SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The role of livestock in developing countries:
Misperceptions, facts and consequences
Jimmy Smith, Director General
Extinction and Livestock: Moving to a Flourishing Food System for Wildlife, Farm Animals and Us
London, UK, 5-6 October 2017
By 2050:
- at least 10 billion to feed
–demand for milk, meat
and eggs at least double
in developing countries
• because of population,
urbanization and income
– not over-consumption
Animal-source foods are valuable
5 of 6 highest value global
commodities
(total value of these five is
US$715 billion)
Livestock sector and
economies
Global and national economy – 40%
of agricultural GDP and growing;
Household economy – over ¾ billion
dependent livelihoods; more than 1.5
billion involved
Over 50% of the World’s crop
and livestock products
Are produced by smallholder
farmers on integrated crop-livestock
farms
Is livestock production responsible for the destruction of
habitats, damaging biodiversity through:
- over-grazing
- cultivation of pastures and feed crops?
Moderate grazing is good for biodiversity of
wildlife and plants
57% of land used for feed production is not
suitable for crop production
86% of the dry matter eaten by animals cannot be
consumed by humans
Diets with some animal source foods use less land
than vegan alternatives
Is livestock production a major cause of climate change
through:
- GHG emissions from animals
- land clearing for pastures and feed crops?
Emissions from livestock are about 14% of all human-induced
emissions (less than transport, energy and industry)
[these calculations from IPCC are based on developed country data;
figures for developing countries may be considerably lower]
Within agriculture, which makes up 24% of global emissions,
livestock presents the biggest opportunity to reduce emissions – by
at least 30%
Livestock are essential for resilient food systems
[manure, traction, risk management]
Trees are initially cut down mainly for timber or charcoal – not to
make pastures
Is consumption of animal-source foods bad for your health
causing:
- obesity
- cancers, diabetes
- food-borne disease?
30% of the World’s protein comes from animal-source
foods
Animal-source foods contain B12, micronutrients and
more bioavailable macronutrients than plant-based foods
Animal-source foods are essential in the first 1000 days of
life
Milk improves growth, preventing stunting
Meat improves cognitive ability
Sustainable Development Goals: for the whole World
Sustainable Development Goals: livestock contribute
directly to eight
Sustainable Development Goals: at least four cannot be
achieved without livestock
Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 1
Three-quarters of a billion people will have no chance to escape poverty
Eliminating poverty for the 700 million still below the poverty line will
not happen
Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 2
Half the World’s cereal crop could be decimated
Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 13
The biggest opportunity to mitigate greenhouse gas
emissions from agriculture will be lost
Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 2, 3
Eliminating stunting for over 150 million children and malnutrition for
800 million people will not be realized
Micronutrient deficiencies for 2 million will not go away
Perhaps the two biggest misperceptions?
Misperception: Livestock are the problem, not the solution
Many of the SDGs cannot be achieved without the livestock sector – its part of the
solution
Misperception: Developed and developing worlds have different aims in the livestock
sector
All strive for safe, sustainable livestock production that makes a positive contribution to
SDGs worldwide. The starting points, and thus transition pathways differ.
This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence.
better lives through livestock
ilri.org
ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system

More Related Content

What's hot

Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditionsShelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
Jayashree Gogoi
 
Livestock production system
Livestock production systemLivestock production system
Livestock production system
natenaelbekele
 
poultry industry
poultry industrypoultry industry
poultry industry
Amila Athapaththu
 
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
ILRI
 
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
ILRI
 
Recent Developments in Feeds and Feeding Practices
Recent Developments in Feeds and Feeding PracticesRecent Developments in Feeds and Feeding Practices
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMINGORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
drsreenathds
 
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
ILRI
 
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
ILRI
 
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
FAO
 
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
ILRI
 
Animal nutrition
Animal nutritionAnimal nutrition
Animal nutrition
guest3ee3c75
 
Dry matter intake
Dry matter intakeDry matter intake
Dairy cattle management as2
Dairy cattle management as2Dairy cattle management as2
Dairy cattle management as2
Margie Lumanggaya
 
Feeding management of livestock during scarcity
Feeding management of livestock during scarcityFeeding management of livestock during scarcity
Feed manufacturing technology
Feed manufacturing technologyFeed manufacturing technology
Feed manufacturing technology
Dr Muhammad Umar Aziz
 
Classification of feed and forages
Classification of feed and foragesClassification of feed and forages
Classification of feed and forages
Rameswar Panda
 
Feeding management of poultry
Feeding management of poultryFeeding management of poultry
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of ChickenDevelopments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
PVNRTVU, College of Veterinary Science,Rajendranagar, Telangana, India
 
Poultry marketing
 Poultry marketing Poultry marketing
Poultry marketing
ILRI
 

What's hot (20)

Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditionsShelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
Shelter management for cattle and buffaloes under different climatic conditions
 
Livestock production system
Livestock production systemLivestock production system
Livestock production system
 
poultry industry
poultry industrypoultry industry
poultry industry
 
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
Livestock and global change: Towards a sustainable and equitable livestock se...
 
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
Livestock Master Plan: Roadmaps for Growth and Transformation (2015-2020)
 
Recent Developments in Feeds and Feeding Practices
Recent Developments in Feeds and Feeding PracticesRecent Developments in Feeds and Feeding Practices
Recent Developments in Feeds and Feeding Practices
 
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMINGORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING
 
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
Livestock and climate change: Can we steer a path between the devil and the d...
 
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, he...
 
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
The Role of Livestock in Sustainable Rural Development, Poverty Reduction, an...
 
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
Impacts of climate change on livestock sector and Kenya’s preparedness on the...
 
Animal nutrition
Animal nutritionAnimal nutrition
Animal nutrition
 
Dry matter intake
Dry matter intakeDry matter intake
Dry matter intake
 
Dairy cattle management as2
Dairy cattle management as2Dairy cattle management as2
Dairy cattle management as2
 
Feeding management of livestock during scarcity
Feeding management of livestock during scarcityFeeding management of livestock during scarcity
Feeding management of livestock during scarcity
 
Feed manufacturing technology
Feed manufacturing technologyFeed manufacturing technology
Feed manufacturing technology
 
Classification of feed and forages
Classification of feed and foragesClassification of feed and forages
Classification of feed and forages
 
Feeding management of poultry
Feeding management of poultryFeeding management of poultry
Feeding management of poultry
 
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of ChickenDevelopments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
Developments in the Nutrient Requirement of Chicken
 
Poultry marketing
 Poultry marketing Poultry marketing
Poultry marketing
 

Similar to The role of livestock in developing countries: Misperceptions, facts and consequences

Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
ILRI
 
Ch 9 ed
Ch 9 edCh 9 ed
Ch 9 ed
lschmidt1170
 
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
ILRI
 
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
ILRI
 
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
ILRI
 
Chapt09 lecture
Chapt09 lectureChapt09 lecture
Chapt09 lecture
lschmidt1170
 
Livestock’s role in food security and resilience
Livestock’s role in food security and resilienceLivestock’s role in food security and resilience
Livestock’s role in food security and resilience
ILRI
 
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
ILRI
 
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overviewBetter lives through livestock: ILRI overview
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview
ILRI
 
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestockFeeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
ILRI
 
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
ILRI
 
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
ILRI
 
The role of livestock in food and nutrition security
The role of livestock in food and nutrition securityThe role of livestock in food and nutrition security
The role of livestock in food and nutrition security
ILRI
 
Food resources
Food resourcesFood resources
Food resources
Digvijaysinh Gohil
 
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development GoalsOverview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
ILRI
 
Vegan
VeganVegan
Vegan
slaternate
 
Food security in world 2050
Food security in world 2050Food security in world 2050
Food security in world 2050
Pramod Anand
 
Basf presentation on global challenges and basf
Basf presentation on global challenges and basfBasf presentation on global challenges and basf
Basf presentation on global challenges and basf
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
 
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and diseaseThe livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
ILRI
 
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food securityEnsuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
ILRI
 

Similar to The role of livestock in developing countries: Misperceptions, facts and consequences (20)

Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
 
Ch 9 ed
Ch 9 edCh 9 ed
Ch 9 ed
 
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
Livestock and resilient future food systems: Developing countries and global ...
 
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
 
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
Livestock science with the end in mind: Discovering and delivering solutions ...
 
Chapt09 lecture
Chapt09 lectureChapt09 lecture
Chapt09 lecture
 
Livestock’s role in food security and resilience
Livestock’s role in food security and resilienceLivestock’s role in food security and resilience
Livestock’s role in food security and resilience
 
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
The interplay of knowledge and natural resources: Ensuring the health, wealth...
 
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overviewBetter lives through livestock: ILRI overview
Better lives through livestock: ILRI overview
 
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestockFeeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
Feeding the world: Smallholders and livestock
 
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
Global food and nutrition security to population stabilization: Contributions...
 
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
Livestock headwinds:Help or hindrance to sustainable development?
 
The role of livestock in food and nutrition security
The role of livestock in food and nutrition securityThe role of livestock in food and nutrition security
The role of livestock in food and nutrition security
 
Food resources
Food resourcesFood resources
Food resources
 
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development GoalsOverview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
Overview of Livestock Contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals
 
Vegan
VeganVegan
Vegan
 
Food security in world 2050
Food security in world 2050Food security in world 2050
Food security in world 2050
 
Basf presentation on global challenges and basf
Basf presentation on global challenges and basfBasf presentation on global challenges and basf
Basf presentation on global challenges and basf
 
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and diseaseThe livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
The livestock revolution and implications for human health and disease
 
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food securityEnsuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
 

More from ILRI

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
ILRI
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
ILRI
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
ILRI
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
ILRI
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
ILRI
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
ILRI
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
ILRI
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMIC
ILRI
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
ILRI
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
ILRI
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
ILRI
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwa
ILRI
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogs
ILRI
 
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
ILRI
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
ILRI
 
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformationLivestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
ILRI
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
ILRI
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
ILRI
 

More from ILRI (20)

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMIC
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwa
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogs
 
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
 
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformationLivestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
 

Recently uploaded

Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptxPolycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
muralinath2
 
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptxgastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
Shekar Boddu
 
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
hozt8xgk
 
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROIDBIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
ShibsekharRoy1
 
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptxNutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
vimalveerammal
 
23PH301 - Optics - Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
23PH301 - Optics  -  Unit 1 - Optical Lenses23PH301 - Optics  -  Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
23PH301 - Optics - Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
RDhivya6
 
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
PsychoTech Services
 
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDSJAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
Sérgio Sacani
 
BIRDS DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
BIRDS  DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptxBIRDS  DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
BIRDS DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
goluk9330
 
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptxSynopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
FarhanaHussain18
 
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptxFarming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
Frédéric Baudron
 
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
Sérgio Sacani
 
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptxLattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
DrRajeshDas
 
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdfMending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
Selcen Ozturkcan
 
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
PirithiRaju
 
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark UniverseAnti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
Sérgio Sacani
 
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdfHUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
Ritik83251
 
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdfMethods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
PirithiRaju
 
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
frank0071
 
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
Creative-Biolabs
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptxPolycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
Polycythemia vera_causes_disorders_treatment.pptx
 
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptxgastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
gastroretentive drug delivery system-PPT.pptx
 
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
快速办理(UAM毕业证书)马德里自治大学毕业证学位证一模一样
 
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROIDBIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
BIOTRANSFORMATION MECHANISM FOR OF STEROID
 
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptxNutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
Nutaceuticsls herbal drug technology CVS, cancer.pptx
 
23PH301 - Optics - Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
23PH301 - Optics  -  Unit 1 - Optical Lenses23PH301 - Optics  -  Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
23PH301 - Optics - Unit 1 - Optical Lenses
 
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
Sexuality - Issues, Attitude and Behaviour - Applied Social Psychology - Psyc...
 
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDSJAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
JAMES WEBB STUDY THE MASSIVE BLACK HOLE SEEDS
 
BIRDS DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
BIRDS  DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptxBIRDS  DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
BIRDS DIVERSITY OF SOOTEA BISWANATH ASSAM.ppt.pptx
 
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptxSynopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
Synopsis presentation VDR gene polymorphism and anemia (2).pptx
 
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptxFarming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
Farming systems analysis: what have we learnt?.pptx
 
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
Candidate young stellar objects in the S-cluster: Kinematic analysis of a sub...
 
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptxLattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
Lattice Defects in ionic solid compound.pptx
 
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdfMending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
Mending Clothing to Support Sustainable Fashion_CIMaR 2024.pdf
 
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
11.1 Role of physical biological in deterioration of grains.pdf
 
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark UniverseAnti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
Anti-Universe And Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe
 
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdfHUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
HUMAN EYE By-R.M Class 10 phy best digital notes.pdf
 
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdfMethods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
Methods of grain storage Structures in India.pdf
 
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
Juaristi, Jon. - El canon espanol. El legado de la cultura española a la civi...
 
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
Mechanisms and Applications of Antiviral Neutralizing Antibodies - Creative B...
 

The role of livestock in developing countries: Misperceptions, facts and consequences

  • 1. The role of livestock in developing countries: Misperceptions, facts and consequences Jimmy Smith, Director General Extinction and Livestock: Moving to a Flourishing Food System for Wildlife, Farm Animals and Us London, UK, 5-6 October 2017
  • 2. By 2050: - at least 10 billion to feed –demand for milk, meat and eggs at least double in developing countries • because of population, urbanization and income – not over-consumption
  • 3. Animal-source foods are valuable 5 of 6 highest value global commodities (total value of these five is US$715 billion)
  • 4. Livestock sector and economies Global and national economy – 40% of agricultural GDP and growing; Household economy – over ¾ billion dependent livelihoods; more than 1.5 billion involved
  • 5. Over 50% of the World’s crop and livestock products Are produced by smallholder farmers on integrated crop-livestock farms
  • 6. Is livestock production responsible for the destruction of habitats, damaging biodiversity through: - over-grazing - cultivation of pastures and feed crops? Moderate grazing is good for biodiversity of wildlife and plants 57% of land used for feed production is not suitable for crop production 86% of the dry matter eaten by animals cannot be consumed by humans Diets with some animal source foods use less land than vegan alternatives
  • 7. Is livestock production a major cause of climate change through: - GHG emissions from animals - land clearing for pastures and feed crops? Emissions from livestock are about 14% of all human-induced emissions (less than transport, energy and industry) [these calculations from IPCC are based on developed country data; figures for developing countries may be considerably lower] Within agriculture, which makes up 24% of global emissions, livestock presents the biggest opportunity to reduce emissions – by at least 30% Livestock are essential for resilient food systems [manure, traction, risk management] Trees are initially cut down mainly for timber or charcoal – not to make pastures
  • 8. Is consumption of animal-source foods bad for your health causing: - obesity - cancers, diabetes - food-borne disease? 30% of the World’s protein comes from animal-source foods Animal-source foods contain B12, micronutrients and more bioavailable macronutrients than plant-based foods Animal-source foods are essential in the first 1000 days of life Milk improves growth, preventing stunting Meat improves cognitive ability
  • 9. Sustainable Development Goals: for the whole World
  • 10. Sustainable Development Goals: livestock contribute directly to eight
  • 11. Sustainable Development Goals: at least four cannot be achieved without livestock
  • 12. Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 1 Three-quarters of a billion people will have no chance to escape poverty Eliminating poverty for the 700 million still below the poverty line will not happen
  • 13. Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 2 Half the World’s cereal crop could be decimated
  • 14. Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 13 The biggest opportunity to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture will be lost
  • 15. Consequences: doing away with livestock – SDG 2, 3 Eliminating stunting for over 150 million children and malnutrition for 800 million people will not be realized Micronutrient deficiencies for 2 million will not go away
  • 16. Perhaps the two biggest misperceptions? Misperception: Livestock are the problem, not the solution Many of the SDGs cannot be achieved without the livestock sector – its part of the solution Misperception: Developed and developing worlds have different aims in the livestock sector All strive for safe, sustainable livestock production that makes a positive contribution to SDGs worldwide. The starting points, and thus transition pathways differ.
  • 17. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system