SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 11
Download to read offline
By Dolisha Warbi
DEFINITION:
Lung tumors refer to abnormal growths or masses that develop in the tissues of the lungs. These tumors can be
benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue and,
eventually, into other parts of the body.
CAUSES:
Ø History of lung cancer
Ø Family history (genetic)
Ø Lung diseases
Ø Air pollution
Ø Chronic smoking
Ø Exposure to industrial asbestos or other carcinogens
Ø Radon gas
CLASSIFICATION
2 Main types:
qSmall cell lung cancer (SCLC)
qNon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Dividing into 3 types
1)Squamous cell carcinoma
2)Adenocarcinoma
3)Large cell carcinoma
SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (SCLC):
• Comprise about 10% to 15% of lung cancer.
• Comprised of relatively small cell.
• The cell are round, oval or spindle shape.
• Very small in nature, (about 25 Micron).
NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC):
Ø It is the most common lung cancer.
Ø 85% of all cases.
1) Squamous cell carcinoma:
§ Most common type of NSCLS
§ 25% to 30% of all lung cancer.
§ Squamous cell cancer arise, most frequently in the central chest area, in the bronchi.
§ This type of lung cancer must often stay within the lung, spread to lymph nodes and grow quite large,
forming a cavity.
§ Strongly associated with smoking.
2) Adenocarcinoma:
§Common type of NSCLS.
§40% of lung cancer cases.
§Associated with smoking, non smoking, especially women.
§Arise from the outer or peripheral areas of the lungs.
§It may spread to the lymph nodes and beyond.
3) Large cell carcinoma:
§Referred to as undifferentiated carcinoma.
§Least common types of NSCLS.
§10% - 15% of all lung cancer.
§Has high tendency to spread to the lymph nodes and distant sites.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
§ Cough that doesn’t go away
§ Coughing blood
§ Shortness of breath
§ Chest pain
§ Hoarseness
§ Sudden weight loss
§ Bone pain
§ Headache
§ Excessive sputum production
§ Malaise
§ Fever
§ Fatigue
§ Anorexia
DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION:
§ X – ray
§ Bronchoscopy
§ PET
§ CT – Scan
§ Lung function test
§ Blood test/CBC
§ Biopsy
MANAGEMENT:
Chemotherapy treatment:
• Cisplatin, carboplatin, docetaxel, gemcitabine, topotecan, etc..
Radiation:
• Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR)
Targeted therapy:
• Entrectinib, crizotinib, ceritinib
Immunotherapy:
• Checkpoint inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, cancer vaccine, adoptive T cell therapies.
Surgery:
a) Wedge resection
b) Lobectomy
c) Pneumonectomy
d) Segmentectomy
.
Wedge resection Lobectomy
Pneumonectomy Segmentectomy
NURSING MANAGEMENT:
§ Assess the general condition of the patient.
§ Provide nursing assessment.
§ Monitor vital signs.
§ Provide oxygen therapy if needed.
§ Teach deep breathing exercise and postural drainage.
§ Position semi Fowler to provide comfortable to the patient.
§ Give prescribed medication.
§ Provide humidifier to loosen secretion.
§ Encourage small amount of liquid diet rich in protein calories.
§ Monitor any sign of complication.
THANKS YOU

More Related Content

Similar to LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf

Lung Cancer presentation final.pdf
Lung Cancer presentation final.pdfLung Cancer presentation final.pdf
Lung Cancer presentation final.pdfssuser785f30
 
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptx
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptxLUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptx
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptxUVAS
 
bronchogenic.pptx
bronchogenic.pptxbronchogenic.pptx
bronchogenic.pptxMdRaihan58
 
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptx
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptxLUNG CANCER vandana..pptx
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptxVandanaKoranga
 
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah Rahimee
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah RahimeeLung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah Rahimee
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah RahimeeAabidullah
 
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020Kareem Alnakeeb
 
Small cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancerSmall cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancerDrAyush Garg
 
management of lung mets
management of lung metsmanagement of lung mets
management of lung metssuhas k r
 

Similar to LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf (20)

Lung Cancer presentation final.pdf
Lung Cancer presentation final.pdfLung Cancer presentation final.pdf
Lung Cancer presentation final.pdf
 
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptx
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptxLUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptx
LUNG CANCER-1 (1).pptx
 
lung cancer.pptx
lung cancer.pptxlung cancer.pptx
lung cancer.pptx
 
bronchogenic.pptx
bronchogenic.pptxbronchogenic.pptx
bronchogenic.pptx
 
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptx
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptxLUNG CANCER vandana..pptx
LUNG CANCER vandana..pptx
 
Lung tumor
Lung tumorLung tumor
Lung tumor
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah Rahimee
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah RahimeeLung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah Rahimee
Lung cancer by Dr. Aabidullah Rahimee
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
Ca lung
Ca lungCa lung
Ca lung
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020
Lung cancer; Pulmonary medicine 2020
 
Small cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancerSmall cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancer
 
Pulmonary neoplasia
Pulmonary neoplasiaPulmonary neoplasia
Pulmonary neoplasia
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
Lung Cancerrr.pdf
Lung Cancerrr.pdfLung Cancerrr.pdf
Lung Cancerrr.pdf
 
LUNG CANCER
LUNG CANCERLUNG CANCER
LUNG CANCER
 
Lung cancer
Lung cancerLung cancer
Lung cancer
 
management of lung mets
management of lung metsmanagement of lung mets
management of lung mets
 

More from Dolisha Warbi

PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdf
PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdfPYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdf
PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdf
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdfBURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdf
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdf
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdfPSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdf
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdf
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdfACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdf
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdf
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdfRESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdf
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdf
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdfPHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdf
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...Dolisha Warbi
 
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdf
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdfMAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdf
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdf
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdfPOTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdf
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdf
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdfCALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdf
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdf
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdfSODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdf
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdfDolisha Warbi
 
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdf
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdfFLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdf
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfTHIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdfSARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdf
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdfARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdf
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdfDolisha Warbi
 
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdf
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdfRESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdf
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdfDolisha Warbi
 
LUNG SURGERY AND IT'S REASONS..pdf
LUNG  SURGERY   AND   IT'S  REASONS..pdfLUNG  SURGERY   AND   IT'S  REASONS..pdf
LUNG SURGERY AND IT'S REASONS..pdfDolisha Warbi
 
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdf
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdfPLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdf
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfPULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 

More from Dolisha Warbi (20)

PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdf
PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdfPYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdf
PYODERMA, IMPETIGO, FOLLICULITIS, FURUNCLES, CARBUNCLES.pdf
 
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdf
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdfBURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdf
BURNS (CLASSIFICATION & MANAGEMENTS).pdf
 
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdf
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdfPSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdf
PSORIASIS, MALIGNANT MELANOMA, ALOPECIA.pdf
 
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdf
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdfACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdf
ACNE VULGARIS , ALLERGIES, ECZEMA, PEMPHIGUS.pdf
 
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdf
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdfRESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdf
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS & RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS.pdf
 
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdf
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdfPHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdf
PHOSPHATE – ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA & HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA).pdf
 
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...
BICARBONATE - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (METABOLIC ACIDOSIS & METABOLIC ALKALOSIS...
 
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdf
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdfMAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdf
MAGNESIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERMAGNESEMIA & HYPOMAGNESEMIA).pdf
 
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdf
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdfPOTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdf
POTASSIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERKALEMIA & HYPOKALEMIA).pdf
 
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdf
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdfCALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdf
CALCIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPERCALCEMIA & HYPOCALCEMIA).pdf
 
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdf
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdfSODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdf
SODIUM - ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE (HYPONATREMIA & HYPERNATREMIA) .pdf
 
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdf
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdfFLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdf
FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE (BALANCE & IMBALANCE).pdf
 
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfTHIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
 
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdfSARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf
SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf
 
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdf
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdfARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdf
ARDS (ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME).pdf
 
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdf
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdfRESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdf
RESPIRATORY FAILURE AND ITS TYPES....pdf
 
LUNG SURGERY AND IT'S REASONS..pdf
LUNG  SURGERY   AND   IT'S  REASONS..pdfLUNG  SURGERY   AND   IT'S  REASONS..pdf
LUNG SURGERY AND IT'S REASONS..pdf
 
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdf
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdfPLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdf
PLEURAL EFFUSION, TYPES AND MANAGEMENT.pdf
 
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfPULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...Neelam SharmaI11
 
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierOverview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierNidhi Joshi
 
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?bkling
 
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...anushka vermaI11
 
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Health Kinesiology Natural Bioenergetics
 
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersMgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersShafnaP5
 
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stock
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stockSell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stock
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stocktammysayles9
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadNephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENT
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENTJOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENT
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENTThomas Onyango Kirengo
 
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxDrug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxMohammadAbuzar19
 
^In Pietermaritzburg Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...
^In Pietermaritzburg  Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...^In Pietermaritzburg  Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...
^In Pietermaritzburg Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...pinkpowder997723
 
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants + pediatric case.pptx
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants  + pediatric case.pptxFailure to thrive in neonates and infants  + pediatric case.pptx
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants + pediatric case.pptxclaviclebrown44
 
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancementsCAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancementsNaveen Gokul Dr
 
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالةGallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالةMohamad محمد Al-Gailani الكيلاني
 
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptx
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptxStereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptx
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptxAkanshaBhatnagar7
 
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...Call Girls in Nagpur High Profile Call Girls
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELMKARTHIKEMMANUEL
 
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failureESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failuremahiavy26
 
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSachin Sharma
 
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...Model Neeha Mumbai
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot Surat ℂall Girls Dindoli 8527049040 WhatsApp AnyTime Best Surat ℂ...
 
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierOverview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
 
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?
Report Back from SGO: What’s the Latest in Ovarian Cancer?
 
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...
Kamrej + ℂall Girls Serviℂe Surat (Adult Only) 8849756361 Esℂort Serviℂe 24x7...
 
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
 
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersMgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
 
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stock
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stockSell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stock
Sell 5cladba adbb JWH-018 5FADB in stock
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
 
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENT
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENTJOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENT
JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION TEMPLATE DOCUMENT
 
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxDrug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
 
^In Pietermaritzburg Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...
^In Pietermaritzburg  Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...^In Pietermaritzburg  Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...
^In Pietermaritzburg Hager Werken Embalming +27789155305 Compound Powder in ...
 
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants + pediatric case.pptx
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants  + pediatric case.pptxFailure to thrive in neonates and infants  + pediatric case.pptx
Failure to thrive in neonates and infants + pediatric case.pptx
 
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancementsCAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements
CAD CAM DENTURES IN PROSTHODONTICS : Dental advancements
 
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالةGallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
 
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptx
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptxStereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptx
Stereochemistry & Asymmetric Synthesis.pptx
 
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Salem 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Surat ℂ...
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
 
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failureESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
 
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
 
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...
Young & Hot ℂall Girls Patna 8250077686 WhatsApp Number Best Rates of Patna ℂ...
 

LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf

  • 2. DEFINITION: Lung tumors refer to abnormal growths or masses that develop in the tissues of the lungs. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue and, eventually, into other parts of the body.
  • 3. CAUSES: Ø History of lung cancer Ø Family history (genetic) Ø Lung diseases Ø Air pollution Ø Chronic smoking Ø Exposure to industrial asbestos or other carcinogens Ø Radon gas CLASSIFICATION 2 Main types: qSmall cell lung cancer (SCLC) qNon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Dividing into 3 types 1)Squamous cell carcinoma 2)Adenocarcinoma 3)Large cell carcinoma
  • 4. SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (SCLC): • Comprise about 10% to 15% of lung cancer. • Comprised of relatively small cell. • The cell are round, oval or spindle shape. • Very small in nature, (about 25 Micron). NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC): Ø It is the most common lung cancer. Ø 85% of all cases. 1) Squamous cell carcinoma: § Most common type of NSCLS § 25% to 30% of all lung cancer. § Squamous cell cancer arise, most frequently in the central chest area, in the bronchi. § This type of lung cancer must often stay within the lung, spread to lymph nodes and grow quite large, forming a cavity. § Strongly associated with smoking.
  • 5. 2) Adenocarcinoma: §Common type of NSCLS. §40% of lung cancer cases. §Associated with smoking, non smoking, especially women. §Arise from the outer or peripheral areas of the lungs. §It may spread to the lymph nodes and beyond. 3) Large cell carcinoma: §Referred to as undifferentiated carcinoma. §Least common types of NSCLS. §10% - 15% of all lung cancer. §Has high tendency to spread to the lymph nodes and distant sites.
  • 6. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS: § Cough that doesn’t go away § Coughing blood § Shortness of breath § Chest pain § Hoarseness § Sudden weight loss § Bone pain § Headache § Excessive sputum production § Malaise § Fever § Fatigue § Anorexia
  • 7. DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION: § X – ray § Bronchoscopy § PET § CT – Scan § Lung function test § Blood test/CBC § Biopsy
  • 8. MANAGEMENT: Chemotherapy treatment: • Cisplatin, carboplatin, docetaxel, gemcitabine, topotecan, etc.. Radiation: • Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) Targeted therapy: • Entrectinib, crizotinib, ceritinib Immunotherapy: • Checkpoint inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, cancer vaccine, adoptive T cell therapies. Surgery: a) Wedge resection b) Lobectomy c) Pneumonectomy d) Segmentectomy
  • 10. NURSING MANAGEMENT: § Assess the general condition of the patient. § Provide nursing assessment. § Monitor vital signs. § Provide oxygen therapy if needed. § Teach deep breathing exercise and postural drainage. § Position semi Fowler to provide comfortable to the patient. § Give prescribed medication. § Provide humidifier to loosen secretion. § Encourage small amount of liquid diet rich in protein calories. § Monitor any sign of complication.