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INTELLECTUAL
  PROPERTY


“Know Your Rights”
   Law governing IP
   Meaning
   Types of IP
        - Patent
        - Trademark
        - Copyright
   Infringement
   Case Studies
   Conclusion
   WIPO ( World Intellectual Property
    Organization ) was established by the
    WIPO Convention in 1967
   The WIPO is a specialized agency of
    the United Nations.
   It promote the protection of IP
    throughout the world.
   Its headquarters are in Geneva,
    Switzerland
On World Intellectual
2009 WORLD IP DAY
                    Property Day this year,
                    WIPO's focus is on
                    promoting VISIONARY
                    INNOVATION as the
                    key to a secure future.
 There are many big and small intellectual
  property law firms worldwide, like in India,
  USA, UK, Chicago etc, providing qualitative
  help to inventors and creators of product.
 In India intellectual property rights are
  safely protected and controlled by well-
  established statutory and judicial
  framework.
 Apart From that, there are many attorneys
  and law firm of intellectual property in
  India in various states.
   Intellectual Property is a property that
    arises from the human intellect. It is a
    product of human creation.
   Intellectual Property comprises 2 distinct
    forms:
    * Literary & Artistic Works
    * Industrial Property
“Literary & Artistic Works”

* They are books, paintings, musical
 compositions, plays, movies, radio/tv
 programs,     performances, & other
 artistic works.

   How are they Protected?

* Protected by “COPYRIGHT”
“Industrial Property”
    Industrial Property describes physical
    matter that is the product of an idea or
    concept for commercial purposes.
   How are they Protected?

    *   By   Patented objects
    *   By   Trademarks
    *   By   Industrial Designs
    *   By   Trade Secrets
    *   By   Layout-designs
    *   By   Geographical Indications
Major Types of IP



 Functional & Technical        Purely       A symbol, logo, word, sound,
       Inventions          Artistic works        color, design, etc.




                           Copyright Act,
                                                   Trademark
Patents Act, 1970              1957
                                                   Act, 1999
    Amended               Amended in1982,
                                                   Amended in 1994,
 in 1999 & 2005             1984, 1992,
                                                   1996 & 2000
                           1994 & 1999
If you don’t see a problem with this
    question, you need the class!
(1)   It is covered under the Act called the
      Patents Act, 1970 [Amended by
      Patents Act, 2005]
(2)   It extends to the whole of India.
(3)   It shall come into force on such date
      as the Central Government may
      publish, by notification in
      the Official Gazette.
Definition:
 A patent describes an invention for which
  the inventor claims the exclusive right.
                   INVENTION PATENABLE IF.....
                   NEW (Novel)
                   USEFUL
                   NOT OBVIOUS
                   PERTAINS TO PATENTABLE
                     SUBJECT MATTER
Invention
   Relates To A Process Or Product Or
    Both
   Involves An Inventive Step
   Be Capable Of Industrial
    Application
   A Machine
 Term   of the patent is 20 years
  from the date of filling for all
  types of inventions.
 Priority date- first to file
 The date of patent is the date of
  filing the application for patent.
 The term of the patent is
  counted from this date.
 The Government fee for filing a patent
  application in India is Rs.750/- for
  individuals and Rs.3,000/- for legal
  entities.
 No fee for 1st and 2nd year
 Renewal fee, on yearly basis, is
  required to be paid for 3rd to 20th for
  keeping the patent in force.
 Patent lapses if renewal fee is not paid
  within the prescribed period.
   No, there is nothing like a global
    patent or a world patent. Patent rights
    are essentially territorial in nature
   Granting a patent in one country of
    the Union does not force other
    countries to grant the patent for the
    same invention.
   The refusal of the patent in one
    country does not mean that it will be
    terminated in all the countries
   The list of top 10 patents holders in
    India comprises only pharmaceutical
    and bio-tech companies.
   In India, 184 patents are held by the
    Council of Scientific and Industrial
    Research, followed by „Ranbaxy‟
   While the top 10 patents holders
    across the world are IT companies, in
    India, no IT firm has patents.
 JAIPUR:  Drawing
 inspiration from
 scientist Stephen
 Hawking, a
 wheelchair-bound
 nine-year-old boy
 here has invented a
 game of six-player
 circular chess. The
 boy, Hridayeshwar
 Singh Bhati has got
 the game's design
 patented in his name.
Intellectual Property Rights
1.   It is covered under the Act called the
     Trade Marks Act, 1999.
2.    The Act came into effect on
     September 15, 2003. It replaced the
     Trade and Merchandise Marks Act,
     1958.
3.   It extends to the whole of India.
4.   It shall come into force on such date
     as the Central Government may
     publish, by notification in the Official
     Gazette
   Trademark:
     A symbol, logo, word, sound, color,
      design, or other device that is used to
      identify a business or a product in
      commerce.
     Different Symbols are :

™ Intent to use application filed for product
SM Intent to use application filed for services

® Registered trademark
 Application for search.
 Application for registration.
 Examination of trademark.
 Advertisement of trademark.
 Filing of opposition.
 Certificate issued.
   Trademark is valid for 10 years from
    the date of application which may be
    renewed for further period of 10 years
    on payment of prescribed fees.
   Service mark Rights are reserved
    exclusively for owners for 17 year & it
    can also be renewed.
   The Govt. fees is Rs. 2,500 for each
    class of goods or services.
™                                SM




 A trademark is a sign Used on, or
  in connection with the marketing
  of goods or services.
 “Used on” the goods means that
  it may appear not only on the
  goods themselves but on the
  container or wrapper in which
  the goods are when they are sold.
Correct use:

Raymond Textile is India's leading producer of
worsted suiting fabric with over 60% market share.

„Raymond Textile‟ is India's leading producer of
worsted suiting fabric with over 60% market share.


Incorrect use:
Raymond Textile is India's leading producer of worsted
suiting fabric with over 60% market share.
Correct use:




Incorrect use:

     VIMAL       ADT   AA

                        ftosa
Correct use:
                 - Calvin Klein
                 - Tommy Hilfiger
                 - MPC POTTERIES GWALIOR




Incorrect use:

                 - Kalvin Klein
                 - Tommy-Hilfiger
                 - MPC P/G
Trademarks

 Name



 Logotype



 Symbol

 Slogan



 Shape

 Color
   The Indian CopyrightAct,1957 governs
    the system of copyrights in India.
    [Amended in 1982, 1984, 1992, 1994
    & 1999]

   Meaning : It is a right which Grants
    protection to the unique expression of
    Ideas.
 The term original in the copyright
  law means that the work
  originated with the author.
 There is no requirement for
  novelty or uniqueness as there is
  in patent law.
 Copyright law protects the
  expression of an idea. Not the
  idea itself.
Literary   Films        Dramatic




Musical    Artistic   Sound Recording
   Ideas
   Facts
   Recipes
   Works lacking originality (e.g. The phone book)
   Names, titles or short phrases
   Register a copyright by completing a
    simple application form, along with the
    appropriate fee
   Need not send a copy of your work,
   It may appear with the same title, but if
    each work has been created
    independently, each will have its own
    copyright protection.
Copyright lasts for the-
   Author‟s lifetime + 50 years from the end
    of the calendar year in which the author
    dies,
    50 years for films and sound recordings,
    25 years for typographical arrangements
    of a published edition,
   Copyright protection always expires on
    December 31 of the last calendar year of
    protection.
   Gives permission to use copyrighted
    materials if certain criteria are met
   Protects freedom of speech
   Promotes public benefits like
    education.
 Never assume
  that your use falls
  under the fair-use
  exception!
 “Saving money” is
  not a sufficient
  excuse
 Laziness can be a
  trap!
   Photos and images - up to 5 works
    from one author; up to 10% or 15
    works, whichever is less, from a
    collection

   Database information - up to 10% or
    2500 fields or cell entries, whichever
    is less
Take action against
     Infringements
   Any reproduction, use , distribution,
    performance, etc. of the work without
    the permission of the owner.
   An identical or substantial similar
    reproduction is also covered
   Infringement – Damages - Injunction
• A suit can lie in the District or
  High court ,
• It may issue an injunction
  either to prevent the
  infringer from any further use
  & award damages to the
  patent owner or will pay the
  patent owner royalties for
  further use.
•Apple sued phone maker HTC and
has filed a complaint with the U.S.
International Trade Commission,
alleging that the Taiwanese company
is infringing 20 Apple patents related
to the iPhone
•Steve Jobs, Apple's CEO, said in a
statement "We think competition is
healthy, but competitors should
create their own original technology,
not steal ours."
A suit can lie in District
       or High court

• Punishment extends from
  6 months to 3 years
• A permanent bans on
  engaging in commercial
  activities
   3 suits filed by Adidas
    Saloman AG in the Delhi
    High      Court  against
    counterfeiters

   At    the    initial  stage,
    infringing goods were seized
    by the Local Commissioner

   Cases were decreed recently
    & damages of Rs. 15 lakhs
    was awarded to Adidas
    Saloman
   A suit can lie in the
    district court or in a
    high court u/s 63 of
    the copyright act,
    1957
   Punishable with
    imprisonment upto 3
    years and fined as
    per the claims.
Ritika Limited v. Ashwani Kumar    Ritika Limited v. Nina Talukdar




                   Ritika Limited v. Sajid Mobin
 Called “Innocent Infringement”
 Occurs when infringer was unaware that
  things were Protected.
 No excuse if work properly displays..
      ▪ “Patent”
    ▪ Trademark symbol: ®, TM, SM
    ▪ Copyright notice: © + name + year
    Example: Utsav Sarees © 2011-2012
• Create yourself, rather than
  using other‟s creations
• Do not use competitor‟s mark in
  such way that it harms
  competitor in unfair way
• No comparisons that are likely to
  cause confusion
     Technological advancement
    made the job of the CREATOR
    easy
    ………it also made the job of
    the COPY-ER easy.
Intellectual Property Rights
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Intellectual Property Rights

  • 2. Law governing IP  Meaning  Types of IP - Patent - Trademark - Copyright  Infringement  Case Studies  Conclusion
  • 3. WIPO ( World Intellectual Property Organization ) was established by the WIPO Convention in 1967  The WIPO is a specialized agency of the United Nations.  It promote the protection of IP throughout the world.  Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 4. On World Intellectual 2009 WORLD IP DAY Property Day this year, WIPO's focus is on promoting VISIONARY INNOVATION as the key to a secure future.
  • 5.  There are many big and small intellectual property law firms worldwide, like in India, USA, UK, Chicago etc, providing qualitative help to inventors and creators of product.  In India intellectual property rights are safely protected and controlled by well- established statutory and judicial framework.  Apart From that, there are many attorneys and law firm of intellectual property in India in various states.
  • 6. Intellectual Property is a property that arises from the human intellect. It is a product of human creation.  Intellectual Property comprises 2 distinct forms: * Literary & Artistic Works * Industrial Property
  • 7. “Literary & Artistic Works” * They are books, paintings, musical compositions, plays, movies, radio/tv programs, performances, & other artistic works.  How are they Protected? * Protected by “COPYRIGHT”
  • 8. “Industrial Property”  Industrial Property describes physical matter that is the product of an idea or concept for commercial purposes.  How are they Protected? * By Patented objects * By Trademarks * By Industrial Designs * By Trade Secrets * By Layout-designs * By Geographical Indications
  • 9. Major Types of IP Functional & Technical Purely A symbol, logo, word, sound, Inventions Artistic works color, design, etc. Copyright Act, Trademark Patents Act, 1970 1957 Act, 1999 Amended Amended in1982, Amended in 1994, in 1999 & 2005 1984, 1992, 1996 & 2000 1994 & 1999
  • 10. If you don’t see a problem with this question, you need the class!
  • 11. (1) It is covered under the Act called the Patents Act, 1970 [Amended by Patents Act, 2005] (2) It extends to the whole of India. (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may publish, by notification in the Official Gazette.
  • 12. Definition:  A patent describes an invention for which the inventor claims the exclusive right. INVENTION PATENABLE IF..... NEW (Novel) USEFUL NOT OBVIOUS PERTAINS TO PATENTABLE SUBJECT MATTER
  • 13. Invention  Relates To A Process Or Product Or Both  Involves An Inventive Step  Be Capable Of Industrial Application  A Machine
  • 14.  Term of the patent is 20 years from the date of filling for all types of inventions.  Priority date- first to file  The date of patent is the date of filing the application for patent.  The term of the patent is counted from this date.
  • 15.  The Government fee for filing a patent application in India is Rs.750/- for individuals and Rs.3,000/- for legal entities.  No fee for 1st and 2nd year  Renewal fee, on yearly basis, is required to be paid for 3rd to 20th for keeping the patent in force.  Patent lapses if renewal fee is not paid within the prescribed period.
  • 16. No, there is nothing like a global patent or a world patent. Patent rights are essentially territorial in nature  Granting a patent in one country of the Union does not force other countries to grant the patent for the same invention.  The refusal of the patent in one country does not mean that it will be terminated in all the countries
  • 17. The list of top 10 patents holders in India comprises only pharmaceutical and bio-tech companies.  In India, 184 patents are held by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, followed by „Ranbaxy‟  While the top 10 patents holders across the world are IT companies, in India, no IT firm has patents.
  • 18.  JAIPUR: Drawing inspiration from scientist Stephen Hawking, a wheelchair-bound nine-year-old boy here has invented a game of six-player circular chess. The boy, Hridayeshwar Singh Bhati has got the game's design patented in his name.
  • 20. 1. It is covered under the Act called the Trade Marks Act, 1999. 2. The Act came into effect on September 15, 2003. It replaced the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958. 3. It extends to the whole of India. 4. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may publish, by notification in the Official Gazette
  • 21. Trademark:  A symbol, logo, word, sound, color, design, or other device that is used to identify a business or a product in commerce.  Different Symbols are : ™ Intent to use application filed for product SM Intent to use application filed for services ® Registered trademark
  • 22.  Application for search.  Application for registration.  Examination of trademark.  Advertisement of trademark.  Filing of opposition.  Certificate issued.
  • 23. Trademark is valid for 10 years from the date of application which may be renewed for further period of 10 years on payment of prescribed fees.  Service mark Rights are reserved exclusively for owners for 17 year & it can also be renewed.  The Govt. fees is Rs. 2,500 for each class of goods or services.
  • 24. SM  A trademark is a sign Used on, or in connection with the marketing of goods or services.  “Used on” the goods means that it may appear not only on the goods themselves but on the container or wrapper in which the goods are when they are sold.
  • 25. Correct use: Raymond Textile is India's leading producer of worsted suiting fabric with over 60% market share. „Raymond Textile‟ is India's leading producer of worsted suiting fabric with over 60% market share. Incorrect use: Raymond Textile is India's leading producer of worsted suiting fabric with over 60% market share.
  • 26. Correct use: Incorrect use: VIMAL ADT AA ftosa
  • 27. Correct use: - Calvin Klein - Tommy Hilfiger - MPC POTTERIES GWALIOR Incorrect use: - Kalvin Klein - Tommy-Hilfiger - MPC P/G
  • 28. Trademarks Name Logotype Symbol Slogan Shape Color
  • 29. The Indian CopyrightAct,1957 governs the system of copyrights in India. [Amended in 1982, 1984, 1992, 1994 & 1999]  Meaning : It is a right which Grants protection to the unique expression of Ideas.
  • 30.  The term original in the copyright law means that the work originated with the author.  There is no requirement for novelty or uniqueness as there is in patent law.  Copyright law protects the expression of an idea. Not the idea itself.
  • 31. Literary Films Dramatic Musical Artistic Sound Recording
  • 32. Ideas  Facts  Recipes  Works lacking originality (e.g. The phone book)  Names, titles or short phrases
  • 33. Register a copyright by completing a simple application form, along with the appropriate fee  Need not send a copy of your work,  It may appear with the same title, but if each work has been created independently, each will have its own copyright protection.
  • 34. Copyright lasts for the-  Author‟s lifetime + 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author dies,  50 years for films and sound recordings,  25 years for typographical arrangements of a published edition,  Copyright protection always expires on December 31 of the last calendar year of protection.
  • 35. Gives permission to use copyrighted materials if certain criteria are met  Protects freedom of speech  Promotes public benefits like education.
  • 36.  Never assume that your use falls under the fair-use exception!  “Saving money” is not a sufficient excuse  Laziness can be a trap!
  • 37. Photos and images - up to 5 works from one author; up to 10% or 15 works, whichever is less, from a collection  Database information - up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less
  • 38. Take action against Infringements
  • 39. Any reproduction, use , distribution, performance, etc. of the work without the permission of the owner.  An identical or substantial similar reproduction is also covered  Infringement – Damages - Injunction
  • 40. • A suit can lie in the District or High court , • It may issue an injunction either to prevent the infringer from any further use & award damages to the patent owner or will pay the patent owner royalties for further use.
  • 41. •Apple sued phone maker HTC and has filed a complaint with the U.S. International Trade Commission, alleging that the Taiwanese company is infringing 20 Apple patents related to the iPhone •Steve Jobs, Apple's CEO, said in a statement "We think competition is healthy, but competitors should create their own original technology, not steal ours."
  • 42. A suit can lie in District or High court • Punishment extends from 6 months to 3 years • A permanent bans on engaging in commercial activities
  • 43. 3 suits filed by Adidas Saloman AG in the Delhi High Court against counterfeiters  At the initial stage, infringing goods were seized by the Local Commissioner  Cases were decreed recently & damages of Rs. 15 lakhs was awarded to Adidas Saloman
  • 44. A suit can lie in the district court or in a high court u/s 63 of the copyright act, 1957  Punishable with imprisonment upto 3 years and fined as per the claims.
  • 45. Ritika Limited v. Ashwani Kumar Ritika Limited v. Nina Talukdar Ritika Limited v. Sajid Mobin
  • 46.  Called “Innocent Infringement”  Occurs when infringer was unaware that things were Protected.  No excuse if work properly displays.. ▪ “Patent” ▪ Trademark symbol: ®, TM, SM ▪ Copyright notice: © + name + year Example: Utsav Sarees © 2011-2012
  • 47. • Create yourself, rather than using other‟s creations • Do not use competitor‟s mark in such way that it harms competitor in unfair way • No comparisons that are likely to cause confusion
  • 48. Technological advancement made the job of the CREATOR easy ………it also made the job of the COPY-ER easy.

Editor's Notes

  1. They serve client for valuation of intellectual property rights, copyrights, trademarks, and other unfair trade practice.
  2. which provides the individual “author” or “artist” the exclusive right to do certain things with an “original work”, including the right to reproduce, publish, perform the work in public, & to make adaptations of it & benefit thereby.
  3. IPR have fixed term except trademark and geographical indications, which can have indefinite life provided these are renewed after a stipulated time specified in the law by paying official fees. Trade secrets also have an infinite life but they don’t have to be renewed.
  4. PROVIDED that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act.
  5. Invention is a new solution to “technical” problem Inventors should not disclose their inventions before filing the patent application. The invention should be considered for publication after a patent application has been filed
  6. - 17 years from date of issue of Patent if application filed before June 95 or 20 years from date of filing application after June 95
  7. Anyone can then utilize the patent without the danger of infringing the patent.
  8. An author may waive his/her moral rights by signing an agreement to that effect