SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Multicultural
Workplace for the
Tourism and Hospitality
Professionals
Introduction:
Culture is one of the important concepts in sociology.
No human society can exist and develop without its
culture. The main difference between the animal and
human societies is of culture only.
Animal societies have no culture because they do not
have systems of learning and transmitting social
experiences.
Sociologists are keenly interested in the study of
culture because the study of human society is
incomplete without it.
Edward Tylor
Culture is that complex
whole which includes
knowledge, beliefs, art,
law, custom, and any other
capabilities and habits
acquired by man as a
member of the society.
Definition of culture
Different sociologists have differently defined the
term culture:
Taylor: “Culture is the complex whole which
includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, customs
and habits and any capabilities acquired by man as a
member of society”.
Linton: “Culture is social heredity, which is
transmitted from one generation to another with the
accumulation of individual experiences”.
John Beattee: Culture is the way of life which is
transmitted from generation to generation”.
TYPES OF CULTURE
• Material Culture
• Non-material Culture
• Real Culture
• Ideal Culture
1. Material Culture
• From material culture we understand material and
physical objects. For instance, house, road, vehicles,
pen, table, radio set, book etc. these are the products of
human efforts to control his environment and make his
life conformable and safe.
2. Non-material culture
• In non-material culture we include non material
objects. For example religion, art, ideas, customs,
values system, attitudes, knowledge etc. it does not
have physical shape. It is very important in determining
human behavior and has strong hold on an individual.
Both parts are inter-related with each other.
Real Culture:
• Real culture is that which can be observed in our
social life. The culture on which we act upon in our
daily life is real culture. It is that parts of culture,
which the people adopt in their social life, for
example. If a person/ says that he/she is Muslim, will
be, when followed all the principles of Islam is the
real and when doesn’t follow, is not a real one.
Ideal Culture:
• The culture which is presented as a pattern to the
people is called ideal culture. It is the goal of society
and never achieved fully because some parts remain
out of practice. This culture is explained in books,
speeches etc.
CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE:
From the definitions it becomes clear that
sociologically culture has specific meaning and
characteristics. It is the product of human behavior
and gaining knowledge through group. It is a system
of learned behavior and set procedure. Some of the
salient characteristics of culture are as under:
• Culture is learned.
• Culture is shared.
• Culture is transmitted.
• Culture is changing.
1. Culture is learned – It is acquired through
education, training and experience.
2. Culture is socially transmitted through language- It
is transmitted from one generation to another through the
medium of language, verbal or non-verbal through the
gestures or signs, orally or in writing.
• Culture is learned:
• Most of the behavior is learned in society. This
learning might be conscious or unconscious but no
body can deny the process of learning. Culture is
something learnt and acquired e.g. wearing clothes or
dancing. It is not something natural to the person.
• Culture is shared:
• All the traits, attitudes, ideas, knowledge and material
objects like radio, television and automobiles etc is
actually shared by members of society.
Culture is transmitted
All the culture traits and objects are transmitted among
the members of society continually. Most of the cultural
traits and material objects are transmitted to the
members of the society from their forefathers. We learn
new fashion, how to move in society and how to behave
in a particular social situation.
Culture is changing
Culture never remains static but changing. It is
changing in every society, but with different speed and
causes. It constantly under goes change and adapts
itself to the environments.
COMPONENTS OF
CULTURE
-These are the guidelines people are
supposed to follow in their relation
with one another.
-they indicate what people should or should
do in specific situation.
-they indicate the standard of propriety,
morality, legality, and ethics of a society that
are covered by sanctions when violation are
made.
Social norms
a. Folkways – these are everyday habits;
customs, traditions and conventions people obey
without giving much thought to the matter
b. Mores- these are the norms people consider vital
to their wellbeing and most cherished values; they
are special customs with moral and ethical
significance, which are strongly held and
emphasized.
c. Laws- these are formalized norms
enacted by people vested with legitimate
authority.
IDEAS, BELIEFS, VALUES
Ideas are non-materials aspects of culture and
embody man's conception of his physical, social
and cultural world
Beliefs refer to a person's conviction
about a certain idea.
Values are abstract concepts of what is
important and worthwhile, they are general
ideas that individuals share about what is
good or bad.
MATERIAL CULTURE
-It refers to the concrete
and tangible objects
produced and used by
man to satisfy his varied
needs and wants.
SYMBOLS
It refers to an
object, gesture,
sound, color or
design that
represents
something “ other
that itself”.
DIFFERENT
VIEWPOINTS/
PERSPECTIVE ON
CULTURE
1.Culture relativism
2.Culture Shock
It refers to the feelings of disbelief,
disorganization and frustration one
experiences when he encounters cultural
patterns or practices which are different
from his.
The concept of cultural relativism states
that cultures differ, so that a cultural trait,
act, or idea has no meaning but its
meaning only within its cultural setting.
3. Ethnocentrism
It refers to the tendency to see the behaviors, beliefs,
values, and norms of one's own group as the only
right way of living and to judge others by those
standards.
4. Xenocentrism
It refers to the idea that what is foreign is
best and that one's lifestyle, products or
ideas are inferior to those others.
5.Noble savage mentality
It refers to the evaluation of one's culture and that
of others based on the romantic notion that the
culture and way of life of the primitives or other
simple cultures is better, more acceptable and
more orderly.
6. Subculture
This refers to smaller group which develop
norms,values, beliefs, and special languages which
make the distinct from the broader society.
7. Counterculture or contra culture
It refers subgroups whose standards
come in conflict with the oppose the
conventional standards of the dominant
culture.
8. Culture lag
It refers to the gap between the material
and non-material culture.
Unit 1
Introduction: The Understanding
of Culture, Society, and Politics
Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics
25
LEARNING TARGET
At the end of this unit, you should be able to articulate
observations on human cultural variation, social
differences, social change, and political identities.
26
VALUES AND ATTITUDES
● Appreciate the diversity that exists among individuals and groups.
● Comprehend differences with an open mind.
● Treat others with kindness and love.
In this unit, the learners should be able to do the
following:
27
Social Media and
Society
CONTEMPORARY EXPERIENCE
28
UNIT STIMULUS
Society
29
What constitutes a society?
CENTRAL QUESTION
30
Cultural Variations and Social
Differences in Gender
Lesson 1
Unit 1| Introduction: The Understanding of Culture, Society,
and Politics
Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics
Act It Out
31
Demonstrate through role-
playing how each gender might
act, react, or perform in a given
task or situation.
Show creativity and critical
thinking by presenting the
issues, dynamics, and
perspectives in each scenario.
Use any of the following scenario or situation:
● cleaning the house
● working as a professional
● taking care of the children
● acting as the head of the family
● caring for the elderly member of the family
● participating in politics
Act It Out
32
1. What were your considerations in depicting the role of each gender?
2. In your opinion, how does society affect gender?
3. What are the positive and negative effects of society's expectations
toward gender?
Activation
33
Act It Out
The Difference Between Sex and Gender
Sex
Gender
Insert illustration here
34
35
Two Main Categories of Sex
Female
Male
36
Gender Roles
● Culturally-assigned tasks and
activities to sexes
● Social constructs
○ Examples:
■ Only males can
handle physically
demanding activities.
■ Females should
handle domestic
tasks.
Sex-Gender Systems
37
Gender and gender roles are
associated with one’s biological sex.
However, the constructs of gender and
gender roles are challenged in
contemporary and modern societies.
38
Culture, Society, and Gender
Culture is largely involved in
defining gender in societies.
39
Culture, Society, and Gender
Gender is more malleable and
changing across societies.
40
Culture, Society, and Gender
As culture dictates appropriate
characteristics for each gender,
society propagates these
definitions and characteristics.
LGBT and Feminist Movements and
Gender Equality
41
42
What Is Gender
Equality?
PERSPECTIVE-AT-WORK
Stoplight
STOP START
CONTINUE
43

More Related Content

Similar to Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

Similar to Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa (20)

Culture
Culture Culture
Culture
 
Social Science Report : Module 8 : CULTURE
Social Science Report : Module 8 : CULTURESocial Science Report : Module 8 : CULTURE
Social Science Report : Module 8 : CULTURE
 
Culture / Characteristics of culture / Diversity of Culture
Culture / Characteristics of culture / Diversity of CultureCulture / Characteristics of culture / Diversity of Culture
Culture / Characteristics of culture / Diversity of Culture
 
Socio101 report pres
Socio101 report presSocio101 report pres
Socio101 report pres
 
Anil 2020 culture and society Part-1
Anil 2020 culture and society Part-1Anil 2020 culture and society Part-1
Anil 2020 culture and society Part-1
 
Insocio lecture 4 culture and society
Insocio lecture 4 culture and societyInsocio lecture 4 culture and society
Insocio lecture 4 culture and society
 
UCSP Chapter B - defining culture and society from the perspectives of anthro...
UCSP Chapter B - defining culture and society from the perspectives of anthro...UCSP Chapter B - defining culture and society from the perspectives of anthro...
UCSP Chapter B - defining culture and society from the perspectives of anthro...
 
Culture, socialization and education
Culture, socialization and educationCulture, socialization and education
Culture, socialization and education
 
week 1.pptx
week 1.pptxweek 1.pptx
week 1.pptx
 
Culture
Culture Culture
Culture
 
culture.pptx
culture.pptxculture.pptx
culture.pptx
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLOGY.pptx
KEY CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLOGY.pptxKEY CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLOGY.pptx
KEY CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLOGY.pptx
 
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdfUNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
 
culture-180925070656.pptx
culture-180925070656.pptxculture-180925070656.pptx
culture-180925070656.pptx
 
Culture
CultureCulture
Culture
 
Presentation culture anthropology
Presentation culture anthropologyPresentation culture anthropology
Presentation culture anthropology
 
Culture
CultureCulture
Culture
 
Culture, socialization and education.
Culture, socialization and education.Culture, socialization and education.
Culture, socialization and education.
 
107-r1-sat-1-3pm-R.GAMBOA.pptx
107-r1-sat-1-3pm-R.GAMBOA.pptx107-r1-sat-1-3pm-R.GAMBOA.pptx
107-r1-sat-1-3pm-R.GAMBOA.pptx
 
Business Environment - SBAA3002 - UNIT 2 Final-1.pptx
Business Environment - SBAA3002 - UNIT 2 Final-1.pptxBusiness Environment - SBAA3002 - UNIT 2 Final-1.pptx
Business Environment - SBAA3002 - UNIT 2 Final-1.pptx
 

More from Dan Lhery Gregorious

PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptxUCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptxbuildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptxdiss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptxnewmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
Dan Lhery Gregorious
 

More from Dan Lhery Gregorious (20)

PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.pptPowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
PowerPoint- Classroom instruction that works.ppt
 
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.pptWho_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
Who_Wants_to_Be_a_Millionaire_PowerPoint.ppt
 
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.pptClassroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
Classroaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaom Management.ppt
 
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.pptIndivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
Indivppppppppppidual Differences & Traits.ppt
 
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.pptGeog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
Geog 102 Topic aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa5.ppt
 
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.pptCh 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
Ch 6 Poverty Malnutrition & Income Inequality.ppt
 
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
PP-2.PPTfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff...
 
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD...
 
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.pptLaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
Laaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaing 390 Intro.ppt
 
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptxLESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
LESSON-2-SAMPLING-PROCEDURE-FOR-QUANTITATIVE-RESEARCH.pptx
 
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptxTNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
TNT 12 Q1_0101_PS_Definition, Characteristics, and Elements of a Trend.pptx
 
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptxUCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
UCSP 11_12 Q1 0101 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender PS.pptx
 
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptxbuildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
buildingbridgesacrossdisciplinesinbasiceducation-170207122746.pptx
 
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.pptfwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
fwk-rittenberg-ppt-ch03-demand-and-supply.ppt
 
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptxdiss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
diss-lesson-3-introducing-geography-and-history-200805022056.pptx
 
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptxnewmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
newmicrosoftofficepowerpointpresentation-150518172730-lva1-app6892.pptx
 
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptxDIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
DIS 11_12 Q3 0102 PS.pptx
 
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptxPR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
PR2_UNIT-3-WEEK7-OCT-9-13.pptx
 
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
458231378-426520097-Alfred-McCoys-Philippine-Cartoons-Political-Caricatures-o...
 
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptxGLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
GLOBAL-MIGRATION.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptxMachine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
benishzehra469
 
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_CrimesInvestigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
StarCompliance.io
 
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptxExploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
DilipVasan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research by Sebastian Kubitschk...
 
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
2024-05-14 - Tableau User Group - TC24 Hot Topics - Tableau Pulse and Einstei...
 
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
2024 Q1 Tableau User Group Leader Quarterly Call
 
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptxMachine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
Machine Learning For Career Growth..pptx
 
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflowsTabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
Tabula.io Cheatsheet: automate your data workflows
 
Webinar One View, Multiple Systems No-Code Integration of Salesforce and ERPs
Webinar One View, Multiple Systems No-Code Integration of Salesforce and ERPsWebinar One View, Multiple Systems No-Code Integration of Salesforce and ERPs
Webinar One View, Multiple Systems No-Code Integration of Salesforce and ERPs
 
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflictSupply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
Supply chain analytics to combat the effects of Ukraine-Russia-conflict
 
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdfArtificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
Artificial_General_Intelligence__storm_gen_article.pdf
 
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptxPre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
Pre-ProductionImproveddsfjgndflghtgg.pptx
 
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_CrimesInvestigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
Investigate & Recover / StarCompliance.io / Crypto_Crimes
 
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
How can I successfully sell my pi coins in Philippines?
 
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMIBusiness update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
Business update Q1 2024 Lar España Real Estate SOCIMI
 
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization SampleJpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
Jpolillo Amazon PPC - Bid Optimization Sample
 
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptxExploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
Exploratory Data Analysis - Dilip S.pptx
 
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoinhow can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
how can i exchange pi coins for others currency like Bitcoin
 
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp ClaimsSlip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
Slip-and-fall Injuries: Top Workers' Comp Claims
 
basics of data science with application areas.pdf
basics of data science with application areas.pdfbasics of data science with application areas.pdf
basics of data science with application areas.pdf
 
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDBUsing PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
Using PDB Relocation to Move a Single PDB to Another Existing CDB
 
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdfAI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
AI Imagen for data-storytelling Infographics.pdf
 
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
社内勉強会資料_LLM Agents                              .
 

Muaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

  • 1. Multicultural Workplace for the Tourism and Hospitality Professionals
  • 2. Introduction: Culture is one of the important concepts in sociology. No human society can exist and develop without its culture. The main difference between the animal and human societies is of culture only. Animal societies have no culture because they do not have systems of learning and transmitting social experiences. Sociologists are keenly interested in the study of culture because the study of human society is incomplete without it.
  • 3. Edward Tylor Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, art, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of the society.
  • 4. Definition of culture Different sociologists have differently defined the term culture: Taylor: “Culture is the complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, customs and habits and any capabilities acquired by man as a member of society”. Linton: “Culture is social heredity, which is transmitted from one generation to another with the accumulation of individual experiences”. John Beattee: Culture is the way of life which is transmitted from generation to generation”.
  • 5. TYPES OF CULTURE • Material Culture • Non-material Culture • Real Culture • Ideal Culture
  • 6. 1. Material Culture • From material culture we understand material and physical objects. For instance, house, road, vehicles, pen, table, radio set, book etc. these are the products of human efforts to control his environment and make his life conformable and safe. 2. Non-material culture • In non-material culture we include non material objects. For example religion, art, ideas, customs, values system, attitudes, knowledge etc. it does not have physical shape. It is very important in determining human behavior and has strong hold on an individual. Both parts are inter-related with each other.
  • 7. Real Culture: • Real culture is that which can be observed in our social life. The culture on which we act upon in our daily life is real culture. It is that parts of culture, which the people adopt in their social life, for example. If a person/ says that he/she is Muslim, will be, when followed all the principles of Islam is the real and when doesn’t follow, is not a real one. Ideal Culture: • The culture which is presented as a pattern to the people is called ideal culture. It is the goal of society and never achieved fully because some parts remain out of practice. This culture is explained in books, speeches etc.
  • 8. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE: From the definitions it becomes clear that sociologically culture has specific meaning and characteristics. It is the product of human behavior and gaining knowledge through group. It is a system of learned behavior and set procedure. Some of the salient characteristics of culture are as under: • Culture is learned. • Culture is shared. • Culture is transmitted. • Culture is changing.
  • 9. 1. Culture is learned – It is acquired through education, training and experience. 2. Culture is socially transmitted through language- It is transmitted from one generation to another through the medium of language, verbal or non-verbal through the gestures or signs, orally or in writing.
  • 10. • Culture is learned: • Most of the behavior is learned in society. This learning might be conscious or unconscious but no body can deny the process of learning. Culture is something learnt and acquired e.g. wearing clothes or dancing. It is not something natural to the person. • Culture is shared: • All the traits, attitudes, ideas, knowledge and material objects like radio, television and automobiles etc is actually shared by members of society.
  • 11. Culture is transmitted All the culture traits and objects are transmitted among the members of society continually. Most of the cultural traits and material objects are transmitted to the members of the society from their forefathers. We learn new fashion, how to move in society and how to behave in a particular social situation. Culture is changing Culture never remains static but changing. It is changing in every society, but with different speed and causes. It constantly under goes change and adapts itself to the environments.
  • 13. -These are the guidelines people are supposed to follow in their relation with one another. -they indicate what people should or should do in specific situation. -they indicate the standard of propriety, morality, legality, and ethics of a society that are covered by sanctions when violation are made.
  • 14. Social norms a. Folkways – these are everyday habits; customs, traditions and conventions people obey without giving much thought to the matter b. Mores- these are the norms people consider vital to their wellbeing and most cherished values; they are special customs with moral and ethical significance, which are strongly held and emphasized.
  • 15. c. Laws- these are formalized norms enacted by people vested with legitimate authority.
  • 16. IDEAS, BELIEFS, VALUES Ideas are non-materials aspects of culture and embody man's conception of his physical, social and cultural world Beliefs refer to a person's conviction about a certain idea. Values are abstract concepts of what is important and worthwhile, they are general ideas that individuals share about what is good or bad.
  • 17. MATERIAL CULTURE -It refers to the concrete and tangible objects produced and used by man to satisfy his varied needs and wants.
  • 18. SYMBOLS It refers to an object, gesture, sound, color or design that represents something “ other that itself”.
  • 20. 1.Culture relativism 2.Culture Shock It refers to the feelings of disbelief, disorganization and frustration one experiences when he encounters cultural patterns or practices which are different from his. The concept of cultural relativism states that cultures differ, so that a cultural trait, act, or idea has no meaning but its meaning only within its cultural setting.
  • 21. 3. Ethnocentrism It refers to the tendency to see the behaviors, beliefs, values, and norms of one's own group as the only right way of living and to judge others by those standards. 4. Xenocentrism It refers to the idea that what is foreign is best and that one's lifestyle, products or ideas are inferior to those others.
  • 22. 5.Noble savage mentality It refers to the evaluation of one's culture and that of others based on the romantic notion that the culture and way of life of the primitives or other simple cultures is better, more acceptable and more orderly. 6. Subculture This refers to smaller group which develop norms,values, beliefs, and special languages which make the distinct from the broader society.
  • 23. 7. Counterculture or contra culture It refers subgroups whose standards come in conflict with the oppose the conventional standards of the dominant culture. 8. Culture lag It refers to the gap between the material and non-material culture.
  • 24. Unit 1 Introduction: The Understanding of Culture, Society, and Politics Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics
  • 25. 25 LEARNING TARGET At the end of this unit, you should be able to articulate observations on human cultural variation, social differences, social change, and political identities.
  • 26. 26 VALUES AND ATTITUDES ● Appreciate the diversity that exists among individuals and groups. ● Comprehend differences with an open mind. ● Treat others with kindness and love. In this unit, the learners should be able to do the following:
  • 29. 29 What constitutes a society? CENTRAL QUESTION
  • 30. 30 Cultural Variations and Social Differences in Gender Lesson 1 Unit 1| Introduction: The Understanding of Culture, Society, and Politics Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics
  • 31. Act It Out 31 Demonstrate through role- playing how each gender might act, react, or perform in a given task or situation. Show creativity and critical thinking by presenting the issues, dynamics, and perspectives in each scenario.
  • 32. Use any of the following scenario or situation: ● cleaning the house ● working as a professional ● taking care of the children ● acting as the head of the family ● caring for the elderly member of the family ● participating in politics Act It Out 32
  • 33. 1. What were your considerations in depicting the role of each gender? 2. In your opinion, how does society affect gender? 3. What are the positive and negative effects of society's expectations toward gender? Activation 33 Act It Out
  • 34. The Difference Between Sex and Gender Sex Gender Insert illustration here 34
  • 35. 35 Two Main Categories of Sex Female Male
  • 36. 36 Gender Roles ● Culturally-assigned tasks and activities to sexes ● Social constructs ○ Examples: ■ Only males can handle physically demanding activities. ■ Females should handle domestic tasks.
  • 37. Sex-Gender Systems 37 Gender and gender roles are associated with one’s biological sex. However, the constructs of gender and gender roles are challenged in contemporary and modern societies.
  • 38. 38 Culture, Society, and Gender Culture is largely involved in defining gender in societies.
  • 39. 39 Culture, Society, and Gender Gender is more malleable and changing across societies.
  • 40. 40 Culture, Society, and Gender As culture dictates appropriate characteristics for each gender, society propagates these definitions and characteristics.
  • 41. LGBT and Feminist Movements and Gender Equality 41