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Dawn ingrid atkins 201002868


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This powerpoint presentation is based on Information and Communication Technology.

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Dawn ingrid atkins 201002868

  1. 1. Dawn Ingrid Atkins 201002868
  2. 2. IntroductionA. Knowledge Society AgendaB. Pervasiveness of TechnologyC. “Education for All” GoalsD. Future National Strategic ObjectivesE. Aims of Initiatives Regarding Professional Development of Teachers (with regard to ICTs)
  3. 3. A. Knowledge SocietyKNOWLEDGE = POWER! Human development Political, economic, societal growth Society- is a society that creates, shares & uses knowledge for socio-economic development & citizen‟s well being
  4. 4. 4 Pillars of a Knowledge Society Education Knowledge Innovation ICT society Technology
  5. 5. How do these pillars contributeto a Knowledge Society ? ICT enables Innovation & Education  ICT ensures rapid, cost effective & reliable communication; networking; access to information  Which enhances education, development, productivity Education & Innovation drive socio economic development Education & Socio-economic ICT Innovation Development
  6. 6. KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY is an inclusive & sustainable societyInclusive Society Sustainable Society Everyone participates  Use of ICT supports economy  Globalisation  Changing world economy
  7. 7. Characteristics of Knowledge Societies Access to information New forms of social interaction Cultural expression Opportunities to participate in society Learning organisations-  knowledge is organised in digitised form  media  culture of knowledge production& knowledge utilisation
  8. 8. Educationin a knowledge society•Life long•Keep pace with : • Changing job markets • Technology
  9. 9. Importance of Education in Knowledge Society Use of ICT – need digital skills & competencies  Acquire basic skills through education  Skilled participants in society & economy Foundation for development of new knowledge & innovation Socio-economic development Expand use of ICT Sharing knowledge & resources
  10. 10. ICT and EducationICT is a tool for educating students Skills for workplace Adapt to technological innovations Easier access knowledge
  11. 11. Pro’s and Con’s of ICT Advantages Disadvantages Variety of teaching & learning  Accentuates social strategies disparities Globalised communication systems Connect people = networks Not constrained by geographic proximity Sharing, archiving, retrieving knowledge Wide, cheap access to resources Improve quality of learning
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  13. 13. The Opportunity for Technology Enables relevant personalised, engaged learning Greater insight Connected education systems Communities of learning High quality education us/units/ict-unit/
  14. 14. B. Pervasiveness of Technology Last 10 years= explosion in ICT (new technologies) Facilitate teaching & learning  Innovations in technology are faster than changes in education system (disadvantage!!!!) Wireless technology is more pervasive & cost effective Mobile internet used reach rural areas ilephones.unitednations
  15. 15. Pervasiveness of Technology cont...Improve the quality of learning E-learning Multimedia technologies InternetHow do they improve the quality of learning? Access to resources Remote exchange & collaboration Discussion forums Limitless combination of teaching & learning strategies
  16. 16. Pervasiveness of Tech cont... Advantages Disadvantages People with access to  Benefits those with access technology to ICT demand learning via  Disadvantages people who laptops, mobile telephones, do not have internet access electronic devices, MP3  Marginalising those without Players access =Digital Divide  SOLUTION!!!!! Digital Inclusion
  17. 17. C. “Education For All” (EFA) Goals Achieved by 2015 6 EFA Goals
  18. 18. 6 Education For All GoalsGoal DescriptionGoal 1 Expand early childhood care and educationGoal 2 Provide free and compulsory primary education for allGoal 3 Promote learning and life skills for young peopleGoal 4 Increase adult literacy by 50%Goal 5 Achieve gender parityGoal 6 Improve the quality of education
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  21. 21. Education For All in a Knowledge Society Need people who are information literate Education systems must provide formal instruction in:  Information literacy  Technological literacy  Create meaningful content with today‟s tools dex.htm
  22. 22. Education = provider of skills“Education systems need to place increased emphasis on key basic and advanced skills if they are to produce skilled people to meet changing economic demands,” (Levy & Murname, 2006). or_21st_century_curr.html
  23. 23. What skills are required in a knowledge society??? Ability to read Ability to write clearly & persuasively
  24. 24. EFA in the past & present Past Present Printed ICT materials (limited) OERs
  25. 25. OERs
  26. 26. EFA in past & present Historically learning relied printed materials to deliver content NOW!!!! We have ICT!!!!!!!!!  Rapid & cost effective publishing  Publish materials in electronic format  Updated regularly  Access to Open Education Resources (OERs)
  27. 27. Open Education Resources (OERs)Advantages Freely available Reduced cost Develop educator‟s competence in producing educational materials Allow educators to complete the instructional design to integrate materials into high quality programmes of learning Structured process that build capacity to design & deliver high quality programmes.
  28. 28. ICT, Education & Knowledge Society Knowledge society Education ICT literacy, ICT higher order skills
  29. 29. Higher order skills Knowing & understanding what it means to live in a digitized & networked society How to use digital technology in every day life 21st-century.php
  30. 30. New skill requirements for learners and the workforce Higher order skills Information literacy Technology literacy Knowledge Education ICT societies
  31. 31. D. Future National Strategic Objectives National Strategies relating to ICT:  Reduce poverty  Extend health services  Expand educational opportunities  Improve quality of life
  32. 32. Future National Strategic Objectives cont... High quality education • Match technology to learning outcome • Mix media & technologies Narrow the digital divide = Digital inclusion • Target under-serviced areas • Improve infrastructure Education is lifelong activity Education must not just be confined to educational institutions
  33. 33. Current developments in South Africa Special education rates (e-rates) ICT access in educational institutions However, use of ICT is seen to advantage urban schools with infrastructure- EQUITY? SA government‟s commitment to knowledge society (main areas):  E-Health  E-Education  SMMEs  Content development
  34. 34. E. Aims of initiatives regarding professional development of teachers - ICTs Teacher training Holistic approach- ICT for enhancing teaching & learning  Use ICT effectively for teaching & learning  How to integrate technology into teaching & learning  ICT literacy skills  How these skills can be applied pedagogically.
  35. 35. Aims of professional development of teachers & ICTs Training replaced with lifelong professional development of teachers. 3 dimensions:Pre-service •Preparation on pedagogy •Knowledge, competency in teaching •Proficiency in using educational resources (technology)In-service •Workshops/ courses •Acquire new skills (using technology in class)Ongoing formal •Assist teachers daily challenges they face& informalsupport
  36. 36. UNESCO Planning Guide forICT in Teacher EducationTeacher Education Programmes: Technology must be gradually introduced into the entire teacher education programme. Technology used in all courses Used in context innovative technology- supported learning environments PowerPoint or simulations in lectures
  37. 37. UNESCO Planning Guide forICT in Teacher Education cont...In-Service teachers More will participate in professional development  Given time off from school to train  Training expenses are paid for  Considered for promotion (ICT compliant)Ongoing Formal and informal pedagogical support Communities of practice Teachers share resources, peer reviews, exchange ideas Formed through online networks locally & globally
  38. 38. UNESCO Planning Guide cont.... implementation-of-a-teacher-competency-framework-for-ict4e-in-guyana/
  39. 39. Aims of initiatives regarding professional development of teachers Participatory approaches to professional development  Educators involved in designing own professional development  Share materials, ideas, discuss challenges & solutions  Teachers model life long learning  Teachers become mentors  Encourage students to become creators in the educational & professional environments
  40. 40. Professional Development of Teachers – Teacher programmes
  41. 41. Teachers as Mentors
  42. 42. Initiatives regarding professional development of teachers Internationally- provide quality education for all Develop plans use of ICT for teaching & learning ICT in education can lead to participation in global knowledge economy
  43. 43. Initiatives regarding professionaldevelopment (Internationally)Kenya ICT literate workforce= knowledge based economy Education equips the nation with ICT skills Creates sustainable economic growth ICT will help meet the Education For All objectives becomes-the-first-african-beneficiary-of-ibm-research-lab/
  44. 44. Initiatives regarding professional development (internationally)Egypt E-learning“Objective is to improve education in Egypt through effective the use of ICT,” (Czerniewicz).
  45. 45. Aims of the Initiatives regardingprofessional development cont...The plan to achieve ICT integration into the curriculum is an essential skill in a“time of rapid social, cultural, economic, technological & global change,”New Zealand’s Enabling the 21st Century Learner.
  46. 46. Aims of the Initiatives regardingprofessional developmentAfrica Socio-economic conditions are vastly different from developed countries Take into consideration (need this before we can invest in ICT)  Access to reliable electricity  Access to efficient transport networks  Access to functional institution (house ICT)  Human resourcing (maintenance)
  47. 47. Conclusion Knowledge society Pervasiveness of Technology EFA goals Future national strategic objectives Broad aims of various initiatives regarding professional development of teachers relating to ICTs.
  48. 48. ReferencesAdam, L. (2003). Information and Communication Technologies in Higher Education in Africa: Initiatives and Challenges. JHEA/RESA Vol 1, No.1, pp. 195-221.Archangel-Sharp Brain. Information Technology. Retrieved from:, L. (ed). 2007. Report on Higher Education ICTs and e-Learning in Egypt, p.4. Cape Town: CETEducation Week. The need for 21st Century Curricula here in Iowa (and elsewhere). Retrieved from: Technology. BTTE 3a. Retrieved from: Accessed on: 22 February 2013.Educational Technology Debate: Exploring ICT and learning in Developing countries. Retrieved from: implementation-of-a-teacher-competency-framework-for-ict4e-in-guyana/Elliott, S. 2009. ICT and Today‟s classroom. Retrieved from:
  49. 49. References cont...Information Literacy. Information Literacy at Otterbein College. Retrieved from: for Security Studies. African Futures. Retrieved from: http :// ICT Indaba 2012: Africa‟s Agenda for ICT growth. Retrieved from:, I. 2005. A Proposal of Framework for Professional Development of Turkish Teachers with Respect to Information and Communication Technologies. Retrieved from: Ministry of Education (June 2006). National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Strategy for Education and Training, p.3.Levy,F. & Murname, R. 2006. How Computerized Work and Globalisation Shape Human Skill Demands. Unpublished paper.McCausland, H., Wache, D. & Berk, M. (1999). Computer literacy; its implications and outcomes. A case study from the Flexible Learning Centre. University of South Australia. p.2
  50. 50. References cont...New Zealand Ministry of Education. Enabling the 21st Century Learner: The e-Learning Action Plan for Schools 2006-2010. Retrieved from: arentid=1024The PNC on ISAD, Guardian. Half world‟s population „will have mobile phone by end of year.‟ Retrieved from: for FIFA. Accessed from:‟s Health and Action Research Centre. ICT Unit. Retrieved fromhttp://www.wharc- Education Blog. Equity in Education post-2015: How do we get there? Accessed from:
  51. 51. References cont...St George‟s College. Educating for the 21st Century. Retrieved from: