SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Aksharica - 008 (अक्षरिका - ००८)

Aksharica (अक्षरिका) is a Nepali Language Newsletter. Aksharica is made with a combination of two words “Akshar” and “America”. Akshar means “letter” in Nepali, thus goal of the Aksharica is to educate, inform, inspire, and empower the Nepali speaking community (Bhutanese and Nepalese) residing in America. Rajesh Koirala is working as an editor since it started on August 2010. This is 8th issue, published on December 15, 2010.

1 of 4
Download to read offline
o;leq s] s]<
g kfsf] pd]/ ;xfotf sfo{qmd=======@
g ;+:yfM cfOcfOP;l6Pn================@
g sf]7fd} al;/xFbf============================@
g ljleGg b]zdf $) xhf/==============#
g jftfj/0f klg /Iff ug'{5==============$
g ;8s b'3{6gfsf] tYof+s o:tf]=====$
g s'g dlxgf slt lbg<==================$
g hf8f]sf la/fdL==============================$
g casf !% lbg==============================$
@)!) l8;]Da/ bf];|f]
jif{ ! c+s *
Go'of]s{df g]kfnL
;Dkfblso
;+;f/e/ pHofnf]
lxGb"x¿n] ltxf/df lbkfjnL u5{g. clg
cfsfzlbk klg afN5g. ox'bLsf] xg'sf
kj{df d}gaQL aflnG5. cd]l/sfdf a:g]
clk|msLx¿n] Sjfhf kj{df lbk afN5g /
clk|msL ;+:s[lt / k/Dk/fsf] :d/0f u5{g.
af}4 ljxf/x¿df w]/} lbof] aln/x]sf x'G5g.
Yofª; luleªb]lv lqm;d; x'Fb} gofF jif{
-O:jL ;+jt_ nfUbf;Dd O;fO{ wd{ dfGg]
x?n] afn]sf aQLsf] pHofnf] ;a}lt/
b]lvG5. hxfF klg pHofnf]sf] dlxdf 5 .
;+:s[tdf …td;f]df Hof]ltu{doÚ -cGwsf/–
af6 k|sfztkm{_ eGg] ul/Psf] 5.
;a} hfthflt, wd{, b]z, dxfb]zdf Hof]
ltsf] dlxdf 5. pHofnf]sf] dxTj 5. st}
;a}lt/ lbk afNg] rng Ps} k6s ;'?
ePsf t lyPg . kl5 dfG5] htf k'u] pt}
cfkmgf 9+un] afNg yfn]sf t xf]Ogg<
pHofnf]n] xfdLnfO{ ;w}+ ;lx af6f]
b]vfcf];. lqm;d;sf] z'esfdgf. wGojfb
Dofgr]:6/– sfdsf] vf]hL jf ;'gf}nf]
eljiosf] ;f]r lnP/ cd]l/sf cfPsf w]/}
g]kfnLefifLn] efiffsf sf/0f Go'of]s{df ;f]
r]h:tf] sdfO ug{ g;s]sf] Go'of]s{l:yt
u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf …clwsf/Ún] hgfPsf] 5.
;+:yfsf cg';f/ sfd vf]Hg jf ;/sf/n]
lbg] ;'ljwf kfpg efiffsf] sl7gfO{ 5.
g]kfnLx?nfO{ ljleGg ;]jf k|bfg ub}{
cfPsf] clwsf/ cyf{t …clwsf/ km/ ;f];n
hl:6; PG8 Xo'dg /fO6;Ú (Adhikaar For
Social Justice and Human Rights) n] xfn}
Ps cWoog k|ltj]bg hf/L ub}{ eg]sf] 5,
…;+3Lo ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf] Ps 3G6fsf] &
8n/ @% ;]G6 jf Tof]eGbf sddf sfd ug{
w]/} g]kfnL afWo 5g.Ú of] cfDbfgLn] kl/jf/
kfNg lgs} sl7g 5. Go'of]s{ cd]l/sfsf]
dxFuf] zx/dWo] Ps xf].
:Gofk;6; ckm b g]kfnL–l:klsª
sDo'lg6L Og Go'of]s{ l;6L M 8]df]u|flkmS;
PG8 Rofn]Gh]h (Snapshots of the Nepali-
Speaking Community in New York City:
Demographics and Challenges) gfds
pQm k|ltj]bg eG5, …cfwfeGbf a9L g]kfnL
ljleGg Joj;fodf ;fdfGo ;xof]uLsf ?kdf
sfd u5{g.Ú
Joj;fosf ;xof]uL eGgfn] k'?ifx?
t]n xfNg] 7fpF -UofF; :6];g_, 6ofS;L
rnfpg], /]i6'/fFdf sfd ug]{, ljz]if ;'ljwfo'Qm
uf8L -lndf]lhg_ rnfpg], ;fgfltgf
pBf]udf sfd ug]{ u/]sf 5g eg] dlxnfx?
3/]n' sfdbf/, Ao'l6kfn{/ / g]n ;]n'gdf
sfd u5{g.
…g]kfnsf] lzIff, l;k / sfdsf] cg'ej
cd]l/sfdf Nofpg g;s]sfn] ;f]r]h:tf] sfd
u/]sf 5}gg,Ú k|ltj]bg eG5 . sdfPsf]
k};fn] Go'of]s{df ;fFemlaxfg /fd|f] eP klg
sdfO g]kfn k7fpg lgs} ufx|f] 5.
…sfd t kfPsf] 5. ;fgf]ltgf] cfDbfgL klg
u/]sf] 5. p;n] OHht kfPsf] 5}g,Ú
k|ltj]bgdf elgPsf] 5, …nfdf] ;do sfd
u5{. ;'ljwfaf6 alGrt 5.Ú
$) k[i7sf] pQm k|ltj]bgdf elgPsf] 5,
…pkrf/sf nflu cd]l/sfdf x'g] :jf:Yo–
ladf -x]Ny OG:of]/]G;_ ;'ljwfaf6 Go'of]s{sf
tLg–rf}yfO{ g]kfnL alGrt 5g.Ú
k|ltj]bg tof/ kfg{ ;f]lwPsf k|Zgx?sf]
pQ/ lbg]df (# k|ltzt g]kfnLefifL !*
jif{ b]lv %% jif{sf lyP. k|Zgx? hlt
dlxnfnfO{;f]lwPsflyP,sl/aToltg}k'?ifnfO{
;f]lwPsf lyP. k|Zgsf] pQ/ lbg]df $
k|ltzt !* jif{eGbf sd pd]/ / Pshgf
rflx+ ^^ jif{ s6]sf dflg; lyP.
rfln; k|ltzt dflg; kxf8 / dw]zsf
a|fXd0f tyf If]qL, cflbjf;L–hghflt %*
k|ltzt, blnt Ps k|ltzt / cGo lyP.
;j]{If0fdf ;+nUg &% k|ltzt sf7df8f}+sf]
jf sf7df8f}+ a;]/ cd]l/sf cfPsf] 5.
;aeGbf a9L klZrd g]kfnsf] !@ k|ltzt
5 eg] k"j{sf] ^ / dWo–g]kfnsf] $ k|ltzt
5. dWoklZrdsf] # k|ltzt 5.
k|ltj]bgn] efiffsf] tflnd, :jf:Yo–
;'ljwfsf] hfgsf/L, ljleGg sfdsf nflu
tflnd, ;:tf] lzz':ofxf/sf] aGbf]a:t, Ps
3G6fdf kfpg] sdfOsf] b/df j[l4, kfFr
jif{;Dd ;/sf/L ;'ljwf gkfpg] k|fjwfgsf]
;+zf]wg, cfk|jf;;DaGwL sfg'gdf
;+zf]wg, gofF tyf a9bf] ;d'bfok|lt
;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f a9fPdf Go'of]s{sf]
g]kfnL ;d'bfosf] cj:yfdf ;'wf/ x'g]
;'emfj lbPsf] 5.
OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6
ckm ;]G6 n'O;
@
ldhf}/L /fHosf] ;]G6 n'O;df …OG6/g];gn
OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O;Ú (International In-
stitute of St. Louis; IISTL) gfds ;+:yf 5.
o;n] cd]l/sf cfPsf cfk|jf;L / z/0ffyL{nfO{
;xof]u ub}{ cfPsf] 5. oxfFsf] ;d'bfodf
a:gsf nflu hfGg'kg]{ efiff, ;+:s[lt, k|ljlw
cflbsf] hfgsf/L lb+b} cfPsf] 5. o; ;+:yfn]
cfˆgf sfdnfO{ tLg If]qdf s]lGb|t u/]sf] 5M
;fdflhsLs/0f
o; ;+:yfn] cd]l/sf cfPsf gofF jfl;GbfnfO{
;fdflhs / z}lIfs sfo{qmddfkm{t bIf
agfpg d2t ub}{ cfPsf] 5. ;+:yfn] $)
b]zsf & xhf/ gofF cd]l/sLx?nfO{ c+u|]hL sIff,
/f]huf/Lsf] Joj:yf, k/fdz{ tyf ;fdflhs
sfd, z/0ffyL{ k'g:yf{kgf, efiff cg'jfb tyf
bf]efif] sfddf ;xof]u u/]sf] 5.
nufgL
cfly{s ?kdf alnof gofF cd]l/sLx?
;]G6 n'o;sf d"Nojfg ;b:o x'g. To;}n]
…OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O;Ú n]
k|fljlws ;xfotf, ;'Id cfly{s nufgL, cg'jfb
/ bf]efif]sf] sfddf ;3fpFb} cfPsf] 5.
;xeflutf
o; ;+:yfn] jflif{s ?kdf /fli6«o pT;jx?sf]
cfof]hgf u5{. o:tf pT;jdf w]/} b]zsf]
;+:s[lt, vfgf, j]ze"iffsf] k|bz{g x'G5.
cfdgful/snfO{ lgMz'Ns cjnf]sg ug{
lbOG5. o:tf cj;/x?df ! nfv @% xhf/n]
cjnf]sg u/]sf 5g / olx df}sfdf cTofjZos
kl/jf/sf nflu ;xof]u klg h'6fOG5.
;Dks{
International Institute of Saint Louis
3654 South Grand Boulevard
Saint Louis, MO 63118
Contact :
Phone : 314-773-9090
Fax: 314-773-6047 (Administrative Services)
314-773-4081 (Social Services)
Web - www.iistl.org
Email - info@iistl.org
;+:yf kl/rohf8f], aGb sf]7f / :jf:Yo
lr;f]sf a]nf sf]7f jf sfd ug]{ 7fpFd} a9L
;do laT5. w]/} ;do emofn9f]sf aGb
x'G5g. aflx/ v'nf xfjfdf hfg ;lsGg. Ps
7fpFd} a:bf xfjf tfhf x'Gg. o:tf]df ;fgf–
ltgf la/fdL ;lhn} km}ng;S5g. hlt a9L
dflg; sf]7fdf jf ckf6{d]G6 (Apartment)
df al;G5, ;f; Tolt g} km]l/G5. ;f; a9L
km]/]sfn] xfjf ;kmf /xGg. o:tf] cj:yfdf
?3fvf]sLh:tf ;fdfGo la/fdL ;lhn} ;5{g.
?3fvf]sLdfq nfu] t s]lx ePg, rfF8} lgsf]
xf]nf jf lgsf] kfg{ ;lsPnf. Hj/f] jf ;fgf
gfgLnfO{ 7]pnf (Chickenpox) cfP ;d:of
cln hl6n aG5.
o:tf] cj:yfdf ;fgf gfgL / :s'n]x?nfO{
a9L Wofg lbg'k5{. la/fdL gfgLx?nfO{ :s'n
k7fpg'x'Gg. Hj/f] cfPsf] 5 eg] 3/df /fv]/
lgsf] kfg{'k5{. ;Grf] x'glbg] / cf}ifwL 5f8]sf]
@$ 3G6f lat]kl5 dfq :s'n k9fpg'k5{.
?3f nfu]sf gfgLx? 3/ a:bf
?3f nfu]/ 3/ a;]sf gfgLnfO{ a]nfa]nf xft
w'g / xfR5o' ubf{ d'v 5f]Kg ;DemfO/xg'k5{.
of] 7"nfn] klg hfGg'kg]{ s'/f xf]. ?3fu|:t /
ylst eP/ :s'n hfFbf k9fOdf Wofg lbg
;Sb}gg / ?3f c?nfO{ ;g{ ;S5.
emf8fkvfnf / afGtf
emf8fkvfnf (Diarrhea) jf jfGtf (Vom-
iting) t c? df};ddf klg x'G5. sf]7fd}
al;/xFbf klg gxf]nf eGg ;lsGg. /ftL
o:tf] s'g} nIf0f b]lvPdf gfgLx?nfO{
:s'n k7fpg'x'Gg. ;Grf] x'glbg'k5{ /
cf}ifwL 5f8]sf] @$ 3G6f lat]kl5 dfq :s'n
k9fpg'k5{.
7]pnf
:s'n] gfgLnfO{ 7]pnf ePdf 3/df /fVg'k5{.
p;nfO{ 7]pnf ePsf] hfgsf/L :s'ndf
lbg'k5{. 7]pnf ePsf] gfgLn] & lbg;Dd
:s'n hfg'x'Fb}g. 3fp lgsf] ePkl5 dfq
hfg'k5{.
3fF6L b'Vg]
lr;f]sf sf/0f 3fF6L b'Vg], :j/ efl:;g]
eP klg klg :s'n gk7fpg' /fd|f] x'G5.
cf]vtL vfPs} 5 eg]/ k7fpg'x'Gg.
cf]vtLn] ;Grf] ePsf] @$ 3G6fkl5 dfq
:s'n k9fpg'k5{.
la/fdL ePsf a]nf cfkm}+n] s'g} cf}ifwL
dgf]dfgL v'jfOlbg'x'Fb}g.
kfsf] pd]/sf gful/snfO{
cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo
tyf dfgj ;]jf dGqfno (De-
partment of Health and Hu-
man Services) n] ljleGg ;]jf tyf ;'ljwf
lbG5. pQm dGqfnocGtu{tsf] j[4j[4f;DaGwL
ljefu …P8ldlgi6«];g cg PlhªÚ (Adminis-
tration on Aging, AOA) dfkm{t o:tf ;]jf–
;'ljwf lbg] u/]sf] 5. of] ljefusf] :yfkgf
;g !(^% df ePsf] xf].
kfsf] pd]/sf dflg;sf] ;+Vof a9bf]
ePsfn] pxfFx?sf] :jf:Yo tyf cGo ;]jfdf
ljz]if Wofg k'¥ofOG5. b]ze/sf nflu nfu' of]
sfo{qmd s]lGb|o -;+3Lo_ ;/sf/sf] sfo{qmd
xf]. /fHolkR5] km/s 9+un] ;]jf lbg] ul/Psf]
5. t/ ;'ljwf h;/L eP klg kfsf] pd]/sf]
dflg;n] kfpF5.
o; ljefusf ;'ljwf kfpg /fHon] pd]/
tyf cfDbfgLsf] xb tf]s]sf] x'g'k5{. pd]/
k'u]s} cfwf/df eg] ;'ljwf lbOg] xf]Og, j[4j[4fsf]
cfo, ;|f]t / a;f]af;sf] cj:yf klg x]l/G5.
kfsf] pd]/ ;xfotf sfo{qmd
kl/jf/df slt ;b:o
x'g'x'G5< s;n] slt
sdfpF5< kl/jf/sf] sdfOn]
3/vr{df ;xof]u k'U5 jf
k'Ub}g< eGg] k|Zgsf] pQ/ vf]lhG5.
cd]l/sfdf sl/a Ps ;o hgfdf sl/a
!# hgf dflg; ^% jif{ pd]/ k'u]sf
x'g'x'G5. kfsf] pd]/sf gful/ssf] ;+Vof
a9bf] 5.
ljefun] lbg] sfo{qmddf ;ft j6f zfvf
5g. oL ;ft zfVffn] vfgf tyf kf]lifnf]
cfx/fsf] Joj:yf (Elderly Nutrition
Program), :jf:Yo ;'ljwf (Medicaid),
tftf]–lr;f]sf] aGbf]a:t, j[4eQf, C0fdf
;xof]u, :ofxf/;';f/sf] Joj:yf,
6]lnkmf]g z'Ns, pkrf/df ljz]if 5'6 Joj:yf,
:jo+;]jssf] ;'ljwf cflb ug]{ sfd
;/sf/n] u5{.
o;sf cltl/Qm kfsf] pd]/;lxt
b[li6ljlxg jf ckf+u eP a9L ;xfotf
kfOG5.
#
sf7df8f}+– $) xhf/eGbf a9L e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf]
t];|f] d'n'sdf k'g:yf{kgf ePsf] 5. l8;]Da/
!# df $) xhf/ gDa/sf e"6fgL z/0ffyL{n]
g]kfn 5f8g' ePsf] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo z/0ffyL{
pRrfof]u (United Nations High Commis-
sion for Refugees, UNHCR) / cGt/f{li6«o
cfk|jf; ;+u7g (International Organization
for Migration, IOM) n] hgfPsf 5g. of]
;+Vof eg]sf] #& k|ltzt xf].
k"jL{ g]kfnsf emfkf a]n8fFuL lzlj/ !
P –!÷!$^ sL #* jifL{of b]jLdfof u'?ª
$) xhf/ gDa/sL x'g'ePsf] 5. pxfF
cd]l/sfsf] k]G;neflgof cfpg'ePsf] 5.
k"jL{ g]kfnsf
ljleGg z/0ffyL{ lzlj/
df cem} sl/a &@
xhf/ &## a;f]af;
ub}{ cfpg'ePsf] 5. yk
%) xhf/eGbf a9Ln]
t];|f] /fi6« hfg] OR5f
ug'{ePsf] 5.
;g @))& gf]e]
Da/ otf cd]l/sf,
$) xhf/ ljleGg b]zdf
Dofgr]:6/– ofqf lagf s'g} sfd
;+ej gx'g] ePsfn] ;8s, ;8s
b'3{6gf cflb hfgsf/L /fVg}k5{.
;8sdf df};d / ;jf/L ;+Vofh:tf
tTjn] c;/ u5{g. hf8f]sf] Pp6f
;d:of xf]– ;8sdf d[u cfpgfn] x'g] b'3{6gf.
o;sf] tYof+s ckTofl/nf] 5. cS6f]a/b]lv
l8;]Da/e/ d[u cfP/ w]/} b'3{6gf ePsf 5g.
;g @))% b]lv @))( ;Dd ;8sdf d[uh:tf
hgfj/;Fu 7f]lSsP/ cd]l/sfe/ ! xhf/ !&
hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5. sf/df ePsf ^)
k|ltzt d[To' l;6a]N6 gnufP/ / ^% k|ltzt
df]6/;fOsnofq'sf] d[To' x]Nd]6 gnufP/ ePsf]
5. ;8sdf cfP/ ;jf/Ldf 7f]lSsg] hgfj/df
tLg rf}yfO{ d[u 5g. ufO{j:t', 3f]8f, s's'/ /
efn' klg ;8sdf cfpF5g.
o;/L hgfj/;Fu h'w]/ ;aeGbf a9L
** hgfsf] d[To' 6]S;f;df ePsf] 5.
lj:sfG;gdf %&, ldl;ugdf %#, cf]xfof]df $(,
k]G;neflgofdf $* hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5.
;8s b'3{6gfsf tYof+s o:tf 5g
;g @))( df b'3{6gf 36]
;g !(%) kl5 ;g @))( df ;8s
d[To' ;+Vof sd eof]. ;g !(%) df ##
xhf/ ! ;o *^ hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof]
eg] ;g @))( df ## xhf/ * ;o *
dfqsf] d[To' eof]. oftfoft ljefusf] /fli6«o
/fhdfu{ 6«fkmLs ;'/Iff k|zf;g (National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
NHTSA) sf cg';f/ of] d[To' ;g @))*
sf] t'ngfdf !) k|ltzt sd xf]. cd]l/sfdf
x'g] c;fdlos d[To'dWo] ;8s b'3{6gf Go'g
5. Tof] d[To' s]jn ! bzdnj * k|ltzt
dfq x'G5.
ljZj cfly{s ;+s6sf sf/0f dflg;sf]
ofqf b"/L 5f]l6Psf] kfOof]. Tolx sf/0f klg
;8s b'3{6gfsf d[To' 36]sf] cg'dfg 5.
l;6 a]N6 nufpg] afgLdf ;'wf/ ePsf]
kfOPsf] 5. *% k|ltzt rfnsn] l;6 a]N6
afWg yfn]sf 5g.
;8s b'3{6gfsf k|d'v sf/0fdWo] /S;L
vfPkl5sf] ofqf k|d'v xf], h'g ;g @))*
sf] t'ngfdf ;g @))( df & bzdnj $
k|ltztn] 36]sf] 5. ;g @))( df /S;L
;]jgkl5sf] ;jf/L b'3{6gfdf !) xhf/ *
;o #( hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof]. of] s'n
;8s d[To'sf] Ps ltxfO{ dfq xf]. Tolt
dfq xf]Og, ;8sdf x'g] ;a} vfnsf d[To'df
sdL eof]. ;g @))* df eGbf ;g @))(
df df]6/;fOsn b'3{6gfdf d/]sfsf] ;+Vof
* ;o %) hgfn] sd lyof]. # b]lv #$
jif{sf dfG5]sf] d[To' x'g] d'Vo sf/0f uf8L
Pscfk;df h'Wg' xf].
xf]lzof/L t hlxn] klg cfjZos 5 g}
o:tf hfgsf/L /fVg h?/L klg 5.
sk8fdf skmLsf] bfu
sk8fdf skmLsf] bfu nfu]sf] 5 eg]
c08fleqsf] kx]+nf] efu (Yolk) n] x6fpF5.
of] kx]nf] efu skmLsf] bfudf bn]/ kfgLn]
kvfNg'xf];.
jftfj/0fsf] /Iff ug{]
s[lif dGqfnosf pkfo
jftfj/0fsf] /Iff ug'{ ;a}sf] bfloTj xf].
s[lif dGqfno (Department of Agriculture;
USDA) n] s]lx /fd|f pkfo l;sfPsf] 5 M
-!_ wf/fsf] kfgL lkpg] u/f}+. af]tnsf]
kfgL sd lsgf}+. lsg] klg af]tn l/;fOsn
u/f}+. k'/fgf af]tnaf6 k};f lkmtf{ cfpF5.
-@_ pdfn]/ jf dfOqmf]j]edf /fv]/ kfSg]
vfgf eP, To;/L vfgf tof/ kf/f}+. Ps}
5fsdf csf]{ 5fsnfO{ k'Ug] u/L ksfcf}+.
;do, lah'nL jf UofF;sf] art u/f}+.
-#_ df;' tof/ kfg{ w]/} pmhf{ / ;do
nfU5. To;sf] ;§f u]8fu'8L vfg] afgLn]
pmhf{sf] art x'G5.
-$_ cfˆgf] If]qdf pAhfPsf vfg]s'/f
-df;', t/sf/L_ tfhf x'G5g. aflx/sf
vfg]s'/f lsGbf kf]sf kfbf{ nfu]sf] vr{
ltg'{k5{. w]/} ;do tfhf /fVg k|of]u x'g]
/;fog oL tfhf vfg]s'/fdf x'Fb}gg.
xfdL klxn] eg]eGbf a9LnfO{ nfg;S5f}+ M 8]ln;L
Sofg8f, ci6«]lnof, Go"hLNofG8, gj]{, 8]gdfs{,
lgb/NofG8; / a]nfotdf e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf]
k'g:yf{kgf ul/b}5. ;aeGbf a9L z/0ffyL{
cd]l/sfdf k'g:yf{kgf ul/Psf] 5.
emfkf / df]/ªsf & lzlj/ 36fOg]
ePsf] 5. k'gjf{;df ljleGg b]z
hfgfn] lzlj/ kftlnPsf] 5. z/0ffyL{
x]/rfxdf ;+nUg bft[ lgsfon] ;a}
z/0ffyL{nfO{ emfkfsf] a]n8fFuL / df]/ªsf]
zlgZr/]df ;d]6g] of]hgf agfO/x]sf 5g.
OR5f b]vfP;Dd n}hfg]
g]kfnsf nflu cd]l/sL /fhb"t :s6
Pr= 8]ln;Ln] eGg'ePsf] 5, …xfdLn] ;'?df
^) xhf/sf] k'g:yf{kgf ug]{ ;f]r agfPsf
lyof}+. of] ca oltdf l;ldt x'Fb}g. hlt
cd]l/sf hfg'ePsf] 5, /fd|f] ug'{ePsf]
5. xfdL cem a9LnfO{ nfg rfxG5f}+. hfg
rfxg] hlt ;a}nfO{ nfG5f}+.Ú
pRrfof]usf ^) jif{
z/0ffyL{ pRrfof]u :yfkgf ePsf] ^) jif{
k'u]sf] 5. pRrfof]usf] :yfkgf ;g !(%)
l8;]Da/ !$ df ePsf] xf]. o; pknIodf
l8;]Da/df ljz]if sfo{qmd ul/Psf] 5.
cd]l/sf M #$,!@(
Sofg8f M @,###
ci6«]lnof M @,!^*
Go"hLNofG8 M $(*
gj]{ M #&#
8]gdfs{ M #@^
lgb/NofG8; M @@( /,
a]nfot M !!!
sxfF / slt<
gof“ jif{
casf !% lbgdf ls/fFt wd{ dfGg]sf nflu
pwf}nL 5 eg] u'?ª ;d'bfosf] Nxf];f/ 5.
To;}u/L l8;]Da/ !* df cGt/f{li6«o k|jf;
lbj; 5. lqm;d; l8;]Da/ @% df 5 eg]
cd]l/sfdf dgfOg] SjfGhf l8;]Da/ @^ df
k/]sf] 5. s:tf 5g, oL lbg<
pwf}nL
d+l;/] k"l0f{dfsf] k"0f{rGb| pbfpg] a]nfdf
ls/fFt ;d'bfon] pwf}nL kj{ dgfpF5g.
cGg kfs]kl5 Oi6b]jtfnfO{ r9fpg], vfg
cg'dlt dfUg] / lkt[nfO{ :d/0f ug{] lbgnfO{
ofSvfn] rf;'jf, ;'g'jf/n] kmf]n:ofb/, /fO{n]
pwf}nL ;fs]nf / lnDa"n] rf;f]s tªgfd
eg]/ dfGg] u5{g. ls/fFt wd{df ;fs]nf
pef}nL / pwf}nLsf gfdn] jif{df b'O{ k6s
dgfOG5. o; jif{ pwf}nL l8;]Da/ @! -k';
^_ df k/]sf] 5.
Nxf];f/
k'; z'SnkIf k|ltkbfdf tf]nf Nxf];f/
-Nxf]5f/_ dgfOG5. of] u'?ª -td'_ x?sf]
gofF jif{ xf]. o; jif{ k'; !% -l8;]Da/ #)_
df td' Nxf];f/ k/]sf] 5.
Nxf] eGgfn] jif{ / ;f/ eGgfn] gofF xf].
Nxf];f/df dfGohgaf6 cfzLjf{b lng] /
z'esfdgf cfbfgk|bfg ul/G5. k|To]s !@
jif{df o'u kl/jt{g x'g] / oL jif{nfO{ d';f,
uf]?, af3, v/fof], u?8, ;k{, 3f]8f, e]]+8f,
casf !% lbg
afFb/, r/f, s's'/ / aFb]nsf] k|tLssf ?kdf
lnOG5.
cGt/f{li6«o k|jf; lbj;
l8;]Da/ !* df cGt/f{li6«o k|jf;
lbj; (International Migrants Day)
dgfOG5. sfdsf nflu k/b]z hfg] / pgsf
kl/jf/sf] clwsf/sf nflu of] lbj;
dgfpg yflnPsf] xf].
lqm;d;
lqm;d; (Christmas) O;fO{ wdf{jnDaLsf]
;aeGbf 7"nf] rf8 xf] . k|To]s jif{
l8;]Da/ @% df lqm;d; dgfOG5.
Oh/fonsf] a]yn]xd ufpFdf hGd]sf o];'
lqm:6sf] hGdlbj;nfO{ dfg]/ l8;]Da/ @%
df lqm;d; dgfOG5.
SjfGhf
SjfGhf (Kwanzaa) clk|msL ;Dkbf /
;+:s[ltsf] ;Ddfgdf l8;]Da/sf] Ps ;ftf
cd]l/sfdf dgfOg] rf8 xf]. o; rf8df
klg ltxf/h:tf] aQL aflnG5. of] rf8 ;g
!(^^ df klxnf]k6s dgfOPsf] lyof]. of]
jif{ l8;]Da/ @^ df of] rf8 dgfpg] lbg
5'6ofOPsf] 5.
S & T Communications, 10 Ashley Dr, Manchester, NH 03103, Ph: 603 661 1039, Email : info@aksharica.com,
Website : www. aksharica.com, Guest Editor : Rajesh Koirala, Coordinator : Tara Acharya, Managing Director : Sattan Acharya
cIfl/sfsf] lk|G6 slk af“9g] ;+:yfx?
Printed copies of AKSHARICA
are available at:
!= Dofgr]:6/ sDo'lg6L l/;f];{ ;]G6/
Manchester Community Resource Center
(MCRC), 177 Lake Av, NH 03103
@= e'6gLh sDo'lg6L ckm Go' XofD;/ -aL;LPgPr_
Bhutanese Community of NH (BCNH)
#= OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O;
International Institute of Saint Louis
3654 South Grand Boulevard
Saint Louis, MO 63118
$= g];gflnl6h ;le{; ;]G6/
Nationalities Service Center
1216 Arch Street, 4th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19107
If you would like to print and distribute
AKSHARICA, please email us.
hf8f]sf la/fdL
lr;f]df ljleGg vfnsf :jf:Yo ;d:of
cfpF5g. o;k6s 7G8fn] x'g] ;fgfltgf
;d:of;Fu ;DalGwt s]xL zAbnfO{ c+u|]hL
s] elgG5 eGg] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5M
lr;f] xf]; jf tftf] s;}s;}nfO{ 6fpsf]
b'Vg] la/fdL x'G5. ;fdfGo 6fpsf] b'Vg'nfO{
Headache -x]8Ps_ elgG5. 6fpsf] b'Vg]
/f]u xf] eg] Tof] Migraine -dfOu|]g_ xf].
3fF6L b'Vg'nfO{ Sore Throat -;f]/ y|f]6_
elgG5. 3fF6L a:bf :j/ a:5.
lr;f] eP/ sfd 5'6]df To;nfO{ Chills
-lrN;_ elgG5. xflR5pF, cfR5o'F, l5pF,
l5Fs cfof] eg] To;nfO{ Sneeze -:gLh_
elgG5.
?3fnfO{ c+u|]hLdf Cold -sf]N8_ elgG5.
?3fn] gfs 6flnof] eg] To;nfO{ Nasal
Cogestion -g]h]n sGh]:rg_ elgG5.
vf]sLnfO{ Cough -skm_ elgG5.
Hj/f] cfof] eg] Tof] Fever -kmLe/_ xf].
Hj/f]nfO{ slx+slx+ Temperature -6]Dk/]r/_
klg elgG5. …6]Dk/]r/Ú sf] cy{ tfkqmd,
tftf]kg, tfkdfg xf]. ?3f;lxtsf] Hj/f]n]
u|:t kf/] To;nfO{ ;fdfGo ?kdf Flu -ˆn"_
eGg ;lsG5. o:tf] Hj/f] dsL{ xf].
?3fvf]sL, Hj/f]df lrlsT;s -8S6/_n]
cf/fd ug]{ ;Nnfx lbG5g. cf/fd ug'{nfO{
Rest -/]:6_ elgG5. lrlsT;ssf]
;Nnfxdf xfdL cf}ifwL vfG5f}+. cf}ifwL
k|of]u ug'{ jf vfg'nfO{ Medication
-d]l8s];g_ elgG5.
cf}ifwLsf] v'/fsnfO{ Dose -8f];_ jf
Dosage -8f];]h_ elgG5. s'g cf}ifwL, slt
j6f / slt k6s vfg' eg]/ lbPsf]
lgb]{zg, ;Nnfx jf lgod …v'/fsÚ xf].
$
gof“ jif{ @)!! ;'? x'g b'O{ ;ftf afFsL 5.
@)!! O:jL ;+jt xf]. o;df klg !@ dlxgf
x'G5g. dlxgfsf gfd / slt lbgsf x'G5gM
-!_ h]g'c/L (January) M #! lbg.
-@_ km]a|'c/L (February) M @* lbg.
-#_ dfr{ (March) M #! lbg.
-$_ Pk|]n (April) M #) lbg.
-%_ d] (May) M #! lbg.
-^_ h'g (June) M #) lbg.
-&_ h'nfO{ (July) M #! lbg.
-*_ cu:t (August) M #! lbg.
-(_ ;]K6]Da/ (September) M #) lbg.
-!)_ cS6f]a/ (October) M #! lbg.
-!!_ gf]e]Da/ (November) M #) lbg.
-!@_ l8;]Da/ (December) M #! lbg.
rf/–rf/ jif{df km]a|'c/L @( lbgsf] x'G5.
@))* df lyof] eg] @)!@ df km]l/ km]a|'c/L
@( lbgsf] x'G5.
s'g dlxgf slt lbgsf x'G5g eGg] hfGg b'j}
xft tnlt/ d'77L kfg]{. b]a|] xftsf] sfG5L
cf}+nfaf6 #!, #) ubf{ km]a|'c/L @* jf @( sf]
x'G5. Pp6f ;lsPkl5 csf]{ xft cu:taf6
#!, #) ubf{ l8;]Da/ #! df ;lsG5.

Recommended

Peace, Love & Liberty in Nepali Version
Peace, Love & Liberty in Nepali VersionPeace, Love & Liberty in Nepali Version
Peace, Love & Liberty in Nepali VersionBasanta Adhikari
 
Aksharica - 107 (अक्षरिका - १०७)
Aksharica - 107 (अक्षरिका - १०७)Aksharica - 107 (अक्षरिका - १०७)
Aksharica - 107 (अक्षरिका - १०७)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 005 (अक्षरिका - ००५)
Aksharica - 005 (अक्षरिका - ००५)Aksharica - 005 (अक्षरिका - ००५)
Aksharica - 005 (अक्षरिका - ००५)Rajesh Koirala
 
कक्षा ८ नैतिक शिक्षा
कक्षा ८ नैतिक शिक्षाकक्षा ८ नैतिक शिक्षा
कक्षा ८ नैतिक शिक्षाsharadnp
 
Aksharica - 023 (अक्षरिका - ०२३)
Aksharica - 023 (अक्षरिका - ०२३)Aksharica - 023 (अक्षरिका - ०२३)
Aksharica - 023 (अक्षरिका - ०२३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 038 (अक्षरिका - ०३८)
Aksharica - 038 (अक्षरिका - ०३८)Aksharica - 038 (अक्षरिका - ०३८)
Aksharica - 038 (अक्षरिका - ०३८)Rajesh Koirala
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Guthi sansthan-ain
Guthi sansthan-ainGuthi sansthan-ain
Guthi sansthan-ainDPNet
 
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 034 (अक्षरिका - ०३४)
Aksharica - 034  (अक्षरिका - ०३४)Aksharica - 034  (अक्षरिका - ०३४)
Aksharica - 034 (अक्षरिका - ०३४)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)Rajesh Koirala
 
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University Dammar Singh Saud
 
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)Rajesh Koirala
 
aaha sanchar national weekly 11
aaha sanchar national weekly 11aaha sanchar national weekly 11
aaha sanchar national weekly 11megraj khadka
 
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयक
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयकराष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयक
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयकNiraj Bartaula
 
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)Rajesh Koirala
 
Rota virus vaccine guideline
Rota virus vaccine guidelineRota virus vaccine guideline
Rota virus vaccine guidelineNabaraj Paudel
 
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)Rajesh Koirala
 
First paper unit 1
First paper unit 1First paper unit 1
First paper unit 1erhom paudel
 
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)Rajesh Koirala
 

What's hot (20)

Empowring working children
Empowring working childrenEmpowring working children
Empowring working children
 
Guthi sansthan-ain
Guthi sansthan-ainGuthi sansthan-ain
Guthi sansthan-ain
 
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)
Aksharica - 094 (अक्षरिका - ०९४)
 
Aksharica - 034 (अक्षरिका - ०३४)
Aksharica - 034  (अक्षरिका - ०३४)Aksharica - 034  (अक्षरिका - ०३४)
Aksharica - 034 (अक्षरिका - ०३४)
 
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)
Aksharica - 036 (अक्षरिका - ०३६)
 
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)
Aksharica - 033 (अक्षरिका - ०३३)
 
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)
Aksharica - 088 (अक्षरिका - ०८८)
 
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)
Aksharica - 018 (अक्षरिका - ०१८)
 
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University
Teacher and employment rules 2069 of Far Western University
 
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)
Aksharica - 065 (अक्षरिका - ०६५)
 
aaha sanchar national weekly 11
aaha sanchar national weekly 11aaha sanchar national weekly 11
aaha sanchar national weekly 11
 
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयक
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयकराष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयक
राष्ट्रिय चिकित्सा शिक्षा विधेयक
 
National health policy 2071
National health policy 2071National health policy 2071
National health policy 2071
 
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)
Aksharica - 045 (अक्षरिका - ०४५)
 
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)
Aksharica - 007 (अक्षरिका - ००७)
 
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)
Aksharica - 011 (अक्षरिका - ०११)
 
Rota virus vaccine guideline
Rota virus vaccine guidelineRota virus vaccine guideline
Rota virus vaccine guideline
 
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)
Aksharica - 028 (अक्षरिका - ०२८)
 
First paper unit 1
First paper unit 1First paper unit 1
First paper unit 1
 
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)
Aksharica - 057 (अक्षरिका - ०५७)
 

Similar to Aksharica - 008 (अक्षरिका - ००८)

Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)
Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)
Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Sampatti suddhikaran
Sampatti suddhikaranSampatti suddhikaran
Sampatti suddhikaranDPNet
 
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)Rajesh Koirala
 
Cheli sandesh issue 6
Cheli sandesh issue 6Cheli sandesh issue 6
Cheli sandesh issue 6KI Nepal
 
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)Rajesh Koirala
 
Upabhokta samrakshan
Upabhokta samrakshanUpabhokta samrakshan
Upabhokta samrakshanDPNet
 
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukum
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukumAaha Sanchar national weekly, rukum
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukummegraj khadka
 
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१Niraj Bartaula
 
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)Rajesh Koirala
 

Similar to Aksharica - 008 (अक्षरिका - ००८) (20)

Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)
Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)
Aksharica - 003 (अक्षरिका - ००३)
 
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)
Aksharica - 031 (अक्षरिका - ०३१)
 
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)
Aksharica - 025 (अक्षरिका - ०२५)
 
Sampatti suddhikaran
Sampatti suddhikaranSampatti suddhikaran
Sampatti suddhikaran
 
Third Eye Volunteer Nepal
Third Eye Volunteer NepalThird Eye Volunteer Nepal
Third Eye Volunteer Nepal
 
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)
Aksharica - 015 (अक्षरिका - ०१५)
 
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)
Aksharica - 037 (अक्षरिका - ०३७)
 
saptahik
saptahik saptahik
saptahik
 
Cheli sandesh issue 6
Cheli sandesh issue 6Cheli sandesh issue 6
Cheli sandesh issue 6
 
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)
Aksharica - 030 (अक्षरिका - ०३०)
 
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)
Aksharica - 022 (अक्षरिका - ०२२)
 
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)
Aksharica - 024 (अक्षरिका - ०२४)
 
Upabhokta samrakshan
Upabhokta samrakshanUpabhokta samrakshan
Upabhokta samrakshan
 
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)
Aksharica - 027 (अक्षरिका - ०२७)
 
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)
Aksharica - 121 (अक्षरिका - १२१)
 
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)
Aksharica - 085 (अक्षरिका - ०८५)
 
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)
Aksharica - 043 (अक्षरिका - ०४३)
 
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukum
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukumAaha Sanchar national weekly, rukum
Aaha Sanchar national weekly, rukum
 
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१
विपन्न नागरिक औषधि उपचार कोष निर्देशिका २०७१
 
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)
Aksharica - 102 (अक्षरिका - १०२)
 

More from Rajesh Koirala

Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)
Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)
Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Rajesh Koirala's books, and Magazines
Rajesh Koirala's books, and MagazinesRajesh Koirala's books, and Magazines
Rajesh Koirala's books, and MagazinesRajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२)
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२) Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२)
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२) Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)Rajesh Koirala
 
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)Rajesh Koirala
 

More from Rajesh Koirala (20)

Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)
Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)
Aksharica - 120 (अक्षरिका - १२०)
 
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)
Aksharica - 119 (अक्षरिका - ११९)
 
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)
Aksharica - 118 (अक्षरिका - ११८)
 
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)
Aksharica - 117 (अक्षरिका - ११७)
 
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)
Aksharica - 116 (अक्षरिका - ११६)
 
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)
Aksharica - 115 (अक्षरिका - ११५)
 
Rajesh Koirala's books, and Magazines
Rajesh Koirala's books, and MagazinesRajesh Koirala's books, and Magazines
Rajesh Koirala's books, and Magazines
 
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)
Aksharica - 114 (अक्षरिका - ११४)
 
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)
Aksharica - 113 (अक्षरिका - ११३)
 
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२)
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२) Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२)
Aksharica - 112 (अक्षरिका - ११२)
 
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)
Aksharica - 111 (अक्षरिका - १११)
 
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)
Aksharica - 110 (अक्षरिका - ११०)
 
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)
Aksharica - 109 (अक्षरिका - १०९)
 
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)
Aksharica - 108 (अक्षरिका - १०८)
 
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)
Aksharica - 106 (अक्षरिका - १०६)
 
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)
Aksharica - 105 (अक्षरिका - १०५)
 
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)
Aksharica - 104 (अक्षरिका - १०४)
 
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)
Aksharica - 103 (अक्षरिका - १०३)
 
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)
Aksharica - 101 (अक्षरिका - १०१)
 
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)
Aksharica - 100 (अक्षरिका - १००)
 

Recently uploaded

Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxPlant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxAKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasAlexandraSwartzwelde
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxdeputymitchell2
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxMaria Lucia Céspedes
 
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesGauri S
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaPrince Armah, PhD
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Rabiya Husain
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfDiploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemPermeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemchetanpatil2572000
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...EduSkills OECD
 
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesGauri S
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxPlant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
 
Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
 
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
 
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfDiploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 10-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemPermeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
 
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
 

Aksharica - 008 (अक्षरिका - ००८)

  • 1. o;leq s] s]< g kfsf] pd]/ ;xfotf sfo{qmd=======@ g ;+:yfM cfOcfOP;l6Pn================@ g sf]7fd} al;/xFbf============================@ g ljleGg b]zdf $) xhf/==============# g jftfj/0f klg /Iff ug'{5==============$ g ;8s b'3{6gfsf] tYof+s o:tf]=====$ g s'g dlxgf slt lbg<==================$ g hf8f]sf la/fdL==============================$ g casf !% lbg==============================$ @)!) l8;]Da/ bf];|f] jif{ ! c+s * Go'of]s{df g]kfnL ;Dkfblso ;+;f/e/ pHofnf] lxGb"x¿n] ltxf/df lbkfjnL u5{g. clg cfsfzlbk klg afN5g. ox'bLsf] xg'sf kj{df d}gaQL aflnG5. cd]l/sfdf a:g] clk|msLx¿n] Sjfhf kj{df lbk afN5g / clk|msL ;+:s[lt / k/Dk/fsf] :d/0f u5{g. af}4 ljxf/x¿df w]/} lbof] aln/x]sf x'G5g. Yofª; luleªb]lv lqm;d; x'Fb} gofF jif{ -O:jL ;+jt_ nfUbf;Dd O;fO{ wd{ dfGg] x?n] afn]sf aQLsf] pHofnf] ;a}lt/ b]lvG5. hxfF klg pHofnf]sf] dlxdf 5 . ;+:s[tdf …td;f]df Hof]ltu{doÚ -cGwsf/– af6 k|sfztkm{_ eGg] ul/Psf] 5. ;a} hfthflt, wd{, b]z, dxfb]zdf Hof] ltsf] dlxdf 5. pHofnf]sf] dxTj 5. st} ;a}lt/ lbk afNg] rng Ps} k6s ;'? ePsf t lyPg . kl5 dfG5] htf k'u] pt} cfkmgf 9+un] afNg yfn]sf t xf]Ogg< pHofnf]n] xfdLnfO{ ;w}+ ;lx af6f] b]vfcf];. lqm;d;sf] z'esfdgf. wGojfb Dofgr]:6/– sfdsf] vf]hL jf ;'gf}nf] eljiosf] ;f]r lnP/ cd]l/sf cfPsf w]/} g]kfnLefifLn] efiffsf sf/0f Go'of]s{df ;f] r]h:tf] sdfO ug{ g;s]sf] Go'of]s{l:yt u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf …clwsf/Ún] hgfPsf] 5. ;+:yfsf cg';f/ sfd vf]Hg jf ;/sf/n] lbg] ;'ljwf kfpg efiffsf] sl7gfO{ 5. g]kfnLx?nfO{ ljleGg ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] clwsf/ cyf{t …clwsf/ km/ ;f];n hl:6; PG8 Xo'dg /fO6;Ú (Adhikaar For Social Justice and Human Rights) n] xfn} Ps cWoog k|ltj]bg hf/L ub}{ eg]sf] 5, …;+3Lo ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf] Ps 3G6fsf] & 8n/ @% ;]G6 jf Tof]eGbf sddf sfd ug{ w]/} g]kfnL afWo 5g.Ú of] cfDbfgLn] kl/jf/ kfNg lgs} sl7g 5. Go'of]s{ cd]l/sfsf] dxFuf] zx/dWo] Ps xf]. :Gofk;6; ckm b g]kfnL–l:klsª sDo'lg6L Og Go'of]s{ l;6L M 8]df]u|flkmS; PG8 Rofn]Gh]h (Snapshots of the Nepali- Speaking Community in New York City: Demographics and Challenges) gfds pQm k|ltj]bg eG5, …cfwfeGbf a9L g]kfnL ljleGg Joj;fodf ;fdfGo ;xof]uLsf ?kdf sfd u5{g.Ú Joj;fosf ;xof]uL eGgfn] k'?ifx? t]n xfNg] 7fpF -UofF; :6];g_, 6ofS;L rnfpg], /]i6'/fFdf sfd ug]{, ljz]if ;'ljwfo'Qm uf8L -lndf]lhg_ rnfpg], ;fgfltgf pBf]udf sfd ug]{ u/]sf 5g eg] dlxnfx? 3/]n' sfdbf/, Ao'l6kfn{/ / g]n ;]n'gdf sfd u5{g. …g]kfnsf] lzIff, l;k / sfdsf] cg'ej cd]l/sfdf Nofpg g;s]sfn] ;f]r]h:tf] sfd u/]sf 5}gg,Ú k|ltj]bg eG5 . sdfPsf] k};fn] Go'of]s{df ;fFemlaxfg /fd|f] eP klg sdfO g]kfn k7fpg lgs} ufx|f] 5. …sfd t kfPsf] 5. ;fgf]ltgf] cfDbfgL klg u/]sf] 5. p;n] OHht kfPsf] 5}g,Ú k|ltj]bgdf elgPsf] 5, …nfdf] ;do sfd u5{. ;'ljwfaf6 alGrt 5.Ú $) k[i7sf] pQm k|ltj]bgdf elgPsf] 5, …pkrf/sf nflu cd]l/sfdf x'g] :jf:Yo– ladf -x]Ny OG:of]/]G;_ ;'ljwfaf6 Go'of]s{sf tLg–rf}yfO{ g]kfnL alGrt 5g.Ú k|ltj]bg tof/ kfg{ ;f]lwPsf k|Zgx?sf] pQ/ lbg]df (# k|ltzt g]kfnLefifL !* jif{ b]lv %% jif{sf lyP. k|Zgx? hlt dlxnfnfO{;f]lwPsflyP,sl/aToltg}k'?ifnfO{ ;f]lwPsf lyP. k|Zgsf] pQ/ lbg]df $ k|ltzt !* jif{eGbf sd pd]/ / Pshgf rflx+ ^^ jif{ s6]sf dflg; lyP. rfln; k|ltzt dflg; kxf8 / dw]zsf a|fXd0f tyf If]qL, cflbjf;L–hghflt %* k|ltzt, blnt Ps k|ltzt / cGo lyP. ;j]{If0fdf ;+nUg &% k|ltzt sf7df8f}+sf] jf sf7df8f}+ a;]/ cd]l/sf cfPsf] 5. ;aeGbf a9L klZrd g]kfnsf] !@ k|ltzt 5 eg] k"j{sf] ^ / dWo–g]kfnsf] $ k|ltzt 5. dWoklZrdsf] # k|ltzt 5. k|ltj]bgn] efiffsf] tflnd, :jf:Yo– ;'ljwfsf] hfgsf/L, ljleGg sfdsf nflu tflnd, ;:tf] lzz':ofxf/sf] aGbf]a:t, Ps 3G6fdf kfpg] sdfOsf] b/df j[l4, kfFr jif{;Dd ;/sf/L ;'ljwf gkfpg] k|fjwfgsf] ;+zf]wg, cfk|jf;;DaGwL sfg'gdf ;+zf]wg, gofF tyf a9bf] ;d'bfok|lt ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f a9fPdf Go'of]s{sf] g]kfnL ;d'bfosf] cj:yfdf ;'wf/ x'g] ;'emfj lbPsf] 5.
  • 2. OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O; @ ldhf}/L /fHosf] ;]G6 n'O;df …OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O;Ú (International In- stitute of St. Louis; IISTL) gfds ;+:yf 5. o;n] cd]l/sf cfPsf cfk|jf;L / z/0ffyL{nfO{ ;xof]u ub}{ cfPsf] 5. oxfFsf] ;d'bfodf a:gsf nflu hfGg'kg]{ efiff, ;+:s[lt, k|ljlw cflbsf] hfgsf/L lb+b} cfPsf] 5. o; ;+:yfn] cfˆgf sfdnfO{ tLg If]qdf s]lGb|t u/]sf] 5M ;fdflhsLs/0f o; ;+:yfn] cd]l/sf cfPsf gofF jfl;GbfnfO{ ;fdflhs / z}lIfs sfo{qmddfkm{t bIf agfpg d2t ub}{ cfPsf] 5. ;+:yfn] $) b]zsf & xhf/ gofF cd]l/sLx?nfO{ c+u|]hL sIff, /f]huf/Lsf] Joj:yf, k/fdz{ tyf ;fdflhs sfd, z/0ffyL{ k'g:yf{kgf, efiff cg'jfb tyf bf]efif] sfddf ;xof]u u/]sf] 5. nufgL cfly{s ?kdf alnof gofF cd]l/sLx? ;]G6 n'o;sf d"Nojfg ;b:o x'g. To;}n] …OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O;Ú n] k|fljlws ;xfotf, ;'Id cfly{s nufgL, cg'jfb / bf]efif]sf] sfddf ;3fpFb} cfPsf] 5. ;xeflutf o; ;+:yfn] jflif{s ?kdf /fli6«o pT;jx?sf] cfof]hgf u5{. o:tf pT;jdf w]/} b]zsf] ;+:s[lt, vfgf, j]ze"iffsf] k|bz{g x'G5. cfdgful/snfO{ lgMz'Ns cjnf]sg ug{ lbOG5. o:tf cj;/x?df ! nfv @% xhf/n] cjnf]sg u/]sf 5g / olx df}sfdf cTofjZos kl/jf/sf nflu ;xof]u klg h'6fOG5. ;Dks{ International Institute of Saint Louis 3654 South Grand Boulevard Saint Louis, MO 63118 Contact : Phone : 314-773-9090 Fax: 314-773-6047 (Administrative Services) 314-773-4081 (Social Services) Web - www.iistl.org Email - info@iistl.org ;+:yf kl/rohf8f], aGb sf]7f / :jf:Yo lr;f]sf a]nf sf]7f jf sfd ug]{ 7fpFd} a9L ;do laT5. w]/} ;do emofn9f]sf aGb x'G5g. aflx/ v'nf xfjfdf hfg ;lsGg. Ps 7fpFd} a:bf xfjf tfhf x'Gg. o:tf]df ;fgf– ltgf la/fdL ;lhn} km}ng;S5g. hlt a9L dflg; sf]7fdf jf ckf6{d]G6 (Apartment) df al;G5, ;f; Tolt g} km]l/G5. ;f; a9L km]/]sfn] xfjf ;kmf /xGg. o:tf] cj:yfdf ?3fvf]sLh:tf ;fdfGo la/fdL ;lhn} ;5{g. ?3fvf]sLdfq nfu] t s]lx ePg, rfF8} lgsf] xf]nf jf lgsf] kfg{ ;lsPnf. Hj/f] jf ;fgf gfgLnfO{ 7]pnf (Chickenpox) cfP ;d:of cln hl6n aG5. o:tf] cj:yfdf ;fgf gfgL / :s'n]x?nfO{ a9L Wofg lbg'k5{. la/fdL gfgLx?nfO{ :s'n k7fpg'x'Gg. Hj/f] cfPsf] 5 eg] 3/df /fv]/ lgsf] kfg{'k5{. ;Grf] x'glbg] / cf}ifwL 5f8]sf] @$ 3G6f lat]kl5 dfq :s'n k9fpg'k5{. ?3f nfu]sf gfgLx? 3/ a:bf ?3f nfu]/ 3/ a;]sf gfgLnfO{ a]nfa]nf xft w'g / xfR5o' ubf{ d'v 5f]Kg ;DemfO/xg'k5{. of] 7"nfn] klg hfGg'kg]{ s'/f xf]. ?3fu|:t / ylst eP/ :s'n hfFbf k9fOdf Wofg lbg ;Sb}gg / ?3f c?nfO{ ;g{ ;S5. emf8fkvfnf / afGtf emf8fkvfnf (Diarrhea) jf jfGtf (Vom- iting) t c? df};ddf klg x'G5. sf]7fd} al;/xFbf klg gxf]nf eGg ;lsGg. /ftL o:tf] s'g} nIf0f b]lvPdf gfgLx?nfO{ :s'n k7fpg'x'Gg. ;Grf] x'glbg'k5{ / cf}ifwL 5f8]sf] @$ 3G6f lat]kl5 dfq :s'n k9fpg'k5{. 7]pnf :s'n] gfgLnfO{ 7]pnf ePdf 3/df /fVg'k5{. p;nfO{ 7]pnf ePsf] hfgsf/L :s'ndf lbg'k5{. 7]pnf ePsf] gfgLn] & lbg;Dd :s'n hfg'x'Fb}g. 3fp lgsf] ePkl5 dfq hfg'k5{. 3fF6L b'Vg] lr;f]sf sf/0f 3fF6L b'Vg], :j/ efl:;g] eP klg klg :s'n gk7fpg' /fd|f] x'G5. cf]vtL vfPs} 5 eg]/ k7fpg'x'Gg. cf]vtLn] ;Grf] ePsf] @$ 3G6fkl5 dfq :s'n k9fpg'k5{. la/fdL ePsf a]nf cfkm}+n] s'g} cf}ifwL dgf]dfgL v'jfOlbg'x'Fb}g. kfsf] pd]/sf gful/snfO{ cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo tyf dfgj ;]jf dGqfno (De- partment of Health and Hu- man Services) n] ljleGg ;]jf tyf ;'ljwf lbG5. pQm dGqfnocGtu{tsf] j[4j[4f;DaGwL ljefu …P8ldlgi6«];g cg PlhªÚ (Adminis- tration on Aging, AOA) dfkm{t o:tf ;]jf– ;'ljwf lbg] u/]sf] 5. of] ljefusf] :yfkgf ;g !(^% df ePsf] xf]. kfsf] pd]/sf dflg;sf] ;+Vof a9bf] ePsfn] pxfFx?sf] :jf:Yo tyf cGo ;]jfdf ljz]if Wofg k'¥ofOG5. b]ze/sf nflu nfu' of] sfo{qmd s]lGb|o -;+3Lo_ ;/sf/sf] sfo{qmd xf]. /fHolkR5] km/s 9+un] ;]jf lbg] ul/Psf] 5. t/ ;'ljwf h;/L eP klg kfsf] pd]/sf] dflg;n] kfpF5. o; ljefusf ;'ljwf kfpg /fHon] pd]/ tyf cfDbfgLsf] xb tf]s]sf] x'g'k5{. pd]/ k'u]s} cfwf/df eg] ;'ljwf lbOg] xf]Og, j[4j[4fsf] cfo, ;|f]t / a;f]af;sf] cj:yf klg x]l/G5. kfsf] pd]/ ;xfotf sfo{qmd kl/jf/df slt ;b:o x'g'x'G5< s;n] slt sdfpF5< kl/jf/sf] sdfOn] 3/vr{df ;xof]u k'U5 jf k'Ub}g< eGg] k|Zgsf] pQ/ vf]lhG5. cd]l/sfdf sl/a Ps ;o hgfdf sl/a !# hgf dflg; ^% jif{ pd]/ k'u]sf x'g'x'G5. kfsf] pd]/sf gful/ssf] ;+Vof a9bf] 5. ljefun] lbg] sfo{qmddf ;ft j6f zfvf 5g. oL ;ft zfVffn] vfgf tyf kf]lifnf] cfx/fsf] Joj:yf (Elderly Nutrition Program), :jf:Yo ;'ljwf (Medicaid), tftf]–lr;f]sf] aGbf]a:t, j[4eQf, C0fdf ;xof]u, :ofxf/;';f/sf] Joj:yf, 6]lnkmf]g z'Ns, pkrf/df ljz]if 5'6 Joj:yf, :jo+;]jssf] ;'ljwf cflb ug]{ sfd ;/sf/n] u5{. o;sf cltl/Qm kfsf] pd]/;lxt b[li6ljlxg jf ckf+u eP a9L ;xfotf kfOG5.
  • 3. # sf7df8f}+– $) xhf/eGbf a9L e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf] t];|f] d'n'sdf k'g:yf{kgf ePsf] 5. l8;]Da/ !# df $) xhf/ gDa/sf e"6fgL z/0ffyL{n] g]kfn 5f8g' ePsf] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo z/0ffyL{ pRrfof]u (United Nations High Commis- sion for Refugees, UNHCR) / cGt/f{li6«o cfk|jf; ;+u7g (International Organization for Migration, IOM) n] hgfPsf 5g. of] ;+Vof eg]sf] #& k|ltzt xf]. k"jL{ g]kfnsf emfkf a]n8fFuL lzlj/ ! P –!÷!$^ sL #* jifL{of b]jLdfof u'?ª $) xhf/ gDa/sL x'g'ePsf] 5. pxfF cd]l/sfsf] k]G;neflgof cfpg'ePsf] 5. k"jL{ g]kfnsf ljleGg z/0ffyL{ lzlj/ df cem} sl/a &@ xhf/ &## a;f]af; ub}{ cfpg'ePsf] 5. yk %) xhf/eGbf a9Ln] t];|f] /fi6« hfg] OR5f ug'{ePsf] 5. ;g @))& gf]e] Da/ otf cd]l/sf, $) xhf/ ljleGg b]zdf Dofgr]:6/– ofqf lagf s'g} sfd ;+ej gx'g] ePsfn] ;8s, ;8s b'3{6gf cflb hfgsf/L /fVg}k5{. ;8sdf df};d / ;jf/L ;+Vofh:tf tTjn] c;/ u5{g. hf8f]sf] Pp6f ;d:of xf]– ;8sdf d[u cfpgfn] x'g] b'3{6gf. o;sf] tYof+s ckTofl/nf] 5. cS6f]a/b]lv l8;]Da/e/ d[u cfP/ w]/} b'3{6gf ePsf 5g. ;g @))% b]lv @))( ;Dd ;8sdf d[uh:tf hgfj/;Fu 7f]lSsP/ cd]l/sfe/ ! xhf/ !& hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5. sf/df ePsf ^) k|ltzt d[To' l;6a]N6 gnufP/ / ^% k|ltzt df]6/;fOsnofq'sf] d[To' x]Nd]6 gnufP/ ePsf] 5. ;8sdf cfP/ ;jf/Ldf 7f]lSsg] hgfj/df tLg rf}yfO{ d[u 5g. ufO{j:t', 3f]8f, s's'/ / efn' klg ;8sdf cfpF5g. o;/L hgfj/;Fu h'w]/ ;aeGbf a9L ** hgfsf] d[To' 6]S;f;df ePsf] 5. lj:sfG;gdf %&, ldl;ugdf %#, cf]xfof]df $(, k]G;neflgofdf $* hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5. ;8s b'3{6gfsf tYof+s o:tf 5g ;g @))( df b'3{6gf 36] ;g !(%) kl5 ;g @))( df ;8s d[To' ;+Vof sd eof]. ;g !(%) df ## xhf/ ! ;o *^ hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ;g @))( df ## xhf/ * ;o * dfqsf] d[To' eof]. oftfoft ljefusf] /fli6«o /fhdfu{ 6«fkmLs ;'/Iff k|zf;g (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA) sf cg';f/ of] d[To' ;g @))* sf] t'ngfdf !) k|ltzt sd xf]. cd]l/sfdf x'g] c;fdlos d[To'dWo] ;8s b'3{6gf Go'g 5. Tof] d[To' s]jn ! bzdnj * k|ltzt dfq x'G5. ljZj cfly{s ;+s6sf sf/0f dflg;sf] ofqf b"/L 5f]l6Psf] kfOof]. Tolx sf/0f klg ;8s b'3{6gfsf d[To' 36]sf] cg'dfg 5. l;6 a]N6 nufpg] afgLdf ;'wf/ ePsf] kfOPsf] 5. *% k|ltzt rfnsn] l;6 a]N6 afWg yfn]sf 5g. ;8s b'3{6gfsf k|d'v sf/0fdWo] /S;L vfPkl5sf] ofqf k|d'v xf], h'g ;g @))* sf] t'ngfdf ;g @))( df & bzdnj $ k|ltztn] 36]sf] 5. ;g @))( df /S;L ;]jgkl5sf] ;jf/L b'3{6gfdf !) xhf/ * ;o #( hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof]. of] s'n ;8s d[To'sf] Ps ltxfO{ dfq xf]. Tolt dfq xf]Og, ;8sdf x'g] ;a} vfnsf d[To'df sdL eof]. ;g @))* df eGbf ;g @))( df df]6/;fOsn b'3{6gfdf d/]sfsf] ;+Vof * ;o %) hgfn] sd lyof]. # b]lv #$ jif{sf dfG5]sf] d[To' x'g] d'Vo sf/0f uf8L Pscfk;df h'Wg' xf]. xf]lzof/L t hlxn] klg cfjZos 5 g} o:tf hfgsf/L /fVg h?/L klg 5. sk8fdf skmLsf] bfu sk8fdf skmLsf] bfu nfu]sf] 5 eg] c08fleqsf] kx]+nf] efu (Yolk) n] x6fpF5. of] kx]nf] efu skmLsf] bfudf bn]/ kfgLn] kvfNg'xf];. jftfj/0fsf] /Iff ug{] s[lif dGqfnosf pkfo jftfj/0fsf] /Iff ug'{ ;a}sf] bfloTj xf]. s[lif dGqfno (Department of Agriculture; USDA) n] s]lx /fd|f pkfo l;sfPsf] 5 M -!_ wf/fsf] kfgL lkpg] u/f}+. af]tnsf] kfgL sd lsgf}+. lsg] klg af]tn l/;fOsn u/f}+. k'/fgf af]tnaf6 k};f lkmtf{ cfpF5. -@_ pdfn]/ jf dfOqmf]j]edf /fv]/ kfSg] vfgf eP, To;/L vfgf tof/ kf/f}+. Ps} 5fsdf csf]{ 5fsnfO{ k'Ug] u/L ksfcf}+. ;do, lah'nL jf UofF;sf] art u/f}+. -#_ df;' tof/ kfg{ w]/} pmhf{ / ;do nfU5. To;sf] ;§f u]8fu'8L vfg] afgLn] pmhf{sf] art x'G5. -$_ cfˆgf] If]qdf pAhfPsf vfg]s'/f -df;', t/sf/L_ tfhf x'G5g. aflx/sf vfg]s'/f lsGbf kf]sf kfbf{ nfu]sf] vr{ ltg'{k5{. w]/} ;do tfhf /fVg k|of]u x'g] /;fog oL tfhf vfg]s'/fdf x'Fb}gg. xfdL klxn] eg]eGbf a9LnfO{ nfg;S5f}+ M 8]ln;L Sofg8f, ci6«]lnof, Go"hLNofG8, gj]{, 8]gdfs{, lgb/NofG8; / a]nfotdf e"6fgL z/0ffyL{sf] k'g:yf{kgf ul/b}5. ;aeGbf a9L z/0ffyL{ cd]l/sfdf k'g:yf{kgf ul/Psf] 5. emfkf / df]/ªsf & lzlj/ 36fOg] ePsf] 5. k'gjf{;df ljleGg b]z hfgfn] lzlj/ kftlnPsf] 5. z/0ffyL{ x]/rfxdf ;+nUg bft[ lgsfon] ;a} z/0ffyL{nfO{ emfkfsf] a]n8fFuL / df]/ªsf] zlgZr/]df ;d]6g] of]hgf agfO/x]sf 5g. OR5f b]vfP;Dd n}hfg] g]kfnsf nflu cd]l/sL /fhb"t :s6 Pr= 8]ln;Ln] eGg'ePsf] 5, …xfdLn] ;'?df ^) xhf/sf] k'g:yf{kgf ug]{ ;f]r agfPsf lyof}+. of] ca oltdf l;ldt x'Fb}g. hlt cd]l/sf hfg'ePsf] 5, /fd|f] ug'{ePsf] 5. xfdL cem a9LnfO{ nfg rfxG5f}+. hfg rfxg] hlt ;a}nfO{ nfG5f}+.Ú pRrfof]usf ^) jif{ z/0ffyL{ pRrfof]u :yfkgf ePsf] ^) jif{ k'u]sf] 5. pRrfof]usf] :yfkgf ;g !(%) l8;]Da/ !$ df ePsf] xf]. o; pknIodf l8;]Da/df ljz]if sfo{qmd ul/Psf] 5. cd]l/sf M #$,!@( Sofg8f M @,### ci6«]lnof M @,!^* Go"hLNofG8 M $(* gj]{ M #&# 8]gdfs{ M #@^ lgb/NofG8; M @@( /, a]nfot M !!! sxfF / slt<
  • 4. gof“ jif{ casf !% lbgdf ls/fFt wd{ dfGg]sf nflu pwf}nL 5 eg] u'?ª ;d'bfosf] Nxf];f/ 5. To;}u/L l8;]Da/ !* df cGt/f{li6«o k|jf; lbj; 5. lqm;d; l8;]Da/ @% df 5 eg] cd]l/sfdf dgfOg] SjfGhf l8;]Da/ @^ df k/]sf] 5. s:tf 5g, oL lbg< pwf}nL d+l;/] k"l0f{dfsf] k"0f{rGb| pbfpg] a]nfdf ls/fFt ;d'bfon] pwf}nL kj{ dgfpF5g. cGg kfs]kl5 Oi6b]jtfnfO{ r9fpg], vfg cg'dlt dfUg] / lkt[nfO{ :d/0f ug{] lbgnfO{ ofSvfn] rf;'jf, ;'g'jf/n] kmf]n:ofb/, /fO{n] pwf}nL ;fs]nf / lnDa"n] rf;f]s tªgfd eg]/ dfGg] u5{g. ls/fFt wd{df ;fs]nf pef}nL / pwf}nLsf gfdn] jif{df b'O{ k6s dgfOG5. o; jif{ pwf}nL l8;]Da/ @! -k'; ^_ df k/]sf] 5. Nxf];f/ k'; z'SnkIf k|ltkbfdf tf]nf Nxf];f/ -Nxf]5f/_ dgfOG5. of] u'?ª -td'_ x?sf] gofF jif{ xf]. o; jif{ k'; !% -l8;]Da/ #)_ df td' Nxf];f/ k/]sf] 5. Nxf] eGgfn] jif{ / ;f/ eGgfn] gofF xf]. Nxf];f/df dfGohgaf6 cfzLjf{b lng] / z'esfdgf cfbfgk|bfg ul/G5. k|To]s !@ jif{df o'u kl/jt{g x'g] / oL jif{nfO{ d';f, uf]?, af3, v/fof], u?8, ;k{, 3f]8f, e]]+8f, casf !% lbg afFb/, r/f, s's'/ / aFb]nsf] k|tLssf ?kdf lnOG5. cGt/f{li6«o k|jf; lbj; l8;]Da/ !* df cGt/f{li6«o k|jf; lbj; (International Migrants Day) dgfOG5. sfdsf nflu k/b]z hfg] / pgsf kl/jf/sf] clwsf/sf nflu of] lbj; dgfpg yflnPsf] xf]. lqm;d; lqm;d; (Christmas) O;fO{ wdf{jnDaLsf] ;aeGbf 7"nf] rf8 xf] . k|To]s jif{ l8;]Da/ @% df lqm;d; dgfOG5. Oh/fonsf] a]yn]xd ufpFdf hGd]sf o];' lqm:6sf] hGdlbj;nfO{ dfg]/ l8;]Da/ @% df lqm;d; dgfOG5. SjfGhf SjfGhf (Kwanzaa) clk|msL ;Dkbf / ;+:s[ltsf] ;Ddfgdf l8;]Da/sf] Ps ;ftf cd]l/sfdf dgfOg] rf8 xf]. o; rf8df klg ltxf/h:tf] aQL aflnG5. of] rf8 ;g !(^^ df klxnf]k6s dgfOPsf] lyof]. of] jif{ l8;]Da/ @^ df of] rf8 dgfpg] lbg 5'6ofOPsf] 5. S & T Communications, 10 Ashley Dr, Manchester, NH 03103, Ph: 603 661 1039, Email : info@aksharica.com, Website : www. aksharica.com, Guest Editor : Rajesh Koirala, Coordinator : Tara Acharya, Managing Director : Sattan Acharya cIfl/sfsf] lk|G6 slk af“9g] ;+:yfx? Printed copies of AKSHARICA are available at: != Dofgr]:6/ sDo'lg6L l/;f];{ ;]G6/ Manchester Community Resource Center (MCRC), 177 Lake Av, NH 03103 @= e'6gLh sDo'lg6L ckm Go' XofD;/ -aL;LPgPr_ Bhutanese Community of NH (BCNH) #= OG6/g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;]G6 n'O; International Institute of Saint Louis 3654 South Grand Boulevard Saint Louis, MO 63118 $= g];gflnl6h ;le{; ;]G6/ Nationalities Service Center 1216 Arch Street, 4th Floor Philadelphia, PA 19107 If you would like to print and distribute AKSHARICA, please email us. hf8f]sf la/fdL lr;f]df ljleGg vfnsf :jf:Yo ;d:of cfpF5g. o;k6s 7G8fn] x'g] ;fgfltgf ;d:of;Fu ;DalGwt s]xL zAbnfO{ c+u|]hL s] elgG5 eGg] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5M lr;f] xf]; jf tftf] s;}s;}nfO{ 6fpsf] b'Vg] la/fdL x'G5. ;fdfGo 6fpsf] b'Vg'nfO{ Headache -x]8Ps_ elgG5. 6fpsf] b'Vg] /f]u xf] eg] Tof] Migraine -dfOu|]g_ xf]. 3fF6L b'Vg'nfO{ Sore Throat -;f]/ y|f]6_ elgG5. 3fF6L a:bf :j/ a:5. lr;f] eP/ sfd 5'6]df To;nfO{ Chills -lrN;_ elgG5. xflR5pF, cfR5o'F, l5pF, l5Fs cfof] eg] To;nfO{ Sneeze -:gLh_ elgG5. ?3fnfO{ c+u|]hLdf Cold -sf]N8_ elgG5. ?3fn] gfs 6flnof] eg] To;nfO{ Nasal Cogestion -g]h]n sGh]:rg_ elgG5. vf]sLnfO{ Cough -skm_ elgG5. Hj/f] cfof] eg] Tof] Fever -kmLe/_ xf]. Hj/f]nfO{ slx+slx+ Temperature -6]Dk/]r/_ klg elgG5. …6]Dk/]r/Ú sf] cy{ tfkqmd, tftf]kg, tfkdfg xf]. ?3f;lxtsf] Hj/f]n] u|:t kf/] To;nfO{ ;fdfGo ?kdf Flu -ˆn"_ eGg ;lsG5. o:tf] Hj/f] dsL{ xf]. ?3fvf]sL, Hj/f]df lrlsT;s -8S6/_n] cf/fd ug]{ ;Nnfx lbG5g. cf/fd ug'{nfO{ Rest -/]:6_ elgG5. lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfxdf xfdL cf}ifwL vfG5f}+. cf}ifwL k|of]u ug'{ jf vfg'nfO{ Medication -d]l8s];g_ elgG5. cf}ifwLsf] v'/fsnfO{ Dose -8f];_ jf Dosage -8f];]h_ elgG5. s'g cf}ifwL, slt j6f / slt k6s vfg' eg]/ lbPsf] lgb]{zg, ;Nnfx jf lgod …v'/fsÚ xf]. $ gof“ jif{ @)!! ;'? x'g b'O{ ;ftf afFsL 5. @)!! O:jL ;+jt xf]. o;df klg !@ dlxgf x'G5g. dlxgfsf gfd / slt lbgsf x'G5gM -!_ h]g'c/L (January) M #! lbg. -@_ km]a|'c/L (February) M @* lbg. -#_ dfr{ (March) M #! lbg. -$_ Pk|]n (April) M #) lbg. -%_ d] (May) M #! lbg. -^_ h'g (June) M #) lbg. -&_ h'nfO{ (July) M #! lbg. -*_ cu:t (August) M #! lbg. -(_ ;]K6]Da/ (September) M #) lbg. -!)_ cS6f]a/ (October) M #! lbg. -!!_ gf]e]Da/ (November) M #) lbg. -!@_ l8;]Da/ (December) M #! lbg. rf/–rf/ jif{df km]a|'c/L @( lbgsf] x'G5. @))* df lyof] eg] @)!@ df km]l/ km]a|'c/L @( lbgsf] x'G5. s'g dlxgf slt lbgsf x'G5g eGg] hfGg b'j} xft tnlt/ d'77L kfg]{. b]a|] xftsf] sfG5L cf}+nfaf6 #!, #) ubf{ km]a|'c/L @* jf @( sf] x'G5. Pp6f ;lsPkl5 csf]{ xft cu:taf6 #!, #) ubf{ l8;]Da/ #! df ;lsG5.