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Aksharica - 026 (अक्षरिका - ०२६)

Rajesh Koirala
Rajesh Koirala
Rajesh KoiralaNepali Linguist । Journalist at Aksharica Nepali Newsletter

Aksharica (अक्षरिका) is a Nepali Language Newsletter. Aksharica is made with a combination of two words “Akshar” and “America”. Akshar means “letter” in Nepali, thus goal of the Aksharica is to educate, inform, inspire, and empower the Nepali speaking community (Bhutanese and Nepalese) residing in America. Rajesh Koirala is working as an editor since it started on August 2010. This is 26th issue, published on September 15, 2011.

Aksharica - 026 (अक्षरिका - ०२६)

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Resettlement; ORR) n] ;+o'Qm
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u/]sf lyP. To;aLr cu:t
#–$ df z/0ffyL{ pRrfof]u
sf+u|]; ePsf] lyof] .
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sDKo'6/sf] k|of]udf
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cd]l/sfdf bfg lbg] rng (Charitable Giv-
ing) 5. oxfF ;a} txsf dflg; bfg u5{g.
o:tf bfg gfkmf gsdfpg] rlr{t ;+:yfx?
(Nonprofit Organizations) nfO{ k|bfg ul/G5.
tL ;+:yf ;fdflhs ;]jfh:tf sfd ul//x]sf]
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sf]lx JolQmn] hfg]/ klg To:tf ;+:yf vf]h]/
bfg lbg] u5{g.
bfg g] of] cd]l/sL rng lgs} k'/fgf]
dflgG5.
luleª o'P;P kmfpG8];g (Giving USA
Foundation) / OlG8ofgf o'lgel;{6L (Indiana
University) sf] ;]G6/ cg lkmnfGy|f]kL (Cen-
ter on Philanthropy) n] u/]sf] cWoogcg';f/
;g @)!) df cd]l/sLx?n] @ va{ () ca{
*( s/f]8 8n/ bfg u/]. of] bfg /sd ;g
@))( sf] t'ngfdf # bzdnj * k|ltzt
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s/f]8 bfg ul/Psf] lyof].
lzIffaf/]
k|Zg–pQ/
n cd]l/sfdf Ps jif{ -Ps z}lIfs–;q_ df
:s"n slt lbg v'N5g<
– cf};t sl/a ! ;o *) lbg .
n cd]l/sfsf :s"nx?nfO{ s'g d'Vo tLg
txdf ljefhg ul/Psf] 5<
– Plnd]G6/L :s"n (Elementary School),
ld8n :s"n (Junior School) / xfO{ :s"n
(High School) . ld8n :s"nnfO{ h'lgo/ xfO{
:s"n (Junior High School) klg elgG5.
n cd]l/sfsf] :s"n slt sIffdf ;lsG5<
– !@ sIff .
n z}lIfs–;q s'g dlxgf z'? x'G5<
– cu:t jf ;]K6]Da/ dlxgf .
n xfO{ :s"n (High School) eGgfn] s'g–
s'g sIffnfO{ hgfpF5<
– sIff (, !), !! / !@ .
n xfO{:s"n ;s]sf] ljBfyL{sf] pd]/ ;fdf–
GotM slt jif{sf] x'G5<
– !* jif{ .
n s]– !@ (K- 12) eGgfn] s] a'lemG5<
– lsG8/uf6]{gb]lv !@ sIff;Dd
(Kindergarten to class 12) .
o;nfO{ st} P-12 klg elgG5 .
n z}lIfs–;q s'g dlxgf ;lsG5<
– d] jf h"g dlxgf .
n cd]l/sfsf] lzIff;DaGwL ;a} sfd s'g
l8kf6{d]G6 -ljefu_ n] x]g]{ u5{< -cd]l/sfdf
dGqfnox?nfO{ l8kf6{d]G6 elgG5._
– l8kf6{d]G6 ckm Ph's];g
(Department of Education) .
n xfO:s"n g;s]sf] dflg;n] klg sn]h
k9g s:tf] lzIff k"/f ug'{k5{<
– lhO8L (General Educational Develop-
ment; GED) sf] tof/L u/]/ k/LIff
pQL0f{ u/] sn]h k9g kfOG5 .
n sIff (, !), !! / !@ sf jif{x?nfO{ s]
s] pkgfdn] klg lrlgG5<
– sIff ( M k|m];Dofg Pc/ (Freshman Year),
sIff !) M ;f]kmf]df]/ Pc/
(Sophomore Year),
sIff !! M h'lgo/ Pc/ (Junior Year)
/ sIff !@ M l;lgo/ Pc/
(Senior Year) .
gfgLx¿n] sDKo'6/sf] k|of]u ubf{ cleefjsn]
xf]lzof/ x'g'k5{. gfgLx?sf nflu ;fdfGotM
6]lnlehg jf sDKo'6/df b'O{ 306feGbf a9L
;do a:g' /fd|f] x'Fb}g. o;afx]s sDKo'6/sf]
k|of]udf cleefjsn] lgDg a'Fbfx?df Wofg
lbg' /fd|f] x'G5 M
. dfG5] w]/} cfpg]–hfpg] 7fpFdf
sDKo'6/ /fVg'xf];. s'gf jf 5]pdf
g/fVg'xf];. cfdfn] efG;fdf sfd ubf{
b]lvg] 7fpFdf sDKo'6/ eP klg x'G5.
. OG6/g]6 (Internet) ca 6]a'nsf]
sDKo'6/df dfq x'Fb}g, df]afOn kmf]g, ljleGg
u]d v]Ng] pks/0f jf Nofk6k hxfF klg
x'g;S5. ;a}lt/ cfFvf nufpFb} ug'{xf];.
. s'g–s'g j]a;fO6 (Website)
k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 / slt ;do k|of]u ubf{
/fd|f] x'G5 l;sfpg'xf];. o:tf ljifodf klxn]
cfkm"n] OG6/g]6af6 hfgsf/L lng ;lsG5.
pgLx?n] x]g{ gx'g] j]a;fO6 /f]Sg] k|ljlw
k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5. cfjZos j]a;fO6nfO{
lrGx nufpg (Bookmark) ;lsG5.
. cfkm" klg a;]/ s:tf j]a;fO6 jf
sDKo'6/ ;fdu|L k|of]u ubf{ s] s] ubf{ /fd|f] /
;lhnf] x'G5 eGg] l;sfpg'xf];.
. km];a's (Facebook) h:tf ;fdflhs
j]a;fO6 k|of]u ubf{ glrg]sf] dflg;;Fu ;fyL
aGg'x'Gg. glrg]sf] dflg;nfO{ cfˆgf] k"/f
kl/ro -:s"n / 3/sf] 7]ufgf, kmf]6f], kmf]g
gDa/_ lbg'x'Gg. o:tf j]a;fO6af6 lrg]sf]
gofF dfG5]n] af]nfpFb}df hfg'x'Gg eGg] klg
l;sfpg'xf];.
. Od]n agfP/ klg ;a} ljifoaf/] hfgsf/L
klg lng ;lsG5.
. OG6/g]6af6 x'g] g/fd|f sfdaf/] af/Daf/
l;sfO/xg'k5{. sDKo'6/sf] k|of]uaf6 g/fd|f
sfd u/]/ s;}n] ;hfo kfPsf ;dfrf/ st} k9g]
df}sf kfP jf ;'Gg] df}sf kfP, tL ;dfrf/
gfgLx?nfO{ ;'gfpg] ug'{k5{.
yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu x]g'{xf]; M
www.fbi.gov/fun-games/kids/kids-safety
epa.gov
;]K6]Da/ (September) !& nfO{ cd]l/sfdf
…aRrfsf nflu
lbj;Ú (Day for
Kids) sf ?kdf
dgfOG5. of]
…AofOh PG8 uN;{
SnaÚ (Boys & Girls Club) x?n] kfsf /
o'jfsf] ;DaGw alnof] kfg{] lbj;sf dgfOG5.
;]K6]Da/nfO{ cd]l/sfdf /S;L tyf
nfu'cf}ifwsf] s'ntaf6 5'6sf/f kfpg]
/fli6«o dlxgf (National Alcohol and Drug
Addiction Recovery Month) / l8Dau|GyL tyf
S & T Communications, 10 Ashley Dr, Manchester, NH 03103, Ph: 603 661 1039, Email : info@aksharica.com,
Website : www. aksharica.com, Guest Editor : Rajesh Koirala, Co-ordinator : Tara Acharya, Managing Director : Sattan Acharya
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Printed copies of
AKSHARICA are available at:
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2. Bhutanese Community of NH_ 510 Chestnut St, Manchester, NH 03101
3. International Institute of Saint Louis
3654 South Grand Boulevard, Saint Louis, MO 63118
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1216 Arch Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107
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2220 Central Avenue, Kansas City, KS 66102
If you would also like to print and distribute AKSHARICA, please email us.
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(Washington DC) xf] .
« >lds lbj; (Labor Day)
« sf]nDa; lbj; (Columbus Day)
« ;}lgs ;]jf u/]sfsf] ;Ddfgdf
lbj; (Veterans Day)
« Yofªs; luleª (Thanksgiving)
« lqm;d; (Christmas Day)
;a}h;f] cd]l/sLn] /fli6«o jf ;+3Lo labf
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pRr JolQmTj jf cj;/sf] k|ltlglwTj u5{g.
oL labfx?nfO{ …;+3Lo labfÚ elgG5. oL
labf ;a} %) /fHo, l8l:6«S6 ckm sf]nlDaof
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/fHon] oL labf lbg] jf glbg] cyf{t
dgfpg] jf gdgfpg] eg]/ lg0f{o ug{ kfpF5g.
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aGb ug]{ jf vf]Ng] eGg] lg0f{o tL ;+:yfn]
cfkm}+ u5{g. ;g !(&! kl5 gofF jif{, :jt–
Gqtf lbj;, ;}lgs ;]jf u/]sfsf] ;Ddfgdf
lbj;, Yofªs; luleª / lqm;d;afx]ssf
labf ;f]daf/ dgfOG5.
;]K6]Da/sf] klxnf] ;f]daf/ >lds lbj; (Labor
Day) dgfOof]. of] lbj;h:t} jif{e/df ljleGg
labfsf lbgx? 5g. gful/stf k|bfg ubf{
lnOg] k/LIff (Civic Test_l;les 6]:6) df
labf;DaGwL k|Zg klg ;f]Wg ;lsG5. tL k|Zg
c+u|]hL x'G5g. …cIfl/sfÚn] tL k|ZgnfO{ g]kfnLdf
;d]t k|sflzt ub}{ cfPsf] 5. o;k6s
labf;DaGwL ljifosf] k|Zg–pQ/M
!= cd]l/sfdf lbOg] /fli6«o labfdWo] s'g} b'O{
eGg'xf];. (Name TWO national U.S. holi-
days?)
– « gofF jif{ (New Year’s Day)
« dfl6{g n'y/ lsª h'lgo/sf] hGdlbg
(Martin Luther King, Jr. Day)
« /fi6«klt lbj; (Presidents’ Day)
« :df/s lbj; (Memorial Day)
« :jtGqtf lbj; (Independence Day)
k|f]:6]6 SofG;/;DaGwL hgr]tgf hufpg]
/fli6«o dlxgf (National Ovarian and
Prostate Cancer Awareness Month) sf
?kdf dgfOG5.
lxGb'x?sf] ;f]x|>f4 c;f]h !)
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-;]K6]Da/ @*_ df bz}+sf] 36:yfkgf 5.
To;kl5 qmdzM cS6f]a/ # df km"nkftL,
cS6f]a/ $ dxfci6dL, cS6f]a/ % df
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o;df jif{lbgsf ;a} rf8af/] hfgsf/L lbO;s]sf] 5
csf]{ c+saf6 of] :tDe lgoldt /xg]5}g. –;+=_
cl:yk~h/ k|0ffnL
cl:yk~h/ k|0ffnL (Skeletal Sys-
tem) xf8x?sf] k|0ffnL xf]. xf8x?n]
z/L/nfO{ cfsf/ lbG5g. dflg;
hGdbf # ;o j6f xf8 x'G5g. oL xf8x?dWo]
s]lx xf8 lj:tf/} Ps–cfk;df ufFl;G5g
/ @ ;o ^ dfq /xG5g. v'§fdf dfq @^
xf8 x'G5g. b'j} v'§fdf u/L %@ xf8 x'G5g.
%@ j6f xf8 eg]sf] z/L/sf s"n xf8sf]
@% k|ltzt xf]. o; k6s xft–v'§fsf
s]lx xf8 / o;;DaGwL c? efusf c+u|]hL tyf
g]kfnL gfd M
d]6f6f;{n (Metatarsal) / 6f;{n (Tarsal)
b'O{ vfnsf xf8 uf]8fdf x'G5g. v'§fdf kfph'
cl8g] 7fpFdf 6f;{n x'G5g. logLx?sf]
;xfotfn] v'§f rN5g. 6f;{nx?n] 3'F8f
tnsf xf8 / v'§fsf cf}+nfsf km]bkl§sf xf8
-h;nfO{ d]6f6f;{n elgG5_ nfO{ hf]85g.
sfk{n (Carpal) / d]6fsfk{n (Meta-
carpal) xftdf x'G5g. xftdf 38L afFlwg]
efudf sfk{n x'G5g. sfk{ns} d2tn] xft
rN5. sfk{nn] s'lxgf] tn xftsf cf}+nfsf
km]bkl§sf xf8x? -h;nfO{ xfdL d]6fsfk{n
eG5f}+_ nfO{ hf]85g. -yk csf]{ c+sdf_
labfsf lbg
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Aksharica - 026 (अक्षरिका - ०२६)

  • 1. o;leq s] s] < g g]kfnL ;Dd]ng==================@ g rf/ / /fi6«klt=====================@ g s[lif ljefu==========================@ g cfwf dfq lzlj/df=================@ g u'lnof]–k]o lkpg] cfwf====@ g z/0ffyL{ sf+u|];====================@ g sDKo'6/df afnaflnsf=====# g bfgsf] rng=======================# g lzIffaf/] k|Zg–pQ/============# g cl:yk~h/ k|0ffnL==========$ g casf !% lbg=================$ g gful/s k|Zg–pQ/============$ @)!! ;]K6]Da/ bf];|f] jif{ @ c+s @^ ;Dkfblso ;+ljwfg lbj; cd]l/sL ;+ljwfg ag]sfn] ;]K6]Da/ !& df …;+ljwfg lbj;Ú dgfOG5. ;g !&*& ;]K6]Da/ !& df cd]l/sL ;+ljwfgdf #( hgfn] x:tfIf/ ug'{ePsf] lyof]. ;+ljwfgdf x:tfIf/ ePkl5 gful/s x'g] ;a}sf] klxrfgsf nflu of] lbg …gful/s lbj;Ú klg o;} lbg dgfOG5. gful/s lbg] b'O{ cfwf/ x'G5g. klxnf] olx+ hGd]sf cfwf/df / bf];|f] aflx/–af6 cfPsf] dflg;nfO{ …g]r'/nfOh];gÚ u/]/ gful/s agfOg] ul/G5. g]r'/nfOh];gaf6 gful/s x'g]– sf nflu oL lbj; dxTjsf 5g. wGojfb ljz]if n]vf, ljQ, alxvftfh:tf sfdsf nflu lrlgPsf] cGt/f{li6«o sDkgL …Psf]G6]Dk;Ú (Accountemps) n] cGtjf{tf{df x'g] uNtLaf/] cWoog u¥of]. cGtjf{tf{ lbg hfg] JolQmn] ug]{ uNtLx?df p;n] hflu/ vfg'kg]{ ;+:yfaf/] yf]/} hfgsf/L lng' klxnf] / 7"nf] uNtL xf] eGg] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5. pQm cWoog eG5, …cGtjf{tf{ lbg hfg] JolQmn] ug]{ klxnf] uNtLdf hflu/ vfg'kg]{ ;+:yfaf/] yf]/} hfgsf/L lng] a9L b]lvPsf 5g.Ú s:tf uNtL slt x'Fbf /x]5g< pQm cWoogcg';f/ cGtjf{tf{df x'g] d'Vo uNtL o:tf 5gM n hflu/ vfg'kg]{ ;+:yfaf/] yf]/} hfgsf/L lnP/ hfg]M– #* k|ltzt n cfˆgf] lzk / cg'ejaf/] s] s] atfpg'k5{ eg]/ ul/g] tof/Lsf] sdL M– @) k|ltzt n ;+:yfsf] nIo / tkfO{+n] sfd kfpFbf slt nIo k'/f x'G5 jf eljiosf of]hgf s] s] 5g eGg] af/] 5nkmn ug{ la;{g] jf To:tf] ljifosf] tof/Ldf sdL M– !$ k|ltzt n cfFvfdf cfFvf ldnfP/ s'/f gug]{ jf cK7of/f] ePh:tf] dfGg] cGtjf{tf{df o:tf uNtL gu/f}+ afgL M– !) k|ltzt n cGtjf{tf{ lnPsf a]nf km'lt{nf] jf pT;fxL gb]lvg] M– ( k|ltzt w]/} lj1x¿ eG5g hflu/ vf]Hg]x?n] cGtjf{tf{ lbg hfFbf jf To;kl5 k'¥ofpg'kg]{ ljifo / If]q w]/} 5g. To;dWo] s]lx dxÎjk"0f{ a'Fbf o:tf 5gM n cGtjf{tf{df hfFbf ;kmf / ;'xfpFbf n'uf gnufpg]. n cGtjf{tf{sf nflu tf]lsPsf] ;doeGbf l9nf] k'Ug]. n cGtjf{tf{–sIfdf k;]kl5 ;a}nfO{ clejfbg ug{ e'Ng]. n cGtjf{tf{df Nofpg' elgPsf k|df0fkq jf To:t} cGo sfuhft la;{g]. n df]afOn kmf]g aGb ug]{ jf cfjfh aGb u/]/ /fVg la;{g]. n cGtjf{tf{df sDkgLsf] nIo jf of]hgfafx]s sDkgLdf ;'wf/ ug'{kg]{ If]q cf}Nofpg la;{g]. To; If]qdf tkfO{+n] ug{;Sg] sfd :ki6 kfg{ g;Sg]. n cGtjf{tf{ ;s]/ p7bfp7b} klg …dnfO{ of] sDkgLdf /x]/ sfd ug{ lgs} rf;f] 5Ú eGg la;{g]. n cGtjf{tf{ lng] -x?_nfO{ …wGojfbÚ eGg la;{g]. n cGtjf{tf{kl5 cfkm"n] hflu/ kfP÷gkfPsf] s;/L yfxf kfpg] eg]/ ;f]Wg la;{g]. cGtjf{tf{kl5 s] la;{g'x'Gg< cGtjf{tf{kl5 klg s]lx sfd ug{ afFsL /xG5g. tL o:tf 5gM n cGtjf{tf{ ;s]/ cfPsf] @$ 306fdf Od]ndfkm{t jf !–# lbgleq kqdfkm{t wGojfb–kq gn]Vg]. o:tf] Od]n jf kqdf cGtjf{tf{df eGg la;{]sf ljifodf n]Vg la;{g]. n cGtjf{tf{kl5 klg tkfO{nfO{ kmf]gdfkm{t s'/f ug{ vf]Hg] ;+efjgf x'g] ePsfn] sDkgLaf/] yk hfgsf/L lnP/ ga:g]. vv cGtjf{tf{df x'g] ;fdfGo q'6Ln] xfdLnfO{ c;kmn agfpF5 . xfdLn] c?af6 / cfˆgf uNtLx¿af6 l;Sg'k5{ . vv mm cGtjf{tf{df hfFbf s] s] tof/L ul/G5< cIfl/sfsf] @)!) gf]e]Da/ bf];|f] c+s x]g'{xf]; mm
  • 2. @ ‘n]a/ 8]’df e]nfM dWoklZrd / blIf0f–k"j{df a:g] g]kfnLx¿sf] ;Dd]ng hlh{of /fHosf] c6nfG6fdf ;]K6]Da/ @–$ df eof]. P;f]l;P;g ckm g]lKnh Og ld8–j]:6 cd]l/sf -PGdf_ tyf g]lKnh P;f]l;P;g Og ;fpb–O:6 cd]l/sf -gf;f_ sf] ;ftf}+ ;+o'St ;Dd]ng g]lKnh Pzf]l;o;g ckm hlh{of -gfu_ n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] lyof]. ;Dd]ngsf] gf/f …cd]l/sfdf g]kfn dgfpFb}Ú lyof]. PGdf ;g !(*@ df / gf;f ;g !((! df :yfkgf ePsf x'g. ;Dd]ngdf % ;o g]kfnL ;xefuL lyP. 4k|To]s rf/ jif{df cd]l/sL /fi6«kltsf nflu lgjf{rg x'G5. rf/ c+sn] efu nfUg] jif{ gf]e]Da/sf] klxnf] ;f]daf/sf] ef]lnkN6 /fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg x'G5. lgjf{rgdf 5flgPsf] JolQmn] To;kl5 cfpg] hgj/L @) tfl/vdf kbsf] sfo{ef/ ;DxfNg'x'G5. pxfF rf/ jif{sf nflu /fi6«klt /xg'x'G5. rf/ jif{kl5 km]l/ /fi6«klt lgjf{rg x'G5. cl3Nnf] /fi6«klt km]l/ lgjf{lrt eP yk rf/ jif{ /fi6«klt aGg'x'G5. ;fdfGotM Ps JolQm b'O{ sfo{sfn -* jif{_eGbf a9L /fi6«klt /xg'x'Gg. s[lif ljefu ca cfwfdfq lzlj/df krf; xhf/ ( ;o (^ e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf] t];|f] d'n'sdf k'g:yf{kgf eO;s]sf] 5. s"n k'g:yf{lktdWo] $# xhf/ %^ hgf cd]l/sf cfO;Sg'ePsf] 5. ca ! nfv * xhf/dWo] sl/a cfwfdfq g]kfnsf ljleGg lzlj/df x'g'x'G5. g]kfn ;/sf/n] emfkfdf a]n8fFuL / df]/ªdf zlgZr/] df dfq b'O{ lzlj/ agfpg yfn]sf] 5. lzlj/ 36fpg] sfd ;g @)!@ dWodf ;lsg]5. cfwfn] u'lnof] k]o lkpF5g cd]l/sfdf b'O{ jif{dflysf] cfwf hg;+Vofn] u'lnof]–k]o lkpg] u/]sf] ;]G6;{ km/ l8lhh sG6«f]n PG8 lk|e]G;g (Centers for Disease Control and Preven- tion; CDC) n] hgfPsf] 5. o:tf] u'lnof]–k]o vfg]df c6nfG6fdf g]kfnL ;Dd]ng !#–!( jif{sf o'jf a9L 5g. a9L dfqfdf lrgL–ld;fOPsf k]osf sf/0f dflg;sf] tf}n a95, df]6fpF5 / dw'd]x (Diabetes) x'G5. t/ o:tf] k]osf lgdf{tf–sDkgLx? eg] dflg; df]6fpg' / dw'd]x x'g'sf] sf/0f o:tf k]o gePsf] bfaL ub}{ cfPsf 5g. z/0ffyL{ sf+u|]; /fhwfgL jfl;+u6gdf ut cu:t !–$ df z/0ffyL{ sf+u|]; eof]. pQm sf+u|];df e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf k|ltlglwM l6sf cfrfo{ -Go' XofD;/_, xl/ lg/f}nf -jfl;+u6g_, s'df/ u'?ª -g]a|f:sf_, 3g b'nfn -o'6fx_, 5lj Gof}kfg] -;fpy 8sf]6f_, bdoGtL s7]t -cl/hf]gf_, wg vltj8f -ldl;ug_, v]d v8sf -gy{ Sof/f]nfOgf_, 6]s bgf{n -l;sfuf]_ ;xefuL x'g'eof]. pxfFx?nufot sf+u|];df Ps xhf/ ;xefuL x'g'x'GYof]. sf+u|];sf] cfof]hgf :jf:Yo tyf dfgj ;]jf ljefu (De- partment of Health and Human Service), z/0ffyL{ k'g:yf{kgf sfof{no (Office of Refugee Resettlement; ORR) n] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo z/0ffyL{ pRrf– of]u (UNHCR) ;Fu ldn]/ u/]sf lyP. To;aLr cu:t #–$ df z/0ffyL{ pRrfof]u sf+u|]; ePsf] lyof] . cd]l/sfsf] /fhwfgLsf] gfd s] xf]< d cd]l/sLsf] s[lif ljefu x'F . d c? b]zsf] s[lif dGqfno h:t} x'F . dnfO{ c+u|]hLdf …l8kf6{d]G6 ckm Plu|sNr/Ú (USDA) elgG5 . n n n d]/f] :yfkgf ;g !*^@ df ePsf] xf] . ljefusf] bhf{ kfPsf] ;g !**( df xf] . n n n d ;a} cd]l/sLnfO{ kf]lifnf] vfgfsf] lgZro tyf s[ifsnfO{ d2t u5{'. sf+u|];df af]Nb} o'6fx /fHosf 3g b'nfn l6sfcfrfo{
  • 3. # sDKo'6/sf] k|of]udf cleefjssf] xf]lzof/L nku cd]l/sfdf bfg lbg] rng (Charitable Giv- ing) 5. oxfF ;a} txsf dflg; bfg u5{g. o:tf bfg gfkmf gsdfpg] rlr{t ;+:yfx? (Nonprofit Organizations) nfO{ k|bfg ul/G5. tL ;+:yf ;fdflhs ;]jfh:tf sfd ul//x]sf] x'g'k5{. cfˆgf] cfDbfgLaf6 lbPsf] bfg– jfktsf] /sddf s/ nfUb}g. s/ ltg]{ a]nfdf ;/sf/nfO{ bfgjfkt lbPsf] /sd v'nfP/ afFsL cfDbfgLsf] s/ a'emfpg'k5{. ;+:yf rnfpg cfjZos ePsf s'g} ;+:yfn] cfkm}+ bfgsf nflu cfXjfg u5{g eg] sf]lx JolQmn] hfg]/ klg To:tf ;+:yf vf]h]/ bfg lbg] u5{g. bfg g] of] cd]l/sL rng lgs} k'/fgf] dflgG5. luleª o'P;P kmfpG8];g (Giving USA Foundation) / OlG8ofgf o'lgel;{6L (Indiana University) sf] ;]G6/ cg lkmnfGy|f]kL (Cen- ter on Philanthropy) n] u/]sf] cWoogcg';f/ ;g @)!) df cd]l/sLx?n] @ va{ () ca{ *( s/f]8 8n/ bfg u/]. of] bfg /sd ;g @))( sf] t'ngfdf # bzdnj * k|ltzt a9L xf]. ;g @))( df @ va{ *) ca{ #) s/f]8 bfg ul/Psf] lyof]. lzIffaf/] k|Zg–pQ/ n cd]l/sfdf Ps jif{ -Ps z}lIfs–;q_ df :s"n slt lbg v'N5g< – cf};t sl/a ! ;o *) lbg . n cd]l/sfsf :s"nx?nfO{ s'g d'Vo tLg txdf ljefhg ul/Psf] 5< – Plnd]G6/L :s"n (Elementary School), ld8n :s"n (Junior School) / xfO{ :s"n (High School) . ld8n :s"nnfO{ h'lgo/ xfO{ :s"n (Junior High School) klg elgG5. n cd]l/sfsf] :s"n slt sIffdf ;lsG5< – !@ sIff . n z}lIfs–;q s'g dlxgf z'? x'G5< – cu:t jf ;]K6]Da/ dlxgf . n xfO{ :s"n (High School) eGgfn] s'g– s'g sIffnfO{ hgfpF5< – sIff (, !), !! / !@ . n xfO{:s"n ;s]sf] ljBfyL{sf] pd]/ ;fdf– GotM slt jif{sf] x'G5< – !* jif{ . n s]– !@ (K- 12) eGgfn] s] a'lemG5< – lsG8/uf6]{gb]lv !@ sIff;Dd (Kindergarten to class 12) . o;nfO{ st} P-12 klg elgG5 . n z}lIfs–;q s'g dlxgf ;lsG5< – d] jf h"g dlxgf . n cd]l/sfsf] lzIff;DaGwL ;a} sfd s'g l8kf6{d]G6 -ljefu_ n] x]g]{ u5{< -cd]l/sfdf dGqfnox?nfO{ l8kf6{d]G6 elgG5._ – l8kf6{d]G6 ckm Ph's];g (Department of Education) . n xfO:s"n g;s]sf] dflg;n] klg sn]h k9g s:tf] lzIff k"/f ug'{k5{< – lhO8L (General Educational Develop- ment; GED) sf] tof/L u/]/ k/LIff pQL0f{ u/] sn]h k9g kfOG5 . n sIff (, !), !! / !@ sf jif{x?nfO{ s] s] pkgfdn] klg lrlgG5< – sIff ( M k|m];Dofg Pc/ (Freshman Year), sIff !) M ;f]kmf]df]/ Pc/ (Sophomore Year), sIff !! M h'lgo/ Pc/ (Junior Year) / sIff !@ M l;lgo/ Pc/ (Senior Year) . gfgLx¿n] sDKo'6/sf] k|of]u ubf{ cleefjsn] xf]lzof/ x'g'k5{. gfgLx?sf nflu ;fdfGotM 6]lnlehg jf sDKo'6/df b'O{ 306feGbf a9L ;do a:g' /fd|f] x'Fb}g. o;afx]s sDKo'6/sf] k|of]udf cleefjsn] lgDg a'Fbfx?df Wofg lbg' /fd|f] x'G5 M . dfG5] w]/} cfpg]–hfpg] 7fpFdf sDKo'6/ /fVg'xf];. s'gf jf 5]pdf g/fVg'xf];. cfdfn] efG;fdf sfd ubf{ b]lvg] 7fpFdf sDKo'6/ eP klg x'G5. . OG6/g]6 (Internet) ca 6]a'nsf] sDKo'6/df dfq x'Fb}g, df]afOn kmf]g, ljleGg u]d v]Ng] pks/0f jf Nofk6k hxfF klg x'g;S5. ;a}lt/ cfFvf nufpFb} ug'{xf];. . s'g–s'g j]a;fO6 (Website) k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 / slt ;do k|of]u ubf{ /fd|f] x'G5 l;sfpg'xf];. o:tf ljifodf klxn] cfkm"n] OG6/g]6af6 hfgsf/L lng ;lsG5. pgLx?n] x]g{ gx'g] j]a;fO6 /f]Sg] k|ljlw k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5. cfjZos j]a;fO6nfO{ lrGx nufpg (Bookmark) ;lsG5. . cfkm" klg a;]/ s:tf j]a;fO6 jf sDKo'6/ ;fdu|L k|of]u ubf{ s] s] ubf{ /fd|f] / ;lhnf] x'G5 eGg] l;sfpg'xf];. . km];a's (Facebook) h:tf ;fdflhs j]a;fO6 k|of]u ubf{ glrg]sf] dflg;;Fu ;fyL aGg'x'Gg. glrg]sf] dflg;nfO{ cfˆgf] k"/f kl/ro -:s"n / 3/sf] 7]ufgf, kmf]6f], kmf]g gDa/_ lbg'x'Gg. o:tf j]a;fO6af6 lrg]sf] gofF dfG5]n] af]nfpFb}df hfg'x'Gg eGg] klg l;sfpg'xf];. . Od]n agfP/ klg ;a} ljifoaf/] hfgsf/L klg lng ;lsG5. . OG6/g]6af6 x'g] g/fd|f sfdaf/] af/Daf/ l;sfO/xg'k5{. sDKo'6/sf] k|of]uaf6 g/fd|f sfd u/]/ s;}n] ;hfo kfPsf ;dfrf/ st} k9g] df}sf kfP jf ;'Gg] df}sf kfP, tL ;dfrf/ gfgLx?nfO{ ;'gfpg] ug'{k5{. yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu x]g'{xf]; M www.fbi.gov/fun-games/kids/kids-safety epa.gov
  • 4. ;]K6]Da/ (September) !& nfO{ cd]l/sfdf …aRrfsf nflu lbj;Ú (Day for Kids) sf ?kdf dgfOG5. of] …AofOh PG8 uN;{ SnaÚ (Boys & Girls Club) x?n] kfsf / o'jfsf] ;DaGw alnof] kfg{] lbj;sf dgfOG5. ;]K6]Da/nfO{ cd]l/sfdf /S;L tyf nfu'cf}ifwsf] s'ntaf6 5'6sf/f kfpg] /fli6«o dlxgf (National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month) / l8Dau|GyL tyf S & T Communications, 10 Ashley Dr, Manchester, NH 03103, Ph: 603 661 1039, Email : info@aksharica.com, Website : www. aksharica.com, Guest Editor : Rajesh Koirala, Co-ordinator : Tara Acharya, Managing Director : Sattan Acharya $ Printed copies of AKSHARICA are available at: 1. Manchester Community Resource Center (MCRC)_ 177 Lake Av, NH 03103 2. Bhutanese Community of NH_ 510 Chestnut St, Manchester, NH 03101 3. International Institute of Saint Louis 3654 South Grand Boulevard, Saint Louis, MO 63118 4. Nationalities Service Center 1216 Arch Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107 5. Catholic Charities of Northeast Kansas 2220 Central Avenue, Kansas City, KS 66102 If you would also like to print and distribute AKSHARICA, please email us. bz}+ cfof] lrlsT;sLo zAbx¿ k[i7 @ sf] pQ/ cd]l/sfsf] /fhwfgL jfl;ª6g l8;L (Washington DC) xf] . « >lds lbj; (Labor Day) « sf]nDa; lbj; (Columbus Day) « ;}lgs ;]jf u/]sfsf] ;Ddfgdf lbj; (Veterans Day) « Yofªs; luleª (Thanksgiving) « lqm;d; (Christmas Day) ;a}h;f] cd]l/sLn] /fli6«o jf ;+3Lo labf dgfpF5g. oL labfx?n] cd]l/sL ;Dkbfsf] pRr JolQmTj jf cj;/sf] k|ltlglwTj u5{g. oL labfx?nfO{ …;+3Lo labfÚ elgG5. oL labf ;a} %) /fHo, l8l:6«S6 ckm sf]nlDaof -l8;L_ df dgfOG5 jf kfOG5. ;fdfGotM ;/sf/L sfof{nox? aGb x'G5g. t/ ;a} /fHon] oL labf lbg] jf glbg] cyf{t dgfpg] jf gdgfpg] eg]/ lg0f{o ug{ kfpF5g. Jofkfl/s ;+:yf, :s"n, jfl0fHo lgsfox? aGb ug]{ jf vf]Ng] eGg] lg0f{o tL ;+:yfn] cfkm}+ u5{g. ;g !(&! kl5 gofF jif{, :jt– Gqtf lbj;, ;}lgs ;]jf u/]sfsf] ;Ddfgdf lbj;, Yofªs; luleª / lqm;d;afx]ssf labf ;f]daf/ dgfOG5. ;]K6]Da/sf] klxnf] ;f]daf/ >lds lbj; (Labor Day) dgfOof]. of] lbj;h:t} jif{e/df ljleGg labfsf lbgx? 5g. gful/stf k|bfg ubf{ lnOg] k/LIff (Civic Test_l;les 6]:6) df labf;DaGwL k|Zg klg ;f]Wg ;lsG5. tL k|Zg c+u|]hL x'G5g. …cIfl/sfÚn] tL k|ZgnfO{ g]kfnLdf ;d]t k|sflzt ub}{ cfPsf] 5. o;k6s labf;DaGwL ljifosf] k|Zg–pQ/M != cd]l/sfdf lbOg] /fli6«o labfdWo] s'g} b'O{ eGg'xf];. (Name TWO national U.S. holi- days?) – « gofF jif{ (New Year’s Day) « dfl6{g n'y/ lsª h'lgo/sf] hGdlbg (Martin Luther King, Jr. Day) « /fi6«klt lbj; (Presidents’ Day) « :df/s lbj; (Memorial Day) « :jtGqtf lbj; (Independence Day) k|f]:6]6 SofG;/;DaGwL hgr]tgf hufpg] /fli6«o dlxgf (National Ovarian and Prostate Cancer Awareness Month) sf ?kdf dgfOG5. lxGb'x?sf] ;f]x|>f4 c;f]h !) -;]K6]Da/ @&_ df ;lsb}5. c;f]h !! -;]K6]Da/ @*_ df bz}+sf] 36:yfkgf 5. To;kl5 qmdzM cS6f]a/ # df km"nkftL, cS6f]a/ $ dxfci6dL, cS6f]a/ % df gjdL / cS6f]a/ ^ df bzdL 5. -‘casf !% lbg’ :tDen] Ps jif{ k"/f u¥of]. o;df jif{lbgsf ;a} rf8af/] hfgsf/L lbO;s]sf] 5 csf]{ c+saf6 of] :tDe lgoldt /xg]5}g. –;+=_ cl:yk~h/ k|0ffnL cl:yk~h/ k|0ffnL (Skeletal Sys- tem) xf8x?sf] k|0ffnL xf]. xf8x?n] z/L/nfO{ cfsf/ lbG5g. dflg; hGdbf # ;o j6f xf8 x'G5g. oL xf8x?dWo] s]lx xf8 lj:tf/} Ps–cfk;df ufFl;G5g / @ ;o ^ dfq /xG5g. v'§fdf dfq @^ xf8 x'G5g. b'j} v'§fdf u/L %@ xf8 x'G5g. %@ j6f xf8 eg]sf] z/L/sf s"n xf8sf] @% k|ltzt xf]. o; k6s xft–v'§fsf s]lx xf8 / o;;DaGwL c? efusf c+u|]hL tyf g]kfnL gfd M d]6f6f;{n (Metatarsal) / 6f;{n (Tarsal) b'O{ vfnsf xf8 uf]8fdf x'G5g. v'§fdf kfph' cl8g] 7fpFdf 6f;{n x'G5g. logLx?sf] ;xfotfn] v'§f rN5g. 6f;{nx?n] 3'F8f tnsf xf8 / v'§fsf cf}+nfsf km]bkl§sf xf8 -h;nfO{ d]6f6f;{n elgG5_ nfO{ hf]85g. sfk{n (Carpal) / d]6fsfk{n (Meta- carpal) xftdf x'G5g. xftdf 38L afFlwg] efudf sfk{n x'G5g. sfk{ns} d2tn] xft rN5. sfk{nn] s'lxgf] tn xftsf cf}+nfsf km]bkl§sf xf8x? -h;nfO{ xfdL d]6fsfk{n eG5f}+_ nfO{ hf]85g. -yk csf]{ c+sdf_ labfsf lbg