SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
Livestock in the agrifood
systems transformation
FAO Global Conference on Sustainable Livestock Transformation:
Better production, better nutrition, better environment, better life
25 September 2023
Jimmy Smith
Director of International Programs in Agriculture & Natural Resources
University of Maryland, College Park
Part One
Three Caveats
We need to make better use of diversity
• Our reference to ‘livestock’ masks the fact
that several species and commodities
produced in several ecologies and
production systems is the reality --The
world’s livestock systems
are exceptionally diverse
• Every livestock species, system
and socioeconomic context
present very different challenges
and opportunities
for transformation
Thus
• There is no one
‘livestock transformation’
that we’re working towards
• Rather, we must move on
a broad front towards many
transformations
We need to make better use of systems thinking
• Replace disciplinary silos
with cross- and trans-
disciplinary thinking and work
• Tackle whole systems,
attending to interconnections,
trade-offs and synergies
Because
• With their manifold impacts,
livestock offer
‘multi-solving solutions’
• When it comes to livestock,
livestock systems thinking
is just smart thinking
We need to make better speed
• We have to work faster
as well as better
• Our past discrete successes
are not adding up to global
livestock transformation
Request
• Let each of us consider
what we need
to do differently in future
• And what we need
to prioritize . . .
• We should work and
communicate in a more
connected way
Part Two
Transforming
what we do
Better production
We need more livestock production
to meet global growing food
and nutritional needs
By 2050, food production will have
to double to feed 9.2 billion people,
with:
• 2.3 times more poultry meat
• 1.7 times more other meat, and
• 1.6 times more milk
than in 2010
Imagine that we can . . .
Meet the growing demand with fewer
ruminants
• Marry technological and policy
innovations to bring about highly
efficient and ecologically
sound livestock production
• Rapidly increase the productivity of
livestock in developing countries
• Introducing climate smart breeds and
feeds
• Reduce the endemic disease burden of
livestock
• Prevent zoonotic diseases
• Prove the predictions on AMR wrong
Better nutrition
Animal source foods contribute
between 30-40% of the world’s
protein on a per capita
basis…..most of it produced from
feed substrates that had no other
use.
• High concentration of
bioavailable nutrients
• Most important dietary source
of B12, bioavailable iron and
preferred vitamin A
• Proven contributions to brain,
muscle and skeletal
development
Why then do livestock get such a
bad name?
Imagine that we can . . .
Simultaneously address the
double burden of too little
consumption of milk, meat
and eggs by poorer people
and too much consumption
of them by richer people
Imagine that we can . . .
Lower the intolerably high
burden of foodborne diseases in lower
income countries, in particular
We can and must make animal source foods from informal markets
safer
--as this is the source of most of the food in developing countries--
Better environments
The issues include the carbon footprint of
livestock, land degradation, pollution and
nutrient loading, among others.
--but the effect on climate cuts both ways--
Increasing livestock production efficiencies will
support, but not be sufficient to mitigate the
effect on climate change. Much more is needed
In addition to vastly increasing productivity, imagine
that we can …….
• Spread worldwide regenerative practices that also increase the profitability
of (circular) mixed farming systems that feed soils as well as people and
animals
• Curtail air and water pollution, and nutrient loading generated by intensive
production systems while also enhancing animal welfare
• Restore vast grazing lands through use of low-cost participatory
(community-led) rangeland management that produces judicious grazing
and land use planning, captures more carbon, protects more biodiversity
and provides pastoralists with more resilience and prosperity
Better lives
The better lives we’re after include
not only the 1.7 billion people
whose livelihoods—as producers,
processors, transporters or
retailers—depend on livestock, and
not only the many more billions
who consume meat, milk and eggs,
but also the vegetarians and others
who do not consume livestock-
source foods, as well as the lives of
the animals that we raise to
nourish and sustain through their
foods and many inputs to
sustainable crop production
• Improve both animal and human welfare for better lives
• Use livestock in optimal ways to better lives everywhere and in manifold
ways
• Help families to grow their livestock assets in ways that generate lasting—
multi-generational—benefits
• Ensure that livestock value chains are inclusive and fair as well as efficient
and profitable
Imagine that we can . . .
Get to the next level on :
Empowering women and generating more youth employment
Getting to the next level: Liveable and habitable futures?
Recognizing the cultural value
and contributions
Part Three
Transforming
how we work
Animals for transformation
It is immutable that
food-producing animals
are or could be multi-
functioning, multi-
functional assets for
healthier livelihoods,
diets, environments and
people—all contributing
to sustainable food
systems transformation
through their essential
roles in the ‘four betters’
Wealth of opportunities
I hope the case is made that the
diversity matters
• livestock uses and benefits
• livestock species and systems
• livestock peoples and cultures
These provide us with a wealth
of avenues for engendering
the fairer, safer, healthier
and more prosperous world
that we all want
Some challenges—for each of us here today
To help effect these livestock transformations, each one of us is going to have to:
• Broaden our dialogues, connecting and delivering in ways we’ve never done before
• Engage more, and more effectively, with the non-livestock world
• Work across diverse livestock sectors and disciplines, and in both rich and poor
countries
• Reach consumers as well as producers, and address cultural as well as socioeconomic
issues
Getting out of our comfort zone
With livestock remaining
• the most neglected
• the most under-funded and
• the most misunderstood subsector
of agriculture today
and with the many ‘polycrises’ demanding the world’s attention,
livestock transformation is a tall order
What we aspirate to can and must be done ….but only if
we communicate more and better
Image credits
Slide 5: Farm manager by Equity UK
Slide 7: Brown Swiss cows by Don Shall
Slide 8: A fitbit for cows by Agri Expo Dot Online
Slide 14: Cow and sheep by Lollie-Pop
Slide 15: Togo family groceries by World Bank
Slide 16: Hmong grandmother and child
by Rod Waddington
Slide 17: Kenya dairy woman with her cow
by East African Dairy Development project
Slide 18: Cambodian farm couple
by WorldBank-Chhor Sokunthea
Slide 19: Farm girl with cow (photographer
unknown), Indian cook by Steve Evans
Slide 22: Cambodian man feeding livestock
improved forages by CIAT-NeilPalmer
Slide 23: Landsat satellite by NASA
Slide 24: Argentinan merino sheep
by IFPRI-Milo Mitchell
Slide 25: Tanzanian Maasai shop keeper
by UN-Women-DeepikaNath
All others from ILRI
Thank you
Contact
Jimmy Smith
jsmit122@umd.edu

More Related Content

Similar to Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation

Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...
Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...
Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...ILRI
 
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food securityEnsuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food securityILRI
 
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptx
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptxCrisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptx
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptxESSP1
 
More Than Just the Other White Meat
More Than Just the Other White MeatMore Than Just the Other White Meat
More Than Just the Other White MeatNational Pork Board
 
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...ILRI
 
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...ILRI
 
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food Systems
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food SystemsAgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food Systems
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food SystemsExternalEvents
 
Humane and sustainable poultry farming
Humane and sustainable poultry farmingHumane and sustainable poultry farming
Humane and sustainable poultry farmingDr. Kelvin Momanyi
 
Sunnyvale Neighborhood Association
Sunnyvale Neighborhood AssociationSunnyvale Neighborhood Association
Sunnyvale Neighborhood AssociationWolfram Alderson
 
Aggietarium slideshow final
Aggietarium slideshow finalAggietarium slideshow final
Aggietarium slideshow finalAna Monzon
 
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security ILRI
 
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...ILRI
 
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reductionLivestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reductionILRI
 
Animal Agriculture In Developing Countries
Animal Agriculture In Developing CountriesAnimal Agriculture In Developing Countries
Animal Agriculture In Developing CountriesMarkTapper
 
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...ILRI
 

Similar to Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation (20)

Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...
Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...
Improving environmental sustainability of livestock systems in the developing...
 
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food securityEnsuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
Ensuring livestock livelihoods and animal source food security
 
Diversification of Livestock to Build Resilience of Farmers
Diversification of Livestock to Build Resilience of FarmersDiversification of Livestock to Build Resilience of Farmers
Diversification of Livestock to Build Resilience of Farmers
 
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptx
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptxCrisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptx
Crisis response and reconstruction - Why livestock matter.pptx
 
More Than Just the Other White Meat
More Than Just the Other White MeatMore Than Just the Other White Meat
More Than Just the Other White Meat
 
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...
Setting international livestock research priorities: Some livestock research ...
 
1.1 j rushton 19 aug 2015 final
1.1 j rushton  19 aug 2015 final1.1 j rushton  19 aug 2015 final
1.1 j rushton 19 aug 2015 final
 
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
Feeding the World in 2050: Trade-offs, synergies and tough choices for the li...
 
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food Systems
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food SystemsAgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food Systems
AgroEcolgy and Sustainable Food Systems
 
Humane and sustainable poultry farming
Humane and sustainable poultry farmingHumane and sustainable poultry farming
Humane and sustainable poultry farming
 
A farmers’ perspective on food system transformation
A farmers’ perspective on food system transformationA farmers’ perspective on food system transformation
A farmers’ perspective on food system transformation
 
Sunnyvale Neighborhood Association
Sunnyvale Neighborhood AssociationSunnyvale Neighborhood Association
Sunnyvale Neighborhood Association
 
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reductionAASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
 
Food supply chain
Food supply chainFood supply chain
Food supply chain
 
Aggietarium slideshow final
Aggietarium slideshow finalAggietarium slideshow final
Aggietarium slideshow final
 
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
Healthy people, animals and ecosystems for global food and nutritional security
 
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...
Livestock-derived foods and the first 1000 days: The essential role of livest...
 
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reductionLivestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
 
Animal Agriculture In Developing Countries
Animal Agriculture In Developing CountriesAnimal Agriculture In Developing Countries
Animal Agriculture In Developing Countries
 
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...
How can Animal Biotechnology contribute to Agenda 2063, ST&I Strategy for Afr...
 

More from ILRI

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...ILRI
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...ILRI
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...ILRI
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesILRI
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseaseILRI
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistanceILRI
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesILRI
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICILRI
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaILRI
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldILRI
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaILRI
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaILRI
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsILRI
 
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...ILRI
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...ILRI
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...ILRI
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsILRI
 
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...ILRI
 

More from ILRI (20)

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMIC
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwa
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogs
 
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in bu...
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
 
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
 

Recently uploaded

Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...
Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...
Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...Sahil Suleman
 
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...dkNET
 
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...mikehavy0
 
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...Sérgio Sacani
 
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptxRACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptxArunLakshmiMeenakshi
 
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdf
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdfMODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdf
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdfRevenJadePalma
 
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdf
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdfEU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdf
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdfStart Project
 
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPES
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPESTHE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPES
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPESkushbuR
 
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptx
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptxSaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptx
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptxPat (JS) Heslop-Harrison
 
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 Rp
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 RpWASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 Rp
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 RpSérgio Sacani
 
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notes
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notesTuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notes
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notesjyothisaisri
 
Introduction and significance of Symbiotic algae
Introduction and significance of  Symbiotic algaeIntroduction and significance of  Symbiotic algae
Introduction and significance of Symbiotic algaekushbuR
 
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptx
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptxPlasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptx
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptxmuralinath2
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday LifeGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday LifeAreesha Ahmad
 
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...Sérgio Sacani
 
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture PPT.pptx
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture  PPT.pptxVILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture  PPT.pptx
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture PPT.pptxAQIBRASOOL4
 
Triploidy ...............................pptx
Triploidy ...............................pptxTriploidy ...............................pptx
Triploidy ...............................pptxCherry
 
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...TALAPATI ARUNA CHENNA VYDYANAD
 
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdf
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdfMSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdf
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdfSuchita Rawat
 
family therapy psychotherapy types .pdf
family therapy psychotherapy types  .pdffamily therapy psychotherapy types  .pdf
family therapy psychotherapy types .pdfhaseebahmeddrama
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...
Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...
Alternative method of dissolution in-vitro in-vivo correlation and dissolutio...
 
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
dkNET Webinar: The 4DN Data Portal - Data, Resources and Tools to Help Elucid...
 
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...
Abortion uae unmarried price +27791653574 Contact Us Dubai Abu Dhabi Sharjah ...
 
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...
Exomoons & Exorings with the Habitable Worlds Observatory I: On the Detection...
 
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptxRACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
RACEMIzATION AND ISOMERISATION completed.pptx
 
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdf
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdfMODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdf
MODERN PHYSICS_REPORTING_QUANTA_.....pdf
 
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdf
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdfEU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdf
EU START PROJECT. START-Newsletter_Issue_4.pdf
 
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPES
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPESTHE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPES
THE GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PROTEOBACTERIA AND ITS TYPES
 
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptx
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptxSaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptx
SaffronCrocusGenomicsThessalonikiOnlineMay2024TalkOnline.pptx
 
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 Rp
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 RpWASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 Rp
WASP-69b’s Escaping Envelope Is Confined to a Tail Extending at Least 7 Rp
 
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notes
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notesTuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notes
Tuberculosis (TB)-Notes.pdf microbiology notes
 
Introduction and significance of Symbiotic algae
Introduction and significance of  Symbiotic algaeIntroduction and significance of  Symbiotic algae
Introduction and significance of Symbiotic algae
 
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptx
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptxPlasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptx
Plasmapheresis - Dr. E. Muralinath - Kalyan . C.pptx
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday LifeGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 7) Microbiology in Everyday Life
 
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...
Emergent ribozyme behaviors in oxychlorine brines indicate a unique niche for...
 
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture PPT.pptx
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture  PPT.pptxVILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture  PPT.pptx
VILLAGE ATTACHMENT For rural agriculture PPT.pptx
 
Triploidy ...............................pptx
Triploidy ...............................pptxTriploidy ...............................pptx
Triploidy ...............................pptx
 
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...
Virulence Analysis of Citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citr...
 
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdf
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdfMSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdf
MSC IV_Forensic medicine -sexual offence.pdf
 
family therapy psychotherapy types .pdf
family therapy psychotherapy types  .pdffamily therapy psychotherapy types  .pdf
family therapy psychotherapy types .pdf
 

Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation

  • 1. Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation FAO Global Conference on Sustainable Livestock Transformation: Better production, better nutrition, better environment, better life 25 September 2023 Jimmy Smith Director of International Programs in Agriculture & Natural Resources University of Maryland, College Park
  • 3. We need to make better use of diversity • Our reference to ‘livestock’ masks the fact that several species and commodities produced in several ecologies and production systems is the reality --The world’s livestock systems are exceptionally diverse • Every livestock species, system and socioeconomic context present very different challenges and opportunities for transformation Thus • There is no one ‘livestock transformation’ that we’re working towards • Rather, we must move on a broad front towards many transformations
  • 4. We need to make better use of systems thinking • Replace disciplinary silos with cross- and trans- disciplinary thinking and work • Tackle whole systems, attending to interconnections, trade-offs and synergies Because • With their manifold impacts, livestock offer ‘multi-solving solutions’ • When it comes to livestock, livestock systems thinking is just smart thinking
  • 5. We need to make better speed • We have to work faster as well as better • Our past discrete successes are not adding up to global livestock transformation Request • Let each of us consider what we need to do differently in future • And what we need to prioritize . . . • We should work and communicate in a more connected way
  • 7. Better production We need more livestock production to meet global growing food and nutritional needs By 2050, food production will have to double to feed 9.2 billion people, with: • 2.3 times more poultry meat • 1.7 times more other meat, and • 1.6 times more milk than in 2010
  • 8. Imagine that we can . . . Meet the growing demand with fewer ruminants • Marry technological and policy innovations to bring about highly efficient and ecologically sound livestock production • Rapidly increase the productivity of livestock in developing countries • Introducing climate smart breeds and feeds • Reduce the endemic disease burden of livestock • Prevent zoonotic diseases • Prove the predictions on AMR wrong
  • 9. Better nutrition Animal source foods contribute between 30-40% of the world’s protein on a per capita basis…..most of it produced from feed substrates that had no other use. • High concentration of bioavailable nutrients • Most important dietary source of B12, bioavailable iron and preferred vitamin A • Proven contributions to brain, muscle and skeletal development Why then do livestock get such a bad name?
  • 10. Imagine that we can . . . Simultaneously address the double burden of too little consumption of milk, meat and eggs by poorer people and too much consumption of them by richer people
  • 11. Imagine that we can . . . Lower the intolerably high burden of foodborne diseases in lower income countries, in particular
  • 12. We can and must make animal source foods from informal markets safer --as this is the source of most of the food in developing countries--
  • 13. Better environments The issues include the carbon footprint of livestock, land degradation, pollution and nutrient loading, among others. --but the effect on climate cuts both ways-- Increasing livestock production efficiencies will support, but not be sufficient to mitigate the effect on climate change. Much more is needed
  • 14. In addition to vastly increasing productivity, imagine that we can ……. • Spread worldwide regenerative practices that also increase the profitability of (circular) mixed farming systems that feed soils as well as people and animals • Curtail air and water pollution, and nutrient loading generated by intensive production systems while also enhancing animal welfare • Restore vast grazing lands through use of low-cost participatory (community-led) rangeland management that produces judicious grazing and land use planning, captures more carbon, protects more biodiversity and provides pastoralists with more resilience and prosperity
  • 15. Better lives The better lives we’re after include not only the 1.7 billion people whose livelihoods—as producers, processors, transporters or retailers—depend on livestock, and not only the many more billions who consume meat, milk and eggs, but also the vegetarians and others who do not consume livestock- source foods, as well as the lives of the animals that we raise to nourish and sustain through their foods and many inputs to sustainable crop production
  • 16. • Improve both animal and human welfare for better lives • Use livestock in optimal ways to better lives everywhere and in manifold ways • Help families to grow their livestock assets in ways that generate lasting— multi-generational—benefits • Ensure that livestock value chains are inclusive and fair as well as efficient and profitable Imagine that we can . . .
  • 17. Get to the next level on : Empowering women and generating more youth employment
  • 18. Getting to the next level: Liveable and habitable futures?
  • 19. Recognizing the cultural value and contributions
  • 21. Animals for transformation It is immutable that food-producing animals are or could be multi- functioning, multi- functional assets for healthier livelihoods, diets, environments and people—all contributing to sustainable food systems transformation through their essential roles in the ‘four betters’
  • 22. Wealth of opportunities I hope the case is made that the diversity matters • livestock uses and benefits • livestock species and systems • livestock peoples and cultures These provide us with a wealth of avenues for engendering the fairer, safer, healthier and more prosperous world that we all want
  • 23. Some challenges—for each of us here today To help effect these livestock transformations, each one of us is going to have to: • Broaden our dialogues, connecting and delivering in ways we’ve never done before • Engage more, and more effectively, with the non-livestock world • Work across diverse livestock sectors and disciplines, and in both rich and poor countries • Reach consumers as well as producers, and address cultural as well as socioeconomic issues
  • 24. Getting out of our comfort zone With livestock remaining • the most neglected • the most under-funded and • the most misunderstood subsector of agriculture today and with the many ‘polycrises’ demanding the world’s attention, livestock transformation is a tall order What we aspirate to can and must be done ….but only if we communicate more and better
  • 25. Image credits Slide 5: Farm manager by Equity UK Slide 7: Brown Swiss cows by Don Shall Slide 8: A fitbit for cows by Agri Expo Dot Online Slide 14: Cow and sheep by Lollie-Pop Slide 15: Togo family groceries by World Bank Slide 16: Hmong grandmother and child by Rod Waddington Slide 17: Kenya dairy woman with her cow by East African Dairy Development project Slide 18: Cambodian farm couple by WorldBank-Chhor Sokunthea Slide 19: Farm girl with cow (photographer unknown), Indian cook by Steve Evans Slide 22: Cambodian man feeding livestock improved forages by CIAT-NeilPalmer Slide 23: Landsat satellite by NASA Slide 24: Argentinan merino sheep by IFPRI-Milo Mitchell Slide 25: Tanzanian Maasai shop keeper by UN-Women-DeepikaNath All others from ILRI

Editor's Notes

  1. COULD pathogen surveillance be upscaled to cover the most important zoonotic hotspot regions, species and communities? COULD incentives and support for safe handling of meat and milk in the ‘informal’ food markets of low- and middle-income countries be scaled to communities worldwide?
  2. CAN we determine what’s missing in helping hundreds of millions of poor women and young people empower themselves, and better their communities through livestock enterprises? CAN we help them start up profitable livestock businesses—from production to processing to retail, and from backyard to community to commercial enterprises—to meet the rising demand for livestock source foods in the Global South?
  3. CAN we help hundreds of millions of people living in poverty create liveable and habitable futures through livestock? CAN we find ways to increase the benefits livestock generate—via incomes, savings, food, nutrition, health and culture—while decreasing the health and environment harms that livestock can cause?
  4. CAN we transform public understanding of—and support for—the world’s diverse livestock cultures? CAN we help communities to preserve and diffuse their core values via the livestock embedded in their social and cultural, as well as food and economic, lives?