L A R E O R R E - D E C L A R E A N D T O R E C O G N I Z E A N U M B E R O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S . T H E P R O P O S E D B I L L , H O U S E B I L L 3 9 2 6 O R T H E " P H I L I P P I N E N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S A C T O F 2 0 1 4 "
  • 7. I N F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 3 , T H E P H I L I P P I N E S E N A T E P A S S E D A B I L L D E C L A R I N G W A L I N G - W A L I N G ( V A N D A S A N D E R I A N A ) A S T H E N A T I O N A L F L O W E R A L O N G S I D E S A M P A G U I T A .
  • 8. M A K I N G O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
  • 9. A P H I L I P P I N E N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L W I L L B E C O N S I D E R E D O F F I C I A L O N C E I T I S D E C L A R E D T H R O U G H A L A W O R A P R O C L A M A T I O N . M A K I N G O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
  • 10. A C C O R D I N G T O N E S T O R C A S T R O , A F I L I P I N O C U L T U R A L A N T H R O P O L O G I S T , M O S T O F T H E S E U N O F F I C I A L S Y M B O L S W E R E P A S S E D O N A S T R A D I T I O N I N S C H O O L S E V E R Y S T A R T O F T H E S C H O O L Y E A R W H E N S T U D E N T S W E R E A S K E D T O B U Y P O S T E R S C O N T A I N I N G T H E S U P P O S E D N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L S . M A K I N G O F N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L
  • 11. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M N O L
  • 12. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L A C C O R D I N G T O T H E N H C P ( N A T I O N A L H I S T O R I C A L C O M M I S S I O N O F T H E P H I L I P P I N E ) S E C T I O N C H I E F T E O D O R O A T I E N Z A , A N D F I L I P I N O H I S T O R I A N A M B E T H O C A M P O , T H E R E I S N O F I L I P I N O H I S T O R I C A L F I G U R E O F F I C I A L L Y D E C L A R E D N A T I O N A L H E R T H R O U G H L A W O R E X E C U T I V E O R D E R . ( I N C L U D I N G R I Z A L )
  • 13. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L O N N O V E M B E R 1 5 , 1 9 9 5 , T H E T E C H N I C A L C O M M I T T E E O F T H E N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I T T E E , C R E A T E D T H R O U G H E X E C U T I V E O R D E R N O . 5 B Y F O R M E R P R E S I D E N T F I D E L R A M O S , R E C O M M E N D E D N I N E F I L I P I N O H I S T O R I C A L F I G U R E S T O B E N A T I O N A L H E R O E S .
  • 14. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L J O S E R I Z A L , A N D R E S B O N I F A C I O , E M I L I O A G U I N A L D O , A P O L I N A R I O M A B I N I , M A R C E L O H . D E L P I L A R , S U L T A N D I P A T U A N K U D A R A T , J U A N L U N A , M E L C H O R A A Q U I N O , A N D G A B R I E L A S I L A N G . N O A C T I O N H A S B E E N T A K E N F O R T H E S E R E C O M M E N D E D N A T I O N A L H E R O E S U N T I L I T W A S R E V I S I T E D I N O N E O F T H E P R O C E E D I N G S O F T H E 1 4 T H C O N G R E S S I N 2 0 0 9 .
  • 15. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L O N 3 A U G U S T 2 0 0 9 , S H O R T L Y A F T E R T H E D E A T H O F F O R M E R P R E S I D E N T C O R A Z O N A Q U I N O , W I D O W O F B E N I G N O A Q U I N O , J R . , L E G I S L A T I V E M E A S U R E S H A V E B E E N F I L E D C A L L I N G F O R H E R O F F I C I A L R E C O G N I T I O N A S A N A T I O N A L H E R O .
  • 16. F I L I P I N O A S N A T I O N A L S Y M B O L C O N G R E S S M A N S A L V A D O R E S C U D E R O I N T E R P E L L A T E D V I N Z O N S - C H A T O ' S S P E E C H A N D S T A T E D T H A T “ H E R O E S A R E M A D E I N T H E H E A R T S A N D M I N D S O F P E O P L E A N D N O T T H R O U G H P O L I T I C S / L E G I S L A T I O N ” .
  • 17. R I Z A L A S A N A T I O N S Y M B O L
  • 18. V A L U E S D E R I V E D F R O M R I Z A L ’ S L I F E 1 . N A T I O N A L I S M 2 . P A T R I O T I S M 3 . F A I T H I N G O D 4 . L O V E O F F E L L O W M E N 5 . L O V E O F P A R E N T S
  • 19. V A L U E S D E R I V E D F R O M R I Z A L ’ S L I F E 6 . D E V O T I O N T O T R U T H 7. S I N C E R I T Y 8 . S E L F - D E N I A L 9 . P E R S E V E R A N C E 1 0 . L O V E F O R J U S T I C E
  • 20. C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S
  • 21. C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S T H E C O N C E P T O F O F F I C I A L L Y R E C O G N I Z I N G H E R O E S B E G A N I N T H E P H I L I P P I N E S I N 1 9 0 0 W H E N T H E P H I L I P P I N E C O M M I S S I O N ( P A R D O D E T A V E R A , L E G A R D A , L U Z U R R I A G A ( F I L I P I N O M E M B E R S ) A N D H E A D E D B Y W I L L I A M H O W A R D T A F T ) A P P R O V E D A C T N O . 1 3 7 C O M B I N I N G T H E D I S T R I C T S O F M O R O N G A N D M A N I L A T O B E N A M E D A S “ P R O V I N C E O F R I Z A L , ” I N H O N O R O F T H E M O S T I L L U S T R I O U S F I L I P I N O .
  • 22. C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S D U R I N G F E R D I N A N D M A R C O S ’ P R E S I D E N C Y , H E T A S K E D T H E N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I S S I O N T O C O M E U P W I T H T H E C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O . O N M A R C H 2 8 , 1 9 9 3 , T H R U T H E P R E S I D E N T ’ S E X E C U T I V E O R D E R N O . 7 5 U N D E R T H E F O R M E R P R E S I D E N T F I D E L V. R A M O S , T H E N A T I O N A L H E R O E S C O M M I T T E E ( N H C ) W A S C R E A T E D .
  • 23. C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S 1 . T H E E X T E N T O F A P E R S O N ’ S S A C R I F I C E S F O R T H E W E L F A R E O F T H E C O U N T R Y 2 . T h e m o t i v e a n d m e t h o d s e m p l o y e d i n t h e a t t a i n m e n t o f t h e i d e a l 3 . T h e m o r a l c h a r a c t e r o f t h e p e r s o n c o n c e r n e d 4 . T h e i n f l u e n c e o f t h e p e r s o n c o n c e r n e d o n h i s a g e a n d o r t h e s u c c e e d i n g a g e . 5 . H e r o e s a r e t h o s e w h o h a v e a c o n c e p t o f n a t i o n a n d t h e r e a f t e r a s p i r e a n d s t r u g g l e f o r t h e n a t i o n ’ s f r e e d o M .
  • 24. C R I T E R I A F O R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S 6 . H E R O E S A R E T H O S E W H O D E F I N E A N D C O N T R I B U T E T O A S Y S T E M O F L I F E O F F R E E D O M A N D O R D E R F O R A N A T I O N . 7 . H e r o e s a r e t h o s e w h o c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e q u a l i t y o f l i f e a n d d e s t i n y o f a n a t i o n . 8 . A h e r o i s p a r t o f t h e p e o p l e ’ s e x p r e s s i o n 9 . A h e r o t h i n k s o f t h e f u t u r e , e s p e c i a l l y t h e f u t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s , h i s c o n c e r n f o r t h e f u t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s m u s t b e s e e n i n h i s d e c i s i o n s a n d i d e a l s 1 0 . T h e c h o i c e o f a h e r o i n v o l v e s n o t o n l y t h e r e c o u n t i n g o f a n e p i s o d e o r e v e n t s i n h i s t o r y , b u t o f t h e e n t i r e p r o c e s s t h a t m a d e t h i s p a r t i c u l a r p e r s o n a h e r o .
  • 25. C O N C L U S I O N N E V E R T H E L E S S , O U R N A T I O N A L H E R O E S R E M A I N A D M I R E D A N D R E V E R E D F O R T H E I R R O L E S I N T H E C O U N T R Y ’ S H I S T O R Y. H E R O E S , A C C O R D I N G T O H I S T O R I A N S , S H O U L D N O T B E L E G I S L A T E D . T H E I R A P P R E C I A T I O N S H O U L D B E B E T T E R L E F T T O A C A D E M I C S . A C C L A M A T I O N F O R H E R O E S , T H E Y F E L T , W O U L D B E R E C O G N I T I O N E N O U G H .

Editor's Notes

  1. In here we see that through the symbols we may identify not only us Filipinos but also the foreign people. Symbols gives meaning of who and what we are Filipinos.
  2. Some of these symbols are stated in the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines, which is also known as Republic Act 8491. The national language of the Philippines is Filipino as stated in the Constitution of the Philippines. Aside from those stated symbols in the Constitution and in Republic Act 8491, there are only five official national symbols of the Philippines enacted through law, namely sampaguita as national flower, narra as national tree, the Philippine eagle as national bird, Philippine pearl as national gem and arnis as national sport. There are symbols such as the carabao (national animal), mango (national fruit) and anahaw (national leaf) that are widely known as national symbols but have no laws recognizing them as official national symbols.
  3. aims also to encourage nationalism and unity; to guarantee respect, preservation and promotion of national symbols; and to correct the "unofficial" status of the symbols. Among the proposed national symbols listed in the measure are Jose Rizal as the only historical Filipino to be recognized as national hero, adobo as national food and jeepney as national vehicle. It also includes the previously mentioned national symbols.
  4. A similar bill in the House of Representatives had already been passed in 2012. Normally, the bill would become law after being signed by the President however, it was vetoed by President Benigno Aquino III. The veto has left the waling-waling as an unofficial national symbol.
  5. National symbols such as the cariñosa, carabao, bangus (milkfish), and anahaw (footstool palm) that are circulating through various sources have no official status and have not established by law.
  6. While official national symbols are declared through law, Castro and National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) Section Chief Teodoro Atienza considered that the public must be consulted first before declaration of national symbol.
  7. although there were laws and proclamations honoring Filipino heroes. In the Rizal Law principally sponsored by Claro M. Recto and enacted in 1956, Jose Rizal is mentioned as a national hero in the "whereas" clause of the law. Although, "whereas" clauses function as a preamble or introduction and it is not part of the provisions.
  8. Congresswoman Liwayway Vinzons-Chato filed a house resolution declaring Corazon Aquino a national hero. Although, a week after she filed the resolution, she realized that there is no Filipino historical figure declared through law. On August 10, 2009, she cited on her privilege speech in Congress the nine Filipino heroes recommended by National Heroes Committee in 1995. She then urge the Congress to sign the resolutions declaring the nine Filipinos recommended by the National Heroes Committee plus Benigno Aquino, Jr. and Corazon Aquino as national heroes.
  9. After the interpellation, it was moved by House of Representatives to refer the privilege speech of Vinzons-Chato to the Committee of Basic Education and Culture. Up to now, these resolutions have not been acted upon. As mentioned earlier, in a measure filed by Congressman Relampagos from Bohol in February 2014, he sought to declare Jose Rizal as the sole Filipino national hero. According to the bill, he was a nationalist and well known for his Philippine reforms advocacy during the Spanish colonial era
  10. It was shown in the previous lesson how Rizal was recognized as our national hero. Granting that he belongs to the unofficial national symbols, it cannot be denied that Rizal’s name and memory have long been representing the principles of sovereignty and national solidarity, symbolizing our country. Even in the international arena, Rizal’s name elicits the name of our country. In places where he had been and where his books [and the books about him] are found in foreign libraries, the name Philippines is necessarily indicated. Indeed, Rizal is unquestionably the greatest hero and martyr of our nation.   “The day of his birth and the day of his execution are fittingly commemorated by all classes of our people throughout the length and breadth of this country and even by Filipinos and their friends abroad. His name is a byword in every Filipino home while his picture adorns the postage stamp and paper money of widest circulation.
  11. VALUES DERIVED FROM RIZAL’S LIFE From the various representations of Rizal as a national symbol, one may learn significant ideals and principles that may be of good use in everyday life. By studying Rizal’s life and works, the following values may be captured. 1. Nationalism Nationalism involves the desire to attain freedom and political independence, especially by a country under a foreign power. Jose Rizal’s life, works and writings, especially his novels, radiate this value. 2. Patriotism Patriotism denotes proud devotion and loyalty to one’s nation. Rizal’s visions and proposals on how the people of our country could be on the road to progress are commendable. The aim, of course, is so that the Filipinos could enjoy the fullness of nationhood, especially politically, culturally, and economically, under the mantle of national solidarity. 3. Faith in God When Rizal was studying in Madrid, Spain, he assured his mother, through his letter, of his faith in God. When his sister Olympia dided of childbirth in 1887, Rizal pronounced, “I console myself saying that it was the will of God and what He does must be the best.” 4. Love of Fellowmen Rizal advocated thinking well of our fellowmen. His life exemplified the principle that love of neighbor entails involvement in his or her behalf. Rizal’s thought on love for our fellowmen is biblical and timeless. 5. Love of Parents Rizal’s love for his parents is great and very admirable. He studied medicine and ophthalmology just to cure his mother’s failing eyesight. Rizal also adored his father. In 1881, he made a clay bust of his father. About six years later, he carved a life-size wood sculpture of Don Francisco as an expression of his love for him. In his novels, Noli and El Fili, the character of Ibarra has also shown his love for his father.
  12. 6. Devotion to Truth Rizal is a believer of revealing the truth. He believed that it was not good to hide the truth. Rizal’s persevering search for truth in serving his country was a motivating virtue. Wishing to get a t the cause of his people’s backwardness, Rizal did intensive studies and carried out broad observations on the progress of other nations. 7. Sincerity Sincerity is essentially linked to humility as it makes us know the truth about ourselves, to accept the truth whatever it may be, and live according to it. Rizal’s sincerity is manifested in his acceptance that whatever he possessed, he owed them to God who had planned a duty he had to carry out. 8. Self-Denial Rizal gave up his personal desires for a better cause, that is, working for the welfare of his country. His self-denial involved self-sacrifice and altruism. 9. Perseverance It refers to the steadfastness in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success. In serving his country, Rizal showed mental and moral strength in meeting and enduring pain, adversity and peril. 10. Love for Justice Justice refers to fairness in the way people are dealt with. Having a good conscience, Rizal found joy in being just and in fighting for justice. He died fighting for justice not only for himself and his family but also for his people
  13. From that time on, heroes were celebrated here and there, hearing their names in many speeches, declaring holidays, naming streets, constructing monuments, and many more, in their honor.
  14. It was until one day that the need to evaluate the situation was proposed, realizing that there were so many names that were acknowledged as heroes. (after the “national heroes was created”) They were commissioned to study, evaluate and recommend historical figures to be declared as national heroes. The Committee composed of worthy members, with a series of discussions came up with the new criteria. The criteria are composed of 10 standards and they are as follows:
  15. 1. The extent of a person’s sacrifices for the welfare of the country 2. The motive and methods employed in the attainment of the ideal (Was his ideal purely for the welfare of the country and without any taint of self-interested motives, most of all the method of attainment should be morally valid) 3. The moral character of the person concerned (the person should not have any immorality issue that affected his ideal) 4. The influence of the person concerned on his age and or the succeeding age. 5. Heroes are those who have a concept of nation and thereafter aspire and struggle for the nation’s freedom (they must have desired the country’s freedom in any situation especially when there’s a threat of invasion in any form).
  16. 6. Heroes are those who define and contribute to a system of life of freedom and order for a nation (one who helps in the orderliness and betterment of the country). 7. Heroes are those who contribute to the quality of life and destiny of a nation. 8. A hero is part of the people’s expression (the citizen must have recognized and acknowledged the person as a hero). 9. A hero thinks of the future, especially the future generations, his concern for the future generations must be seen in his decisions and ideals). 10. The choice of a hero involves not only the recounting of an episode or events in history, but of the entire process that made this particular person a hero.  
  17. (First) As discussed earlier, no law, executive order, or proclamation has been officially enacted or issued proclaiming any Filipino historical figure as a national hero. But of course, there were laws enacted and proclamations issued to honor some names because of their substantial roles in the process of nation-building and contributions to history. (last) For many, Rizal holds the status of being a universally-acclaimed Philippine national hero as acknowledgement of his contribution t the major social transformations that took place in the Philippines. In spite of the fact that Rizal did not participate in an actual revolution,