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SARS
PREPARED BY DOLISHA WARBI
SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME (SARS)
It is a viral respiratory illness causes by a coronavirus called S A R S associated with Corona virus (S A R S - COV).
SARS is an airborne virus and can spread through small droplets of saliva. It is a contagious and sometimes fatal
respiratory illness.
MODES OF TRANSMISSION:
Direct, indirect or close contact with the infected person through;
• Saliva (kissing),
• Sneezing (droplets),
• Talking or sings
• Coughing,
• Touching (handshake) sweating.
SYMPTOMS:
NON-SPECIFIC SYMPTOMS SEVERE SYMPTOMS
§ Fever headache dizziness. § ARDS
§ Sore throat. § Multiple organ failure.
§ Dry cough § Septic shock
§ Chest pain § Cardiac arrest.
§ Vomiting § Cough
§ Diarrhea § Dyspnea
§ Fatigue § Anosmia + Ageusia
§ Arthralgia, myalgia
§ Erythematous rash
§ Conjunctivitis
DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION:
• History collection
• Symptomatic finding
• RT-PCR (Reverse transcript polymerase chain reaction)
• Blood test
• X-ray
• Ct-scan
PREVENTION:
Ø Wash hand properly with soap and water.
Ø Wear disposable gloves.
Ø Wear a surgical mask.
Ø Wash personal item.
Ø Disinfect surface.
Ø Cough and sneeze into the elbow.
Ø Avoid skin contact with others.
Ø Avoid crowds and public gathering.
Ø Avoid touching one’s own face.
Ø Isolation if sick with confirmed symptoms.
W4D
TREATMENT:
No treatment exist except supportive care
Supportive management involves:
Ø Tracheal intubation
Ø Airway management
Ø Mechanical ventilation
Ø Oxygen therapy
Ø Vaccination
Ø Medication
• Low dose – corticosteroid ( prednisolone)
• Pulse dose – methyl prednisolone
NURSING MANAGEMENT:
§ Isolate the patient.
§ Wear glove, gown, mask, eye protection every time when visiting a patient.
§ Wash hand regularly after caring a patient.
§ Limits numbers of healthcare in caring for the patient.
§ Provide administer medication.
§ Monitor vital signs.
§ In case of hypoxemia, provides supplementary oxygen.
THANKS YOU

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SARS (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME).pdf

  • 2. SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME (SARS) It is a viral respiratory illness causes by a coronavirus called S A R S associated with Corona virus (S A R S - COV). SARS is an airborne virus and can spread through small droplets of saliva. It is a contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness. MODES OF TRANSMISSION: Direct, indirect or close contact with the infected person through; • Saliva (kissing), • Sneezing (droplets), • Talking or sings • Coughing, • Touching (handshake) sweating.
  • 3. SYMPTOMS: NON-SPECIFIC SYMPTOMS SEVERE SYMPTOMS § Fever headache dizziness. § ARDS § Sore throat. § Multiple organ failure. § Dry cough § Septic shock § Chest pain § Cardiac arrest. § Vomiting § Cough § Diarrhea § Dyspnea § Fatigue § Anosmia + Ageusia § Arthralgia, myalgia § Erythematous rash § Conjunctivitis
  • 4. DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION: • History collection • Symptomatic finding • RT-PCR (Reverse transcript polymerase chain reaction) • Blood test • X-ray • Ct-scan PREVENTION: Ø Wash hand properly with soap and water. Ø Wear disposable gloves. Ø Wear a surgical mask. Ø Wash personal item. Ø Disinfect surface. Ø Cough and sneeze into the elbow. Ø Avoid skin contact with others. Ø Avoid crowds and public gathering. Ø Avoid touching one’s own face. Ø Isolation if sick with confirmed symptoms. W4D
  • 5. TREATMENT: No treatment exist except supportive care Supportive management involves: Ø Tracheal intubation Ø Airway management Ø Mechanical ventilation Ø Oxygen therapy Ø Vaccination Ø Medication • Low dose – corticosteroid ( prednisolone) • Pulse dose – methyl prednisolone
  • 6. NURSING MANAGEMENT: § Isolate the patient. § Wear glove, gown, mask, eye protection every time when visiting a patient. § Wash hand regularly after caring a patient. § Limits numbers of healthcare in caring for the patient. § Provide administer medication. § Monitor vital signs. § In case of hypoxemia, provides supplementary oxygen.