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BAHIR DAR UNIVERSITY
Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion
Technology
“Technical Textile”
Title: Building and Construction Textile
Prepared By:-Berihun Gashu (MSc in TC)
Under the guidance of:-Dr. Molla
T.
June 2021 G.C.
1
o Introduction
o Building and Construction Textile
o Fibers used in buildtech
o Fabric used in buildtech
o Fabric construction used in Buildtech
o Application area of Buildtech
o Conclusion
o References 2
 Technical textiles are one of the faster-growing sectors of the global
textile industry.
 High-added-value textile structures are replaced with traditional
technologies.
 The efficient use of energy, materials and resources continues to be
the driver for the industrial, construction and building sectors.
 Technical textiles are textile materials manufactured mainly for their
technical performance and functional properties. 3
Classifications of Technical Textiles
Agro – tech
BUILD – tech
CLOTH – tech
GEO – tech
HOME – tech
INDU – tech
MEDI – tech
MOBIL – tech
OEKO – tech
PACK – tech
PRO – tech
SPORT – tech
Agriculture, horticulture and forestry
Building and construction
Technical components of shoes and clothing
Geotextiles, civil engineering
Components of furniture, household
textiles and floor coverings
Filtration, cleaning and other
industrial usage
Hygiene and medical
Automobiles, shipping, railways and
aerospace
Environmental protection
Packaging
Personal and property protection
Sport and leisure
4
5
5
Textile used in building houses and Construction called Buildtech or
Buildtex.
Technical textile that are applied for construction and building.
Basically textile fibers are used with concrete to enhance its properties
and lowering the cost of protection against UV and electromagnetic
radiations.
Buildtech products have to be durable and especially strong.
 Important quality criteria are high UV resistance, strength, resistance to
6
Cont.…
7
General properties for textile fabric/material
 Polyester and nylon
 In most of building applications,
glass fibers
 ePTFE (expanded
polytetrafluoroethylene) fibers
 Ultra-high molecular weight
polyethylene (UHMWPE)
 HDPE (high density
polyetylen)
 Polyethylene terephthalate
(PET)
 Carbon fiber
 Aramid
 Kevlar, Nomex 8
 Woven fabrics are used in various fields, when compared with
knitted fabrics, they show only a low degree of elongation in both
directions.
Knitting fabric can also used in buildtech specially warp knit fabrics
because they are strong.
Nonwoven fabrics which are produced needling method preferred
because they are cheap and light-weight are applicable for buildtech.
9
Plain constructions of fabrics because of their low hairiness and strength
Warp knitted fabrics,
Needle punched fabric.
Coated fabrics for waterproofing (and also to protect sunlight and
climate change)
coated fabrics for fire resistant which they are mostly polyvinyl chloride
(PVC), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or silicone coated fabrics.
10
Laminated fabrics are preferred formed by vinyl film coating on woven
or knitted polyester and nylon fabrics.
They are cheaper than coated fabric, but the tensile strength, flexural
and abrasion resistance lower.
Conti…
11
Laminating
coating
Architectural
Textile
Building
Reinforcements
Roof trims
Scaffolding
Tarpaulins
Application area of
Buildtech
12
ROOFING
HVAC
plasterboard
13
canopies
Tunnel bridge
GRP PIPE
FLOORING
INSULATION
Textiles are light weight, easy to handling, flexibility and they provide
protection against wind, U.V radiations, snow and rain.
In architecture, textile materials proposed very fascinating degree of
independence with respect to their properties.
Present day architectures are creating room for textiles in building
constructions & revived the principle of the tent as an architectural form
and do advancement in this concept further not only in temporary
structures but also in permanent buildings.
Technical and durable fabrics permit their consumption into a highly
14
15
sculpture
PVC Coated
Fabrics
Stadium
Requirements of all
architectural textiles
 Tensile
Strength
 Seam
Strength
 Biaxial
Stretch
 Tear Strength
 Weather
Resistance
 Aesthetic
Properties
 Flame Resistance
 Longevity/durabl
e
16
Architectural textile
manufacturing process
17
PTFE Coated Fiber glass Fabric
PVC Coated Polyester Fabric
LDPE coated, woven HDPE
Fiber used architectural
textile
Polyethyl
ene
Acrylic
18
Glass fiber
Expanded PTFE Polyester
fiber
Aramids
Polyurethane
Nylon
 Durability tests
UV resistance test
Weather resistance
test
Test
methods
19
Seam Strength test Tear Strength test
Flame resistance test
Biaxial Stretch test
Tensile Strength t
 The aim of these textiles is developing sensor embedded
textiles for geotechnical and stonework applications in the
field of civil engineering.
 In building construction, textiles provide an efficient
reinforcement strategy.
 This is especially common in older stonework structures that
are exposed to natural hazards.
 Those technical textiles especially needed when places under20
Fiber used building
reinforcements
Metal fibers
21
Carbon fiber
Glass fiber
Aramid fiber
Polyethylene fiber
Ceramic fibers Basalt fibers
22
Reinforcements textile product
Test
methods
Compression strength test
Toughness test
Impact resistance te
Tensile strength test
Torsional
strength test
23
 Sheets need to have color fastness for sunlight, heat resistance,
mechanical durability, light durability, formability, and nonvolatile
substance content and stain resistance in addition to lightness.
Needle-punched
nonwoven and
tricot
They are usually formed into roof
trim by integration with base
materials. 24
Conti…
 Certain levels of sound absorbing capability and heat insulation
are also needed.
 The base materials for roof trim can be mainly classified as
polymer foam sheets and fiber-reinforced porous polymer sheets.
Glass
fiber
PET
25
Scaffolding is a temporary structure used to support people and
material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large
structures.
It is usually a modular system of metal pipes, wooden etc.
Scaffolding is basically a temporary structure used to support labours
and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large
structures, when performing tasks at heights above the ground.
Suitable and sufficient scaffold shall be provided for all work that
cannot safely be done from the ground or from part of the building or
26
Fiber used for
Scaffolding
Filament-wound tubes of
glass fiber in a nylon or
polyester matrix.
27
Steel fiber Aluminum fiber
Test
methods Torsional strength test
Tensile strength test
Toughness test
28
Flexural strength test
 Tarpaulin or tarp is a large sheet of strong, flexible, water resistant or
waterproof material.
Traditionally tarpaulins were made out of cotton however currently
nylon and polyester fiber fabrics are being increasingly used in
manufacturing tarpaulins.
Tarpaulin is widely used for rain water protection in sheds,
transportation - trucks and other automobiles, boats, snowmobiles,
construction sites, temporary storages, tents, ground-sheets, etc.
29
Fiber used for
Tarpaulins
 HDPE
 Cotton canvas and
 Jute
 Nylon
PE
 Polyester
 PP
 PVC
30
Test
methods UV protection
Rot resistance
Water resistance
Fire proof
Breaking strength
Tear strength
31
 Hoardings / Signages are made of a glowing flexible textile substrate
called flexible-face sign fabric.
The material has applications in light boxes, exhibits, trade show
displays and majority of other static out of home advertising.
The material has the properties like light transmission, printability,
ultra violet resistance, heat seal ability, mildew resistance, anti wicking.
32
Fiber used for Hoardings /
Signages
Acrylic fiber
PVC coated polyester
Plastic
fiber
Polycarbonates sheet
33
Technical textiles play a big role in the construction sector, providing
architectural membrane, reinforcement materials, scaffolding, and roof
finishing materials. Technical textile is more importance in building and
construction textile. Civil engineer do their constructions using different
technical textiles.
The application of technical textile to building and construction is due
to some specific properties of textile fibers like, tenacity, strength, light
weight, comparatively low cost, can and resistance to chemical plus to
34
Bradenburg, F. (2009). Architectural Membranes used for Tensile Membrane Structures.
Structures Congress 2009: Don't Mess with Structural Engineers: Expanding Our Role.
Chattopadhyay, R. (2010). Introduction: types of technical textile yarn. Technical Textile Yarns,
Elsevier: 3-55.
Cherif, C. (2016). "Textile materials for lightweight constructions." Technol Methods Mater
Proper.
Desai, J., et al. "SCAFFOLDING: SAFETY AND ECONOMICAL ASPECT FOR SCAFFOLDINGS
IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY."
Hegger, J., et al. (2008). Textile reinforced concrete–realization in applications. Proceedings:
international fib symposium tailor made concrete structures: new solutions for our society.
Hu, J., et al. (2020). "Safety and serviceability of membrane buildings: A critical review on
architectural, material and structural performance." Engineering Structures 210: 110292.
Kumar, A. (2014). Nanotechnology development in India: an overview, Research and
Information System for Developing Countries.
Matsuo,T. (2008). "Advanced technical textile products."Textile Progress 40(3): 123-181.
References
35
Cont..
Milwich, M. (2010). Types and production of textiles used for building and
construction. Textiles, Polymers and Composites for Buildings, Elsevier: 13-48.
Monticelli, C. (2015). Membrane claddings in architecture. Fabric Structures in
Architecture, Elsevier: 449-480.
Tabor, J. and T. Ghosh (2019). "Building and Construction Textiles." High Performance
Technical Textiles.
https://www.slideshare.net/ttkbal/technical-textile-in-architecture-and-
construction
https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/7260/textile-for-architecture
https://www.textileblog.com/application-of-textiles-in-building-and-construction/
https://www.amazon.com/Technical-Textiles-Architecture-Construction-
Interiors/dp/3764389729
http://bch.in/construction-textiles.html
https://www.slideshare.net/esnygn/technical-textiles-for-buildtech
http://ittaindia.org/?q=buildtech
36
Thank You for
your
kind attention!
37

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Buildtech Textiles Guide

  • 1. BAHIR DAR UNIVERSITY Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology “Technical Textile” Title: Building and Construction Textile Prepared By:-Berihun Gashu (MSc in TC) Under the guidance of:-Dr. Molla T. June 2021 G.C. 1
  • 2. o Introduction o Building and Construction Textile o Fibers used in buildtech o Fabric used in buildtech o Fabric construction used in Buildtech o Application area of Buildtech o Conclusion o References 2
  • 3.  Technical textiles are one of the faster-growing sectors of the global textile industry.  High-added-value textile structures are replaced with traditional technologies.  The efficient use of energy, materials and resources continues to be the driver for the industrial, construction and building sectors.  Technical textiles are textile materials manufactured mainly for their technical performance and functional properties. 3
  • 4. Classifications of Technical Textiles Agro – tech BUILD – tech CLOTH – tech GEO – tech HOME – tech INDU – tech MEDI – tech MOBIL – tech OEKO – tech PACK – tech PRO – tech SPORT – tech Agriculture, horticulture and forestry Building and construction Technical components of shoes and clothing Geotextiles, civil engineering Components of furniture, household textiles and floor coverings Filtration, cleaning and other industrial usage Hygiene and medical Automobiles, shipping, railways and aerospace Environmental protection Packaging Personal and property protection Sport and leisure 4
  • 5. 5 5
  • 6. Textile used in building houses and Construction called Buildtech or Buildtex. Technical textile that are applied for construction and building. Basically textile fibers are used with concrete to enhance its properties and lowering the cost of protection against UV and electromagnetic radiations. Buildtech products have to be durable and especially strong.  Important quality criteria are high UV resistance, strength, resistance to 6
  • 7. Cont.… 7 General properties for textile fabric/material
  • 8.  Polyester and nylon  In most of building applications, glass fibers  ePTFE (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene) fibers  Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)  HDPE (high density polyetylen)  Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)  Carbon fiber  Aramid  Kevlar, Nomex 8
  • 9.  Woven fabrics are used in various fields, when compared with knitted fabrics, they show only a low degree of elongation in both directions. Knitting fabric can also used in buildtech specially warp knit fabrics because they are strong. Nonwoven fabrics which are produced needling method preferred because they are cheap and light-weight are applicable for buildtech. 9
  • 10. Plain constructions of fabrics because of their low hairiness and strength Warp knitted fabrics, Needle punched fabric. Coated fabrics for waterproofing (and also to protect sunlight and climate change) coated fabrics for fire resistant which they are mostly polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or silicone coated fabrics. 10
  • 11. Laminated fabrics are preferred formed by vinyl film coating on woven or knitted polyester and nylon fabrics. They are cheaper than coated fabric, but the tensile strength, flexural and abrasion resistance lower. Conti… 11 Laminating coating
  • 14. Textiles are light weight, easy to handling, flexibility and they provide protection against wind, U.V radiations, snow and rain. In architecture, textile materials proposed very fascinating degree of independence with respect to their properties. Present day architectures are creating room for textiles in building constructions & revived the principle of the tent as an architectural form and do advancement in this concept further not only in temporary structures but also in permanent buildings. Technical and durable fabrics permit their consumption into a highly 14
  • 16. Requirements of all architectural textiles  Tensile Strength  Seam Strength  Biaxial Stretch  Tear Strength  Weather Resistance  Aesthetic Properties  Flame Resistance  Longevity/durabl e 16
  • 17. Architectural textile manufacturing process 17 PTFE Coated Fiber glass Fabric PVC Coated Polyester Fabric LDPE coated, woven HDPE
  • 18. Fiber used architectural textile Polyethyl ene Acrylic 18 Glass fiber Expanded PTFE Polyester fiber Aramids Polyurethane Nylon
  • 19.  Durability tests UV resistance test Weather resistance test Test methods 19 Seam Strength test Tear Strength test Flame resistance test Biaxial Stretch test Tensile Strength t
  • 20.  The aim of these textiles is developing sensor embedded textiles for geotechnical and stonework applications in the field of civil engineering.  In building construction, textiles provide an efficient reinforcement strategy.  This is especially common in older stonework structures that are exposed to natural hazards.  Those technical textiles especially needed when places under20
  • 21. Fiber used building reinforcements Metal fibers 21 Carbon fiber Glass fiber Aramid fiber Polyethylene fiber Ceramic fibers Basalt fibers
  • 23. Test methods Compression strength test Toughness test Impact resistance te Tensile strength test Torsional strength test 23
  • 24.  Sheets need to have color fastness for sunlight, heat resistance, mechanical durability, light durability, formability, and nonvolatile substance content and stain resistance in addition to lightness. Needle-punched nonwoven and tricot They are usually formed into roof trim by integration with base materials. 24
  • 25. Conti…  Certain levels of sound absorbing capability and heat insulation are also needed.  The base materials for roof trim can be mainly classified as polymer foam sheets and fiber-reinforced porous polymer sheets. Glass fiber PET 25
  • 26. Scaffolding is a temporary structure used to support people and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large structures. It is usually a modular system of metal pipes, wooden etc. Scaffolding is basically a temporary structure used to support labours and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large structures, when performing tasks at heights above the ground. Suitable and sufficient scaffold shall be provided for all work that cannot safely be done from the ground or from part of the building or 26
  • 27. Fiber used for Scaffolding Filament-wound tubes of glass fiber in a nylon or polyester matrix. 27 Steel fiber Aluminum fiber
  • 28. Test methods Torsional strength test Tensile strength test Toughness test 28 Flexural strength test
  • 29.  Tarpaulin or tarp is a large sheet of strong, flexible, water resistant or waterproof material. Traditionally tarpaulins were made out of cotton however currently nylon and polyester fiber fabrics are being increasingly used in manufacturing tarpaulins. Tarpaulin is widely used for rain water protection in sheds, transportation - trucks and other automobiles, boats, snowmobiles, construction sites, temporary storages, tents, ground-sheets, etc. 29
  • 30. Fiber used for Tarpaulins  HDPE  Cotton canvas and  Jute  Nylon PE  Polyester  PP  PVC 30
  • 31. Test methods UV protection Rot resistance Water resistance Fire proof Breaking strength Tear strength 31
  • 32.  Hoardings / Signages are made of a glowing flexible textile substrate called flexible-face sign fabric. The material has applications in light boxes, exhibits, trade show displays and majority of other static out of home advertising. The material has the properties like light transmission, printability, ultra violet resistance, heat seal ability, mildew resistance, anti wicking. 32
  • 33. Fiber used for Hoardings / Signages Acrylic fiber PVC coated polyester Plastic fiber Polycarbonates sheet 33
  • 34. Technical textiles play a big role in the construction sector, providing architectural membrane, reinforcement materials, scaffolding, and roof finishing materials. Technical textile is more importance in building and construction textile. Civil engineer do their constructions using different technical textiles. The application of technical textile to building and construction is due to some specific properties of textile fibers like, tenacity, strength, light weight, comparatively low cost, can and resistance to chemical plus to 34
  • 35. Bradenburg, F. (2009). Architectural Membranes used for Tensile Membrane Structures. Structures Congress 2009: Don't Mess with Structural Engineers: Expanding Our Role. Chattopadhyay, R. (2010). Introduction: types of technical textile yarn. Technical Textile Yarns, Elsevier: 3-55. Cherif, C. (2016). "Textile materials for lightweight constructions." Technol Methods Mater Proper. Desai, J., et al. "SCAFFOLDING: SAFETY AND ECONOMICAL ASPECT FOR SCAFFOLDINGS IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY." Hegger, J., et al. (2008). Textile reinforced concrete–realization in applications. Proceedings: international fib symposium tailor made concrete structures: new solutions for our society. Hu, J., et al. (2020). "Safety and serviceability of membrane buildings: A critical review on architectural, material and structural performance." Engineering Structures 210: 110292. Kumar, A. (2014). Nanotechnology development in India: an overview, Research and Information System for Developing Countries. Matsuo,T. (2008). "Advanced technical textile products."Textile Progress 40(3): 123-181. References 35
  • 36. Cont.. Milwich, M. (2010). Types and production of textiles used for building and construction. Textiles, Polymers and Composites for Buildings, Elsevier: 13-48. Monticelli, C. (2015). Membrane claddings in architecture. Fabric Structures in Architecture, Elsevier: 449-480. Tabor, J. and T. Ghosh (2019). "Building and Construction Textiles." High Performance Technical Textiles. https://www.slideshare.net/ttkbal/technical-textile-in-architecture-and- construction https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/7260/textile-for-architecture https://www.textileblog.com/application-of-textiles-in-building-and-construction/ https://www.amazon.com/Technical-Textiles-Architecture-Construction- Interiors/dp/3764389729 http://bch.in/construction-textiles.html https://www.slideshare.net/esnygn/technical-textiles-for-buildtech http://ittaindia.org/?q=buildtech 36
  • 37. Thank You for your kind attention! 37