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Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all: the long way from
distance/online through pandemic
• Diversity
• Minorities
• Special needs
• Adapted education
• ALL our students (thousands, hundred
thousands) are different !!!!!!
• From Blended to Adapted for all
Multifaced
TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS
UNED Chair of Distance Education
• Present Chair, Angeles Sanchez-Elvira Paniagua
• Founder and past chair: Lorenzo Garcia Aretio
http://blogs.uned.es/cued/
https://aretio.hypotheses.org/5827/
(Garcia Aretio, 1989) Education is the process of
intentional and comprehensive optimization of wo/m@n
oriented to her/his complete self-realization and active
insertion in the nature, society and culture
Equiality, Inequality and Equity in learning context must drive to:
1. improve
2. integral
3. intentional
4. autonomous
5. socialization
TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS
UNED and tribute
Electrical and Computer
Engineering Department –
ETSII – UNED
Good teaching may overcome a poor choice of
technology but technology will never save bad teaching
https://www.tonybates.ca/
Learning online requires students with self-discipline and
able to work to a self-managed schedule. This takes
training and practice. And are times for online and for
traditional and face-to-face
Personal priorities in online learning:
1. increasing access and flexibility
2. developing 21st century skills
3. reducing inequalities in the education system
4. increasing the cost-effectiveness of education
Relations between Education (online) and Technology (from Tony Bates)
TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
• Face-to-face Education
• Distance Education
– Mixed models
• Online Education
• Technology Enhanced Learning
– Mixed and face-to-face
– Distance and online
– Synchronous
– Asynchronous
– Formal
– Life long learning
– Unformal
– Technology oriented but based on
contents/educational actors
» Blended Learning
1983
2000
Technology
Enhanced
Learning
HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
Mixed
Distance
Face-to-face
Blended
Distance/O
nline
Face-to-face
1983
2020
PRE COVID-
19
Mixed
Distance
Face-to-face
Blended
Distance/Online
Face-to-face
HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
• Technology Enhanced Learning
– Learning Management Systems
– Virtual/SW/Simulation
– Remote Laboratories
– Flipped classroms
– Project/Problem base learning
– Active learning
– Social media collaboration
– Playroles
– Gamification
– Multimedia/hipermedia
– Inmersive environments
» Blended Learning
2000
Technology
Enhanced
Learning
Blended
Distance/O
nline
Face-to-face
• Remote education and back-forward ?
• Credibility
• Quality
• Evaluation
• Costs
• Cutt-offs
OVERWORK
» Adapted (Blended+) Learning
2020
COVID-19
Online
Distance/Online
Face-to-face/Online
2021 POST COVID-
19
https://shutterstock.com/
HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
https://ined21.com/una-forma-de-entender-la-educacion/
Administrators
Instructional designers
Contents designers
Curators
Tutors
Animators
Students (Peers)
Students (Seniors)
Students
Family
Work
Teaching centerd on
the teacher – 10
hours/credit
Teaching centerd on
the student – 25-30
hours/credit (ECTS)
Happy Projects – PBL for Young students
Teachers
Social
relations
HIGHER EDUCATION AND “NEW” ACTORS IN ONLINE
• We came from 3 continents in one month (2019) …
• … to be at home without go out for months …
• from complete mobility…
• … to complete lockdown…
• … and those will continue as we go ahead …
Online Education
Family ?
Online industry
Online Events
Hybrid world
• Overwork
• $$$ / Staff / Volunteers
• Higher costs + technology
• Online events
• Online education
• Teleworking
• E-commerce
UNCERTAINITY
60 days on confinement accelerated six years in worldwide digitalization …
… but at which
cost ?
• General go back on teleworking but being on them
• Credibility
• Quality
• Evaluation
• Costs
• Cutt-offs and health
OVERWORK
Work and
Technology
use
>>>
Teleworking
https://shutterstock.com/
http://elcorreo.com/
• General go back on online events but being on them
• Credibility
• Quality
• Evaluation
• Costs
• Cutt-offs and health
OVERWORK (200-300%)
Events and
Technology
use
>>> Hybrid
Events
(blended)
https://shutterstock.com/
IEEE EDUCON 2019 last full face-to-face conference
2011
2018
2013
EDUCON
2019 Dubai
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
How is evolving Education ?
http://www.laverdad.com
How will evolve Education ?
Vision from the past >>>
Rob Reilly used firstly in
Spain in 2011
http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/feuill/index.htm
http://darcynorman.net/2011/02/24/the-future-of-education-ca-1910 /
http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b1.htm
Villemard, 1910
À l’ École from visions de l’an
2000
Vision from the XX-XXI Century
of the information:
upload to instant through
“AI & machine learning”
How will evolve Education ?
Vision from the past >>>
How is evolving Education ?
Digitalization and
Social Media >>>
How is evolving Education ?
Future is here
Internet
Estudiante
Estudiante
Internet
Servidor
Data Base
?
?
Instrumentos
Controlador
Software Lab
LMS
M
I
D
D
L
E
W
A
R
E
Internet
Internet
?
?
Instrumentos
Controlador
Software Lab
Estudiante
Profesor
Profesor
Ubiquity
and Technology >>>
Education is moving
… with or without you
Diffusion MOOC (2014) >>>
Contents
Informal
Critical learning
Confidence
Continuous evaluation & peer-to-peer
ENGAGEMENT
Games-like
analytics
competences
Hangout
BYOD
Education is moving
… with or without you
+
+
1990
2020
Education is moving
… with or without you
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
How is evolving our World ?
 1.000.000 years ago – 100.000 in Africa
 300.000 years ago – 1.000.000 in
Eurasia
 Roman Empire – 200.000.000 (25%
Mediterranean Sea and 25% in China)
 XVIII Century (industrial revolution) –
1.000.000.000
 XXI Century (ICT revolution) –
10.000.000.000 (2060)
 60% more births than died
 Slowing birth rate
http://www.worldometers.info/es/
http://www.demographics.at/
Concentration
Skin effect
… water
Media
Technology
Comunication
Commerce
Climate
Larger
differences
How is evolving our World ?
How is evolving our World ?
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
Millions of people (2014/06)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
People Internet
Millions
How is evolving our World ?
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
Facebook
Google
Apps
YouTube
WhatsApp
China
India
WeChat
Instagram
LinkedIn
USA
Twitter
Indonesia
Pakistan
Brasil
Nigeria
Bangladesh
Rusia
Mexico
Japan
Millions de people (2030/06)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
Millions
0
200
400
2010 2013 2016 2020
TV (USA)
Digital Media
How is evolving our World ?
How is evolving our World ?
How is evolving our World ? Geotechnology ? Cybergeographies ? Cybersecurity ?
North America European Union
Russia
China
UAE
https://cybermap.kaspersky.com/
How is evolving our World ? And Education ?
ABET
Research
Teaching
Recovery $$$
How is evolving our World ? And Education ?
The top 10 on CareerBuilder’s list, with
percentage growth over the next five
years:
• Online retailing – 32%
• Translation services – 28%
• Physical/occupational/speech
therapy – 25%
• Home health care – 24%
• Retirement centers – 24%
• Telemarketing bureaus, other
customer contact centers – 20%
• Marketing consulting – 20%
• Environmental/conservation
organizations – 19%
• Computer system design – 19%
• Portfolio management – 18%
Fourth Industrial Revolution
Technological Disruption
How is evolving our World ? Employment ?
Three approaches for creating and
profiting from disruption:
• in-house innovation,
• partnerships,
• and acquiring technology
Fully 61 percent of global execs and
78 percent of U.S. execs are
concerned about the speed of
technological change in their
industry
https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/nondisruptive-creation-rethinking-innovation-and-growth/
Creation:
• disruptive,
• non-disruptive
New ways of growing
over previous path
How is evolving our World ? Industry ? CEOs thinking ?
Intelligence in the working place?
Emotional
• Today actions managed for the
best reality
• Feelings and facial
Social
• Manage today actions for the
future
• Personalities and survive
https://medium.com/personal-development-success/social-intelligence-vs-
emotional-intelligence-whats-the-difference-7c759365127b
https://blog.adioma.com/9-types-of-intelligence-infographic/
How is evolving our World ? Intelligence ?
How is evolving our World ? Generations ?
How is evolving our World ? Generations ?
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering
Theory
Contents
Practical
Contents
Exercices
Real
Labs
GRADING
Evaluation
Assessment
Freshmen
Sophomore
Junior
Senior
FINAL GRADING
Evaluation
Assessment
Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering
Theory
Contents
Practical
Contents
Exercices
Virtual
Labs
Remote
Labs
Real
Labs
Simulation
GRADING
Evaluation
Assessment
Pocket
Labs
Freshmen
Sophomore
Junior
Senior
GRADING
Evaluation
Assessment
Labs evolution (I)
Real Labs
(traditionals/
Remote access)
Simulators (Spice)
HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
New Simulators
(GUI)
Virtual Labs/SW
Labs evolution (II)
HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
Remote
Labs
Labs evolution (III)
HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
Pocket Labs
50 years ago we developed at UNED a
portable lab in a briefcase managed by
post-mail
Labs evolution (IV)
HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
Farm Labs
https://www.labshare.edu.au/
http://www.ieec.uned.es/pilar-project/
Federated
Labs
Labs in the cloud Recorded Labs
Proveedores
de laboratorios
https://labsland.com/
Labs evolution (V)
Labs as a
Service
HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
Repositories
Photovoltaic & Wind labs
Labs evolution (VI)
Internet
of Things
Smart
Devices
STEM
education
Practical competences: Laboratories, Virtual and Remote
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
Level 2. Online labs as learning objects
• Learning analytics (xAPI)
Level 1. Lab as a Service (LaaS)
• API Services and Metadata
Conceptual layers
New Standard
development
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
 Traditional Education
 Distance Education
◦ Mixed models
 On-Line Education
 Blended Learning
◦ Traditional and mixed
◦ Distance and on-line
◦ Synchronous
◦ Asynchronous
◦ Formal
◦ Flipped
◦ Continuous
◦ Informal
Wiki & Blogs
Discussion
boards & Chats
Educational
animation
e-mail
ePortfolios Games Hypermedia LMS
MP3 Players
Multimedia CD-
DVD ROMs
Screencasts Simulation
Virtual &
knowledge
based
classrooms
Websites
& Web 2.0 & 3.0
Podcast &
videocast
Remote &
Virtual Labs
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
>>> YOUR Learning Platform: how effective, flexible and integrated is
Open Software
◦ Moodle
◦ Canvas
◦ dotLRN
◦ Sakai
◦ ATutor
◦ Whiteboard
◦ Google
Proprietary solution
◦ Blackboard/WebCT
◦ Docebo
◦ Gradepoint
◦ Desire2Learn
◦ Learn.com
 E-learning
 B-learning (blended)
 M-learning (mobile)
 U-learning (ubiquitous)
 P-learning (pervasive)
 A-learning (ambience) (adaptive) (adapted)
 C-learning (capacity)
 T-learning (digital TV)
 V-learning (video or visual)
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
Education and progress in the use of Learning
Technologies
>>> Engineering Education explosion
Accreditation
Blended Learning
◦ Personalization
◦ On-line
◦ Collaborative
◦ Project based
◦ Problem based
◦ Ubiquous
Technology use
Social media
Flipped Classroom
Open:
◦ OER & OCW
◦ MOOC
Artificial intelligence
Machine learning
Deep learning
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
>>> Engineering Education explosion
>>> BUT any technology has a lifecycle
Trigger
Use
Overuse
Stabilization
Technology
start-up
• Trigger
• Use
• Stabilization
• Overuse
• Nonuse
http://www.obrasweb.mx/construccion/2013/02/08/montanas-rusas-la-ingenieria-reta-a-la-ley-de-gravedad/
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
>>> 100 more used Tools (students view) in Education in 2013 …
Jane Hart http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/
In 2014
Moodle down
12 and
LinkedIn up
10
Gmail 31
Audacity 22
Coursera 38
Khan
Academy 40
2014-2013
1YouTube
2Powerpoint
3Google Search
4Twitter
5LinkedIn
6Google Docs & Drive
7Word
8WordPress
9Slack
10Zoom
11Wikipedia
12WhatsApp
13Dropbox
14Feedly
15Facebook
16OneNote
17Excel
18Skype
19Prezi
20Kahoot
21Trello
22Canva
23Articulate
24Camtasia
25Snagit
26Instagram
27Microsoft Teams
28Padlet
29Pinterest
30TED Talks/Ed
2018
31Coursera
32Easygenerator
33Adobe Captivate
34Lynda/LI Learning
35Pocket
36Udemy
37H5P
38Evernote
39Yammer
40SharePoint
41Gmail
42Moodle
43Adobe Photoshop
44Audacity
45Powtoon
46Outlook
47Degreed
48Diigo
49Cisco WebEx
50OneDrive
Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
>>> Horizon Report in 2013 … 2017 … 2022
https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/
https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/
Survey results 2011 (N=2637 votes)
#1
#2
#3
https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/
Online labs not so important any more!
Specially remote labs
Virtual and remote labs together are in 4th position
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Learning Object: IEEE Standard (educational object)
Metadata must include all the information the user must need
Learning object repositories are the best way to share knowledge (UNED
repository, MERLOT, etc.)
Learning objects are the best way to solve:
• Interoperability
• Reusability
• Automatic updates
• Personalization
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Open Educational Resources (OER-REA):
• Learning Objects (LO) IEEE Standard and Metadata
Open Source
Open Access
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Open Course Ware: MIT idea expanded to the world (course content)
Main objective was to offer learning materials to the Society in an open way
at no aditional cost
Now MIT is offering more than 2,000 courses
• Open and free and
• Universally accesible in the Internet
eduCommons environment
OCW Consortium: any course, any language, any continent
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
MOOC: Massive Open On-line Course (learning delivery)
Evolution from LO to OCW to MOOC
• Communications evolution
• Social networks evolution and use on learning
• Mobility and ubiquity evolution use on learning
• Collaborative environment evolution
• Specialized environment evolution
• OCW / Khan Academy
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Evolution to the openess:
Learning Objects (units) >>> Open Course Ware (contents) >>> MOOC
(delivery)
• Course design – vídeo paradigm – evaluation – contents
• Difference between OPEN and FREE
• Author grants and use
• Copyright / Copyleft (Creative Commons)
• Too much students
• Any place access online
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Massive Open On-line Course
• Courses o not courses ?
• Open or not open ?
• On-line or not on-line ?
• Massive or not massive ?
MOOC / SPOC / MOOL
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> MOOC with RL
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Catch the wave …
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
Catch the wave …
and take CARE !!!
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro
Organization
1st edition course: May 2013 – September 2013 (5 months)
2nd edition course: November 2013 – January 2014 (3 months)
➢ 8 modules of 10 hours
➢ The first module introduces circuit simulation with tools such as SPICE and Micro-Cap
and the subsequent modules involves real-time practicing with VISIR
35 years old students or older 43%
Active workers 50%
Undergraduate students in a related field 18%
Graduate or postgraduate students in a related field 19%
Students with a non-university degree in a related field 23%
Students enrolled in this MOOC especially because of the use of a remote laboratory 81%
Organization
▪ Access to experiments is provided by the
MOOC’s portal through an integrated
scheduling/booking system
▪ The initial settings allow 16 simultaneous
users per 60 minutes slot and for each
user a maximum of two simultaneous
slots booked and a limitation of 14 slots
per course
▪ With these settings, VISIR allows up to 384
students to experiment with any of the
designed practices of the MOOC
Implementation
The Learning Pyramid - William Glasser - 1990 – 1998
Final Conference, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Amman, Jordan
29 September 2015
Face-to-face
Traditional
Education
MOOC
PBL - Labs
Blended Learning
OPEN: Building Learning
http://www.flickr.com/photos/bdesham/2432400623
Nathan Sawaya – The Art of the Brick (Reuters)
OPEN: Innovation, Learning, Collaborative, Quality
Open Education (OE):
Innovations for changing
& opening up education
to improve the quality
>>> MOOQ
>>> Inclussion
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
Smart “World” and Circular Economy
https://ticnegocios.camaravalencia.com/servicios/tendencias/sistemas-ciberfisicos-la-respuesta-a-las-necesidades-de-la-sociedad-y-la-industria/
Smart Education
Smart “World” and Technologies and Applications
From Smart “World” to Smart Cities
http://www.globalsourcingblog.org/iot-for-the-smart-world/
http://www.panelesach.com/blog/smart-cities-o-ciudades-inteligentes-que-son/
• Smart City is a new concept on
the city development through
ICTs (Information and
Communication
Technologies) to improve the
infrastructures to the citizens
increasing the quality and
liveness. From public
transportation to energy
savings, sustainability or
effienciency in all the aspects. A
new city concept to live and
enjoy
From Smart Cities to Intelligent Personal Cities
2020 (7.700 millions of people)
• The cities are only using 2% of the world surface
• 50% of the people live there
• Now is 75% of the world energy consumption
• Emisions of 80% of world Co2
2050-2060 (10.000 millions of people)
• Cities and Megacities Will use 5% of the world Surface
• 70% of the people live there
• Small savings and small increase in urban energy
efficiency will be very significant woldwide
https://personalcities.org/
https://www.nationalgeographic.com.es/mundo-ng/grandes-reportajes/las-ciudades-del-futuro_5280/1/
https://interestingengineering.com/how-to-build-sustainable-megacities-of-the-future
Intelligent (Personal Cities) (World/Education)
https://personalcities.org/
• Aligned – From the understandign of collaborative effort and associations for more
effective and larger actions
• Local commitment and character – Having the local visión of culture, art, nature and
community but with worldwide perspective and conscience (glocal)
• Inclusive – With spacial commitment and investements, social and economics,
integrating all voices
• Technical oriented – Empowering to créate more efficient cities finding the talent as
transforming booster
• Interdependency – From physical, digital and human function integration in the cities,
focusing on adaptation and resilience, safety and sustainability
• Economically sparkly and vibrant – As talent and investement focusing attraction using
the rightest technolopy for each necesity
Cloud Computing
IoT – IoE – IoE – IoB – IIoT – I4.0
Big Data & Analytics – ML – AI – LA
Smart “World” Cybersecurity
Digital Twins
Technologies
• Smart Education
• Smart University
• … Smart Cities (Smarts – Car2Go, Smart Living, …)
• … Smart World (Smart Grids)
• … Internet of Things
• … Industry 4.0 / e-Health 4.0
• … Mobility – Usability
• … Sustainability and Respect to
Environment
Smart Education
• Smart Blackboards
• Smart Classes
• Smart Libraries
• Smart Universities
• Smart Campus
• Contents
• Methodology
• Curriculum
• Platform
• Teaching &
Learning
• Technology
• Processes
• Comunications
• Collaboration
• Data & Big Data
Smart Education
• People Centred Smart Learning Ecosystem
– ASLERD (Association for Smart Learning Ecosystems and Regional
Development)
– EADTU (European Association od Distance Teaching Universities)
– EATEL (European Association of Technology Enhanced Learning)
– EDEN (European Distance and E‐learning Network)
– IAFeS (International Association for e‐Science)
• Technology, learning, student center education, open,
inclusive, social commitment, adaptative
Smart Learning Institute http://sli.bnu.edu.cn/en/
ICSLE 2020 http://iasle.net/icsle-2020-is-calling-for-papers/
Smart Learning Environments Journal https://slejournal.springeropen.com/
93
Smart Education
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all:
the long way from distance/online through pandemic
• Tribute
• Conclusions
• Research topics:
• Education evolution
• Social differences and framework
• Practical world and competences
• Standards in Remote Laboratories
• TEL to Open Education
• Smart world to Smart Education
• And back to conclusions
A flipped keynote
Adapted education for all: the long way from
distance/online through pandemic
• Diversity
• Minorities
• Special needs
• Adapted education
• ALL our students (thousands, hundred
thousands) are different !!!!!!
• From Blended to Adapted for all
Multifaced
Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro

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Keynote Presentation of Manuel Castro

  • 3. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Diversity • Minorities • Special needs • Adapted education • ALL our students (thousands, hundred thousands) are different !!!!!! • From Blended to Adapted for all Multifaced TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS
  • 4. UNED Chair of Distance Education • Present Chair, Angeles Sanchez-Elvira Paniagua • Founder and past chair: Lorenzo Garcia Aretio http://blogs.uned.es/cued/ https://aretio.hypotheses.org/5827/ (Garcia Aretio, 1989) Education is the process of intentional and comprehensive optimization of wo/m@n oriented to her/his complete self-realization and active insertion in the nature, society and culture Equiality, Inequality and Equity in learning context must drive to: 1. improve 2. integral 3. intentional 4. autonomous 5. socialization TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS UNED and tribute Electrical and Computer Engineering Department – ETSII – UNED
  • 5. Good teaching may overcome a poor choice of technology but technology will never save bad teaching https://www.tonybates.ca/ Learning online requires students with self-discipline and able to work to a self-managed schedule. This takes training and practice. And are times for online and for traditional and face-to-face Personal priorities in online learning: 1. increasing access and flexibility 2. developing 21st century skills 3. reducing inequalities in the education system 4. increasing the cost-effectiveness of education Relations between Education (online) and Technology (from Tony Bates) TRIBUTE AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS
  • 6. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 7. • Face-to-face Education • Distance Education – Mixed models • Online Education • Technology Enhanced Learning – Mixed and face-to-face – Distance and online – Synchronous – Asynchronous – Formal – Life long learning – Unformal – Technology oriented but based on contents/educational actors » Blended Learning 1983 2000 Technology Enhanced Learning HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY Mixed Distance Face-to-face Blended Distance/O nline Face-to-face
  • 8. 1983 2020 PRE COVID- 19 Mixed Distance Face-to-face Blended Distance/Online Face-to-face HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY • Technology Enhanced Learning – Learning Management Systems – Virtual/SW/Simulation – Remote Laboratories – Flipped classroms – Project/Problem base learning – Active learning – Social media collaboration – Playroles – Gamification – Multimedia/hipermedia – Inmersive environments » Blended Learning 2000 Technology Enhanced Learning Blended Distance/O nline Face-to-face
  • 9. • Remote education and back-forward ? • Credibility • Quality • Evaluation • Costs • Cutt-offs OVERWORK » Adapted (Blended+) Learning 2020 COVID-19 Online Distance/Online Face-to-face/Online 2021 POST COVID- 19 https://shutterstock.com/ HIGHER EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 10. https://ined21.com/una-forma-de-entender-la-educacion/ Administrators Instructional designers Contents designers Curators Tutors Animators Students (Peers) Students (Seniors) Students Family Work Teaching centerd on the teacher – 10 hours/credit Teaching centerd on the student – 25-30 hours/credit (ECTS) Happy Projects – PBL for Young students Teachers Social relations HIGHER EDUCATION AND “NEW” ACTORS IN ONLINE
  • 11. • We came from 3 continents in one month (2019) … • … to be at home without go out for months … • from complete mobility… • … to complete lockdown… • … and those will continue as we go ahead … Online Education Family ? Online industry Online Events Hybrid world
  • 12. • Overwork • $$$ / Staff / Volunteers • Higher costs + technology • Online events • Online education • Teleworking • E-commerce UNCERTAINITY 60 days on confinement accelerated six years in worldwide digitalization … … but at which cost ?
  • 13. • General go back on teleworking but being on them • Credibility • Quality • Evaluation • Costs • Cutt-offs and health OVERWORK Work and Technology use >>> Teleworking https://shutterstock.com/ http://elcorreo.com/
  • 14. • General go back on online events but being on them • Credibility • Quality • Evaluation • Costs • Cutt-offs and health OVERWORK (200-300%) Events and Technology use >>> Hybrid Events (blended) https://shutterstock.com/
  • 15. IEEE EDUCON 2019 last full face-to-face conference
  • 17. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 18. How is evolving Education ? http://www.laverdad.com
  • 19. How will evolve Education ? Vision from the past >>> Rob Reilly used firstly in Spain in 2011 http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/feuill/index.htm http://darcynorman.net/2011/02/24/the-future-of-education-ca-1910 / http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b1.htm Villemard, 1910 À l’ École from visions de l’an 2000
  • 20. Vision from the XX-XXI Century of the information: upload to instant through “AI & machine learning” How will evolve Education ? Vision from the past >>>
  • 21. How is evolving Education ? Digitalization and Social Media >>>
  • 22. How is evolving Education ? Future is here Internet Estudiante Estudiante Internet Servidor Data Base ? ? Instrumentos Controlador Software Lab LMS M I D D L E W A R E Internet Internet ? ? Instrumentos Controlador Software Lab Estudiante Profesor Profesor Ubiquity and Technology >>>
  • 23. Education is moving … with or without you Diffusion MOOC (2014) >>> Contents Informal Critical learning Confidence Continuous evaluation & peer-to-peer ENGAGEMENT
  • 26. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 27. How is evolving our World ?  1.000.000 years ago – 100.000 in Africa  300.000 years ago – 1.000.000 in Eurasia  Roman Empire – 200.000.000 (25% Mediterranean Sea and 25% in China)  XVIII Century (industrial revolution) – 1.000.000.000  XXI Century (ICT revolution) – 10.000.000.000 (2060)  60% more births than died  Slowing birth rate http://www.worldometers.info/es/ http://www.demographics.at/
  • 29. How is evolving our World ?
  • 30. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 Millions of people (2014/06) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 People Internet Millions How is evolving our World ?
  • 31. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Facebook Google Apps YouTube WhatsApp China India WeChat Instagram LinkedIn USA Twitter Indonesia Pakistan Brasil Nigeria Bangladesh Rusia Mexico Japan Millions de people (2030/06) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 Millions 0 200 400 2010 2013 2016 2020 TV (USA) Digital Media How is evolving our World ?
  • 32. How is evolving our World ?
  • 33. How is evolving our World ? Geotechnology ? Cybergeographies ? Cybersecurity ? North America European Union Russia China UAE https://cybermap.kaspersky.com/
  • 34. How is evolving our World ? And Education ?
  • 35. ABET Research Teaching Recovery $$$ How is evolving our World ? And Education ?
  • 36. The top 10 on CareerBuilder’s list, with percentage growth over the next five years: • Online retailing – 32% • Translation services – 28% • Physical/occupational/speech therapy – 25% • Home health care – 24% • Retirement centers – 24% • Telemarketing bureaus, other customer contact centers – 20% • Marketing consulting – 20% • Environmental/conservation organizations – 19% • Computer system design – 19% • Portfolio management – 18% Fourth Industrial Revolution Technological Disruption How is evolving our World ? Employment ?
  • 37. Three approaches for creating and profiting from disruption: • in-house innovation, • partnerships, • and acquiring technology Fully 61 percent of global execs and 78 percent of U.S. execs are concerned about the speed of technological change in their industry https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/nondisruptive-creation-rethinking-innovation-and-growth/ Creation: • disruptive, • non-disruptive New ways of growing over previous path How is evolving our World ? Industry ? CEOs thinking ?
  • 38. Intelligence in the working place? Emotional • Today actions managed for the best reality • Feelings and facial Social • Manage today actions for the future • Personalities and survive https://medium.com/personal-development-success/social-intelligence-vs- emotional-intelligence-whats-the-difference-7c759365127b https://blog.adioma.com/9-types-of-intelligence-infographic/ How is evolving our World ? Intelligence ?
  • 39. How is evolving our World ? Generations ?
  • 40. How is evolving our World ? Generations ?
  • 41. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 42. Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering Theory Contents Practical Contents Exercices Real Labs GRADING Evaluation Assessment Freshmen Sophomore Junior Senior FINAL GRADING Evaluation Assessment
  • 43. Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering Theory Contents Practical Contents Exercices Virtual Labs Remote Labs Real Labs Simulation GRADING Evaluation Assessment Pocket Labs Freshmen Sophomore Junior Senior GRADING Evaluation Assessment
  • 44. Labs evolution (I) Real Labs (traditionals/ Remote access) Simulators (Spice) HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
  • 45. New Simulators (GUI) Virtual Labs/SW Labs evolution (II) HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
  • 46. Remote Labs Labs evolution (III) HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
  • 47. Pocket Labs 50 years ago we developed at UNED a portable lab in a briefcase managed by post-mail Labs evolution (IV) HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
  • 48. Farm Labs https://www.labshare.edu.au/ http://www.ieec.uned.es/pilar-project/ Federated Labs Labs in the cloud Recorded Labs Proveedores de laboratorios https://labsland.com/ Labs evolution (V) Labs as a Service HIGHER EDUCATION AND PRACTICE/LABORATORIES
  • 49. Repositories Photovoltaic & Wind labs Labs evolution (VI)
  • 51. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 52. Level 2. Online labs as learning objects • Learning analytics (xAPI) Level 1. Lab as a Service (LaaS) • API Services and Metadata
  • 55. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 56. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies  Traditional Education  Distance Education ◦ Mixed models  On-Line Education  Blended Learning ◦ Traditional and mixed ◦ Distance and on-line ◦ Synchronous ◦ Asynchronous ◦ Formal ◦ Flipped ◦ Continuous ◦ Informal Wiki & Blogs Discussion boards & Chats Educational animation e-mail ePortfolios Games Hypermedia LMS MP3 Players Multimedia CD- DVD ROMs Screencasts Simulation Virtual & knowledge based classrooms Websites & Web 2.0 & 3.0 Podcast & videocast Remote & Virtual Labs
  • 57. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> YOUR Learning Platform: how effective, flexible and integrated is Open Software ◦ Moodle ◦ Canvas ◦ dotLRN ◦ Sakai ◦ ATutor ◦ Whiteboard ◦ Google Proprietary solution ◦ Blackboard/WebCT ◦ Docebo ◦ Gradepoint ◦ Desire2Learn ◦ Learn.com
  • 58.  E-learning  B-learning (blended)  M-learning (mobile)  U-learning (ubiquitous)  P-learning (pervasive)  A-learning (ambience) (adaptive) (adapted)  C-learning (capacity)  T-learning (digital TV)  V-learning (video or visual) Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies
  • 59. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Engineering Education explosion Accreditation Blended Learning ◦ Personalization ◦ On-line ◦ Collaborative ◦ Project based ◦ Problem based ◦ Ubiquous Technology use Social media Flipped Classroom Open: ◦ OER & OCW ◦ MOOC Artificial intelligence Machine learning Deep learning
  • 60. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Engineering Education explosion >>> BUT any technology has a lifecycle Trigger Use Overuse Stabilization Technology start-up • Trigger • Use • Stabilization • Overuse • Nonuse http://www.obrasweb.mx/construccion/2013/02/08/montanas-rusas-la-ingenieria-reta-a-la-ley-de-gravedad/
  • 61. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> 100 more used Tools (students view) in Education in 2013 … Jane Hart http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/ In 2014 Moodle down 12 and LinkedIn up 10 Gmail 31 Audacity 22 Coursera 38 Khan Academy 40 2014-2013 1YouTube 2Powerpoint 3Google Search 4Twitter 5LinkedIn 6Google Docs & Drive 7Word 8WordPress 9Slack 10Zoom 11Wikipedia 12WhatsApp 13Dropbox 14Feedly 15Facebook 16OneNote 17Excel 18Skype 19Prezi 20Kahoot 21Trello 22Canva 23Articulate 24Camtasia 25Snagit 26Instagram 27Microsoft Teams 28Padlet 29Pinterest 30TED Talks/Ed 2018 31Coursera 32Easygenerator 33Adobe Captivate 34Lynda/LI Learning 35Pocket 36Udemy 37H5P 38Evernote 39Yammer 40SharePoint 41Gmail 42Moodle 43Adobe Photoshop 44Audacity 45Powtoon 46Outlook 47Degreed 48Diigo 49Cisco WebEx 50OneDrive
  • 62. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Horizon Report in 2013 … 2017 … 2022 https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/
  • 64. https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/ Online labs not so important any more! Specially remote labs Virtual and remote labs together are in 4th position
  • 65. Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs Learning Object: IEEE Standard (educational object) Metadata must include all the information the user must need Learning object repositories are the best way to share knowledge (UNED repository, MERLOT, etc.) Learning objects are the best way to solve: • Interoperability • Reusability • Automatic updates • Personalization
  • 66. Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 67. Open Educational Resources (OER-REA): • Learning Objects (LO) IEEE Standard and Metadata Open Source Open Access Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 68. Open Course Ware: MIT idea expanded to the world (course content) Main objective was to offer learning materials to the Society in an open way at no aditional cost Now MIT is offering more than 2,000 courses • Open and free and • Universally accesible in the Internet eduCommons environment OCW Consortium: any course, any language, any continent Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 69. MOOC: Massive Open On-line Course (learning delivery) Evolution from LO to OCW to MOOC • Communications evolution • Social networks evolution and use on learning • Mobility and ubiquity evolution use on learning • Collaborative environment evolution • Specialized environment evolution • OCW / Khan Academy Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 70. Evolution to the openess: Learning Objects (units) >>> Open Course Ware (contents) >>> MOOC (delivery) • Course design – vídeo paradigm – evaluation – contents • Difference between OPEN and FREE • Author grants and use • Copyright / Copyleft (Creative Commons) • Too much students • Any place access online Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 71. Massive Open On-line Course • Courses o not courses ? • Open or not open ? • On-line or not on-line ? • Massive or not massive ? MOOC / SPOC / MOOL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> MOOC with RL Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 72. Catch the wave … Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs
  • 73. Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs Catch the wave … and take CARE !!!
  • 78. Organization 1st edition course: May 2013 – September 2013 (5 months) 2nd edition course: November 2013 – January 2014 (3 months) ➢ 8 modules of 10 hours ➢ The first module introduces circuit simulation with tools such as SPICE and Micro-Cap and the subsequent modules involves real-time practicing with VISIR 35 years old students or older 43% Active workers 50% Undergraduate students in a related field 18% Graduate or postgraduate students in a related field 19% Students with a non-university degree in a related field 23% Students enrolled in this MOOC especially because of the use of a remote laboratory 81%
  • 79. Organization ▪ Access to experiments is provided by the MOOC’s portal through an integrated scheduling/booking system ▪ The initial settings allow 16 simultaneous users per 60 minutes slot and for each user a maximum of two simultaneous slots booked and a limitation of 14 slots per course ▪ With these settings, VISIR allows up to 384 students to experiment with any of the designed practices of the MOOC
  • 81. The Learning Pyramid - William Glasser - 1990 – 1998 Final Conference, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Amman, Jordan 29 September 2015 Face-to-face Traditional Education MOOC PBL - Labs Blended Learning
  • 83. OPEN: Innovation, Learning, Collaborative, Quality Open Education (OE): Innovations for changing & opening up education to improve the quality >>> MOOQ >>> Inclussion
  • 84. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 85. Smart “World” and Circular Economy
  • 87. From Smart “World” to Smart Cities http://www.globalsourcingblog.org/iot-for-the-smart-world/ http://www.panelesach.com/blog/smart-cities-o-ciudades-inteligentes-que-son/ • Smart City is a new concept on the city development through ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) to improve the infrastructures to the citizens increasing the quality and liveness. From public transportation to energy savings, sustainability or effienciency in all the aspects. A new city concept to live and enjoy
  • 88. From Smart Cities to Intelligent Personal Cities 2020 (7.700 millions of people) • The cities are only using 2% of the world surface • 50% of the people live there • Now is 75% of the world energy consumption • Emisions of 80% of world Co2 2050-2060 (10.000 millions of people) • Cities and Megacities Will use 5% of the world Surface • 70% of the people live there • Small savings and small increase in urban energy efficiency will be very significant woldwide https://personalcities.org/ https://www.nationalgeographic.com.es/mundo-ng/grandes-reportajes/las-ciudades-del-futuro_5280/1/ https://interestingengineering.com/how-to-build-sustainable-megacities-of-the-future
  • 89. Intelligent (Personal Cities) (World/Education) https://personalcities.org/ • Aligned – From the understandign of collaborative effort and associations for more effective and larger actions • Local commitment and character – Having the local visión of culture, art, nature and community but with worldwide perspective and conscience (glocal) • Inclusive – With spacial commitment and investements, social and economics, integrating all voices • Technical oriented – Empowering to créate more efficient cities finding the talent as transforming booster • Interdependency – From physical, digital and human function integration in the cities, focusing on adaptation and resilience, safety and sustainability • Economically sparkly and vibrant – As talent and investement focusing attraction using the rightest technolopy for each necesity
  • 90. Cloud Computing IoT – IoE – IoE – IoB – IIoT – I4.0 Big Data & Analytics – ML – AI – LA Smart “World” Cybersecurity Digital Twins Technologies
  • 91. • Smart Education • Smart University • … Smart Cities (Smarts – Car2Go, Smart Living, …) • … Smart World (Smart Grids) • … Internet of Things • … Industry 4.0 / e-Health 4.0 • … Mobility – Usability • … Sustainability and Respect to Environment Smart Education
  • 92. • Smart Blackboards • Smart Classes • Smart Libraries • Smart Universities • Smart Campus • Contents • Methodology • Curriculum • Platform • Teaching & Learning • Technology • Processes • Comunications • Collaboration • Data & Big Data Smart Education
  • 93. • People Centred Smart Learning Ecosystem – ASLERD (Association for Smart Learning Ecosystems and Regional Development) – EADTU (European Association od Distance Teaching Universities) – EATEL (European Association of Technology Enhanced Learning) – EDEN (European Distance and E‐learning Network) – IAFeS (International Association for e‐Science) • Technology, learning, student center education, open, inclusive, social commitment, adaptative Smart Learning Institute http://sli.bnu.edu.cn/en/ ICSLE 2020 http://iasle.net/icsle-2020-is-calling-for-papers/ Smart Learning Environments Journal https://slejournal.springeropen.com/ 93 Smart Education
  • 94. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Tribute • Conclusions • Research topics: • Education evolution • Social differences and framework • Practical world and competences • Standards in Remote Laboratories • TEL to Open Education • Smart world to Smart Education • And back to conclusions
  • 95. A flipped keynote Adapted education for all: the long way from distance/online through pandemic • Diversity • Minorities • Special needs • Adapted education • ALL our students (thousands, hundred thousands) are different !!!!!! • From Blended to Adapted for all Multifaced