SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Major Biological Communities:  Biomes
Climate’s effect on where species live If we were to drive across the country we would notice that the plants and animals, the variety of species, changes as we move from zone to zone, climate to climate. Plants and animals from one climate will not live in another climate zone. Climate refers to the prevailing weather conditions in any given area. Climate map of North America Showing plant hardiness zones
Temperature and Moisture The two most important elements of a climate are temperature and moisture. Temperature : Most organisms are adapted to live within a particular range of temperatures and will not thrive if temperatures are colder or warmer. Every living organism has a range of temperatures it can live within. Moisture: All organisms require water. On land, water is sometimes scarce, so patterns of rainfall often determine an areas life forms. The moisture-holding ability of air increases when it is warmed and decreases when it is cooled.
Biological Communities: Biomes If we look at all the world’s biological communities we notice a trend. Similar communities exist in different world areas that have similar climates and geographies.  A major biological community that occurs over a large area is called a biome.  The Earth is a biosphere and is broken up into biomes. A biome’s structure and appearance are the similar no matter where in the world it is geographically located. All desert biomes are similar for example. World biome map
Biomes of the world While there are different ways of classifying biomes, the classification system we will examine uses 7 of the most widely distributed biomes. Tropical rain forests Savanna Taiga Tundra Desert Temperate grassland Temperate forest
Biomes of the World Many factors such as soil type or wind play important roles in where biomes occur.  The two most important factors that determine a biome are temperature and precipitation. The chart at right shows the relationships between cold-warm and wet-dry locations and the biomes that they produce. The 11 biomes shown are in response to the climate combinations of temperature and precipitation (rain) available.
Terrestrial Biomes: tropical rain forests Tropical Rain Forests Tropical rain forests receive  an average of as much as 450 cm (180 inches) of rain per year, with little difference in amount of rain from season to season. The richest biome in terms of the number of species is the tropical rainforest.  Tropical rainforest may contain half the world’s species, more than 2 million.
Terrestrial Biomes: tropical rain forests Tropical Rain Forests Tropical rainforest have a high productivity even though they often exist on infertile soil. Most of the nutrients in a rainforest are held within the plants, not the soil.
Terrestrial Biomes: Savannas Savannas The world’s great dry grasslands, savannas, are found in the tropical areas that have relatively low precipitation (little rain) or prolonged annual dry seasons. Annual rainfall is generally 90 to 150 cm (35 to 60 inches) in savannas. There is a wider range of temperatures throughout the year than in a tropical rain forest, and there is a seasonal drought where little or no rain falls.
Terrestrial Biomes: Savannas Savannas These factors have led to an open landscape with widely spaced trees. Many of the animals are active only during the rainy season. Huge herds of grazing animals are found on the savannas of East Africa.
Terrestrial Biomes: Taiga Taiga: Cold wet climates promote the growth of coniferous trees and forests. A great ring of coniferous trees, primarily spruce and fir, extends across vast areas of Eurasia and North America. This biome, one of the largest on Earth, is called by it’s Russian name, taiga.
Terrestrial Biomes: Taiga Taiga: Winters in the taiga are long and cold, and most of the precipitation falls during the summer. Many large mammals, including herbivores such as elk, moose and deer and carnivores such as bears, lynx, and wolverine live in the taiga.
Biomes: Tundra Tundra: Between the taiga and the permanent ice cap that surrounds the North Pole, lies the open boggy biome we call the tundra. Tundra biome covers approximately one fifth of the entire Earth’s surface.  Annual precipitation in the tundra is very low, usually less than 25 cm (10 inches) and water is unavailable most of the year as it is frozen. The permafrost, or permanent ice, usually exists within 1 meter of the surface. Foxes, owls, lemmings and caribou are among the inhabitants.
Biomes: Deserts Deserts: In deserts, less than 25 cm (10 inches) or precipitation falls annually.  The scarcity of water is the overriding factor influencing most biological processes within a desert biome. In desert regions, vegetation is very sparse.
Biomes: Deserts Deserts: Deserts are most extensive in the interiors of continents. Less than 5 % of North America is open desert.  The amount of water that can fall in a particular place in a desert can vary greatly, both during a given year and during successive years.
Biomes: Temperate Grasslands Temperate grasslands: Moderate climates half-way between the equator and the poles promote the growth of rich temperate grasslands called prairies. Temperate grasslands once covered much of the interior of North America. Such grasslands are often highly productive when converted to agricultural use. Buffalo on a prairie
Biomes: Temperate Grasslands Temperate grasslands: The roots of prairie grasses characteristically penetrate far into the soil, which tends to be deep and fertile.  Herds of grazing animals often populate grasslands. North America was once covered with huge herds of buffalo that covered the plains. Buffalo on a prairie
Biomes: Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate Deciduous Forests: Relatively mild climates and plentiful rain promote the growth of temperate deciduous forests.  Temperate deciduous forests (deciduous trees shed their leaves in the fall) grow in areas with relatively warm summers, cold winters and annual precipitation of from 75 to 250 cm (30 to 100 inches) of rain each year.
Biomes: Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate Deciduous Forests: Temperate deciduous forests cover much of the eastern United States and are home to deer, beavers, raccoons, and other familiar animals. The trees in these forests include hardwoods such as oak, hickory and beech.
Biomes: temperate evergreen forests Temperate evergreen forests In other temperate areas, drier weather and different soil conditions favor the growth of evergreen forests. Large portions of the southeastern and southwest United States have temperate evergreen forests; extensive areas where pine forests are predominant over deciduous forests.
Biomes: chaparral Where conditions are even drier, temperate forests give way to areas of dry shrubs such as in the chaparral areas of coastal California and in the Mediterranean. The chaparral is a shrub association dominated by buckbrush and white-leaf manzanita. Patches of chaparral occur as the dominant vegetation, or as an understory beneath the savanna or woodland. Plants found in this habitat must be able to live in hot, dry conditions on shallow soils. You will see mostly bushes or shrubs with woody, round, waxy leaves that prevent loss of water. This area supports large bird populations by providing good food sources and many great places to live.
Major biological communities

More Related Content

What's hot

Chapter 6, lesson 5
Chapter 6, lesson 5Chapter 6, lesson 5
Chapter 6, lesson 5
whitneyhgodfrey
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Ecosystems and biomes
Ecosystems and biomesEcosystems and biomes
Ecosystems and biomes
Kella Randolph
 
Forest biomes - Kashmeera
Forest biomes - KashmeeraForest biomes - Kashmeera
Forest biomes - Kashmeera
Kashmeera N.A.
 
Powerpoint ..biomes
Powerpoint ..biomesPowerpoint ..biomes
Powerpoint ..biomes
Rowena Aquino Delos Reyes
 
Biomes for box
Biomes for boxBiomes for box
Biomes for box
Toni Legg
 
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
Batool Fatima
 
Biomes ecology
Biomes ecologyBiomes ecology
Biomes ecology
DinDin Horneja
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Interactive Powerpoint Biomes
Interactive Powerpoint BiomesInteractive Powerpoint Biomes
Interactive Powerpoint Biomes
jbann03
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
elliotlh123
 
Biomes and ecosystems
Biomes and ecosystemsBiomes and ecosystems
Biomes and ecosystems
ABRILYN BULAWIN
 
The biosphere and biomes
The biosphere and biomesThe biosphere and biomes
The biosphere and biomes
Jandi Cayabyab
 
Kinds of Terrestrial Biome
Kinds of Terrestrial BiomeKinds of Terrestrial Biome
Kinds of Terrestrial Biome
Jamaica Olazo
 
Unit 6. Biomes
Unit 6. BiomesUnit 6. Biomes
Unit 6. Biomes
LUCÍA BLANCO FERNÁNDEZ
 
What Are Biomes
What Are BiomesWhat Are Biomes
What Are Biomes
Kirk Hansen
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial BiomesTerrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
Joemar Cabradilla
 
Forest ecosystem
Forest ecosystemForest ecosystem
Forest ecosystem
josnarajp
 
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPointBiomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
 

What's hot (20)

Chapter 6, lesson 5
Chapter 6, lesson 5Chapter 6, lesson 5
Chapter 6, lesson 5
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Ecosystems and biomes
Ecosystems and biomesEcosystems and biomes
Ecosystems and biomes
 
Forest biomes - Kashmeera
Forest biomes - KashmeeraForest biomes - Kashmeera
Forest biomes - Kashmeera
 
Powerpoint ..biomes
Powerpoint ..biomesPowerpoint ..biomes
Powerpoint ..biomes
 
Biomes for box
Biomes for boxBiomes for box
Biomes for box
 
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystem, Biomes and distribution
 
Biomes ecology
Biomes ecologyBiomes ecology
Biomes ecology
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Interactive Powerpoint Biomes
Interactive Powerpoint BiomesInteractive Powerpoint Biomes
Interactive Powerpoint Biomes
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Biomes and ecosystems
Biomes and ecosystemsBiomes and ecosystems
Biomes and ecosystems
 
The biosphere and biomes
The biosphere and biomesThe biosphere and biomes
The biosphere and biomes
 
Kinds of Terrestrial Biome
Kinds of Terrestrial BiomeKinds of Terrestrial Biome
Kinds of Terrestrial Biome
 
Unit 6. Biomes
Unit 6. BiomesUnit 6. Biomes
Unit 6. Biomes
 
What Are Biomes
What Are BiomesWhat Are Biomes
What Are Biomes
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial BiomesTerrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
 
Forest ecosystem
Forest ecosystemForest ecosystem
Forest ecosystem
 
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPointBiomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
Biomes, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth and Life Science Lesson PowerPoint
 

Viewers also liked

Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes
Karl Pointer
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
E. Rueber
 
Intro to biomes
Intro to biomesIntro to biomes
Intro to biomes
ericchapman2014
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial BiomesTerrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
garangel
 
Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomesTerrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes
Terry Baita
 
Aquatic biomes
Aquatic biomesAquatic biomes
Aquatic biomes
Alifiyah Hussain
 
3. biomes
3. biomes3. biomes
3. biomes
Izaskun Ibañez
 
Biomas
BiomasBiomas
Biomas
Aseret41
 
Taiga
TaigaTaiga
Taiga
jpangcog
 
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in EuropePetrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
Martin Petrushevski
 
Biomes WebQuest
Biomes WebQuestBiomes WebQuest
Biomes WebQuest
smtester2
 
Taigas
TaigasTaigas
Taigas
Ninjapencil
 
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFOTaiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
guest6153b0
 
Taiga biome period 3
Taiga biome period 3Taiga biome period 3
Taiga biome period 3
Michael McGraw
 
Characteristics of cold climates
Characteristics of cold climatesCharacteristics of cold climates
Characteristics of cold climates
Will Williams
 
Taiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
Taiga: The Boreal Forest BiomeTaiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
Taiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
Jheff Zaz Bengwayan
 
Taiga
TaigaTaiga
Taiga
Vazquez6
 
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
Reem Bakr
 
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forestIB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
karoliine
 
Ecological equilibrium seminor
Ecological equilibrium seminorEcological equilibrium seminor
Ecological equilibrium seminor
Joseph Jincy
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
 
Intro to biomes
Intro to biomesIntro to biomes
Intro to biomes
 
Terrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial BiomesTerrestrial Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
 
Terrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomesTerrestrial biomes
Terrestrial biomes
 
Aquatic biomes
Aquatic biomesAquatic biomes
Aquatic biomes
 
3. biomes
3. biomes3. biomes
3. biomes
 
Biomas
BiomasBiomas
Biomas
 
Taiga
TaigaTaiga
Taiga
 
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in EuropePetrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
Petrushevski Martin - Boreal Forest in Europe
 
Biomes WebQuest
Biomes WebQuestBiomes WebQuest
Biomes WebQuest
 
Taigas
TaigasTaigas
Taigas
 
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFOTaiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
Taiga Biome (Boreal Forest) INFO
 
Taiga biome period 3
Taiga biome period 3Taiga biome period 3
Taiga biome period 3
 
Characteristics of cold climates
Characteristics of cold climatesCharacteristics of cold climates
Characteristics of cold climates
 
Taiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
Taiga: The Boreal Forest BiomeTaiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
Taiga: The Boreal Forest Biome
 
Taiga
TaigaTaiga
Taiga
 
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
Ch.4.less.3.what are the characteristics of different biomes and aquatic ecos...
 
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forestIB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
IB Geography - Ecosystems. Biomes - Taiga aka Coniferous forest
 
Ecological equilibrium seminor
Ecological equilibrium seminorEcological equilibrium seminor
Ecological equilibrium seminor
 

Similar to Major biological communities

Biology Project-Erika Torres
Biology Project-Erika TorresBiology Project-Erika Torres
Biology Project-Erika Torres
guest6b5b6c
 
terrestial ecosystem.pptx
terrestial ecosystem.pptxterrestial ecosystem.pptx
terrestial ecosystem.pptx
aniltuli
 
boimes nice ppt.pptx
boimes nice ppt.pptxboimes nice ppt.pptx
boimes nice ppt.pptx
Muhammad Faisal
 
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptx
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptxKinds of Ecosystem.pptx
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptx
SheenSheen6
 
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdfWhich of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
alokkesh1
 
Tropical rain forest
Tropical rain forestTropical rain forest
Tropical rain forest
Ella Bendeito
 
Chapt05 lecture
Chapt05 lectureChapt05 lecture
Chapt05 lecture
lschmidt1170
 
Characteristics Of Tropical Forest
Characteristics Of Tropical ForestCharacteristics Of Tropical Forest
Characteristics Of Tropical Forest
Jennifer Perry
 
Life sciences lesson
Life sciences lessonLife sciences lesson
Life sciences lesson
siphiwe Mkhwanazi
 
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptxEffect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
CHZaryabAli
 
DIFFERENT BIOMES HABITATES
DIFFERENT  BIOMES HABITATESDIFFERENT  BIOMES HABITATES
DIFFERENT BIOMES HABITATES
Hafiz M Waseem
 
Tundra Biomes
Tundra BiomesTundra Biomes
Tundra Biomes
Christina Santos
 
Eudece grasslands
Eudece grasslandsEudece grasslands
Eudece grasslands
Emma Louise Fernandez
 
SEE -EVS.pptx
SEE -EVS.pptxSEE -EVS.pptx
SEE -EVS.pptx
PVenkataGaneshReddy
 
Ch 5 ed
Ch 5 edCh 5 ed
Ch 5 ed
lschmidt1170
 
Ch 5 ed
Ch 5 edCh 5 ed
Ch 5 ed
lschmidt1170
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
arrajeuneze
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
arrajeuneze
 
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristics
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristicsTropical rain forest extent and characteristics
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristics
SenjutiSaha1
 
Eudece grasslands
Eudece grasslandsEudece grasslands
Eudece grasslands
Emma Louise Fernandez
 

Similar to Major biological communities (20)

Biology Project-Erika Torres
Biology Project-Erika TorresBiology Project-Erika Torres
Biology Project-Erika Torres
 
terrestial ecosystem.pptx
terrestial ecosystem.pptxterrestial ecosystem.pptx
terrestial ecosystem.pptx
 
boimes nice ppt.pptx
boimes nice ppt.pptxboimes nice ppt.pptx
boimes nice ppt.pptx
 
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptx
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptxKinds of Ecosystem.pptx
Kinds of Ecosystem.pptx
 
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdfWhich of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
Which of the following sets of biomes is placed in order from lowest.pdf
 
Tropical rain forest
Tropical rain forestTropical rain forest
Tropical rain forest
 
Chapt05 lecture
Chapt05 lectureChapt05 lecture
Chapt05 lecture
 
Characteristics Of Tropical Forest
Characteristics Of Tropical ForestCharacteristics Of Tropical Forest
Characteristics Of Tropical Forest
 
Life sciences lesson
Life sciences lessonLife sciences lesson
Life sciences lesson
 
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptxEffect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
Effect of Precipatation on Distribution of Plants.pptx
 
DIFFERENT BIOMES HABITATES
DIFFERENT  BIOMES HABITATESDIFFERENT  BIOMES HABITATES
DIFFERENT BIOMES HABITATES
 
Tundra Biomes
Tundra BiomesTundra Biomes
Tundra Biomes
 
Eudece grasslands
Eudece grasslandsEudece grasslands
Eudece grasslands
 
SEE -EVS.pptx
SEE -EVS.pptxSEE -EVS.pptx
SEE -EVS.pptx
 
Ch 5 ed
Ch 5 edCh 5 ed
Ch 5 ed
 
Ch 5 ed
Ch 5 edCh 5 ed
Ch 5 ed
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Biomes
BiomesBiomes
Biomes
 
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristics
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristicsTropical rain forest extent and characteristics
Tropical rain forest extent and characteristics
 
Eudece grasslands
Eudece grasslandsEudece grasslands
Eudece grasslands
 

More from pcalabri

How population evolve
How population evolveHow population evolve
How population evolve
pcalabri
 
Ecology how population grow
Ecology how population growEcology how population grow
Ecology how population grow
pcalabri
 
Cycling of materials in ecosystem
Cycling of materials in ecosystemCycling of materials in ecosystem
Cycling of materials in ecosystem
pcalabri
 
What is ecology
What is ecologyWhat is ecology
What is ecology
pcalabri
 
Energy flow in ecosystems
Energy flow in ecosystemsEnergy flow in ecosystems
Energy flow in ecosystems
pcalabri
 
How organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communitiesHow organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communities
pcalabri
 
How organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communitiesHow organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communities
pcalabri
 
Aquatic communities
Aquatic communitiesAquatic communities
Aquatic communities
pcalabri
 
How competition shapes communities
How competition shapes communitiesHow competition shapes communities
How competition shapes communities
pcalabri
 
Mitosis and cytokinesis
Mitosis and cytokinesisMitosis and cytokinesis
Mitosis and cytokinesis
pcalabri
 
Meiosis and reproduction
Meiosis and reproductionMeiosis and reproduction
Meiosis and reproduction
pcalabri
 
Cellular respiration in detail
Cellular respiration in detailCellular respiration in detail
Cellular respiration in detail
pcalabri
 
Energy and chem reactions in cells
Energy and chem reactions in cellsEnergy and chem reactions in cells
Energy and chem reactions in cells
pcalabri
 
Cell organelles
Cell organellesCell organelles
Cell organelles
pcalabri
 
Cells
CellsCells
Cells
pcalabri
 
Cell features
Cell featuresCell features
Cell features
pcalabri
 
Looking at data
Looking at dataLooking at data
Looking at data
pcalabri
 

More from pcalabri (17)

How population evolve
How population evolveHow population evolve
How population evolve
 
Ecology how population grow
Ecology how population growEcology how population grow
Ecology how population grow
 
Cycling of materials in ecosystem
Cycling of materials in ecosystemCycling of materials in ecosystem
Cycling of materials in ecosystem
 
What is ecology
What is ecologyWhat is ecology
What is ecology
 
Energy flow in ecosystems
Energy flow in ecosystemsEnergy flow in ecosystems
Energy flow in ecosystems
 
How organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communitiesHow organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communities
 
How organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communitiesHow organisms interact in communities
How organisms interact in communities
 
Aquatic communities
Aquatic communitiesAquatic communities
Aquatic communities
 
How competition shapes communities
How competition shapes communitiesHow competition shapes communities
How competition shapes communities
 
Mitosis and cytokinesis
Mitosis and cytokinesisMitosis and cytokinesis
Mitosis and cytokinesis
 
Meiosis and reproduction
Meiosis and reproductionMeiosis and reproduction
Meiosis and reproduction
 
Cellular respiration in detail
Cellular respiration in detailCellular respiration in detail
Cellular respiration in detail
 
Energy and chem reactions in cells
Energy and chem reactions in cellsEnergy and chem reactions in cells
Energy and chem reactions in cells
 
Cell organelles
Cell organellesCell organelles
Cell organelles
 
Cells
CellsCells
Cells
 
Cell features
Cell featuresCell features
Cell features
 
Looking at data
Looking at dataLooking at data
Looking at data
 

Recently uploaded

Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptxChristine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
christinelarrosa
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
operationspcvita
 
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Jakub Marek
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
zjhamm304
 
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation ParametersEssentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Safe Software
 
Apps Break Data
Apps Break DataApps Break Data
Apps Break Data
Ivo Velitchkov
 
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
FilipTomaszewski5
 
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and BioinformaticiansBiomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
Neo4j
 
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMsFrom Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
Sease
 
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptxChristine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
christinelarrosa
 
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSFAppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
Ajin Abraham
 
What is an RPA CoE? Session 2 – CoE Roles
What is an RPA CoE?  Session 2 – CoE RolesWhat is an RPA CoE?  Session 2 – CoE Roles
What is an RPA CoE? Session 2 – CoE Roles
DianaGray10
 
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
AstuteBusiness
 
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
Fwdays
 
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PPY-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
c5vrf27qcz
 
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned", Igor Ivaniuk
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned",  Igor Ivaniuk"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned",  Igor Ivaniuk
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned", Igor Ivaniuk
Fwdays
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
Fwdays
 
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking ReplicationScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB
 
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio FundamentalsDay 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
UiPathCommunity
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptxChristine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
 
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
 
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation ParametersEssentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
Essentials of Automations: Exploring Attributes & Automation Parameters
 
Apps Break Data
Apps Break DataApps Break Data
Apps Break Data
 
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
 
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and BioinformaticiansBiomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Data Scientists and Bioinformaticians
 
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMsFrom Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
From Natural Language to Structured Solr Queries using LLMs
 
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptxChristine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
 
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSFAppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
 
What is an RPA CoE? Session 2 – CoE Roles
What is an RPA CoE?  Session 2 – CoE RolesWhat is an RPA CoE?  Session 2 – CoE Roles
What is an RPA CoE? Session 2 – CoE Roles
 
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
Astute Business Solutions | Oracle Cloud Partner |
 
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
 
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
"Choosing proper type of scaling", Olena Syrota
 
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PPY-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
Y-Combinator seed pitch deck template PP
 
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned", Igor Ivaniuk
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned",  Igor Ivaniuk"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned",  Igor Ivaniuk
"Frontline Battles with DDoS: Best practices and Lessons Learned", Igor Ivaniuk
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
 
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking ReplicationScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
ScyllaDB Tablets: Rethinking Replication
 
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio FundamentalsDay 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
Day 2 - Intro to UiPath Studio Fundamentals
 

Major biological communities

  • 2. Climate’s effect on where species live If we were to drive across the country we would notice that the plants and animals, the variety of species, changes as we move from zone to zone, climate to climate. Plants and animals from one climate will not live in another climate zone. Climate refers to the prevailing weather conditions in any given area. Climate map of North America Showing plant hardiness zones
  • 3. Temperature and Moisture The two most important elements of a climate are temperature and moisture. Temperature : Most organisms are adapted to live within a particular range of temperatures and will not thrive if temperatures are colder or warmer. Every living organism has a range of temperatures it can live within. Moisture: All organisms require water. On land, water is sometimes scarce, so patterns of rainfall often determine an areas life forms. The moisture-holding ability of air increases when it is warmed and decreases when it is cooled.
  • 4. Biological Communities: Biomes If we look at all the world’s biological communities we notice a trend. Similar communities exist in different world areas that have similar climates and geographies. A major biological community that occurs over a large area is called a biome. The Earth is a biosphere and is broken up into biomes. A biome’s structure and appearance are the similar no matter where in the world it is geographically located. All desert biomes are similar for example. World biome map
  • 5. Biomes of the world While there are different ways of classifying biomes, the classification system we will examine uses 7 of the most widely distributed biomes. Tropical rain forests Savanna Taiga Tundra Desert Temperate grassland Temperate forest
  • 6. Biomes of the World Many factors such as soil type or wind play important roles in where biomes occur. The two most important factors that determine a biome are temperature and precipitation. The chart at right shows the relationships between cold-warm and wet-dry locations and the biomes that they produce. The 11 biomes shown are in response to the climate combinations of temperature and precipitation (rain) available.
  • 7. Terrestrial Biomes: tropical rain forests Tropical Rain Forests Tropical rain forests receive an average of as much as 450 cm (180 inches) of rain per year, with little difference in amount of rain from season to season. The richest biome in terms of the number of species is the tropical rainforest. Tropical rainforest may contain half the world’s species, more than 2 million.
  • 8. Terrestrial Biomes: tropical rain forests Tropical Rain Forests Tropical rainforest have a high productivity even though they often exist on infertile soil. Most of the nutrients in a rainforest are held within the plants, not the soil.
  • 9. Terrestrial Biomes: Savannas Savannas The world’s great dry grasslands, savannas, are found in the tropical areas that have relatively low precipitation (little rain) or prolonged annual dry seasons. Annual rainfall is generally 90 to 150 cm (35 to 60 inches) in savannas. There is a wider range of temperatures throughout the year than in a tropical rain forest, and there is a seasonal drought where little or no rain falls.
  • 10. Terrestrial Biomes: Savannas Savannas These factors have led to an open landscape with widely spaced trees. Many of the animals are active only during the rainy season. Huge herds of grazing animals are found on the savannas of East Africa.
  • 11. Terrestrial Biomes: Taiga Taiga: Cold wet climates promote the growth of coniferous trees and forests. A great ring of coniferous trees, primarily spruce and fir, extends across vast areas of Eurasia and North America. This biome, one of the largest on Earth, is called by it’s Russian name, taiga.
  • 12. Terrestrial Biomes: Taiga Taiga: Winters in the taiga are long and cold, and most of the precipitation falls during the summer. Many large mammals, including herbivores such as elk, moose and deer and carnivores such as bears, lynx, and wolverine live in the taiga.
  • 13. Biomes: Tundra Tundra: Between the taiga and the permanent ice cap that surrounds the North Pole, lies the open boggy biome we call the tundra. Tundra biome covers approximately one fifth of the entire Earth’s surface. Annual precipitation in the tundra is very low, usually less than 25 cm (10 inches) and water is unavailable most of the year as it is frozen. The permafrost, or permanent ice, usually exists within 1 meter of the surface. Foxes, owls, lemmings and caribou are among the inhabitants.
  • 14. Biomes: Deserts Deserts: In deserts, less than 25 cm (10 inches) or precipitation falls annually. The scarcity of water is the overriding factor influencing most biological processes within a desert biome. In desert regions, vegetation is very sparse.
  • 15. Biomes: Deserts Deserts: Deserts are most extensive in the interiors of continents. Less than 5 % of North America is open desert. The amount of water that can fall in a particular place in a desert can vary greatly, both during a given year and during successive years.
  • 16. Biomes: Temperate Grasslands Temperate grasslands: Moderate climates half-way between the equator and the poles promote the growth of rich temperate grasslands called prairies. Temperate grasslands once covered much of the interior of North America. Such grasslands are often highly productive when converted to agricultural use. Buffalo on a prairie
  • 17. Biomes: Temperate Grasslands Temperate grasslands: The roots of prairie grasses characteristically penetrate far into the soil, which tends to be deep and fertile. Herds of grazing animals often populate grasslands. North America was once covered with huge herds of buffalo that covered the plains. Buffalo on a prairie
  • 18. Biomes: Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate Deciduous Forests: Relatively mild climates and plentiful rain promote the growth of temperate deciduous forests. Temperate deciduous forests (deciduous trees shed their leaves in the fall) grow in areas with relatively warm summers, cold winters and annual precipitation of from 75 to 250 cm (30 to 100 inches) of rain each year.
  • 19. Biomes: Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate Deciduous Forests: Temperate deciduous forests cover much of the eastern United States and are home to deer, beavers, raccoons, and other familiar animals. The trees in these forests include hardwoods such as oak, hickory and beech.
  • 20. Biomes: temperate evergreen forests Temperate evergreen forests In other temperate areas, drier weather and different soil conditions favor the growth of evergreen forests. Large portions of the southeastern and southwest United States have temperate evergreen forests; extensive areas where pine forests are predominant over deciduous forests.
  • 21. Biomes: chaparral Where conditions are even drier, temperate forests give way to areas of dry shrubs such as in the chaparral areas of coastal California and in the Mediterranean. The chaparral is a shrub association dominated by buckbrush and white-leaf manzanita. Patches of chaparral occur as the dominant vegetation, or as an understory beneath the savanna or woodland. Plants found in this habitat must be able to live in hot, dry conditions on shallow soils. You will see mostly bushes or shrubs with woody, round, waxy leaves that prevent loss of water. This area supports large bird populations by providing good food sources and many great places to live.