SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 30
Big Data
A Brief (ish) History of…
C 18,000 BCE
• Humans use tally sticks to
record data for the first time.
These are used to track
trading activity and record
inventory.
C 2400 BCE
• The abacus is developed,
and the first libraries are
built in Babylonia
300 BCE – 48 AD
• The Library of Alexandria is
the world’s largest data
storage center – until it is
destroyed by the Romans.
100 AD – 200 AD
• The Antikythera Mechanism
– the first mechanical
computer – is developed in
Greece
1663
• John Graunt conducts the first
recorded statistical-analysis
experiments in an attempt to
curb the spread of the bubonic
plague in Europe
1865
• The term “business
intelligence” is used by
Richard Millar Devens in his
Encyclopaedia of Commercial
and Business Anecdotes
1881
• Herman Hollerith creates the
Hollerith Tabulating Machine
which uses punch cards to
vastly reduce the workload of
the US Census.
1926
• Nikola Tesla predicts that in
the future, a man will be able
to access and analyze vast
amounts of data using a
device small enough to fit in
his pocket.
1928
• Fritz Pfleumer creates a
method of storing data
magnetically, which forms
basis of modern digital data
storage technology.
1944
• Fremont Rider speculates that
Yale Library will contain 200
million books stored on 6,000
miles of shelves, by 2040.
1958
• Hans Peter Luhn defines
Business Intelligence as “the
ability to apprehend the
interrelationships of presented
facts in such a way as to
guide action towards a
desired goal.”
1965
• The US Government plans the
world’s first data center to store
742 million tax returns and 175
million sets of fingerprints on
magnetic tape.
1970
• Relational Database model
developed by IBM mathematician
Edgar F Codd. The Hierarchal file
system allows records to be
accessed using a simple index
system. This means anyone can
use databases, not just computer
scientists.
1976
• Material Requirements
Planning (MRP) systems are
commonly used in business.
Computer and data storage is
used for everyday routine
tasks.
1989
• Early use of term Big Data in
magazine article by fiction
author Erik Larson –
commenting on advertisers’
use of data to target
customers.
1991
• The birth of the internet.
Anyone can now go online and
upload their own data, or
analyze data uploaded by
other people.
1996
• The price of digital storage
falls to the point where it is
more cost-effective than
paper.
1997
• Google launch their search
engine which will quickly
become the most popular in the
world.
• Michael Lesk estimates the
digital universe is increasing
tenfold in size every year.
1999
• First use of the term Big Data in
an academic paper – Visually
Exploring Gigabyte Datasets in
Realtime (ACM)
• First use of term Internet of
Things, in a business presentation
by Kevin Ashton to Procter and
Gamble.
2001
• Three “Vs” of Big Data –
Volume, Velocity, Variety –
defined by Doug Laney
2005
• Hadoop – an open source Big
Data framework now developed
by Apache – is developed.
• The birth of “Web 2.0 – the user-
generated web”.
2008
• Globally 9.57 zettabytes (9.57
trillion gigabytes) of information
is processed by the world’s
CPUs.
• An estimated 14.7 exabytes of
new information is produced
this year.
2009
• The average US company with
over 1,000 employees is storing
more than 200 terabytes of data
according to the report Big Data:
The Next Frontier for Innovation,
Competition and Productivity by
McKinsey Global Institute.
2010
• Eric Schmidt, executive
chairman of Google, tells a
conference that as much data
is now being created every two
days, as was created from the
beginning of human civilization
to the year 2003.
2011
• The McKinsey report states that by
2018 the US will face a shortfall of
between 140,000 and 190,000
professional data scientists, and
warns that issues including privacy,
security and intellectual property will
have to be resolved before the full
value of Big Data will be realised.
2014
• Mobile internet use overtakes
desktop for the first time
• 88% of executives responding
to an international survey by
GE say that big data analysis is
a top priority
2015
• The data volumes are
exploding, more data has been
created in the past two years
than in the entire previous
history of the human race.
A Brief History of Big Data
A Brief History of Big Data

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

Big data
Big dataBig data
Big data
 
Big data Presentation
Big data PresentationBig data Presentation
Big data Presentation
 
Big data
Big dataBig data
Big data
 
Chapter 1 big data
Chapter 1 big dataChapter 1 big data
Chapter 1 big data
 
Introduction to Data Science.pptx
Introduction to Data Science.pptxIntroduction to Data Science.pptx
Introduction to Data Science.pptx
 
Big data
Big dataBig data
Big data
 
Big Data Evolution
Big Data EvolutionBig Data Evolution
Big Data Evolution
 
Big data PPT prepared by Hritika Raj (Shivalik college of engg.)
Big data PPT prepared by Hritika Raj (Shivalik college of engg.)Big data PPT prepared by Hritika Raj (Shivalik college of engg.)
Big data PPT prepared by Hritika Raj (Shivalik college of engg.)
 
Big data ppt
Big data pptBig data ppt
Big data ppt
 
Overview of Big data(ppt)
Overview of Big data(ppt)Overview of Big data(ppt)
Overview of Big data(ppt)
 
Big data
Big dataBig data
Big data
 
Big data-ppt
Big data-pptBig data-ppt
Big data-ppt
 
A Short History of Big Data
A Short History of Big DataA Short History of Big Data
A Short History of Big Data
 
data mining
data miningdata mining
data mining
 
Big Data
Big DataBig Data
Big Data
 
Big Data
Big DataBig Data
Big Data
 
Big data
Big dataBig data
Big data
 
Big Data Trends
Big Data TrendsBig Data Trends
Big Data Trends
 
Big data by Mithlesh sadh
Big data by Mithlesh sadhBig data by Mithlesh sadh
Big data by Mithlesh sadh
 
Data Science
Data ScienceData Science
Data Science
 

Viewers also liked

Lets talk about learning
Lets talk about learningLets talk about learning
Lets talk about learning
Steve Wyckoff
 
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence TipsHow To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
VKool Magazine - VKool.com
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Big Data: The 6 Key Skills Every Business Needs
Big Data: The 6 Key Skills Every Business NeedsBig Data: The 6 Key Skills Every Business Needs
Big Data: The 6 Key Skills Every Business Needs
 
What is Big Data?
What is Big Data?What is Big Data?
What is Big Data?
 
What is big data?
What is big data?What is big data?
What is big data?
 
Societal Impact of Applied Data Science on the Big Data Stack
Societal Impact of Applied Data Science on the Big Data StackSocietal Impact of Applied Data Science on the Big Data Stack
Societal Impact of Applied Data Science on the Big Data Stack
 
Big Data
Big DataBig Data
Big Data
 
Lets talk about learning
Lets talk about learningLets talk about learning
Lets talk about learning
 
Five Top Tips: For a happy and productive workforce
Five Top Tips: For a happy and productive workforceFive Top Tips: For a happy and productive workforce
Five Top Tips: For a happy and productive workforce
 
Work Hard versus Work Smart (Drama 4) - The 5 Dramas that Founders Face
Work Hard versus Work Smart (Drama 4) - The 5 Dramas that Founders FaceWork Hard versus Work Smart (Drama 4) - The 5 Dramas that Founders Face
Work Hard versus Work Smart (Drama 4) - The 5 Dramas that Founders Face
 
7 C's of effective communication.
7 C's of effective communication.7 C's of effective communication.
7 C's of effective communication.
 
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence TipsHow To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
How To Overcome Fear Of Failure – Self Confidence Tips
 
14 Rules to Live a Happy Happy Happy Life @AETV @DuckDynastyAE
14 Rules to Live a Happy Happy Happy Life @AETV @DuckDynastyAE14 Rules to Live a Happy Happy Happy Life @AETV @DuckDynastyAE
14 Rules to Live a Happy Happy Happy Life @AETV @DuckDynastyAE
 
5 Myths on How to be More Eloquent during Presentation
5 Myths on How to be More Eloquent during Presentation5 Myths on How to be More Eloquent during Presentation
5 Myths on How to be More Eloquent during Presentation
 
Live In The Present Moment
Live In The Present MomentLive In The Present Moment
Live In The Present Moment
 
An Idiot's List of 15 and A Half Reasons to Learn English
An Idiot's List of 15 and A Half Reasons to Learn EnglishAn Idiot's List of 15 and A Half Reasons to Learn English
An Idiot's List of 15 and A Half Reasons to Learn English
 
21 ways to learn from failures
21 ways to learn from failures21 ways to learn from failures
21 ways to learn from failures
 
26 Ways For A Happy Life
26 Ways For A Happy Life26 Ways For A Happy Life
26 Ways For A Happy Life
 
35 Lessons Learned in 35 Years
35 Lessons Learned in 35 Years35 Lessons Learned in 35 Years
35 Lessons Learned in 35 Years
 
Learn english by yourself
Learn english by yourselfLearn english by yourself
Learn english by yourself
 
13 Steps To Lead A Happy Life
13 Steps To Lead A Happy Life13 Steps To Lead A Happy Life
13 Steps To Lead A Happy Life
 
Dr. Albert Einstein: A Tribute
Dr. Albert Einstein: A TributeDr. Albert Einstein: A Tribute
Dr. Albert Einstein: A Tribute
 

Similar to A Brief History of Big Data

Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
Mohammad Alkhalifah
 
Introduction to Big Data and Data Science
Introduction to Big Data and Data ScienceIntroduction to Big Data and Data Science
Introduction to Big Data and Data Science
Feyzi R. Bagirov
 
ADED 7330 Introduction
ADED 7330 IntroductionADED 7330 Introduction
ADED 7330 Introduction
queenofrug
 

Similar to A Brief History of Big Data (20)

Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
Briefhistoryofbigdata 150223152350-conversion-gate02
 
Brief History Of Big Data
Brief History Of Big DataBrief History Of Big Data
Brief History Of Big Data
 
Module 1 Introduction to Big and Smart Data- Online
Module 1 Introduction to Big and Smart Data- Online Module 1 Introduction to Big and Smart Data- Online
Module 1 Introduction to Big and Smart Data- Online
 
Data: A Timeline - How Data Came To Rule The World
Data: A Timeline - How Data Came To Rule The WorldData: A Timeline - How Data Came To Rule The World
Data: A Timeline - How Data Came To Rule The World
 
Introduction to Big Data and Data Science
Introduction to Big Data and Data ScienceIntroduction to Big Data and Data Science
Introduction to Big Data and Data Science
 
lecture-1-1487765601.pptx
lecture-1-1487765601.pptxlecture-1-1487765601.pptx
lecture-1-1487765601.pptx
 
History of Big Data
History of Big DataHistory of Big Data
History of Big Data
 
The_Information_Age.pptx
The_Information_Age.pptxThe_Information_Age.pptx
The_Information_Age.pptx
 
ADED 7330 Introduction
ADED 7330 IntroductionADED 7330 Introduction
ADED 7330 Introduction
 
SWOT of Bigdata Security Using Machine Learning Techniques
SWOT of Bigdata Security Using Machine Learning TechniquesSWOT of Bigdata Security Using Machine Learning Techniques
SWOT of Bigdata Security Using Machine Learning Techniques
 
History of IT
History of ITHistory of IT
History of IT
 
From AI to Z: How AI is changing the relationship between people and data
From AI to Z: How AI is changing the relationship between people and dataFrom AI to Z: How AI is changing the relationship between people and data
From AI to Z: How AI is changing the relationship between people and data
 
History of computers
History of computersHistory of computers
History of computers
 
Big data introduction by quontra solutions
Big data introduction by quontra solutionsBig data introduction by quontra solutions
Big data introduction by quontra solutions
 
Big data and Internet
Big data and InternetBig data and Internet
Big data and Internet
 
Research issues in the big data and its Challenges
Research issues in the big data and its ChallengesResearch issues in the big data and its Challenges
Research issues in the big data and its Challenges
 
The Internet of Things
The Internet of ThingsThe Internet of Things
The Internet of Things
 
Steps towards a Data Value Chain
Steps towards a Data Value ChainSteps towards a Data Value Chain
Steps towards a Data Value Chain
 
Big dataorig
Big dataorigBig dataorig
Big dataorig
 
Rc 11.networks
Rc 11.networksRc 11.networks
Rc 11.networks
 

More from Bernard Marr

More from Bernard Marr (20)

The Top 4 Telecom Trends In 2023
The Top 4 Telecom Trends In 2023The Top 4 Telecom Trends In 2023
The Top 4 Telecom Trends In 2023
 
How To Use Meta’s Horizon Workrooms For Business
How To Use Meta’s Horizon Workrooms For BusinessHow To Use Meta’s Horizon Workrooms For Business
How To Use Meta’s Horizon Workrooms For Business
 
The Top 5 Healthcare Trends In 2023
The Top 5 Healthcare Trends In 2023The Top 5 Healthcare Trends In 2023
The Top 5 Healthcare Trends In 2023
 
The Top 5 In-Demand Tech Skills For Jobs In 2023
The Top 5 In-Demand Tech Skills For Jobs In 2023The Top 5 In-Demand Tech Skills For Jobs In 2023
The Top 5 In-Demand Tech Skills For Jobs In 2023
 
Policing In The Metaverse: What’s Happening Now
Policing In The Metaverse: What’s Happening NowPolicing In The Metaverse: What’s Happening Now
Policing In The Metaverse: What’s Happening Now
 
Banking In The Metaverse – The Next Frontier For Financial Services
Banking In The Metaverse – The Next Frontier For Financial Services Banking In The Metaverse – The Next Frontier For Financial Services
Banking In The Metaverse – The Next Frontier For Financial Services
 
The 7 Biggest Business Challenges Every Company Is Facing In 2023
The 7 Biggest Business Challenges Every Company Is Facing In 2023The 7 Biggest Business Challenges Every Company Is Facing In 2023
The 7 Biggest Business Challenges Every Company Is Facing In 2023
 
Is This The Downfall Of Meta And Social Media As We Know It?
Is This The Downfall Of Meta And Social Media As We Know It?Is This The Downfall Of Meta And Social Media As We Know It?
Is This The Downfall Of Meta And Social Media As We Know It?
 
The Top Five Cybersecurity Trends In 2023
The Top Five Cybersecurity Trends In 2023The Top Five Cybersecurity Trends In 2023
The Top Five Cybersecurity Trends In 2023
 
The Top 5 Technology Challenges In 2023
The Top 5 Technology Challenges In 2023The Top 5 Technology Challenges In 2023
The Top 5 Technology Challenges In 2023
 
How To Build A Positive Hybrid And Remote Working Culture In 2023
How To Build A Positive Hybrid And Remote Working Culture In 2023How To Build A Positive Hybrid And Remote Working Culture In 2023
How To Build A Positive Hybrid And Remote Working Culture In 2023
 
Beyond Dashboards: The Future Of Analytics And Business Intelligence?
Beyond Dashboards: The Future Of Analytics And Business Intelligence? Beyond Dashboards: The Future Of Analytics And Business Intelligence?
Beyond Dashboards: The Future Of Analytics And Business Intelligence?
 
The Top 5 Data Science And Analytics Trends In 2023
The Top 5 Data Science And Analytics Trends In 2023The Top 5 Data Science And Analytics Trends In 2023
The Top 5 Data Science And Analytics Trends In 2023
 
The 5 Biggest Business Trends For 2023
The 5 Biggest Business Trends For 2023The 5 Biggest Business Trends For 2023
The 5 Biggest Business Trends For 2023
 
12 Practical Steps To Handle Change At Work
12 Practical Steps To Handle Change At Work 12 Practical Steps To Handle Change At Work
12 Practical Steps To Handle Change At Work
 
The Top 12 Virtual Networking Tips To Boost Your Career
The Top 12 Virtual Networking Tips To Boost Your CareerThe Top 12 Virtual Networking Tips To Boost Your Career
The Top 12 Virtual Networking Tips To Boost Your Career
 
How AI And Machine Learning Will Impact The Future Of Healthcare
How AI And Machine Learning Will Impact The Future Of HealthcareHow AI And Machine Learning Will Impact The Future Of Healthcare
How AI And Machine Learning Will Impact The Future Of Healthcare
 
Top 16 Essential Soft Skills For The Future of Work
Top 16 Essential Soft Skills For The Future of WorkTop 16 Essential Soft Skills For The Future of Work
Top 16 Essential Soft Skills For The Future of Work
 
Artificial Intelligence And The Future Of Marketing
Artificial Intelligence And The Future Of MarketingArtificial Intelligence And The Future Of Marketing
Artificial Intelligence And The Future Of Marketing
 
Is AI Really a Job Killer? These Experts Say No
Is AI Really a Job Killer? These Experts Say NoIs AI Really a Job Killer? These Experts Say No
Is AI Really a Job Killer? These Experts Say No
 

Recently uploaded

#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
drm1699
 
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metricsPowerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
CaitlinCummins3
 
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
AS
 
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelledPresentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
CaitlinCummins3
 
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
daisycvs
 
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
Aurelien Domont, MBA
 
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
srcw2322l101
 
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
prakheeshc
 
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODFRATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
CaitlinCummins3
 
NewBase 17 May 2024 Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase   17 May  2024  Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...NewBase   17 May  2024  Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase 17 May 2024 Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
Khaled Al Awadi
 
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot ReportFuture of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
Dubai Multi Commodity Centre
 
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di PasuruanObat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
Obat Aborsi Jakarta Wa 085176963835 Apotek Jual Obat Cytotec Di Jakarta
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Unlocking Growth The Power of Outsourcing for CPA Firms
Unlocking Growth The Power of Outsourcing for CPA FirmsUnlocking Growth The Power of Outsourcing for CPA Firms
Unlocking Growth The Power of Outsourcing for CPA Firms
 
wagamamaLab presentation @MIT 20240509 IRODORI
wagamamaLab presentation @MIT 20240509 IRODORIwagamamaLab presentation @MIT 20240509 IRODORI
wagamamaLab presentation @MIT 20240509 IRODORI
 
#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
#Mtp-Kit Prices » Qatar. Doha (+27737758557) Abortion Pills For Sale In Doha,...
 
How Bookkeeping helps you in Cost Saving, Tax Saving and Smooth Business Runn...
How Bookkeeping helps you in Cost Saving, Tax Saving and Smooth Business Runn...How Bookkeeping helps you in Cost Saving, Tax Saving and Smooth Business Runn...
How Bookkeeping helps you in Cost Saving, Tax Saving and Smooth Business Runn...
 
tekAura | Desktop Procedure Template (2016)
tekAura | Desktop Procedure Template (2016)tekAura | Desktop Procedure Template (2016)
tekAura | Desktop Procedure Template (2016)
 
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metricsPowerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
Powerpoint showing results from tik tok metrics
 
Should Law Firms Outsource their Bookkeeping
Should Law Firms Outsource their BookkeepingShould Law Firms Outsource their Bookkeeping
Should Law Firms Outsource their Bookkeeping
 
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
一比一原版(USYD毕业证书)悉尼大学毕业证原件一模一样
 
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelledPresentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
Presentation4 (2) survey responses clearly labelled
 
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
Abortion pills in Muscut<Oman(+27737758557) Cytotec available.inn Kuwait City.
 
The Vietnam Believer Newsletter_May 13th, 2024_ENVol. 007.pdf
The Vietnam Believer Newsletter_May 13th, 2024_ENVol. 007.pdfThe Vietnam Believer Newsletter_May 13th, 2024_ENVol. 007.pdf
The Vietnam Believer Newsletter_May 13th, 2024_ENVol. 007.pdf
 
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
Creating an Income Statement with Forecasts: A Simple Guide and Free Excel Te...
 
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
What is paper chromatography, principal, procedure,types, diagram, advantages...
 
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
A BUSINESS PROPOSAL FOR SLAUGHTER HOUSE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MYSORE MUNICIPAL ...
 
Elevate Your Online Presence with SEO Services
Elevate Your Online Presence with SEO ServicesElevate Your Online Presence with SEO Services
Elevate Your Online Presence with SEO Services
 
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODFRATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
RATINGS OF EACH VIDEO FOR UNI PROJECT IWDSFODF
 
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdfInnomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
Innomantra Viewpoint - Building Moonshots : May-Jun 2024.pdf
 
NewBase 17 May 2024 Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase   17 May  2024  Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...NewBase   17 May  2024  Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase 17 May 2024 Energy News issue - 1725 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
 
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot ReportFuture of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
Future of Trade 2024 - Decoupled and Reconfigured - Snapshot Report
 
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di PasuruanObat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
Obat Aborsi Pasuruan 0851\7696\3835 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Pasuruan
 

A Brief History of Big Data

  • 1. Big Data A Brief (ish) History of…
  • 2. C 18,000 BCE • Humans use tally sticks to record data for the first time. These are used to track trading activity and record inventory.
  • 3. C 2400 BCE • The abacus is developed, and the first libraries are built in Babylonia
  • 4. 300 BCE – 48 AD • The Library of Alexandria is the world’s largest data storage center – until it is destroyed by the Romans.
  • 5. 100 AD – 200 AD • The Antikythera Mechanism – the first mechanical computer – is developed in Greece
  • 6. 1663 • John Graunt conducts the first recorded statistical-analysis experiments in an attempt to curb the spread of the bubonic plague in Europe
  • 7. 1865 • The term “business intelligence” is used by Richard Millar Devens in his Encyclopaedia of Commercial and Business Anecdotes
  • 8. 1881 • Herman Hollerith creates the Hollerith Tabulating Machine which uses punch cards to vastly reduce the workload of the US Census.
  • 9. 1926 • Nikola Tesla predicts that in the future, a man will be able to access and analyze vast amounts of data using a device small enough to fit in his pocket.
  • 10. 1928 • Fritz Pfleumer creates a method of storing data magnetically, which forms basis of modern digital data storage technology.
  • 11. 1944 • Fremont Rider speculates that Yale Library will contain 200 million books stored on 6,000 miles of shelves, by 2040.
  • 12. 1958 • Hans Peter Luhn defines Business Intelligence as “the ability to apprehend the interrelationships of presented facts in such a way as to guide action towards a desired goal.”
  • 13. 1965 • The US Government plans the world’s first data center to store 742 million tax returns and 175 million sets of fingerprints on magnetic tape.
  • 14. 1970 • Relational Database model developed by IBM mathematician Edgar F Codd. The Hierarchal file system allows records to be accessed using a simple index system. This means anyone can use databases, not just computer scientists.
  • 15. 1976 • Material Requirements Planning (MRP) systems are commonly used in business. Computer and data storage is used for everyday routine tasks.
  • 16. 1989 • Early use of term Big Data in magazine article by fiction author Erik Larson – commenting on advertisers’ use of data to target customers.
  • 17. 1991 • The birth of the internet. Anyone can now go online and upload their own data, or analyze data uploaded by other people.
  • 18. 1996 • The price of digital storage falls to the point where it is more cost-effective than paper.
  • 19. 1997 • Google launch their search engine which will quickly become the most popular in the world. • Michael Lesk estimates the digital universe is increasing tenfold in size every year.
  • 20. 1999 • First use of the term Big Data in an academic paper – Visually Exploring Gigabyte Datasets in Realtime (ACM) • First use of term Internet of Things, in a business presentation by Kevin Ashton to Procter and Gamble.
  • 21. 2001 • Three “Vs” of Big Data – Volume, Velocity, Variety – defined by Doug Laney
  • 22. 2005 • Hadoop – an open source Big Data framework now developed by Apache – is developed. • The birth of “Web 2.0 – the user- generated web”.
  • 23. 2008 • Globally 9.57 zettabytes (9.57 trillion gigabytes) of information is processed by the world’s CPUs. • An estimated 14.7 exabytes of new information is produced this year.
  • 24. 2009 • The average US company with over 1,000 employees is storing more than 200 terabytes of data according to the report Big Data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition and Productivity by McKinsey Global Institute.
  • 25. 2010 • Eric Schmidt, executive chairman of Google, tells a conference that as much data is now being created every two days, as was created from the beginning of human civilization to the year 2003.
  • 26. 2011 • The McKinsey report states that by 2018 the US will face a shortfall of between 140,000 and 190,000 professional data scientists, and warns that issues including privacy, security and intellectual property will have to be resolved before the full value of Big Data will be realised.
  • 27. 2014 • Mobile internet use overtakes desktop for the first time • 88% of executives responding to an international survey by GE say that big data analysis is a top priority
  • 28. 2015 • The data volumes are exploding, more data has been created in the past two years than in the entire previous history of the human race.