SlideShare a Scribd company logo
PRESENTED BY:-
DIVYA
BHARAT AGGARWAL
Diabetes
Diabetes
4 types
Type
1
Type
2
gestational
Pre-
diabetes
 Type 1 diabetes is also known as
insulin-dependent diabetes, and is
caused by the body attacking it’s
own pancreas with antibodies.
 It could also be the result of faulty
beta cells in the pancreas that
normally produce insulin.
 In type 2 dm the body
does not produce enough
insulin for proper function,
or the cells in the body do
not react to insulin (insulin
resistance).
Gestational Diabetes is the third main
form of diabetes and occurs in females
during pregnancy. Some women have
very high levels of glucose in their
blood, and their bodies are unable to
produce enough insulin to transport all
of the glucose into their cells, resulting
in progressively rising levels of glucose.
 Careful meal planning to ensure
adequate pregnancy nutrients without
excess fat and calories
 Daily exercise
 Controlling pregnancy weight gain
 Taking insulin to control blood sugar
levels if needed.
Impaired fasting
glycaemia or impaired
fasting glucose refers to
a condition in which the
fasting blood glucose is
elevated above what is
considered normal levels
but is not high enough to
be classified as diabetes
mellitus.
Diabetes
Diabetes
 Cardiovascular disease
 Kidney disease (diabetic
nephropathy)
 Nerve disease (diabetic
neuropathy)
 Eye disease (diabetic
retinopathy)
 Pregnancy complications
3 Ways of testing Diabetes
HbA1c FPGTT OGTT
Diabetes
FPGTT-Fasting Plasma
Glucose Tolerance TEST
The OGTT (oral glucose
tolerance test)
A1C test The FPG (fasting
plasma glucose)
test
The OGTT (oral
glucose tolerance
test)
DIABETES at least 6.5%
means diabetic
at least 126
mg/dl
at least 200
mg/dl
PREDIABETES between 5.7%
and 5.99%
between 100
mg/dl and 125.99
mg/dl
between 140 and
199.9 mg/dl
NORMAL less than 5.7%
means normal
less than 100
mg/dl
less than 140
mg/dl
RANGES OF DIABETES DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
 There is no known preventive measure for type 1
diabetes.
 Type 2 diabetes can often be prevented by a person
being a normal body weight, physical exercise, and
following a healthful diet.
•Oral medicines
•Insulin injections
•Surgery
•Lifestyle
 Biguanides
 Dopamine Agonist
 DPP-4 Inhibitors
 Meglitinides
 Sulfonylureas
 Insulin is a hormone that controls
blood sugar. There are many types
of insulin used to treat diabetes.
Insulins Examples
Rapid acting Insulins - insulin aspart
Short acting Insulins - regular insulin
Intermediate Insulins - insulin NPH
Long acting insulins - insulin glagine
Premixed Insulins - insulin lispro protamine
SITES OF
INSULIN
INJECTION
 A pancreas transplant is occasionally
considered for people with type 1 diabetes
who have severe complications of their
disease.
 Weight loss surgery in those with obesity
and type 2 diabetes is often an effective
measure.
 Maintain or return to
a healthy weight
 Focus on fruits and
veggies
 Cut out the sugary
drinks
 Cut back on TV time
 Physical activity
 A potential future treatment for type 1 diabetes is gene
therapy. Researchers have identified a faulty gene which
means that people with the gene are more likely to
develop diabetes. In the future, this gene could be
replaced by a fully-working version of the gene. This
could prevent people from getting diabetes in the first
place or reverse the condition in people who have
developed the condition.
Diabetes
Diabetes

More Related Content

What's hot

Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS......DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
Dr.Subir Kumar
 
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
AdamBilski2
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
THE VIDEO MAGIC
 
Diabetes Mellitus and its types
Diabetes Mellitus and its types Diabetes Mellitus and its types
Diabetes Mellitus and its types
Fatima Rahat
 
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
Prevention of type 2 diabetesPrevention of type 2 diabetes
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
Mohamed BADR
 
diabetes slides.ppt.pptx
diabetes slides.ppt.pptxdiabetes slides.ppt.pptx
diabetes slides.ppt.pptx
Salem Derby
 
Diabetes mellitus presentation
Diabetes mellitus presentationDiabetes mellitus presentation
Diabetes mellitus presentation
lakshmi das
 
Introduction to Diabetes
Introduction to DiabetesIntroduction to Diabetes
Introduction to Diabetes
State of Utah, Salt Lake City
 
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatments
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatmentsDiabetes mellitus overview and treatments
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatments
Farzana Sultana
 
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
Theresa Lowry-Lehnen
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
Abhra Ghosh
 
diabetes
diabetesdiabetes
diabetes
hussamdr
 
Diabetes powerpoint
Diabetes powerpointDiabetes powerpoint
Diabetes powerpoint
mldanforth
 
Diabetes Mellitus Types Diet Maintenance and Exercise
Diabetes Mellitus Types  Diet Maintenance and ExerciseDiabetes Mellitus Types  Diet Maintenance and Exercise
Diabetes Mellitus Types Diet Maintenance and Exercise
shama shabbir
 
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Shubhrat Maheshwari
 
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Abhay Rajpoot
 
Diabetes getting to know the basics
Diabetes getting to know the basicsDiabetes getting to know the basics
Diabetes getting to know the basics
CyrilDsouza9
 
Weight Management in Type 2 Diabetes: 2015
Weight Management in Type 2Diabetes: 2015Weight Management in Type 2Diabetes: 2015
Weight Management in Type 2 Diabetes: 2015
drsamianik
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
Md Jahirul Islam Sojib
 

What's hot (20)

Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
 
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS......DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
...DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS...
 
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
 
Diabetes Mellitus and its types
Diabetes Mellitus and its types Diabetes Mellitus and its types
Diabetes Mellitus and its types
 
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
Prevention of type 2 diabetesPrevention of type 2 diabetes
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
 
diabetes slides.ppt.pptx
diabetes slides.ppt.pptxdiabetes slides.ppt.pptx
diabetes slides.ppt.pptx
 
Diabetes mellitus presentation
Diabetes mellitus presentationDiabetes mellitus presentation
Diabetes mellitus presentation
 
Introduction to Diabetes
Introduction to DiabetesIntroduction to Diabetes
Introduction to Diabetes
 
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatments
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatmentsDiabetes mellitus overview and treatments
Diabetes mellitus overview and treatments
 
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
Diabetes. Presented by Theresa Lowry-Lehnen. Nurse Practitioner and Lecturer.
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
 
diabetes
diabetesdiabetes
diabetes
 
Diabetes powerpoint
Diabetes powerpointDiabetes powerpoint
Diabetes powerpoint
 
Diabetes Mellitus Types Diet Maintenance and Exercise
Diabetes Mellitus Types  Diet Maintenance and ExerciseDiabetes Mellitus Types  Diet Maintenance and Exercise
Diabetes Mellitus Types Diet Maintenance and Exercise
 
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
 
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
 
Diabetes getting to know the basics
Diabetes getting to know the basicsDiabetes getting to know the basics
Diabetes getting to know the basics
 
Weight Management in Type 2 Diabetes: 2015
Weight Management in Type 2Diabetes: 2015Weight Management in Type 2Diabetes: 2015
Weight Management in Type 2 Diabetes: 2015
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
 

Viewers also liked

WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
Poonam Singh
 
Polynomials
PolynomialsPolynomials
Polynomials
Poonam Singh
 
Mansi
MansiMansi
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samitiQuiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
gltsbm bal mandir
 
Water wars
Water warsWater wars
Water wars
Moonzajer M.f.
 
Water war
Water warWater war
Water wars done ppt
Water wars done pptWater wars done ppt
Water wars done ppt
myukkii
 
Water Wars
Water WarsWater Wars
Water Wars
Kevin ODonnell
 
Water wars by Group3
Water wars by Group3Water wars by Group3
Water wars by Group3
e-twinning
 
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
Minas International
 
Third world war will be due to water
Third world war will be due to waterThird world war will be due to water
Third world war will be due to water
Rajat Sharma
 
World War III
World War IIIWorld War III
World War III
guestd340a8
 
Lost spring ppt
Lost spring pptLost spring ppt
Lost spring ppt
vinodkeloth
 

Viewers also liked (13)

WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
WATER CRISIS “Prediction of 3rd world war”
 
Polynomials
PolynomialsPolynomials
Polynomials
 
Mansi
MansiMansi
Mansi
 
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samitiQuiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
Quiz acc ppt akhil bhartiya vidya sansthan samarth shiksha samiti
 
Water wars
Water warsWater wars
Water wars
 
Water war
Water warWater war
Water war
 
Water wars done ppt
Water wars done pptWater wars done ppt
Water wars done ppt
 
Water Wars
Water WarsWater Wars
Water Wars
 
Water wars by Group3
Water wars by Group3Water wars by Group3
Water wars by Group3
 
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
WATER WARS "is water the new oil?"
 
Third world war will be due to water
Third world war will be due to waterThird world war will be due to water
Third world war will be due to water
 
World War III
World War IIIWorld War III
World War III
 
Lost spring ppt
Lost spring pptLost spring ppt
Lost spring ppt
 

Similar to Diabetes

DIABETIC.pdf
DIABETIC.pdfDIABETIC.pdf
DIABETIC.pdf
agyengo470
 
Diabetes ingles 4
Diabetes ingles 4Diabetes ingles 4
Diabetes ingles 4
Roxana Fernandez Berducci
 
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
Maureen Spencer, RN, M.Ed.
 
Diabetes
Diabetes Diabetes
Diabetes
Khaled AlKhodari
 
Management Of Diabetes
Management Of DiabetesManagement Of Diabetes
Management Of Diabetes
doctorshazly
 
Diabetes (2) (1)
Diabetes (2) (1)Diabetes (2) (1)
Diabetes (2) (1)
biplob mandal
 
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsxDiabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
PTMAAbdelrahman
 
Diabetes.pptx
Diabetes.pptxDiabetes.pptx
Diabetes.pptx
EshanSachintha1
 
59859165 case-study
59859165 case-study59859165 case-study
59859165 case-study
homeworkping4
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
mymedistore.com
 
DIABETES.pptx
DIABETES.pptxDIABETES.pptx
DIABETES.pptx
MoxitShah12
 
Dm
DmDm
Dm
sumi r
 
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Sarah Shah
 
Dm slides syanthika
Dm slides syanthikaDm slides syanthika
Dm slides syanthika
SYANTHIKADUTTA
 
Diabetes prevention guide
Diabetes prevention guideDiabetes prevention guide
Diabetes prevention guide
Williams Hampton
 
Hfle diabetes
 Hfle diabetes Hfle diabetes
Hfle diabetes
tyeisharris1
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
sonamrustagi
 
diabetes word document
diabetes word document diabetes word document
diabetes word document
kavyayadav28
 
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
Kylie Jecsy
 
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment .
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment  .Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment  .
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment .
Magna Centre
 

Similar to Diabetes (20)

DIABETIC.pdf
DIABETIC.pdfDIABETIC.pdf
DIABETIC.pdf
 
Diabetes ingles 4
Diabetes ingles 4Diabetes ingles 4
Diabetes ingles 4
 
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
Yoga for diabetes and obesity 2010
 
Diabetes
Diabetes Diabetes
Diabetes
 
Management Of Diabetes
Management Of DiabetesManagement Of Diabetes
Management Of Diabetes
 
Diabetes (2) (1)
Diabetes (2) (1)Diabetes (2) (1)
Diabetes (2) (1)
 
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsxDiabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
Diabetes mellitus physiotherapy for internal medicine.ppsx
 
Diabetes.pptx
Diabetes.pptxDiabetes.pptx
Diabetes.pptx
 
59859165 case-study
59859165 case-study59859165 case-study
59859165 case-study
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
 
DIABETES.pptx
DIABETES.pptxDIABETES.pptx
DIABETES.pptx
 
Dm
DmDm
Dm
 
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
 
Dm slides syanthika
Dm slides syanthikaDm slides syanthika
Dm slides syanthika
 
Diabetes prevention guide
Diabetes prevention guideDiabetes prevention guide
Diabetes prevention guide
 
Hfle diabetes
 Hfle diabetes Hfle diabetes
Hfle diabetes
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
 
diabetes word document
diabetes word document diabetes word document
diabetes word document
 
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
HEALTHY BLOOD SUGAR
 
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment .
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment  .Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment  .
Diabetes: Types, Causes, and Treatment .
 

More from Poonam Singh

Advertising
Advertising Advertising
Advertising
Poonam Singh
 
old age
old ageold age
old age
Poonam Singh
 
Chemistry
ChemistryChemistry
Chemistry
Poonam Singh
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
Poonam Singh
 
Issue of Shares
Issue of SharesIssue of Shares
Issue of Shares
Poonam Singh
 
My experience my values 7th
My experience my values 7thMy experience my values 7th
My experience my values 7th
Poonam Singh
 
Solid
SolidSolid
Smart class
Smart classSmart class
Smart class
Poonam Singh
 
S107
S107S107
S104
S104S104
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7th
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7thMera anubhav meri siksha 7th
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7th
Poonam Singh
 
S103
S103S103
S102
S102S102
S101
S101S101
Projectile motion
Projectile motionProjectile motion
Projectile motion
Poonam Singh
 
Gravitation
GravitationGravitation
Gravitation
Poonam Singh
 
From the begning
From the begningFrom the begning
From the begning
Poonam Singh
 
English aphotograph
English aphotographEnglish aphotograph
English aphotograph
Poonam Singh
 
Volume of sphere[1]
Volume of sphere[1]Volume of sphere[1]
Volume of sphere[1]
Poonam Singh
 
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
Poonam Singh
 

More from Poonam Singh (20)

Advertising
Advertising Advertising
Advertising
 
old age
old ageold age
old age
 
Chemistry
ChemistryChemistry
Chemistry
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
 
Issue of Shares
Issue of SharesIssue of Shares
Issue of Shares
 
My experience my values 7th
My experience my values 7thMy experience my values 7th
My experience my values 7th
 
Solid
SolidSolid
Solid
 
Smart class
Smart classSmart class
Smart class
 
S107
S107S107
S107
 
S104
S104S104
S104
 
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7th
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7thMera anubhav meri siksha 7th
Mera anubhav meri siksha 7th
 
S103
S103S103
S103
 
S102
S102S102
S102
 
S101
S101S101
S101
 
Projectile motion
Projectile motionProjectile motion
Projectile motion
 
Gravitation
GravitationGravitation
Gravitation
 
From the begning
From the begningFrom the begning
From the begning
 
English aphotograph
English aphotographEnglish aphotograph
English aphotograph
 
Volume of sphere[1]
Volume of sphere[1]Volume of sphere[1]
Volume of sphere[1]
 
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
Two simple _proofs__of__pythagoras__theorem-ppt[1]
 

Recently uploaded

Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in IndiaVeterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
Heilsaa Care
 
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nervesClinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
DrpoonamHealthclinic
 
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptxProstatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
AmandaChou9
 
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical educationlessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
DrJALAGAMTHIRUPATHIR
 
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptxWhy Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
AmandaChou9
 
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and CyanosisTypes of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
MedicoseAcademics
 
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT NursingText Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
BP KOIRALA INSTITUTE OF HELATH SCIENCS,, NEPAL
 
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptxCare and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
Dr. Jagroop Singh
 
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac ArrhythmiasInterpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
MedicoseAcademics
 
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptxTherapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
vidyariner7
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
NephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptxHow to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
AmandaChou9
 
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical TeamBuilding a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
bkling
 
Respiratory system at glance- Neonatology
Respiratory system at glance- NeonatologyRespiratory system at glance- Neonatology
Respiratory system at glance- Neonatology
Dr. Habibur Rahim
 
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptxPULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
neeti70
 
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan PatroJULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
Kanhu Charan
 
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
Anindya Das Adhikary
 
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
hf66550
 
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
CarriePoppy
 
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
Dr.Nishant Janu
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in IndiaVeterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
Veterinary Medicines Manufacturers in India
 
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nervesClinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
Clinical examination of- CRANIAL.- nerves
 
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptxProstatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
Prostatitis Severity- How to Determine if You Have Mild Symptoms.pptx
 
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical educationlessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
lessonplan JTR.pptx For medical education
 
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptxWhy Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
Why Does Seminal Vesiculitis Causes Jelly-like Sperm.pptx
 
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and CyanosisTypes of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
Types of Hypoxia, Hypercapnia, and Cyanosis
 
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT NursingText Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
Text Book of Operation Theater Nursing OT Nursing
 
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptxCare and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment in Histotechnology.pptx
 
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac ArrhythmiasInterpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
Interpretation of ECG - Cardiac Arrhythmias
 
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptxTherapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
Therapeutic modalities ( Psychopharmacology).pptx
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
Hemodialysis: Chapter 9, Arteriovenous Fistula and Graft: Basics, Creation, U...
 
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptxHow to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
How to Relieve Prostate Congestion- Here are some Effective Strategies.pptx
 
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical TeamBuilding a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
Building a Strong Partnership with Your Medical Team
 
Respiratory system at glance- Neonatology
Respiratory system at glance- NeonatologyRespiratory system at glance- Neonatology
Respiratory system at glance- Neonatology
 
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptxPULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
PULMONARY EMBOLISM AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pptx
 
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan PatroJULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
JULY 2024 Oncology Cartoons by Dr Kanhu Charan Patro
 
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
Amygdala Medi-Trivia Quiz (Prelims) | FAQ 2024
 
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
High Girls Call Ranchi 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
 
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
2024 07 12 Do you share my autistic traits_ - Google Sheets.pdf
 
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease( GTD)- Molar pregnancy, Gestational Trophob...
 

Diabetes

  • 5.  Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, and is caused by the body attacking it’s own pancreas with antibodies.  It could also be the result of faulty beta cells in the pancreas that normally produce insulin.
  • 6.  In type 2 dm the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
  • 7. Gestational Diabetes is the third main form of diabetes and occurs in females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
  • 8.  Careful meal planning to ensure adequate pregnancy nutrients without excess fat and calories  Daily exercise  Controlling pregnancy weight gain  Taking insulin to control blood sugar levels if needed.
  • 9. Impaired fasting glycaemia or impaired fasting glucose refers to a condition in which the fasting blood glucose is elevated above what is considered normal levels but is not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus.
  • 12.  Cardiovascular disease  Kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy)  Nerve disease (diabetic neuropathy)  Eye disease (diabetic retinopathy)  Pregnancy complications
  • 13. 3 Ways of testing Diabetes HbA1c FPGTT OGTT
  • 16. The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)
  • 17. A1C test The FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) DIABETES at least 6.5% means diabetic at least 126 mg/dl at least 200 mg/dl PREDIABETES between 5.7% and 5.99% between 100 mg/dl and 125.99 mg/dl between 140 and 199.9 mg/dl NORMAL less than 5.7% means normal less than 100 mg/dl less than 140 mg/dl RANGES OF DIABETES DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • 18.  There is no known preventive measure for type 1 diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes can often be prevented by a person being a normal body weight, physical exercise, and following a healthful diet.
  • 20.  Biguanides  Dopamine Agonist  DPP-4 Inhibitors  Meglitinides  Sulfonylureas
  • 21.  Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar. There are many types of insulin used to treat diabetes.
  • 22. Insulins Examples Rapid acting Insulins - insulin aspart Short acting Insulins - regular insulin Intermediate Insulins - insulin NPH Long acting insulins - insulin glagine Premixed Insulins - insulin lispro protamine
  • 24.  A pancreas transplant is occasionally considered for people with type 1 diabetes who have severe complications of their disease.  Weight loss surgery in those with obesity and type 2 diabetes is often an effective measure.
  • 25.  Maintain or return to a healthy weight  Focus on fruits and veggies  Cut out the sugary drinks  Cut back on TV time  Physical activity
  • 26.  A potential future treatment for type 1 diabetes is gene therapy. Researchers have identified a faulty gene which means that people with the gene are more likely to develop diabetes. In the future, this gene could be replaced by a fully-working version of the gene. This could prevent people from getting diabetes in the first place or reverse the condition in people who have developed the condition.