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ETHICAL
STANDARDS FOR
EDUCATORS
Instructional Practices in Education and Training
Copyright
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. These Materials are copyrighted © and trademarked ™
as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may not be reproduced without the express
written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions:
1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and
use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts’ and schools’ educational use without
obtaining permission from TEA.
2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related
Materials for individual personal use only, without obtaining written permission of TEA.
3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and
unchanged in any way.
4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them;
however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged.
Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education
Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-
educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be
required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty.
For information contact: Office of Copyrights, Trademarks, License Agreements, and Royalties, Texas
Education Agency, 1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX 78701-1494; phone 512-463-7004; email:
copyrights@tea.state.tx.us.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 2
What Are Work Ethics?
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 3
Work Ethics
Work Ethics for an Employer
 To provide a safe work environment for
staff and employees
 To treat employees with dignity and
respect
 To provide a fair wage for the services
rendered
 To handle all business transactions with
integrity and honesty
Work Ethics for an Employee
 To show up on time
 To tend to company business the whole
time while at work
 To treat the company’s resources,
equipment and products with care
 To give respect to the company by
working with honesty and integrity
4
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
WHAT DO PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN
EDUCATION INCLUDE?
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 5
Ethical Standards for the Teaching and Training
Profession
 Laws that affect schools and teachers come from federal, state and local authorities.
 These laws affect employment, contracts, tenure and dismissal.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 6
Ethics at School
Teacher Ethics and Responsibility
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 7
Texas Educators’ Code of Ethics
The Texas educator shall
comply with standard
practices and ethical
conduct toward students,
professional colleagues,
school officials, parents,
and members of the
community and shall
safeguard academic
freedom.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 8
(click on picture)
Ethics for Teachers - RULE §247.2
Texas Education Agency Code of Ethics
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 9
Compliance
 Individuals who are compliant
within the framework of the
law and lawful instructions
from their school district are
considered ethical educators.
 Educators must always be
conscientious of all duties
and responsibilities.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 11
Follow Policies and Procedures
Non-Compliance
 Non-compliance issues may
range from habitual tardiness
to more serious issues such
as sexual harassment or
fraudulent use of the district’s
monies.
 All districts handle non-
compliance situations
differently.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Ethical Decisions and Consequences
Almost every day, the news
reports situations where
teachers, coaches and
administrators are not ethical.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Social Networking Sites
Educators in some districts
have experienced problems
with inappropriate
communications with students,
as well as inappropriate
content being posted on their
page by themselves or their
“friends.”
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Fraud and Financial Impropriety
 All employees should act with
integrity and diligence in duties
involving the district’s financial
resources.
 All districts prohibit fraud and
financial impropriety.
 Forgery
 Misappropriation of funds
 Impropriety in the handling of
money
 Profiteering
 Destroying, removing or
inappropriately using records or
equipment
 Any other dishonest act
regarding the finances of the
district
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2013. All rights reserved. 15
What Do Professional Ethics Include?
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 16
Professional Ethics
• Professional manner
• Personal life
• Respect for resources
• Guidelines for professional ethics
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 17
Professional Manner
Professional manner includes
being:
• on time
• polite
• respectful
• dependable
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 18
Personal Life
 Separate work life from private
life
 Avoid discussing personal
problems
 Keep personal telephone calls to
a minimum
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 19
Do Not Steal or Waste Resources
 Stealing is
– illegal
– unethical
 Do not take items such as:
– cash
– property
– office supplies
– food
– school supplies
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 20
GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL
ETHICS
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 21
Human Relations Soft
Skills/Transferable Skills
Treating
people fairly
Establishing
rapport
Being a
cooperative
team
member
Dealing effectively
with conflict
Helping clarify
misunderstandings
Creating an
environment of social
interaction
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Work Ethic Qualities
Honestly
Flexibility
Responsibility
Reliability
Teamwork
Commitment and Excellence
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Code of Ethics
Workplace ethics serve as guiding
principles that effective leaders use to set
the professional tone and behavior.
Behavior of employees
Wages, benefits and working
conditions
Employee treatment
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
Questions to Keep in Mind
• Am I confident in
my decision?
• Will it be valid for
years?
• Is it legal?
• Will it hurt
anyone?
• Does it positively
represent the
company?
1 • Does it make
anyone
uncomfortable?
• Does it convey
respect for
others?
• Have I involved
others by
asking their
viewpoint?
• Is it fair?
• Does it uphold the
values of the
organization?
• Can I tell my
decisions to my
employer, my
family and others?
• How would others
regard the details if
made public?
3
2
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
References and Resources
Images:
Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft.
Textbooks:
Kauchak, D.P., & Eggen, P.D. (2011). Introduction to teaching: Becoming a professional. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Putting It All Together, Texas Tech Curriculum Center for FCS, 2010.
Reaching to Teach, The Texas Tech Curriculum Center for FCS, 2005.
Websites:
Code of Ethics
This website sponsored by the National Educators Association provides an overview of ethics for educators.
http://www.nea.org/home/30442.htm
Code of Ethics for Educators
This website sponsored by the American Association of Educators provides an overview of ethics for teachers.
http://www.aaeteachers.org/index.php/about-us/aae-code-of-ethics
Texas Education Agency—-Code of Ethics
This site has the Code of Ethics and the Texas Administrative Code for Texas teachers.
http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/index.html
Texas Education Agency
Educator Certification
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=5830&menu_id=865&menu_id2=794
Texas Education Agency
Texas Administrative Code Part 7
http://www.info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.ViewTAC?tac_view=3&ti=19&pt=7
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 26
References and Resources
Texas Education Agency
Texas Administrative Code Title 19 http://www.ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/chapter066/
Texas Education Agency
Texas Administrative Code Rule 247.2 http://www.info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ex
YouTube™:
Teacher Ethics and Responsibility
Video explains educator’s ethics and responsibility.
http://youtu.be/BloG7XjeSxg
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 27

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Ethical-Standards-for-Educators-PPT.pptx

  • 2. Copyright Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. These Materials are copyrighted © and trademarked ™ as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions: 1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts’ and schools’ educational use without obtaining permission from TEA. 2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only, without obtaining written permission of TEA. 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way. 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non- educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty. For information contact: Office of Copyrights, Trademarks, License Agreements, and Royalties, Texas Education Agency, 1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX 78701-1494; phone 512-463-7004; email: copyrights@tea.state.tx.us. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 2
  • 3. What Are Work Ethics? Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 3
  • 4. Work Ethics Work Ethics for an Employer  To provide a safe work environment for staff and employees  To treat employees with dignity and respect  To provide a fair wage for the services rendered  To handle all business transactions with integrity and honesty Work Ethics for an Employee  To show up on time  To tend to company business the whole time while at work  To treat the company’s resources, equipment and products with care  To give respect to the company by working with honesty and integrity 4 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 5. WHAT DO PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN EDUCATION INCLUDE? Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 5
  • 6. Ethical Standards for the Teaching and Training Profession  Laws that affect schools and teachers come from federal, state and local authorities.  These laws affect employment, contracts, tenure and dismissal. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 6
  • 7. Ethics at School Teacher Ethics and Responsibility (click on link) Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 7
  • 8. Texas Educators’ Code of Ethics The Texas educator shall comply with standard practices and ethical conduct toward students, professional colleagues, school officials, parents, and members of the community and shall safeguard academic freedom. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 8 (click on picture)
  • 9. Ethics for Teachers - RULE §247.2 Texas Education Agency Code of Ethics (click on link) Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 9
  • 10. Compliance  Individuals who are compliant within the framework of the law and lawful instructions from their school district are considered ethical educators.  Educators must always be conscientious of all duties and responsibilities. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 11 Follow Policies and Procedures
  • 12. Non-Compliance  Non-compliance issues may range from habitual tardiness to more serious issues such as sexual harassment or fraudulent use of the district’s monies.  All districts handle non- compliance situations differently. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Ethical Decisions and Consequences Almost every day, the news reports situations where teachers, coaches and administrators are not ethical. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 14. Social Networking Sites Educators in some districts have experienced problems with inappropriate communications with students, as well as inappropriate content being posted on their page by themselves or their “friends.” Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 15. Fraud and Financial Impropriety  All employees should act with integrity and diligence in duties involving the district’s financial resources.  All districts prohibit fraud and financial impropriety.  Forgery  Misappropriation of funds  Impropriety in the handling of money  Profiteering  Destroying, removing or inappropriately using records or equipment  Any other dishonest act regarding the finances of the district Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2013. All rights reserved. 15
  • 16. What Do Professional Ethics Include? Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 16
  • 17. Professional Ethics • Professional manner • Personal life • Respect for resources • Guidelines for professional ethics Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 17
  • 18. Professional Manner Professional manner includes being: • on time • polite • respectful • dependable Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 18
  • 19. Personal Life  Separate work life from private life  Avoid discussing personal problems  Keep personal telephone calls to a minimum Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 19
  • 20. Do Not Steal or Waste Resources  Stealing is – illegal – unethical  Do not take items such as: – cash – property – office supplies – food – school supplies Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 20
  • 21. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL ETHICS Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 21
  • 22. Human Relations Soft Skills/Transferable Skills Treating people fairly Establishing rapport Being a cooperative team member Dealing effectively with conflict Helping clarify misunderstandings Creating an environment of social interaction Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 23. Work Ethic Qualities Honestly Flexibility Responsibility Reliability Teamwork Commitment and Excellence Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 24. Code of Ethics Workplace ethics serve as guiding principles that effective leaders use to set the professional tone and behavior. Behavior of employees Wages, benefits and working conditions Employee treatment Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 25. Questions to Keep in Mind • Am I confident in my decision? • Will it be valid for years? • Is it legal? • Will it hurt anyone? • Does it positively represent the company? 1 • Does it make anyone uncomfortable? • Does it convey respect for others? • Have I involved others by asking their viewpoint? • Is it fair? • Does it uphold the values of the organization? • Can I tell my decisions to my employer, my family and others? • How would others regard the details if made public? 3 2 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved.
  • 26. References and Resources Images: Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft. Textbooks: Kauchak, D.P., & Eggen, P.D. (2011). Introduction to teaching: Becoming a professional. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Putting It All Together, Texas Tech Curriculum Center for FCS, 2010. Reaching to Teach, The Texas Tech Curriculum Center for FCS, 2005. Websites: Code of Ethics This website sponsored by the National Educators Association provides an overview of ethics for educators. http://www.nea.org/home/30442.htm Code of Ethics for Educators This website sponsored by the American Association of Educators provides an overview of ethics for teachers. http://www.aaeteachers.org/index.php/about-us/aae-code-of-ethics Texas Education Agency—-Code of Ethics This site has the Code of Ethics and the Texas Administrative Code for Texas teachers. http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/index.html Texas Education Agency Educator Certification http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=5830&menu_id=865&menu_id2=794 Texas Education Agency Texas Administrative Code Part 7 http://www.info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.ViewTAC?tac_view=3&ti=19&pt=7 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 26
  • 27. References and Resources Texas Education Agency Texas Administrative Code Title 19 http://www.ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/chapter066/ Texas Education Agency Texas Administrative Code Rule 247.2 http://www.info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ex YouTube™: Teacher Ethics and Responsibility Video explains educator’s ethics and responsibility. http://youtu.be/BloG7XjeSxg Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2014. All rights reserved. 27

Editor's Notes

  1. A list of work ethics for an employer or a company might be: • To provide a safe work environment for all staff and employees • To treat employees with dignity and respect • To provide a fair wage for the services rendered • To handle all business transactions with integrity and honesty A list of work ethics for an employee might be: • To show up on time • To tend to company business the whole time while at work; giving it 100% • To treat the company’s resources, equipment and products with care • To give respect to the company by working with honesty and integrity Ask the students to list some ethical issues that might come up at work.
  2. Ethical Standards for the Teaching and Training Profession: Laws that affect schools and teachers come from federal, state and local authorities. These laws affect employment, contracts, tenure and dismissal. Teachers have the same rights as other citizens, including freedom of expression, with restraints placed by the responsibilities of teaching. Academic freedom requires teachers to use judgment about what and how they teach and choices they make in their personal lives. Teachers have the responsibility to care for and protect students. They also are required to follow laws for liability, copyright issues and the reporting of suspected child abuse.
  3. Teacher Ethics and Responsibility Video explains educator’s ethics and responsibility. http://youtu.be/BloG7XjeSxg Teacher note: The video is seven minutes long.
  4. Texas Educators’ Code of Ethics Purpose and Scope The Texas educator shall comply with standard practices and ethical conduct toward students, professional colleagues, school officials, parents, and members of the community and shall safeguard academic freedom. The Texas educator, in maintaining the dignity of the profession, shall respect and obey the law, demonstrate personal integrity, and exemplify honesty and good moral character. The Texas educator, in exemplifying ethical relations with colleagues, shall extend just and equitable treatment to all members of the profession. The Texas educator, in accepting a position of public trust, shall measure success by the progress of each student toward realization of his or her potential as an effective citizen. The Texas educator, in fulfilling 39 responsibilities in the community, shall cooperate with parents and others to improve the public schools of the community. (19 TAC 247.1(b)) Texas Education Agency Code of Ethics: Purpose and Scope http://info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app=9&p_dir=&p_rloc=&p_tloc=&p_ploc=&pg=1&p_tac=&ti=19&pt=7&ch=247&rl=1
  5. Ethics for Teachers Ethical teachers follow beliefs and values that are dedicated to what is best for students. Some of the characteristics that help teachers make ethical decisions are knowledge, empathy, reasoning, courage and interpersonal skills. The Texas Education Agency provides a professional code of ethics for educators. Click on the link and read the professional code of ethics for educators. What happens when the code of ethics is not upheld? Who is affected by this? Texas Education Agency Code of Ethics http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=2147501244&menu_id=771&menu_id2=794&ekfxmen_noscript=1&ekfxmensel=e9edebdf8_771_775
  6. What does compliant mean to an educator? Educators have a responsibility to ensure that students gain the knowledge and skills they require to become effective learners and ultimately effective and responsible citizens who understand and appreciate the values and beliefs supported by society. They also have a responsibility to meet the high standards of professional and ethical behavior required by their district, the public, parents and the profession itself. Teachers who undertake this responsibility and who are compliant within the framework of the law and lawful instructions from their school district are considered ethical educators. What happens if an educator is non-compliant?
  7. First and foremost---Follow your district and campus policies and procedures! What happens if we don’t? The importance of knowing school policies and procedures cannot be overstated. Every school has different policies and procedures. Know the protocols in your school and follow them. Do not follow the lead of others who disregard these procedures. Those who hired you expect you to honor school rules. Never forget your status as a “student teacher” or “new hire.” It’s important to remember that the school committee sets school policies. Teachers who do not respect school policies run the risk of embarrassing the school. Teachers who negatively affect the school’s reputation also jeopardize their own professional reputation as well as their employment status. All district employees should perform their duties in accordance with state and federal law, district policies and procedures and ethical standards. Violation of policies, regulations, or guidelines may result in disciplinary action, including termination.
  8. Educators are expected to do their best work possible and to comply with all policies.  Educators who are out of compliance will be notified either verbally or in writing as to the improvements necessary to be in compliance.  The School Board Policy Manual is a great resource to refer to. This manual can usually be found at central office, the front office or the district’s website. All districts handle non-compliance situations differently. Alleged violations of a policy may be discussed in a conference between the employee and the building principal. If the principal finds the violation(s) to be factual, the principal shall issue a written reprimand to the employee(s) involved. This reprimand shall become a part of the employee’s personnel file. Repeated violations may result in non-renewal of an employee’s contract or dismissal.
  9. Ethical Decisions and Consequences Almost every day, the news reports situations where teachers, coaches, administrators and students are not ethical. They are making choices that put themselves and others in unethical and often illegal situations. Different states and school districts handle things differently. It is important to ask and know where to find the guidelines for each school district. This is especially important for teachers of Instructional Practices in Education and Training since students are also involved with other students on other campuses.
  10. Educators are strongly discouraged from having personal pages on Myspace, Facebook or other social networking sites. Educators in some districts have experienced problems with inappropriate communications with students, as well as inappropriate content being posted on their pages by themselves or their “friends.” In some cases, educators have been dismissed due to inappropriate content on their personal web pages. Educators are also advised not to use class time to engage in communications of a personal nature with others.
  11. Fraud and Financial Impropriety All employees should act with integrity and diligence in duties involving the district’s financial resources. All districts prohibit fraud and financial impropriety, as defined below. Fraud and financial impropriety include the following: • Forgery or unauthorized alteration of any document or account belonging to the district • Forgery or unauthorized alteration of a check, bank draft or any other financial document • Misappropriation of funds, securities, supplies or other district assets including employee time • Impropriety in the handling of money or reporting of district financial transactions • Profiteering as a result of insider knowledge of district information or activities • Unauthorized disclosure of confidential or proprietary information to outside parties • Unauthorized disclosure of investment activities engaged in or contemplated by the district • Accepting or seeking anything of material value from contractors, vendors or other persons providing services or materials to the district • Destroying, removing or inappropriately using records, furniture, fixtures or equipment • Failing to provide financial records required by state or local entities • Failure to disclose conflicts of interest as required by policy • Any other dishonest act regarding the finances of the district
  12. A good work ethic is an attitude that combines hard work, good performance and dependable results. How can your ethics help you develop strong relationships in a work environment?
  13. Professionals do not use profanity on the job and avoid gossip. Can you think of any other descriptions for professional behavior?
  14. Do not let what happens at home or in your personal life affect your work life. Is it a good idea to date someone that you work with? Why or why not?
  15. Embezzlement occurs when a trusted employee takes either money or goods entrusted to them. They can be arrested, fined and/or sent to prison. A 2010 report by TD Bank Financial Group estimated that employee theft played a role in the bankruptcy of one out of 10 failed small- to medium-sized businesses. A study of 23 large retail companies by loss-prevention consulting firm Jack L. Hayes International shows that 71,095 dishonest employees were apprehended in 2012, up 5.5 percent from 2011. In total, more than $50 million was recovered in those cases, up 7 percent from a year earlier. How would you feel if you were a business owner and this was occurring at your place of business?
  16. These are considered soft skills or transferable skills. These are skills which individuals must develop, refine, practice and reinforce. Why are they called transferable skills? They are called transferable skills because you can transfer them from one situation or career to another. Here is a list of additional transferable skills: Negotiating Tactfulness Patience with difficult people Setting priorities Completing projects on time Problem solving Management Leadership Accepting responsibility Decision making Cooperating Can you think of skills you have that you can transfer to many different situations or careers?
  17. Responsibility - employees show up for work on time and work diligently to become familiar with job duties and perform them correctly   Flexibility - employees can adjust to changes without complaining   Honesty - employees admit their mistakes and find out how to prevent making them again   Teamwork – employees work with a large team   Commitment - the quality that supports all your abilities and skills to build a strong work ethic   Excellence – employees make the most of opportunities to improve their abilities and learn new skills A reliable employee:   •Arrives at work on time •Keeps personal matters separate from business matters •Works a full shift •Carries out a variety of assigned tasks without constant prompting •Takes on extra work when necessary without complaint •Gets enough rest to work effectively •Maintains good personal, physical and mental health How can joining a career and technical student organization help you build a good work ethic?
  18. Workplace ethics serve as guiding principles that effective leaders use in setting professional tone and behavior. Many establishments have created written codes of ethics, which are designed to remove the guesswork about what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior. These codes of ethics may include employee treatment, wages, benefits, working conditions, behavior of employees and any other issues that may impact operations.
  19. To determine whether a decision or action is based on sound workplace ethics, managers and employees should ask these questions. Are all these valid questions to keep in mind as an employee? Why or why not?