SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 29
PHILIPPINE CARTOONS: POLITICAL
CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA
(1900-1941)
Alfred W. McCoy
 Ruby Causing
 Jethro Diaz
 Edelyn Gomez
Presented by:
AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND
ALFRED W. MCCOY
Birth: June 8, 1945, Massachusetts,
U.S.A.
Age at present: 72 years old
Citizenship: American
AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND
•Alfred W. McCoy is a professor of
History at the University of
Wisconsin where he also served
as Director of Center for
Southeast Asian Studies
-specialized in Philippine
Political History and Global
Opium Trafficking
AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND
•He spent the past
quarter of his life
writing about the
politics and history of
the Opium Trade
POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN
ERA, 1900-41
Awards Earned:
• Philippine Catholic
Mass Media Award, Best
Book of the Year for
1985.
• Philippine National
Book Award for History,
1986.
Gintong Aklat Award
(Manila) Special Citation
for History, 1897
OTHER POPULAR WORKS
• Shadows of the American
Century: The Rise and
Decline of U.S. Global
Power, 2017
• Policing America’s Empire:
The United States, the
Philippines, and the Rise of
the Surveillance State
(2009)
OTHER POPULAR WORKS
Politics of Heroin in Southeast
Asia- a classic work on drug
trafficking (blocked by C.I.A.
but remained in print for more
than 50 years and translated
to 9 languages)
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
OF “POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA”
(EDITORIAL CARTOONS)
During the American era, Philippine political
cartoons gained full expression during the
American era. Filipino artists recorded national
attitudes toward the coming of the Americans
as well as the changing mores and times.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
OF “POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE
AMERICAN ERA”
(EDITORIAL CARTOONS)
While the 377 cartoons compiled in this book
speak for themselves, historian Alfred McCoy’s
extensive research in Philippine and American
archives provides a comprehensive background
not only to the cartoons but to the turbulent
period as well.
CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
• The presentation of the cartoons varies from racial
to conservative, vivid and wordy to express the
cartoonist’s views and languages used are either in
English or Spanish.
• The victims are presented in a bad and sorry state to
convey sympathy from the readers.
CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
• The characters to emphasize on the “good side” are
shown in normal features while the “bad” emaciated,
leering, laughing creatures, more on animal features
than human, e.g. Chinese men in the cartoon
editorial “Is the Police Force Bribed?”
• The artists, using their cartoons, illustrated not just
their opinions, but broad image of the Philippines
under the US.
CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
• The transition from Spanish Colonial period to American
Occupation shows different changes as well as in culture,
society, and politics. The drastic introduction of democracy
to a nation not properly oriented about it and its
consequences are far from ideal. Thus, it ushered free press.
The rich remained affluent and powerful, while the poor
people remained poor, desperate, and victims of state
repression.
HISTORICAL INFORMATION
IMAGE #1
• Depicts the first of Manila's
periodic police scandals
during the American era
• The cartoonist, Fernando
Amorsolo, gives the
illustration of his usual
racist edge, e.g. Chinese men
are usually caricatured for
they are described as
corruptors or opium
smugglers.
IMAGE #2
• The cartoon's caption, "New Bird of
Prey" is an allusion to the most
famous libel case in the history of
Philippine Journalism.
• It illustrated the fate of a local
newspaper publication after an
editorial attacking a high ranking
official in the Philippine Commission
(Closure of the paper and selling of
its assets due to libel case)
IMAGE #3
• The editorial below, the cartoon
urged the government to
confiscate the large priest’s
residence attached to Santa
Cruz parish church. People are
congested at the Plaza Goiti and
Plaza Santa Cruz while the
single priest sits in a sprawling
residence.
IMAGE #4
• Handing control of the
Board of Health to
Filipinos, a public health
risk!
IMAGE #5
• It is a mocking editorial
about authorizing active
and retired legislators to
bear firearms.
Sarcastically, the Manila
Press went outraged. They
stated that those people in
authority must then be
respected!
IMAGE #6
• The Free press denounces the
proliferation of illegal taxis called
COLORUMS.
With automobiles crowded into
Manila's narrow streets and
authorities failure to take
necessary actions, the Free press
had some gloomy thoughts. With
the proliferation of illegal PUVS
and Taxis (Colorums), fatal
accidents were expected to rise on
that year.
IMAGE #7
• Manila sinks into a miasma of
corruption, vice and
mismanagement.
• Political Thuggery escalates
members of the Council running for
re-election mobilize the city's
gangsters to coerce voters
• The editorial pointed out that the
gangster or terrorist carries more
political influence than an honest
man.
IMAGE #8
• Agrarian Issues in the
Philippines got worsen
IMAGE #9
• When PNB (Philippine
National Bank) began to
collapse, it was forced to
tighten its credit operations.
Then, the sugar planters
Negros protested. Banks, due
to the financial stringency,
turn a deaf to all the appeals.
IMAGE #10
• Brother's under the skin- urges Filipinos to end social
conflict and deal with each other fairly.
• The Devil's brood - the tenant farmers in Pangasinan
have protested their treatment and dock and sugar mill
workers in Western Visayas have mounted a general
strike, the largest in Philippine History.
• A Sovietized Philippines- the Socialist Party leader
Perdo Abad Santos stated " If it were possible for the
Soviet Union to intervene in the Philippines, such
intervention, I am sure, would be welcomed by the
working class"
• Law and Order Democracy's Greatest Bulwark-
supports a recent speech on the floor of the Assemble by
representative Fausto F. Gonzales-Sioco attacking the
rampant crime, political assassination and communist
class agitation in his home province.
CONTRIBUTION/RELEVANCE
Editorial Cartoons play an important role in understanding
the Filipinos' sentiments concerning the transition of
governance from Spain to the Americans. Pressing issues are
clearly illustrated in the caricature of characters and
satirized situations in the Philippine Society during the
American era. Indeed, artists’ works are relevant in the study
of Philippine History. Artists’ free expression of thoughts
through their cartoons or caricatures somehow influenced
the Filipinos at that particular period.
LEARNING EXPERIENCE
• Media influence can be an actual force resulting change in
audience or individual beliefs. These effects can be positive or
negative, abrupt or gradual, short-term or long-lasting.
• However, not all effects result in change: some media
messages reinforce an existing belief, attitudes, as well as
behavior of the populace.
• Cartoon editorials compiled by McCoy as a print media, surely
have made an impact among the Filipino readers during the
American period until today.
LEARNING EXPERIENCE
• Including works of art and editorials in the study of
history is a good strategy to make students more
engaged in learning the course. People’s opinions,
sentiments, and aspirations of the time they were
published can be reflected and analyzed in the
works of art.
LEARNING EXPERIENCES
• In appreciation of cartoon editorials, they may be
included as suggested materials in the pedagogy of
teaching Readings in Philippine History since editorial
and political cartoons are going beyond their purpose.
• Its role and importance must be reevaluated since it is a
powerful medium in the context of different events in
the Philippine History.
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-of-the-American-Era-pptx-pptx.pptx

More Related Content

What's hot

Ang people power revolution
Ang people power revolutionAng people power revolution
Ang people power revolution
Bhoxz JoYrel
 
The American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the PhilippinesThe American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the Philippines
liliemanna
 
The Philippines a Century Hence
The Philippines a Century HenceThe Philippines a Century Hence
The Philippines a Century Hence
Wilfredo Baldoza
 
The phil government in transition2
The phil government in transition2The phil government in transition2
The phil government in transition2
Jhonil Bajado
 
Manuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
Manuel L. Quezon- Social JusticeManuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
Manuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
Kristynil Dimapilis
 
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikat
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikatImpeng negro ni rogelio sikat
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikat
Grace Andrade
 

What's hot (20)

Political thoughts of Jose P. Laurel (MLJCBASILAN)
Political  thoughts of Jose P. Laurel (MLJCBASILAN)Political  thoughts of Jose P. Laurel (MLJCBASILAN)
Political thoughts of Jose P. Laurel (MLJCBASILAN)
 
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  ProclamationMcKinley’s Benevolent  Assimilation  Proclamation
McKinley’s Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
 
Katipunan membership
Katipunan membershipKatipunan membership
Katipunan membership
 
Kalagayan ng Sining at Kultura.pptx
Kalagayan ng Sining at Kultura.pptxKalagayan ng Sining at Kultura.pptx
Kalagayan ng Sining at Kultura.pptx
 
Philippines A Century Hence
Philippines A Century Hence Philippines A Century Hence
Philippines A Century Hence
 
Ang people power revolution
Ang people power revolutionAng people power revolution
Ang people power revolution
 
The American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the PhilippinesThe American Colonization in the Philippines
The American Colonization in the Philippines
 
Philippine History
Philippine HistoryPhilippine History
Philippine History
 
The Philippines a Century Hence
The Philippines a Century HenceThe Philippines a Century Hence
The Philippines a Century Hence
 
History : THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM
History : THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEMHistory : THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM
History : THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM
 
Praymer hinggil sa Pambansang industriyalisasyon
Praymer hinggil sa Pambansang industriyalisasyonPraymer hinggil sa Pambansang industriyalisasyon
Praymer hinggil sa Pambansang industriyalisasyon
 
The phil government in transition2
The phil government in transition2The phil government in transition2
The phil government in transition2
 
Commonwealth
CommonwealthCommonwealth
Commonwealth
 
The Art of Philippine Films
The Art of Philippine FilmsThe Art of Philippine Films
The Art of Philippine Films
 
Pederalismo
PederalismoPederalismo
Pederalismo
 
A Discussion on Bayaning Third World
A Discussion on Bayaning Third WorldA Discussion on Bayaning Third World
A Discussion on Bayaning Third World
 
Carlos Garcia.
Carlos Garcia.Carlos Garcia.
Carlos Garcia.
 
Manuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
Manuel L. Quezon- Social JusticeManuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
Manuel L. Quezon- Social Justice
 
2. Filipino Thinkers, Educators and their Educational Association.pptx
2. Filipino Thinkers, Educators and their Educational Association.pptx2. Filipino Thinkers, Educators and their Educational Association.pptx
2. Filipino Thinkers, Educators and their Educational Association.pptx
 
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikat
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikatImpeng negro ni rogelio sikat
Impeng negro ni rogelio sikat
 

Similar to 458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-of-the-American-Era-pptx-pptx.pptx

Presidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republicPresidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republic
Israela Padilla
 
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
EricaMeeBayote
 
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world 1st year college
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world  1st year collegeCHAPTER-8. Contemporary world  1st year college
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world 1st year college
jhijee5
 
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization ofchapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
WilheminaRossi174
 
60s ppt Issues and Themes
60s ppt Issues and Themes60s ppt Issues and Themes
60s ppt Issues and Themes
Bryan Wood
 
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialismP 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
ankimakwana
 

Similar to 458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-of-the-American-Era-pptx-pptx.pptx (20)

Reading in Philippine History
Reading in Philippine HistoryReading in Philippine History
Reading in Philippine History
 
464588856-A-glance-at-selected-Philippine-Political-Caricature-in-pptx.pptx
464588856-A-glance-at-selected-Philippine-Political-Caricature-in-pptx.pptx464588856-A-glance-at-selected-Philippine-Political-Caricature-in-pptx.pptx
464588856-A-glance-at-selected-Philippine-Political-Caricature-in-pptx.pptx
 
A-GLANCE-AT-SELECTED-PHILIPPINE-POLITICAL-CARICATURE-IN.pptx
A-GLANCE-AT-SELECTED-PHILIPPINE-POLITICAL-CARICATURE-IN.pptxA-GLANCE-AT-SELECTED-PHILIPPINE-POLITICAL-CARICATURE-IN.pptx
A-GLANCE-AT-SELECTED-PHILIPPINE-POLITICAL-CARICATURE-IN.pptx
 
Presidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republicPresidents of the third republic
Presidents of the third republic
 
Philippine literature (under the republic)
Philippine literature (under the republic)Philippine literature (under the republic)
Philippine literature (under the republic)
 
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
6.-POLITICAL-CARICATURES-DURING-THE-AMERICAN-ERA-Copy.pptx
 
Epiko ng biag ni lam ang
Epiko ng biag ni lam angEpiko ng biag ni lam ang
Epiko ng biag ni lam ang
 
Post colonialism Media Theory
Post colonialism Media TheoryPost colonialism Media Theory
Post colonialism Media Theory
 
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world 1st year college
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world  1st year collegeCHAPTER-8. Contemporary world  1st year college
CHAPTER-8. Contemporary world 1st year college
 
Philippine literature (under the republic) FINAL
Philippine literature (under the republic) FINALPhilippine literature (under the republic) FINAL
Philippine literature (under the republic) FINAL
 
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization ofchapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
chapter 4How the Poor Became BlackThe Racialization of
 
Shush! Philippine Media Censorship Throughout the Years
Shush! Philippine Media Censorship Throughout the YearsShush! Philippine Media Censorship Throughout the Years
Shush! Philippine Media Censorship Throughout the Years
 
History of Nolie Me tangere
History of Nolie Me tangereHistory of Nolie Me tangere
History of Nolie Me tangere
 
A Young Republic (Philippine History)
A Young Republic (Philippine History)A Young Republic (Philippine History)
A Young Republic (Philippine History)
 
60s ppt Issues and Themes
60s ppt Issues and Themes60s ppt Issues and Themes
60s ppt Issues and Themes
 
An anarchy of families the historiography of state and family in the philip...
An anarchy of families   the historiography of state and family in the philip...An anarchy of families   the historiography of state and family in the philip...
An anarchy of families the historiography of state and family in the philip...
 
Corazon-Aquino-U.S.-Congress-Speech.pptx
Corazon-Aquino-U.S.-Congress-Speech.pptxCorazon-Aquino-U.S.-Congress-Speech.pptx
Corazon-Aquino-U.S.-Congress-Speech.pptx
 
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialismP 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
P 8 popular culture ans post-colonialism
 
Betrayal By Any Other Name
Betrayal By Any Other NameBetrayal By Any Other Name
Betrayal By Any Other Name
 
RPHISTORY.pptx
RPHISTORY.pptxRPHISTORY.pptx
RPHISTORY.pptx
 

More from Dan Lhery Gregorious

PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
MuaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaMuaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptxUCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptxbuildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptxdiss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptxnewmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 

More from Dan Lhery Gregorious (20)

PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.pptPowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
 
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.pptWho_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
 
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.pptClassroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
 
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.pptIndivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
 
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.pptGeog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
 
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.pptCh 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
 
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
 
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.pptLaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
 
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptxLESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
 
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptxTNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
 
Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
MuaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaMuaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
 
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptxUCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
 
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptxbuildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
 
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.pptfwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
 
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptxdiss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
 
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptxnewmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
 
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptxDIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
 
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptxPR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
 
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptxGLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdfzidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
zukhrafshabbir
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Understanding UAE Labour Law: Key Points for Employers and Employees
Understanding UAE Labour Law: Key Points for Employers and EmployeesUnderstanding UAE Labour Law: Key Points for Employers and Employees
Understanding UAE Labour Law: Key Points for Employers and Employees
 
بروفايل شركة ميار الخليج للاستشارات الهندسية.pdf
بروفايل شركة ميار الخليج للاستشارات الهندسية.pdfبروفايل شركة ميار الخليج للاستشارات الهندسية.pdf
بروفايل شركة ميار الخليج للاستشارات الهندسية.pdf
 
Shoe Deodorizer Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pptx
Shoe Deodorizer Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pptxShoe Deodorizer Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pptx
Shoe Deodorizer Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pptx
 
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdfInnomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
 
How to refresh to be fit for the future world
How to refresh to be fit for the future worldHow to refresh to be fit for the future world
How to refresh to be fit for the future world
 
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptxHow to Maintain  Healthy Life style.pptx
How to Maintain Healthy Life style.pptx
 
Series A Fundraising Guide (Investing Individuals Improving Our World) by Accion
Series A Fundraising Guide (Investing Individuals Improving Our World) by AccionSeries A Fundraising Guide (Investing Individuals Improving Our World) by Accion
Series A Fundraising Guide (Investing Individuals Improving Our World) by Accion
 
Potato Flakes Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pdf
Potato Flakes Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pdfPotato Flakes Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pdf
Potato Flakes Manufacturing Plant Project Report.pdf
 
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small BusinessesFalcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
Falcon Invoice Discounting Setup for Small Businesses
 
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybridEvent Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
Event Report - IBM Think 2024 - It is all about AI and hybrid
 
Raising Seed Capital by Steve Schlafman at RRE Ventures
Raising Seed Capital by Steve Schlafman at RRE VenturesRaising Seed Capital by Steve Schlafman at RRE Ventures
Raising Seed Capital by Steve Schlafman at RRE Ventures
 
How Do Venture Capitalists Make Decisions?
How Do Venture Capitalists Make Decisions?How Do Venture Capitalists Make Decisions?
How Do Venture Capitalists Make Decisions?
 
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service LightningFEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
FEXLE- Salesforce Field Service Lightning
 
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdfzidauu _business  communication.pptx /pdf
zidauu _business communication.pptx /pdf
 
A Brief Introduction About Jacob Badgett
A Brief Introduction About Jacob BadgettA Brief Introduction About Jacob Badgett
A Brief Introduction About Jacob Badgett
 
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to KnowCopyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
Copyright: What Creators and Users of Art Need to Know
 
Meaningful Technology for Humans: How Strategy Helps to Deliver Real Value fo...
Meaningful Technology for Humans: How Strategy Helps to Deliver Real Value fo...Meaningful Technology for Humans: How Strategy Helps to Deliver Real Value fo...
Meaningful Technology for Humans: How Strategy Helps to Deliver Real Value fo...
 
Engagement Rings vs Promise Rings | Detailed Guide
Engagement Rings vs Promise Rings | Detailed GuideEngagement Rings vs Promise Rings | Detailed Guide
Engagement Rings vs Promise Rings | Detailed Guide
 
Unleash Data Power with EnFuse Solutions' Comprehensive Data Management Servi...
Unleash Data Power with EnFuse Solutions' Comprehensive Data Management Servi...Unleash Data Power with EnFuse Solutions' Comprehensive Data Management Servi...
Unleash Data Power with EnFuse Solutions' Comprehensive Data Management Servi...
 
HAL Financial Performance Analysis and Future Prospects
HAL Financial Performance Analysis and Future ProspectsHAL Financial Performance Analysis and Future Prospects
HAL Financial Performance Analysis and Future Prospects
 

458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-of-the-American-Era-pptx-pptx.pptx

  • 1. PHILIPPINE CARTOONS: POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA (1900-1941) Alfred W. McCoy  Ruby Causing  Jethro Diaz  Edelyn Gomez Presented by:
  • 2. AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND ALFRED W. MCCOY Birth: June 8, 1945, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Age at present: 72 years old Citizenship: American
  • 3. AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND •Alfred W. McCoy is a professor of History at the University of Wisconsin where he also served as Director of Center for Southeast Asian Studies -specialized in Philippine Political History and Global Opium Trafficking
  • 4. AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND •He spent the past quarter of his life writing about the politics and history of the Opium Trade
  • 5. POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA, 1900-41 Awards Earned: • Philippine Catholic Mass Media Award, Best Book of the Year for 1985. • Philippine National Book Award for History, 1986.
  • 6. Gintong Aklat Award (Manila) Special Citation for History, 1897
  • 7. OTHER POPULAR WORKS • Shadows of the American Century: The Rise and Decline of U.S. Global Power, 2017 • Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State (2009)
  • 8. OTHER POPULAR WORKS Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia- a classic work on drug trafficking (blocked by C.I.A. but remained in print for more than 50 years and translated to 9 languages)
  • 9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF “POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA” (EDITORIAL CARTOONS) During the American era, Philippine political cartoons gained full expression during the American era. Filipino artists recorded national attitudes toward the coming of the Americans as well as the changing mores and times.
  • 10. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF “POLITICAL CARICATURE OF THE AMERICAN ERA” (EDITORIAL CARTOONS) While the 377 cartoons compiled in this book speak for themselves, historian Alfred McCoy’s extensive research in Philippine and American archives provides a comprehensive background not only to the cartoons but to the turbulent period as well.
  • 11. CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS • The presentation of the cartoons varies from racial to conservative, vivid and wordy to express the cartoonist’s views and languages used are either in English or Spanish. • The victims are presented in a bad and sorry state to convey sympathy from the readers.
  • 12. CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS • The characters to emphasize on the “good side” are shown in normal features while the “bad” emaciated, leering, laughing creatures, more on animal features than human, e.g. Chinese men in the cartoon editorial “Is the Police Force Bribed?” • The artists, using their cartoons, illustrated not just their opinions, but broad image of the Philippines under the US.
  • 13. CONTENT PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS • The transition from Spanish Colonial period to American Occupation shows different changes as well as in culture, society, and politics. The drastic introduction of democracy to a nation not properly oriented about it and its consequences are far from ideal. Thus, it ushered free press. The rich remained affluent and powerful, while the poor people remained poor, desperate, and victims of state repression.
  • 15. IMAGE #1 • Depicts the first of Manila's periodic police scandals during the American era • The cartoonist, Fernando Amorsolo, gives the illustration of his usual racist edge, e.g. Chinese men are usually caricatured for they are described as corruptors or opium smugglers.
  • 16. IMAGE #2 • The cartoon's caption, "New Bird of Prey" is an allusion to the most famous libel case in the history of Philippine Journalism. • It illustrated the fate of a local newspaper publication after an editorial attacking a high ranking official in the Philippine Commission (Closure of the paper and selling of its assets due to libel case)
  • 17. IMAGE #3 • The editorial below, the cartoon urged the government to confiscate the large priest’s residence attached to Santa Cruz parish church. People are congested at the Plaza Goiti and Plaza Santa Cruz while the single priest sits in a sprawling residence.
  • 18. IMAGE #4 • Handing control of the Board of Health to Filipinos, a public health risk!
  • 19. IMAGE #5 • It is a mocking editorial about authorizing active and retired legislators to bear firearms. Sarcastically, the Manila Press went outraged. They stated that those people in authority must then be respected!
  • 20. IMAGE #6 • The Free press denounces the proliferation of illegal taxis called COLORUMS. With automobiles crowded into Manila's narrow streets and authorities failure to take necessary actions, the Free press had some gloomy thoughts. With the proliferation of illegal PUVS and Taxis (Colorums), fatal accidents were expected to rise on that year.
  • 21. IMAGE #7 • Manila sinks into a miasma of corruption, vice and mismanagement. • Political Thuggery escalates members of the Council running for re-election mobilize the city's gangsters to coerce voters • The editorial pointed out that the gangster or terrorist carries more political influence than an honest man.
  • 22. IMAGE #8 • Agrarian Issues in the Philippines got worsen
  • 23. IMAGE #9 • When PNB (Philippine National Bank) began to collapse, it was forced to tighten its credit operations. Then, the sugar planters Negros protested. Banks, due to the financial stringency, turn a deaf to all the appeals.
  • 24. IMAGE #10 • Brother's under the skin- urges Filipinos to end social conflict and deal with each other fairly. • The Devil's brood - the tenant farmers in Pangasinan have protested their treatment and dock and sugar mill workers in Western Visayas have mounted a general strike, the largest in Philippine History. • A Sovietized Philippines- the Socialist Party leader Perdo Abad Santos stated " If it were possible for the Soviet Union to intervene in the Philippines, such intervention, I am sure, would be welcomed by the working class" • Law and Order Democracy's Greatest Bulwark- supports a recent speech on the floor of the Assemble by representative Fausto F. Gonzales-Sioco attacking the rampant crime, political assassination and communist class agitation in his home province.
  • 25. CONTRIBUTION/RELEVANCE Editorial Cartoons play an important role in understanding the Filipinos' sentiments concerning the transition of governance from Spain to the Americans. Pressing issues are clearly illustrated in the caricature of characters and satirized situations in the Philippine Society during the American era. Indeed, artists’ works are relevant in the study of Philippine History. Artists’ free expression of thoughts through their cartoons or caricatures somehow influenced the Filipinos at that particular period.
  • 26. LEARNING EXPERIENCE • Media influence can be an actual force resulting change in audience or individual beliefs. These effects can be positive or negative, abrupt or gradual, short-term or long-lasting. • However, not all effects result in change: some media messages reinforce an existing belief, attitudes, as well as behavior of the populace. • Cartoon editorials compiled by McCoy as a print media, surely have made an impact among the Filipino readers during the American period until today.
  • 27. LEARNING EXPERIENCE • Including works of art and editorials in the study of history is a good strategy to make students more engaged in learning the course. People’s opinions, sentiments, and aspirations of the time they were published can be reflected and analyzed in the works of art.
  • 28. LEARNING EXPERIENCES • In appreciation of cartoon editorials, they may be included as suggested materials in the pedagogy of teaching Readings in Philippine History since editorial and political cartoons are going beyond their purpose. • Its role and importance must be reevaluated since it is a powerful medium in the context of different events in the Philippine History.