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Intellectual Property
Rights
SUBMITTED BY:
JYOTIRMAYA NANDA
ADM NO- 36C/14
CONTENTS
 Introduction to Intellectual Property
 What are Intellectual Property Rights?
 Patents
 Trademarks
 Industrial Designs
 Copyright and Related Laws
 Case Studies
 Facts
 Conclusion
Introduction to Intellectual Property
 Intellectual Property refers to creation of mind i.e. inventions, industrial designs for article,
literary & artistic work, symbols etc. used in commerce.
 Two categories: Industrial property & Copyright.
 Industrial property: Trademarks, Patents etc.
 Copyright covers Artistic works, Literary works etc..
What Are Intellectual Property Rights ?
 Rights which can be used for protecting different aspects of an inventive work for
multiple protection.
 Outlined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
 IPR are largely territorial rights except copyright, which is global in nature.
 IPR can be assigned, gifted, sold and licensed like any other property.
Continued…….
 Intellectual property rights as a collective term includes the following independent IP
rights:
• Patents
• Copyrights
• Trademarks
• Registered ( industrial) design
• Geographical indications, and
• Protection of undisclosed information
Patents
An exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of an
invention to make, use, manufacture and market the
invention
The patent right is territorial in nature.
Patents provide incentives to individuals by recognizing
their creativity & these incentives encourage innovation.
India is a member-state of Word Intellectual Property
Organisation (WIPO), Paris Convention, Patent Cooperation
Treaty and Budapest Treaty.
Patents In India
 The Patents Act, 1970 (No. 39 of 1970) as amended by the Patents (Amendment) Act,
2005.
 Patent Offices, under the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of
Commerce & Industry.
 Patent Offices are located at Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Delhi to deal with the
applications for patents.
 Patent Information System (PIS) & Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) located
at Nagpur.
Trademarks
 A distinctive sign that provides to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive
right to use it to identify goods or services.
 Well-known, Associated trademarks, Service marks, Certification Trademarks,
Collective Marks.
 Term of Registered Trademark: 10 years and Renewable.
 To register a trademark: appropriate national or regional trademark office. WIPO
administers an international registration system for trademarks.
Industrial Designs
 The ornamental or aesthetic aspects of an article which may consist of 3D or 2D
features, such as shape or surface, patterns, lines or color.
 It makes an article attractive and appealing; hence, they add to the commercial value
of a product and increase its marketability.
 Any technical features of the article not protected by it.
Continued…..
 Applicants can file a single international application either with WIPO or the national
or regional office of a country party to the treaty.
 The design should be new or original, not previously published or used in any country
before Registration.
 Total term of a registered design is 10 years + 5 years Extended Period.
Geographical Indication
 A sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or
a reputation due to that place of origin.
 Registration of a GI: 10 years & renewable.
 The Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act came into
being in 2000.
 Imprisonment for a term between 6 months to 3 years and a fine between 50000
rupees to 2 lakh rupees in Act.
Law Applicable In India
 Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
Copyrights
 Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, that grants the creator of
an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution.
 A right, which is available for creating an original literary or dramatic or musical or
artistic work.
 In India, The Copyright Act, 1957 as amended in 1983, 1984, 1992, 1994 and 1999 is
available.
 Registration can be done at the Office of the Registrar of Copyrights in New Delhi.
 Protection for the expression of an idea and not for the idea itself.
Continued…..
 The owner may assign to any person the copyright.
 Giving owner, incentives in the form of recognition and fair economic reward increases
their activity.
 The work is open for public inspection once the copyright is registered.
 A provision of ‘fair use’ in the law, which allows copyrighted work to be used for
teaching and research and development.
Case Studies
 Bangalore Aug 10, 2003: Banashankari police arrested three software engineers for
illegally copying software from a company they were working for.
 Chennai, February 2000: Pirated software worth Rs.1.11 crore (US$ 253,200) was seized
by the Chennai police A total of 6 employees were arrested which included the
Managing Director of one outlet and proprietors of each of the outlets.
Facts
 In India, small and medium scale Industries are the ones who come out with
maximum(90%) innovations.
 B.E students who do projects in their respective discipline, can register their
projects under IPR if its really innovative.
 As soon as the duration of the protection through IPR is over, it becomes a public
domain.
 Many companies use this IPR as a weapon to compete with the other players in the
market.
Intellectual property rights
CONCLUSION
 Intellectual property rights reward creativity and human endeavor, which fuel the
progress of humankind.
 Understanding the country’s IP Rights and following the best practices can drastically
reduce the risk of losing the company’s intellectual property.
 Indian government has initiated various steps towards Intellectual Properties Rights
Protection.
IPR IN INDIA
Intellectual property rights

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Intellectual property rights

  • 2. CONTENTS  Introduction to Intellectual Property  What are Intellectual Property Rights?  Patents  Trademarks  Industrial Designs  Copyright and Related Laws  Case Studies  Facts  Conclusion
  • 3. Introduction to Intellectual Property  Intellectual Property refers to creation of mind i.e. inventions, industrial designs for article, literary & artistic work, symbols etc. used in commerce.  Two categories: Industrial property & Copyright.  Industrial property: Trademarks, Patents etc.  Copyright covers Artistic works, Literary works etc..
  • 4. What Are Intellectual Property Rights ?  Rights which can be used for protecting different aspects of an inventive work for multiple protection.  Outlined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  IPR are largely territorial rights except copyright, which is global in nature.  IPR can be assigned, gifted, sold and licensed like any other property.
  • 5. Continued…….  Intellectual property rights as a collective term includes the following independent IP rights: • Patents • Copyrights • Trademarks • Registered ( industrial) design • Geographical indications, and • Protection of undisclosed information
  • 6. Patents An exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of an invention to make, use, manufacture and market the invention The patent right is territorial in nature. Patents provide incentives to individuals by recognizing their creativity & these incentives encourage innovation. India is a member-state of Word Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), Paris Convention, Patent Cooperation Treaty and Budapest Treaty.
  • 7. Patents In India  The Patents Act, 1970 (No. 39 of 1970) as amended by the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005.  Patent Offices, under the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.  Patent Offices are located at Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Delhi to deal with the applications for patents.  Patent Information System (PIS) & Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) located at Nagpur.
  • 8. Trademarks  A distinctive sign that provides to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services.  Well-known, Associated trademarks, Service marks, Certification Trademarks, Collective Marks.  Term of Registered Trademark: 10 years and Renewable.  To register a trademark: appropriate national or regional trademark office. WIPO administers an international registration system for trademarks.
  • 9. Industrial Designs  The ornamental or aesthetic aspects of an article which may consist of 3D or 2D features, such as shape or surface, patterns, lines or color.  It makes an article attractive and appealing; hence, they add to the commercial value of a product and increase its marketability.  Any technical features of the article not protected by it.
  • 10. Continued…..  Applicants can file a single international application either with WIPO or the national or regional office of a country party to the treaty.  The design should be new or original, not previously published or used in any country before Registration.  Total term of a registered design is 10 years + 5 years Extended Period.
  • 11. Geographical Indication  A sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation due to that place of origin.  Registration of a GI: 10 years & renewable.  The Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act came into being in 2000.  Imprisonment for a term between 6 months to 3 years and a fine between 50000 rupees to 2 lakh rupees in Act.
  • 12. Law Applicable In India  Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
  • 13. Copyrights  Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution.  A right, which is available for creating an original literary or dramatic or musical or artistic work.  In India, The Copyright Act, 1957 as amended in 1983, 1984, 1992, 1994 and 1999 is available.  Registration can be done at the Office of the Registrar of Copyrights in New Delhi.  Protection for the expression of an idea and not for the idea itself.
  • 14. Continued…..  The owner may assign to any person the copyright.  Giving owner, incentives in the form of recognition and fair economic reward increases their activity.  The work is open for public inspection once the copyright is registered.  A provision of ‘fair use’ in the law, which allows copyrighted work to be used for teaching and research and development.
  • 15. Case Studies  Bangalore Aug 10, 2003: Banashankari police arrested three software engineers for illegally copying software from a company they were working for.  Chennai, February 2000: Pirated software worth Rs.1.11 crore (US$ 253,200) was seized by the Chennai police A total of 6 employees were arrested which included the Managing Director of one outlet and proprietors of each of the outlets.
  • 16. Facts  In India, small and medium scale Industries are the ones who come out with maximum(90%) innovations.  B.E students who do projects in their respective discipline, can register their projects under IPR if its really innovative.  As soon as the duration of the protection through IPR is over, it becomes a public domain.  Many companies use this IPR as a weapon to compete with the other players in the market.
  • 18. CONCLUSION  Intellectual property rights reward creativity and human endeavor, which fuel the progress of humankind.  Understanding the country’s IP Rights and following the best practices can drastically reduce the risk of losing the company’s intellectual property.  Indian government has initiated various steps towards Intellectual Properties Rights Protection.