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1
ljsnfË ldq ;d"x
ckfË jfn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]Gb|
ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ x'g ;Sg]
afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg tyf /f]syfd ;DaGwL
:j–cWoog ;fdu|L
-;d'bfodf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx?sf nflu_
@)!*
2
zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? cGosf] bfFhf]df w]/} lx;fan] a9L hf]lvddf 5g . zf/Ll/s
?kdf ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? dfly ljleGg vfn] b'Jo{jxf/x? e}/x]sf] x'g;S5g .
ltgLx?sf] ;lx klxrfg ug{ ;s]sf] v08df b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug]{ dfq xf]Og To;n] ckfËtf
ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hLjgdf kg]{ c;/x? Go"gLs/0f ug{ 7'nf] dbt ldNg] cfzfsf ;fy ;d'bfo
d} /x]/ sfd ug]{ sd{rf/L, :jo+;]js / cGo ;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ nlIft u/]/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg
ug{ / To;sf] /f]syfd tyf pkrf/sf] nflu pko'Qm lgsf; lbg ;xof]u ldNg] u/L of] k'l:tsf
tof/ ul/Psf] xf] .
© ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ x'g ;Sg] afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg tyf /f]syfd
;DaGwL :j—cWoog ;fdu|Lsf] ;jf{lwsf/ k|ltlnlk clwsf/ P]g @)%( tyf
lgodfjnL @)^! cg';f/ ljsnfË ldq ;d"x÷ckfË jfn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg
s]Gb|df lglxt 5 / cg'dltdf dfq o:sf] c+z tyf k'gMk|sfzg ug{ kfOg]5 .
3
ljifo;"rLM
e"ldsf===============================================================================================================#
k'l:tsfsf] k|of]u af/]df=========================================================================================#
afn b'Jo{Jojxf/ eg]sf] s] xf] <=============================================================================#
afn b'Jo{Jojxf/sf] klxrfg s;/L ug]{ ===================================================================%
afnaflnsfdf b'Jo{jxf/ ePdf s] s] kl/0ffd x'G5 < =================================================&
s:tf] kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g;S5 ===========================================================*
s:tf] JolQmn] b'Jo{jxf/ a9L ug{ ;S5 ===================================================================*
afn b'Jo{jxf/ Go"gLs/0f ug{ jf x6fpg tkfO{n] s] s] ug{;Sg' x'G5 <===========================(
3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f ;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg s] s] ug{ ;lsG5 <==============!)
4
e"ldsf
ljsnfË ldq ;d"x÷ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G› zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf
afnaflnsfsf] k'g:yf{kgfsf] If]qdf clu|0fL ;+:yf xf . o;n] ljut nfdf] ;do b]lv lhNnfsf
laleGg ;d'bfox?df zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx?sf] klxrfg ug]{ / k'g:yf{kgfsf nflu
cfjZos ;Dk"0f{ pkrf/, To;sf] cg'udg / ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t k'g:yf{kg ul//x]sf] g} 5 .
o;/L k'g:yf{g ug{' g} afnclwsf/ ;+/If0fsf] Ps dxTjk"0f{ kIf xf] . t/ zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf
afnaflnsfx? cGosf] bfFhf]df w]/} lx;fan] a9L hf]lvddf 5g . To;}n], pgLx?sf] ;fdflhs
;+/If0fsf] ;fy} ;xh ?kdf ;dfj]zLs/0f ug{ ;Ifd agfpg pgLx? dfly x'g ;Sg] ;a} vfn]
b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug{' h?/L x'G5 .
afnaflnsf To;df klg zf/Ll/s ?kdf ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfdfly xfd|f] ;dfhdf ljleGg
vfn] b'j{oJojxf/x? e}/x]sf] x'g;S5g . ltgLx?sf] ;lx klxrfg ug{ ;s]sf] v08df
b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug]{ dfq xf]Og To;n] ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hLjgdf kg]{ c;/x?
Go"gLs/0f ug{ 7'nf] dbt ldNg] 5 .
To;}n],ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›sf ;d'bfo d} /x]/ sfd ug]{ sd{rf/L,:jo+;]js /
cGo ;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ afn b'j{oJojxf/ klxrfg ug{ / To;sf] /f]syfd tyf pkrf/sf] nflu
pko'Qm lgsf; lbg ;xof]u ldNg] u/L of] k'l:tsf tof/ ul/Psf] xf].
k'l:tsfsf] k|of]u af/]df
of] k'l:tsfn] ;dfhdf x'g] afn b'j{ojxf/sf k|sf/x¿ / To:tf b'j{ojxf/x¿nfO{ lrGg ;lhnf]
agfpF5 . b'Jo{jxf/sf k|sf/ cg';f/ afnaflnsfdf kfOg] nIf0f lrGxx¿sf] af/]df ;lj:tf/
pNn]v ul/Psf] x'gfn] ckfË afnaflnsfnfO{ u[xe]6df hfFbf To:tf nIf0f lrGxx¿ 5g 5}gg
Vofn ug{'x'g]5 / To:tf] kfOPdf tTsfn p2f/ tyf k'g;{yfkg s;/L ug]{ eGg] af/]df klg of]
k'l:tsfdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . o;n], afnaflnsf To;df klg ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsf dfly
x'g] b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg ;S5 . To;}u/L, 3'DtL lzlj/ ;+rfng ubf{ afn ;+/If0f;DaGwL r]tgf s;/L
hufpg] eGg] ljifo klg ;d]l6Psf] 5. lzlj/sf] 7fpF / kl/j]z x]/L oxfF n]lvPsf s'/fx¿
/rfgfTds 9+un] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'x'g] 5 . of] Ps :j–cWoog ;dfu|L xf] .
!=afn b'Jo{jxf/ eg]sf] s] xf] <
afnaflnsfnfO{ zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s / efjgfTds ?kdf rf]6 k'¥ofpg] sfo{ h;n] pgLx?sf] ;du|
ljsf; / pGgltdf k|lts'n c;/ ub{5 afn b'Jo{jxf/nfO{ rf/ ;d'xdf /fVg ;lsG5 .
s= zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/
zf/Ll/s ?kdf rf]6 k6s nfUg] u/L jf z/L/nfO{ c;/ kg]{ u/L ul/g] Jojxf/x? h:t}M
5
 afnaflnsfnfO{ cfuf]n] kf]Ng',
 s'6g',
 lxsf{pg',
 6f]Sg',
 ;dfP/ a]:;/L xNnfpg', ˆofFSg',
 aRrfnfO{ em6f/f]n] lxsf{pg',
 afFWg', cflb
o:tf k|s[ltsf h'g;'s} Jojxf/nfO{ zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/df /fVg ;lsG5 .
v= of}g b'Jo{jxf/
afnaflnsfnfO{ s'g} klg of}ghGo lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg u/fpg' h:t}M
 afnaflnsfnfO{ clZnn -gUg_ lrqx? jf >Aob[Zo ;fdu|L b]vfpg' .
 clZnn lrq lvRg jf lel8of] v]Ng k|f]T;flxt ug{' jf bjfa lbg' .
 of}g ;Dks{sf] cfzo /fv]/ DjfO{ vfg], z/L/ ;'d;'dfpg], rnfpg] ug{', of}gf+u 5'g] rnfpg]
ug{' jf u/fpg' .
 of}ghGo ;"rgf, lrq jf cfzo ePsf ;Gb]zx? df]afOn jf Od]n dfkm{t k7fpg] jf of}g
hGo efjgf cleAoQm x'g] u/L kmf]g jftf{ ug{' jf u/fpg' .
 of}gf+u b]vfO{ lbg' jf b]vfpg bjfj lbg' cflb .
afnaflnsf dfly x'g] b'Jo{jxf/ ljZj s} 7'nf] ;d:of xf] . tYof+sx?n] atfPcg';f/, !* jif{ k'Ubf
;Dd $ hgfdf Ps hgf s]6L / ^ hgfdf ! hgf s]6f of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf] l;sf/ x'G5g . o; dWo]
!) hgfdf ! hgfn] dfq of}g b'Jo{jxf/ lj?4 ph'/L jf u'gf;f] u5{g . b'vnfUbf] s'/f, of}g
b'Jo{jxf/df kg]{ afnaflnsf dWo] kfFr hgfdf Ps hgf * jif{ eGbf sd pd]/sf] x'G5 . of}g
b'Jo{jxf/v]Kg] afnaflnsfsf] ;/b/ pd]/ ( jif{ 5 . afnaflnsfnfO{ of}g b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ dWo] Ps
ltxfO{ cfkmGt jf kl/jf/sf ;b:o x'G5g . s/La cfwf eGbf a9L -%(%_ b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ JolQmnfO{
lkl8tsf] kl/jf/n] ljZjf; u/]sf x'G5g / kl/jf/nfO{ Psbd} ljZjf; lbnfpg kL8sn] x/]s
k|sf/sf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u5{ .
u= efjgfTds b'Jo{jxf/
afnaflnsfsf] efjgfdf rf]6 k'¥ofpg] sfo{ h:t}M
 afnaflnsfnfO{ dfG5] guGg]
 ufnL ug]{
 xf]RofP/ / x]k]/ af]Ng]
6
 dfof/ddtf emNsg] Jojxf/ g} gug]{
 lvl;6o'/L ug]{
 c?sf] cuf8L ufnL ug]{, g/fd|f] s'/f ug]{
 af]Ng] glbg]
 wDsfpg], ysf{pg]
 OR5f ljk/Lt sfo{ ug{ afWo kg]{ .
3= a]jf:tf ug]{
afnaflnsfnfO{ cfjZos cfwf/e"t s'/faf6 ;d]t jlGrt u/fpg] h:t}M
 vfg/nufpg glbg] .
 lj/fdL k/]sf] a]nf cf}iflw pkrf/ gug]{ .
 Psbd} kmf]xf]/ 3/d f a:g afWo agfpg] .
 rf8kj{, kfl/jfl/s hd36df ;+nUg gu/fpg] cflb .
@= afn b'Jo{jxf/sf] klxrfg s;/L ug]{ <
;d'bodf sfo{/t sd{rf/L jf :jo+;]jssf] dxTjk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L eg]sf] g} afn b'Jo{jxf/ x'g glbg'
xf] / eOxfn]df To;sf] tTsfn klxrfg u/L ;DalGwt ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fusf] ;dGjo / ;xsfo{df
g b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg lg0f{ofs e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ xf] . To;}n] afnaflnsf dfly st} b'Jo{jxf/t
ePsf] 5}g < klxrfg ug{'xf]; . tn n]lvPsf nIf0f lrGxx¿n] b'j{ojxf/ lrGg ;lhnf] x'g]5 .
s= zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/ nIf0f jf lrGxx?
 afnaflnsfn] atfPsf] sf/0f;Fu gldNg] jf ljgfsf/0f z/L/sf ljleGg efudf lgn8fd jf
rf]6k6ssf lrGxx?
 r'/f]6sf 7'6fn] z/L/sf ljleGg efudf kf]n]sf 3fpx?
 xft, k]6L jf nf}/fn] xfGbf nfu]sf rf]6x?
 ljleGg k|sf/sf rf]6k6sx? h:t} sf]xL e/v/ nfu]sf rf]6 t sf]xL kfSg nfu]sf 3fpx?
 bfFt efFlrPsf] cj:yf t/ pkrf/ g} gu/]sf]
 afnaflnsfn] z/L/df 5'g glbg] jf Psbd} 8/fpg]
 3/ jf ljBfno jf hxfF zf/Ll/s oftgf ePsf] xf] To:tf] 7fpFdf hfg gdfGg]
 tl;{Psf] jf ;w} xf]l;of/L cj:yfdf /lx/x]sf]
 df};d cg';f/sf] sk8f nfpg' kg]{df To:tf] gePsf] pbfx/0fsf] nflu uld{ofddf nfdf]
afx'nf ePsf] sk8f nufPsf]
 ;fyLefO{sf] ;d"xaf6 cnu /xg] u/]sf]
7
oL dfly pNn]lvt s'g} klg nIf0f jf lrGxx? b]Vg' eof] eg] Tof] aflnsf jf afns zf/Ll/s
b'j{oJojxf/df k/]sf] x'g ;S5 .
gf]6M s'g} afnaflnsf kf]n]sf] jf ckfË g} x'g] u/L x•L efFlrPsf] cj:yfdf cfPsf] 5 eg] To:tf]
x'g'sf] sf/0f ulx/f] / dl;gf] u/L vf]Hg'xf]; . st} Tof] zf/Ll/s b'j{oJojxf/sf] kl/0ffd t xf]Og <
v= of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf nIf0f lrGxx?
of}g b'j{oJojxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx?df lgDg k|sf/sf nIf0f lrGxx? x'g ;S5gM
 s'g} sf/0f lagf g} lglZrt JolQm;+u Psbd} 8/fpg] jf e]63f6 ug{ g} gvf]Hg] x'g' .
 afnaflnsfn] nufpg] lelq sk8fx?df /utsf] 6f6fx? b]lvg' jf RofltPsf] x'g' .
 of}gfËsf] jl/kl/ gLn8fd jf 3fpx? x'g' .
 of}gfËaf6 /ut alu/x]sf] x'g' .
 of}gfËdf ePsf] b'vfO{sf sf/0f lx8g 8'Ng jf p7a; ug{ sl7gfO{ x'g' .
 of}gfË lrnfpg', of}gfËaf6 uGxfpg] kfgL cfpg' .
 !$ jif{ eGbf d'lgsf afnaflnsfdf of}ghGo /f]ux? b]lvg' jf ue{jtL x'g' .
 cleefjs jf ;fyLx?sf cuf8L sk8 km]g{ gdfGg' .
 3/af6 efUg' .
gf]6M of}g of}g b'Jo{Jojxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx¿df dfly pNn]lvt s'g} klg ;d:ofx¿ b]lvg
klg ;S5g . To;}n] afnaflnsfx¿df lvGg efj, 56k6fx6, gaf]Ng], lbSs dfGg], PSNnf]kg
?rfpg] ePsf] 5 eg] klg of}gb'j{ojxf/ x'g ;S5 elg z+sf ug{'k5{ . tkfO{ t Tolx ;d'bfodf
a:g] ePsf]n] o:tf afnaflnsfx¿ ePsf] kl/jf/ / ;d'bfodf gh/ nufO{ /fVg' k5 .
u= efjgfTds jf df}lvs b'Jo{jxf/sf nIf0f lrGxx¿
 sfd ubf{ s]lx ulNt x'G5 ls eg]/ rflxg] eGbf a9L xf]l;of/ /xg' .
 cfTdan g} gx'g' jf sdhf]/ x'g' .
 pbf; x'g', PSnf]kg ?rfpg' .
 af]Ng ;d:of x'g' jf es es ug{' .
 l9nf] l;Sg', ljBfnodf /fd|f];Fu k9g g;Sg' .
 clt cg'zfl;t jf w]/} g} s'/f jf grflxg] s'/fsf] vf]hL ug{' .
 sf/0f lagf g} 6fpsf] b'vg] x'g' jf k]6 b'Vg] x'g' .
 cfdf jf cfleefjs eGbf 6f9f /x]g] jf ;+u} a:g g?rfpg] x'g' .
 ;fyLefO{;Fu v]Ng g?rfpg]/grfxg] x'g' cflb .
8
gf]6M efjgfTds b'Jo{jxf/sf] c;/ bL3{sfnLg x'G5 . dgf];fdflhs k|efj k5{ . afnaflnsfsf]
pGglt / k|ult / af}l4s lasf;df g/fd|f] c;/ k'¥ofp5 .
3= a]jf:tf jf pk]Iff
pk]Iffdf k/]sf afnaflnsfx?df lgDgfg';f/sf nIf0f lrGxx¿ b]lvG5gM
 ;w} kmf]x/L jf yf]qf] k'/fgf] d}nf] sk8f nufpg'
 PSn} jf cGo afnaflnsfsf] x]/rfxdf x'g'
 vfg]s'/f lbbf w]/} vfg] / kl5 vfgnfO{ eg]/ vfg]s'/f paf/]/ af]Sg] ug{' .
 la/fdL x'Fbf cf}iflw pkrf/ gkfpg'
 ljBfno gcfpg] jf ljBfnodf w]/} uon x'g] .
 sdhf]/ b'Anf], kftnf] x'g] .
ofb /fvf}+
!= jfn b'Jo{jxf/ zf/Ll/s jf b]lvg] dfq} x'Fb}g, efjgfTds / dfgl;s ?kdf cf3ft k'Ug]
k|s[ltsf klg x'G5g .
@= v/fa JolQm jf ul/a kl/jf/n] dfq afn b'j{ojxf/ u5{ eGg] s'/f e|d xf] . hf];'s}n] klg
b'j{ojxf/ ug{ ;S5 . cem ;dfhdf pknAw k|ltli7t JolQm jf wgL kl/jf/df x'g] b'j{ojxf/
u'kr'k /xG5 .
#= glrg]sf] jf 6f9fsf] JolQmn] dfq afn b'j{ojxf/ u5{ eGg] xf]Og ;a} eGbf glhssf] gft]bf/
jf l5d]sLn] g} w]/} b'j{ojxf/ ug]{ u/]sf] kfO{Psf] 5 .
$= afn b'j{ojxf/df k/]sf jo:sx¿n] afn b'j{ojxf/ u/]sf] kfO{G5 . / s]lx eg] c;n
cfleefjs dfq} xf]Og, afn b'j{ojxf/ la?4sf] cleofg stf{ g} aGg ;S5g .
#= afnaflnsfdf b'Jo{jxf/ ePdf s] s] kl/0ffd x'G5 <
!= ;a} k|sf/sf b'Jo{jxf/n] afnaflnsfdf ulx/f] rf]6 kf5{ . zf/Ll/s oftgfsf] rf]6 eGbf
efjgfTds jf of}g b'j{ojxf/ jf pk]Iffn] lbg] rf]6 emg ulx/f] x'G5 . hLjge/sf] nflu k|lts'n
kl/0ffd 5f]85 .
@= afn b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx?n] cfleefjs k|ltsf] ljZjf; u'dfPsf] x'G5 .
To;}n], afnaflnsfn] c?nfO{ klg lj:jf; ug{ ;Sb}g . kl/0ffd t: To:tf afnaflnsfx¿sf]
9
jo:s hLjgdf c;n ;DaGw ljsf; x'Fb}gg . c:j:y / z+sfn' ;DaGwx¿ dfq} ljsf; x'G5g
h;sf] s/0f cfkm' / cfˆgf gftf ;DaGwsf dflg;x¿nfO{ v'zL /fVg ;Sb}gg .
#= ;w}e/L ufnL unf}h jf efjgfTds rf]6 a]xf]/]/ x'ls{Psf] afnaflnsfn] cfTdan u'dfpF5 .
cfkm'nfO{ hlxn] klg dxTjxLg 7fG5 . xLgtfaf]waf6 u|l;t x'G5 . ;fgf] k|s[ltsf sfd ug]{ jf
7'nf] sfd ug{ ;lsb}g eGg] ;f]rsf] ljsf; x'G5 .
$= b'Jo{jxf/ kLl8t afnaflnsfn] jo:s x'Fbf klg cfˆgf] efjgfnfO{ ;lx 9+un] cleJoQm ug{
;Sb}g . To:tf anflnsx?df ao:s x'Fbf lrGtf,pbf;Lgt jf l/;fxf k|sf/sf] Jojxf/ b]vfk5{ .
pgLx¿df dlb/fsf] ;]jg ug]{ jf s'ntdf km:g] ;+efjgf a9L x'G5 .
$= s:tf] kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g;S5 <
;a} vfnsf kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ x'G5 t/ klg lgDg cj:yfsf kl/jf/x?df afn b'j{ojxf/
a9L x'g] hf]lvd x'G5 .
!= 3/]n' lx+;f eO/xg] kl/jf/ jf >Ldfg >LdtL larsf] emu8f x'g] jf kfl/jfl/s snx x'g]
kl/jf/df afnaflnsfx? b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g] u/]sf] kfO{G5 .
@= dlb/fsf] cToflws ;]jg ug]{ jf nfu' kbfy{sf] k|of]u ug]{ kl/jf/x¿df afnaflnsfx¿ pk]lIft
x'g], zf/Ll/s oftgf nufotsf b'Jo{jxf/df k5{g .
#= dfgl;s /f]uL jf ;d:of ePsf cfleefjs hf] cfkm}nfO{ c¿n] :ofxf/;';f/ ug{'kg]{ cj:yf
x'G5g , To:tf cfleefjsx¿n] cfˆgf afnaflnsfnfO{ plrt :ofxf/ ;';f/, dfof ddtf lbg
g;Sg] dfq} xf]Og afnaflnsfnfO{ zf/Ll/s tyf dfgl;s oftgf klg lbg ;S5g .
$= Psflt/ ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? x'g' / csf]{ lt/ kl/jf/n] ;xof]u gu/]sf] cj:yfdf
afnaflnsf dfly b'Jo{jxf/ x'G5 lsg eg] o:tf afnaflnsfx¿ :ofxf/ ;';f/ ug{ ;do vr{g'
kg]{ t/ cleefjskfËutf ePsf afnaflnsf x'g' / csf]{ lt/ kl/jf/n] ;xof]u gu/]sf] cj:yfdf
afnafl;Fu oy]i6 ;do x'Fb}g .
%= cfleefjs aGg] lzk g} gePsf kl/jf/ h:t} ;fgf] pd]/df aRrf hGdfPsf cfleefjsx¿ jf
afn b'Jo{jxf/ ef]u]/ x'ls{Psf jo:sx?n] cfˆgf] afnaflnsf dfly b'j{ojxf/ ug{ ;Sg] ;+efjgf
k|an x'G5 .
%= s:tf] JolQmn] b'Jo{jxf/ a9L ug{ ;S5 <
!= afnaflnsf x'sf{pg ;lhnf] 5}g l s;}nfO{ afnaflnsf x'sf{pg Hofb} emGem6 nfUg] x'G5 pm
Psbd l/;fxf 5; cfˆgf] z/L/nfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;Sb}g; To:tf] JolQmn] afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{
hf]lvd al9 g} x'G5 .
@= afnaflnsfaf6 efjgfTds ¿kdf 6f9f /x]sf] jf ;DaGw g} gePsf] cg'e"lt ug]{ JolQmx¿ hf]
afnaflnsfaf6 6f9f /xg rfxG5 To:tf] JolQmn] afnaflnsf dfly b'Jo{jxf/df ug{ ;S5 .
10
#= afnaflnsf b}lgs cfjZostf k'/f ug{ g;Sg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf cfleefjsx¿ -h:t} nQf
sk8f, vfglkg, ljBfnosf] z'Ns ltg{ c;Ifd cflb_ n] afnaflnsfnfO{ b'Jo{jxf/ u5{g .
^= afn b'Jo{jxf/ Go"gLs/0f ug{ jf x6fpg tkfO{n] s] s] ug{;Sg' x'G5 <
!= afnaflnsf vf; u/L ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿ g} b'Jo{jxf/sf] l;sf/ x'g] ;+efjgf a9L
x'G5 . To;}n] x/]s k6ssf] e]63f6df hfFbf afnaflnsfsf] cj:yf /fd|/L a'‰g] / s'g} klg
b'j{ojxf/sf nIf0f 5g 5}gg a'‰g' k5{ . To;} u/L 3/ kl/jf/ tyf ;d'bfosf cGo dflg;x¿;Fu
klg e]63f6 ug]{ / afnaflnsf dfly lx+;f b'Jo{jxf/ eP gePsf] Plsg ug{'k5{ .
@= obL s;}nfO{ b'j{ojxf/ ePsf] Plsg ePdf b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf] afnaflnsf;Fu JolQmut ¿kdf
e]6g] / p;sf s'/fx¿ /fd|/L ;'Gg], ;dfg'e"t ug]{ dfq geO{ plrt k'g{:yfkgsf] nflu tof/L ug{'
k5{ . o;f] ubf{ cfkm'nfO{ x'g ;Sg] hf]lvdsf] d"Nof+sg u/L :yfgLo afn sNof0f ;ldlt, :yfgLo
;/sf/, k|x/Lsf] ;xof]u / ;xsfo{ h?/L x'g ;S5 .
#= o;sf nflu klxn] cfˆgf] If]qLo sfof{nonfO{ va/ ug{'xf]; . sfof{non] klg ckfË afn
c:ktfn tyf k'g;{yfkg s]G›df /x]sf] afn ;+/If0f OsfO{nfO{ va/ / l/kf]6{ ug{'k5{ .
$= If]lqo sfof{no / afn ;+/If0f OsfO{sf] ;dGjodf :yfgLo ;/sf/, afn sNof0f ;ldlt /
afn clwsf/sf] If]qdf sfo{/t ;+3 ;+:yfx?sf] ;xof]udf b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfnfO{
tTsfn p2f/ / k'g;{yfkg ug{'k5{ .
%= afn b'Jo{jxf/df x'g'sf] s/0f kQf nufO{ afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿nfO{ cfkm' /
p;sf cfkmGthg ;dfhdf /x]sf e› enfbdL / Tof] kl/jf/n] ljZjf; ug]{ kl/jf/ jf JolQmx?
dfkm{t afn b'j{ojxf/sf a]kmfObf / ug{ gx'g] laifodf cfjZos dgf]ladz{, ;xof]u / ;Nnfx
;'emfj lbg'k5{ .
^= :yfgLo ;/sf/ dfkm{t sfg'gL sf/afxL jf ;xof]usf] nflu kxn ug]{ / pgLx¿sf] /f]xa/df
afn b'j{ojxf/ x'g glbg lgu/fgLsf] Aoa:yf klg ug{' k5{ .
&= afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?nfO{ ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›df
la/fdLsf] cg'udgdf cfpFbf klg laz]if rf;f] lbP/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg dgf]ljdz{ / ;xof]u ug'{
k5{ .
*= s'g} klg afnaflnsf b'Jo{jxf/df kg{ ;S5 eGg] x]Ssf /fv]/ x/]s k6ssf] e]63f6df afn
b'j{ojxf/ ug{ gx'g] / u/]df o;sf] kl/jf/, afnaflnsf, ;dfh / l;+uf] /fi6«nfO{ kg]{ cK7of/f] /
c;/ k|lt ;r]t u/fpg' k5{ .
11
gf]6M tkfO{nfO{ nfUg ;S5 ls s;}sf] kfl/jfl/s dfldnfdf lsg s'/f p7fpg] jf csf{;+u lsg
dgd'6fj a9fpg] eGg] . t/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ kl/jf/sf] dfq dfldnf xf]Og o;n] afnaflnsfsf]
eljio 8fdf8f]n agfO{ lbG5 . o;y{ tkfO{n] afn b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg sbd rfNg} k5{ . sltko
kl/jf/df ghfg]/ jf yfxf g} gkfO{ b'j{ojxf/ e}/x]sf] x'g ;S5, To:tf] kl/jf/df ;fdfGo
5nkmnn] klg b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg 7"nf] d2t u5{ .
&= 3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f ;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg s] s] ug{ ;lsG5 <
ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›n] ;d'bfodf ug]{ 3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/x? afn;+/If0f k|lt
r]tgf hufpg] dxTjk"0f{ ynf] / cj;/x? x'g . To;}n],3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f;DaGwL
r]tgf hufpg lgDgfg';f/ sfo{x? ug{ ;lsG5 . 7fpF / kl/l:ylt x]/]/ tkfO{+ cfkm'n] s]lx kl/jt{g
ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 .
!= lzlj/ :yndf cfPsf dflg;x?n] b]Vg] / k9g] ;lhnf] x'g] :yfgdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL ljleGg
kf]i6x? 6fF:g] . ;xefuLx?nfO{ tL kf]:6/ x]g{ / a'‰g a]nf a]nfdf cg'/f]w ug]{ .
@= lzlj/df gfd btf{ ug]{ 7fpFdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL xft] k'l:tsf /fVg] / x/]s JolQmnfO{ gfd
btf{ u/]/ k'hL{ lbg] a]nfdf pQm xft] k'l:tsf klg lbg] l xft] k'l:tsf cfkm'n] k9g / kl9;s]kl5
ufpFsf c?nfO{ k9g lbg] eg]/ ;Nnfx lbg] .
#= gfd btf{ ul/;s]kl5 lrlsT;snfO{ b]vfpg' cufj} jf lrlsT;snfO{ s'g]{ ;dodf la/fdLsf
cfkmGtx?nfO{ e]nf u/]/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ , o;sf] kl/0ffd, /f]syfd nufoftsf afn;+/If0fsf
ljleGg kIfdf 5nkmn ug]{ . sf]7f / lah'nL tyf cGo cfjZos ;fdu|Lx?sf] k|aGw eP
afn;+/If0f;DaGwL r]tgf clea[4L ug]{ >Job[Zo ;fdu|L b]vfpg .
$= lrlsT;sn] ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hfFr ul/;s]kl5 pkrf/sf] ;Nnfx lbg] a]nfdf
b'Jo{jxf/ ug{ gx'g] / afnaflnsfnfO{ dfof ddtf / l;Sg ;xhLs/0f ug]{ ;Nnfx ;'emfa lbg] .
%= cf}iflw jf pkrf/ lbg] 7fpFdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL laifox¿df klg 5f]6f] 5nkmn ug]{ / xft]
k'l:tsf cfkm'n] k9g], n]vk9 ug{ g;Sg] eP 3/sf c¿ kl/jf/x¿nfO{ k9g nufP/ l;Sg] cflb
laifox¿df 5nkmn ug]{ .
12
lzlj/df lj/fdLx?sf] k|j]z / aflx/ hfg] Joj:yf lgDgfg';f/ ldnfpg] .
zNolqmof lzlj/
gfd btf{ + afn ;+/If0f
;DaGwL xft] k'l:tsf
ljt/0f
-!_
afn ;+/If0f ;DaGwL
lzIff
-@_
lrlsT;sLo ;]jf ++
k/fdz{ ;]jf
-#_
cf}ifwL ljt/0f / pks/0f
ljt/0f + afn ;+/If0f ;DaGwL
ljifodf 5f]6f] 5nkmn /
k'gtf{hsL
-$_
leq
aflx/
gfd btf{
k'l:tsf
Awareness Consultation
AdmissionSurgeryCounseling +
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CkfË afnaflnsf b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg tyf /fsyfd ;fdu|L

  • 1. 1 ljsnfË ldq ;d"x ckfË jfn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]Gb| ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ x'g ;Sg] afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg tyf /f]syfd ;DaGwL :j–cWoog ;fdu|L -;d'bfodf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx?sf nflu_ @)!*
  • 2. 2 zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? cGosf] bfFhf]df w]/} lx;fan] a9L hf]lvddf 5g . zf/Ll/s ?kdf ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? dfly ljleGg vfn] b'Jo{jxf/x? e}/x]sf] x'g;S5g . ltgLx?sf] ;lx klxrfg ug{ ;s]sf] v08df b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug]{ dfq xf]Og To;n] ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hLjgdf kg]{ c;/x? Go"gLs/0f ug{ 7'nf] dbt ldNg] cfzfsf ;fy ;d'bfo d} /x]/ sfd ug]{ sd{rf/L, :jo+;]js / cGo ;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ nlIft u/]/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg ug{ / To;sf] /f]syfd tyf pkrf/sf] nflu pko'Qm lgsf; lbg ;xof]u ldNg] u/L of] k'l:tsf tof/ ul/Psf] xf] . © ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ x'g ;Sg] afn b'Jo{jxf/ klxrfg tyf /f]syfd ;DaGwL :j—cWoog ;fdu|Lsf] ;jf{lwsf/ k|ltlnlk clwsf/ P]g @)%( tyf lgodfjnL @)^! cg';f/ ljsnfË ldq ;d"x÷ckfË jfn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]Gb|df lglxt 5 / cg'dltdf dfq o:sf] c+z tyf k'gMk|sfzg ug{ kfOg]5 .
  • 3. 3 ljifo;"rLM e"ldsf===============================================================================================================# k'l:tsfsf] k|of]u af/]df=========================================================================================# afn b'Jo{Jojxf/ eg]sf] s] xf] <=============================================================================# afn b'Jo{Jojxf/sf] klxrfg s;/L ug]{ ===================================================================% afnaflnsfdf b'Jo{jxf/ ePdf s] s] kl/0ffd x'G5 < =================================================& s:tf] kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g;S5 ===========================================================* s:tf] JolQmn] b'Jo{jxf/ a9L ug{ ;S5 ===================================================================* afn b'Jo{jxf/ Go"gLs/0f ug{ jf x6fpg tkfO{n] s] s] ug{;Sg' x'G5 <===========================( 3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f ;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg s] s] ug{ ;lsG5 <==============!)
  • 4. 4 e"ldsf ljsnfË ldq ;d"x÷ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G› zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] k'g:yf{kgfsf] If]qdf clu|0fL ;+:yf xf . o;n] ljut nfdf] ;do b]lv lhNnfsf laleGg ;d'bfox?df zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx?sf] klxrfg ug]{ / k'g:yf{kgfsf nflu cfjZos ;Dk"0f{ pkrf/, To;sf] cg'udg / ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t k'g:yf{kg ul//x]sf] g} 5 . o;/L k'g:yf{g ug{' g} afnclwsf/ ;+/If0fsf] Ps dxTjk"0f{ kIf xf] . t/ zf/Ll/s ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? cGosf] bfFhf]df w]/} lx;fan] a9L hf]lvddf 5g . To;}n], pgLx?sf] ;fdflhs ;+/If0fsf] ;fy} ;xh ?kdf ;dfj]zLs/0f ug{ ;Ifd agfpg pgLx? dfly x'g ;Sg] ;a} vfn] b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug{' h?/L x'G5 . afnaflnsf To;df klg zf/Ll/s ?kdf ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfdfly xfd|f] ;dfhdf ljleGg vfn] b'j{oJojxf/x? e}/x]sf] x'g;S5g . ltgLx?sf] ;lx klxrfg ug{ ;s]sf] v08df b'j{oJojxf/sf] cGTo ug]{ dfq xf]Og To;n] ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hLjgdf kg]{ c;/x? Go"gLs/0f ug{ 7'nf] dbt ldNg] 5 . To;}n],ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›sf ;d'bfo d} /x]/ sfd ug]{ sd{rf/L,:jo+;]js / cGo ;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ afn b'j{oJojxf/ klxrfg ug{ / To;sf] /f]syfd tyf pkrf/sf] nflu pko'Qm lgsf; lbg ;xof]u ldNg] u/L of] k'l:tsf tof/ ul/Psf] xf]. k'l:tsfsf] k|of]u af/]df of] k'l:tsfn] ;dfhdf x'g] afn b'j{ojxf/sf k|sf/x¿ / To:tf b'j{ojxf/x¿nfO{ lrGg ;lhnf] agfpF5 . b'Jo{jxf/sf k|sf/ cg';f/ afnaflnsfdf kfOg] nIf0f lrGxx¿sf] af/]df ;lj:tf/ pNn]v ul/Psf] x'gfn] ckfË afnaflnsfnfO{ u[xe]6df hfFbf To:tf nIf0f lrGxx¿ 5g 5}gg Vofn ug{'x'g]5 / To:tf] kfOPdf tTsfn p2f/ tyf k'g;{yfkg s;/L ug]{ eGg] af/]df klg of] k'l:tsfdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . o;n], afnaflnsf To;df klg ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsf dfly x'g] b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg ;S5 . To;}u/L, 3'DtL lzlj/ ;+rfng ubf{ afn ;+/If0f;DaGwL r]tgf s;/L hufpg] eGg] ljifo klg ;d]l6Psf] 5. lzlj/sf] 7fpF / kl/j]z x]/L oxfF n]lvPsf s'/fx¿ /rfgfTds 9+un] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'x'g] 5 . of] Ps :j–cWoog ;dfu|L xf] . !=afn b'Jo{jxf/ eg]sf] s] xf] < afnaflnsfnfO{ zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s / efjgfTds ?kdf rf]6 k'¥ofpg] sfo{ h;n] pgLx?sf] ;du| ljsf; / pGgltdf k|lts'n c;/ ub{5 afn b'Jo{jxf/nfO{ rf/ ;d'xdf /fVg ;lsG5 . s= zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/ zf/Ll/s ?kdf rf]6 k6s nfUg] u/L jf z/L/nfO{ c;/ kg]{ u/L ul/g] Jojxf/x? h:t}M
  • 5. 5  afnaflnsfnfO{ cfuf]n] kf]Ng',  s'6g',  lxsf{pg',  6f]Sg',  ;dfP/ a]:;/L xNnfpg', ˆofFSg',  aRrfnfO{ em6f/f]n] lxsf{pg',  afFWg', cflb o:tf k|s[ltsf h'g;'s} Jojxf/nfO{ zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/df /fVg ;lsG5 . v= of}g b'Jo{jxf/ afnaflnsfnfO{ s'g} klg of}ghGo lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg u/fpg' h:t}M  afnaflnsfnfO{ clZnn -gUg_ lrqx? jf >Aob[Zo ;fdu|L b]vfpg' .  clZnn lrq lvRg jf lel8of] v]Ng k|f]T;flxt ug{' jf bjfa lbg' .  of}g ;Dks{sf] cfzo /fv]/ DjfO{ vfg], z/L/ ;'d;'dfpg], rnfpg] ug{', of}gf+u 5'g] rnfpg] ug{' jf u/fpg' .  of}ghGo ;"rgf, lrq jf cfzo ePsf ;Gb]zx? df]afOn jf Od]n dfkm{t k7fpg] jf of}g hGo efjgf cleAoQm x'g] u/L kmf]g jftf{ ug{' jf u/fpg' .  of}gf+u b]vfO{ lbg' jf b]vfpg bjfj lbg' cflb . afnaflnsf dfly x'g] b'Jo{jxf/ ljZj s} 7'nf] ;d:of xf] . tYof+sx?n] atfPcg';f/, !* jif{ k'Ubf ;Dd $ hgfdf Ps hgf s]6L / ^ hgfdf ! hgf s]6f of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf] l;sf/ x'G5g . o; dWo] !) hgfdf ! hgfn] dfq of}g b'Jo{jxf/ lj?4 ph'/L jf u'gf;f] u5{g . b'vnfUbf] s'/f, of}g b'Jo{jxf/df kg]{ afnaflnsf dWo] kfFr hgfdf Ps hgf * jif{ eGbf sd pd]/sf] x'G5 . of}g b'Jo{jxf/v]Kg] afnaflnsfsf] ;/b/ pd]/ ( jif{ 5 . afnaflnsfnfO{ of}g b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ dWo] Ps ltxfO{ cfkmGt jf kl/jf/sf ;b:o x'G5g . s/La cfwf eGbf a9L -%(%_ b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ JolQmnfO{ lkl8tsf] kl/jf/n] ljZjf; u/]sf x'G5g / kl/jf/nfO{ Psbd} ljZjf; lbnfpg kL8sn] x/]s k|sf/sf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u5{ . u= efjgfTds b'Jo{jxf/ afnaflnsfsf] efjgfdf rf]6 k'¥ofpg] sfo{ h:t}M  afnaflnsfnfO{ dfG5] guGg]  ufnL ug]{  xf]RofP/ / x]k]/ af]Ng]
  • 6. 6  dfof/ddtf emNsg] Jojxf/ g} gug]{  lvl;6o'/L ug]{  c?sf] cuf8L ufnL ug]{, g/fd|f] s'/f ug]{  af]Ng] glbg]  wDsfpg], ysf{pg]  OR5f ljk/Lt sfo{ ug{ afWo kg]{ . 3= a]jf:tf ug]{ afnaflnsfnfO{ cfjZos cfwf/e"t s'/faf6 ;d]t jlGrt u/fpg] h:t}M  vfg/nufpg glbg] .  lj/fdL k/]sf] a]nf cf}iflw pkrf/ gug]{ .  Psbd} kmf]xf]/ 3/d f a:g afWo agfpg] .  rf8kj{, kfl/jfl/s hd36df ;+nUg gu/fpg] cflb . @= afn b'Jo{jxf/sf] klxrfg s;/L ug]{ < ;d'bodf sfo{/t sd{rf/L jf :jo+;]jssf] dxTjk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L eg]sf] g} afn b'Jo{jxf/ x'g glbg' xf] / eOxfn]df To;sf] tTsfn klxrfg u/L ;DalGwt ;/f]sf/jfnfx?;Fusf] ;dGjo / ;xsfo{df g b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg lg0f{ofs e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ xf] . To;}n] afnaflnsf dfly st} b'Jo{jxf/t ePsf] 5}g < klxrfg ug{'xf]; . tn n]lvPsf nIf0f lrGxx¿n] b'j{ojxf/ lrGg ;lhnf] x'g]5 . s= zf/Ll/s b'Jo{jxf/ nIf0f jf lrGxx?  afnaflnsfn] atfPsf] sf/0f;Fu gldNg] jf ljgfsf/0f z/L/sf ljleGg efudf lgn8fd jf rf]6k6ssf lrGxx?  r'/f]6sf 7'6fn] z/L/sf ljleGg efudf kf]n]sf 3fpx?  xft, k]6L jf nf}/fn] xfGbf nfu]sf rf]6x?  ljleGg k|sf/sf rf]6k6sx? h:t} sf]xL e/v/ nfu]sf rf]6 t sf]xL kfSg nfu]sf 3fpx?  bfFt efFlrPsf] cj:yf t/ pkrf/ g} gu/]sf]  afnaflnsfn] z/L/df 5'g glbg] jf Psbd} 8/fpg]  3/ jf ljBfno jf hxfF zf/Ll/s oftgf ePsf] xf] To:tf] 7fpFdf hfg gdfGg]  tl;{Psf] jf ;w} xf]l;of/L cj:yfdf /lx/x]sf]  df};d cg';f/sf] sk8f nfpg' kg]{df To:tf] gePsf] pbfx/0fsf] nflu uld{ofddf nfdf] afx'nf ePsf] sk8f nufPsf]  ;fyLefO{sf] ;d"xaf6 cnu /xg] u/]sf]
  • 7. 7 oL dfly pNn]lvt s'g} klg nIf0f jf lrGxx? b]Vg' eof] eg] Tof] aflnsf jf afns zf/Ll/s b'j{oJojxf/df k/]sf] x'g ;S5 . gf]6M s'g} afnaflnsf kf]n]sf] jf ckfË g} x'g] u/L x•L efFlrPsf] cj:yfdf cfPsf] 5 eg] To:tf] x'g'sf] sf/0f ulx/f] / dl;gf] u/L vf]Hg'xf]; . st} Tof] zf/Ll/s b'j{oJojxf/sf] kl/0ffd t xf]Og < v= of}g b'Jo{jxf/sf nIf0f lrGxx? of}g b'j{oJojxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx?df lgDg k|sf/sf nIf0f lrGxx? x'g ;S5gM  s'g} sf/0f lagf g} lglZrt JolQm;+u Psbd} 8/fpg] jf e]63f6 ug{ g} gvf]Hg] x'g' .  afnaflnsfn] nufpg] lelq sk8fx?df /utsf] 6f6fx? b]lvg' jf RofltPsf] x'g' .  of}gfËsf] jl/kl/ gLn8fd jf 3fpx? x'g' .  of}gfËaf6 /ut alu/x]sf] x'g' .  of}gfËdf ePsf] b'vfO{sf sf/0f lx8g 8'Ng jf p7a; ug{ sl7gfO{ x'g' .  of}gfË lrnfpg', of}gfËaf6 uGxfpg] kfgL cfpg' .  !$ jif{ eGbf d'lgsf afnaflnsfdf of}ghGo /f]ux? b]lvg' jf ue{jtL x'g' .  cleefjs jf ;fyLx?sf cuf8L sk8 km]g{ gdfGg' .  3/af6 efUg' . gf]6M of}g of}g b'Jo{Jojxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx¿df dfly pNn]lvt s'g} klg ;d:ofx¿ b]lvg klg ;S5g . To;}n] afnaflnsfx¿df lvGg efj, 56k6fx6, gaf]Ng], lbSs dfGg], PSNnf]kg ?rfpg] ePsf] 5 eg] klg of}gb'j{ojxf/ x'g ;S5 elg z+sf ug{'k5{ . tkfO{ t Tolx ;d'bfodf a:g] ePsf]n] o:tf afnaflnsfx¿ ePsf] kl/jf/ / ;d'bfodf gh/ nufO{ /fVg' k5 . u= efjgfTds jf df}lvs b'Jo{jxf/sf nIf0f lrGxx¿  sfd ubf{ s]lx ulNt x'G5 ls eg]/ rflxg] eGbf a9L xf]l;of/ /xg' .  cfTdan g} gx'g' jf sdhf]/ x'g' .  pbf; x'g', PSnf]kg ?rfpg' .  af]Ng ;d:of x'g' jf es es ug{' .  l9nf] l;Sg', ljBfnodf /fd|f];Fu k9g g;Sg' .  clt cg'zfl;t jf w]/} g} s'/f jf grflxg] s'/fsf] vf]hL ug{' .  sf/0f lagf g} 6fpsf] b'vg] x'g' jf k]6 b'Vg] x'g' .  cfdf jf cfleefjs eGbf 6f9f /x]g] jf ;+u} a:g g?rfpg] x'g' .  ;fyLefO{;Fu v]Ng g?rfpg]/grfxg] x'g' cflb .
  • 8. 8 gf]6M efjgfTds b'Jo{jxf/sf] c;/ bL3{sfnLg x'G5 . dgf];fdflhs k|efj k5{ . afnaflnsfsf] pGglt / k|ult / af}l4s lasf;df g/fd|f] c;/ k'¥ofp5 . 3= a]jf:tf jf pk]Iff pk]Iffdf k/]sf afnaflnsfx?df lgDgfg';f/sf nIf0f lrGxx¿ b]lvG5gM  ;w} kmf]x/L jf yf]qf] k'/fgf] d}nf] sk8f nufpg'  PSn} jf cGo afnaflnsfsf] x]/rfxdf x'g'  vfg]s'/f lbbf w]/} vfg] / kl5 vfgnfO{ eg]/ vfg]s'/f paf/]/ af]Sg] ug{' .  la/fdL x'Fbf cf}iflw pkrf/ gkfpg'  ljBfno gcfpg] jf ljBfnodf w]/} uon x'g] .  sdhf]/ b'Anf], kftnf] x'g] . ofb /fvf}+ != jfn b'Jo{jxf/ zf/Ll/s jf b]lvg] dfq} x'Fb}g, efjgfTds / dfgl;s ?kdf cf3ft k'Ug] k|s[ltsf klg x'G5g . @= v/fa JolQm jf ul/a kl/jf/n] dfq afn b'j{ojxf/ u5{ eGg] s'/f e|d xf] . hf];'s}n] klg b'j{ojxf/ ug{ ;S5 . cem ;dfhdf pknAw k|ltli7t JolQm jf wgL kl/jf/df x'g] b'j{ojxf/ u'kr'k /xG5 . #= glrg]sf] jf 6f9fsf] JolQmn] dfq afn b'j{ojxf/ u5{ eGg] xf]Og ;a} eGbf glhssf] gft]bf/ jf l5d]sLn] g} w]/} b'j{ojxf/ ug]{ u/]sf] kfO{Psf] 5 . $= afn b'j{ojxf/df k/]sf jo:sx¿n] afn b'j{ojxf/ u/]sf] kfO{G5 . / s]lx eg] c;n cfleefjs dfq} xf]Og, afn b'j{ojxf/ la?4sf] cleofg stf{ g} aGg ;S5g . #= afnaflnsfdf b'Jo{jxf/ ePdf s] s] kl/0ffd x'G5 < != ;a} k|sf/sf b'Jo{jxf/n] afnaflnsfdf ulx/f] rf]6 kf5{ . zf/Ll/s oftgfsf] rf]6 eGbf efjgfTds jf of}g b'j{ojxf/ jf pk]Iffn] lbg] rf]6 emg ulx/f] x'G5 . hLjge/sf] nflu k|lts'n kl/0ffd 5f]85 . @= afn b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfx?n] cfleefjs k|ltsf] ljZjf; u'dfPsf] x'G5 . To;}n], afnaflnsfn] c?nfO{ klg lj:jf; ug{ ;Sb}g . kl/0ffd t: To:tf afnaflnsfx¿sf]
  • 9. 9 jo:s hLjgdf c;n ;DaGw ljsf; x'Fb}gg . c:j:y / z+sfn' ;DaGwx¿ dfq} ljsf; x'G5g h;sf] s/0f cfkm' / cfˆgf gftf ;DaGwsf dflg;x¿nfO{ v'zL /fVg ;Sb}gg . #= ;w}e/L ufnL unf}h jf efjgfTds rf]6 a]xf]/]/ x'ls{Psf] afnaflnsfn] cfTdan u'dfpF5 . cfkm'nfO{ hlxn] klg dxTjxLg 7fG5 . xLgtfaf]waf6 u|l;t x'G5 . ;fgf] k|s[ltsf sfd ug]{ jf 7'nf] sfd ug{ ;lsb}g eGg] ;f]rsf] ljsf; x'G5 . $= b'Jo{jxf/ kLl8t afnaflnsfn] jo:s x'Fbf klg cfˆgf] efjgfnfO{ ;lx 9+un] cleJoQm ug{ ;Sb}g . To:tf anflnsx?df ao:s x'Fbf lrGtf,pbf;Lgt jf l/;fxf k|sf/sf] Jojxf/ b]vfk5{ . pgLx¿df dlb/fsf] ;]jg ug]{ jf s'ntdf km:g] ;+efjgf a9L x'G5 . $= s:tf] kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g;S5 < ;a} vfnsf kl/jf/df afn b'Jo{jxf/ x'G5 t/ klg lgDg cj:yfsf kl/jf/x?df afn b'j{ojxf/ a9L x'g] hf]lvd x'G5 . != 3/]n' lx+;f eO/xg] kl/jf/ jf >Ldfg >LdtL larsf] emu8f x'g] jf kfl/jfl/s snx x'g] kl/jf/df afnaflnsfx? b'Jo{jxf/ a9L x'g] u/]sf] kfO{G5 . @= dlb/fsf] cToflws ;]jg ug]{ jf nfu' kbfy{sf] k|of]u ug]{ kl/jf/x¿df afnaflnsfx¿ pk]lIft x'g], zf/Ll/s oftgf nufotsf b'Jo{jxf/df k5{g . #= dfgl;s /f]uL jf ;d:of ePsf cfleefjs hf] cfkm}nfO{ c¿n] :ofxf/;';f/ ug{'kg]{ cj:yf x'G5g , To:tf cfleefjsx¿n] cfˆgf afnaflnsfnfO{ plrt :ofxf/ ;';f/, dfof ddtf lbg g;Sg] dfq} xf]Og afnaflnsfnfO{ zf/Ll/s tyf dfgl;s oftgf klg lbg ;S5g . $= Psflt/ ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx? x'g' / csf]{ lt/ kl/jf/n] ;xof]u gu/]sf] cj:yfdf afnaflnsf dfly b'Jo{jxf/ x'G5 lsg eg] o:tf afnaflnsfx¿ :ofxf/ ;';f/ ug{ ;do vr{g' kg]{ t/ cleefjskfËutf ePsf afnaflnsf x'g' / csf]{ lt/ kl/jf/n] ;xof]u gu/]sf] cj:yfdf afnafl;Fu oy]i6 ;do x'Fb}g . %= cfleefjs aGg] lzk g} gePsf kl/jf/ h:t} ;fgf] pd]/df aRrf hGdfPsf cfleefjsx¿ jf afn b'Jo{jxf/ ef]u]/ x'ls{Psf jo:sx?n] cfˆgf] afnaflnsf dfly b'j{ojxf/ ug{ ;Sg] ;+efjgf k|an x'G5 . %= s:tf] JolQmn] b'Jo{jxf/ a9L ug{ ;S5 < != afnaflnsf x'sf{pg ;lhnf] 5}g l s;}nfO{ afnaflnsf x'sf{pg Hofb} emGem6 nfUg] x'G5 pm Psbd l/;fxf 5; cfˆgf] z/L/nfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ ;Sb}g; To:tf] JolQmn] afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ hf]lvd al9 g} x'G5 . @= afnaflnsfaf6 efjgfTds ¿kdf 6f9f /x]sf] jf ;DaGw g} gePsf] cg'e"lt ug]{ JolQmx¿ hf] afnaflnsfaf6 6f9f /xg rfxG5 To:tf] JolQmn] afnaflnsf dfly b'Jo{jxf/df ug{ ;S5 .
  • 10. 10 #= afnaflnsf b}lgs cfjZostf k'/f ug{ g;Sg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf cfleefjsx¿ -h:t} nQf sk8f, vfglkg, ljBfnosf] z'Ns ltg{ c;Ifd cflb_ n] afnaflnsfnfO{ b'Jo{jxf/ u5{g . ^= afn b'Jo{jxf/ Go"gLs/0f ug{ jf x6fpg tkfO{n] s] s] ug{;Sg' x'G5 < != afnaflnsf vf; u/L ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿ g} b'Jo{jxf/sf] l;sf/ x'g] ;+efjgf a9L x'G5 . To;}n] x/]s k6ssf] e]63f6df hfFbf afnaflnsfsf] cj:yf /fd|/L a'‰g] / s'g} klg b'j{ojxf/sf nIf0f 5g 5}gg a'‰g' k5{ . To;} u/L 3/ kl/jf/ tyf ;d'bfosf cGo dflg;x¿;Fu klg e]63f6 ug]{ / afnaflnsf dfly lx+;f b'Jo{jxf/ eP gePsf] Plsg ug{'k5{ . @= obL s;}nfO{ b'j{ojxf/ ePsf] Plsg ePdf b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf] afnaflnsf;Fu JolQmut ¿kdf e]6g] / p;sf s'/fx¿ /fd|/L ;'Gg], ;dfg'e"t ug]{ dfq geO{ plrt k'g{:yfkgsf] nflu tof/L ug{' k5{ . o;f] ubf{ cfkm'nfO{ x'g ;Sg] hf]lvdsf] d"Nof+sg u/L :yfgLo afn sNof0f ;ldlt, :yfgLo ;/sf/, k|x/Lsf] ;xof]u / ;xsfo{ h?/L x'g ;S5 . #= o;sf nflu klxn] cfˆgf] If]qLo sfof{nonfO{ va/ ug{'xf]; . sfof{non] klg ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g;{yfkg s]G›df /x]sf] afn ;+/If0f OsfO{nfO{ va/ / l/kf]6{ ug{'k5{ . $= If]lqo sfof{no / afn ;+/If0f OsfO{sf] ;dGjodf :yfgLo ;/sf/, afn sNof0f ;ldlt / afn clwsf/sf] If]qdf sfo{/t ;+3 ;+:yfx?sf] ;xof]udf b'Jo{jxf/df k/]sf afnaflnsfnfO{ tTsfn p2f/ / k'g;{yfkg ug{'k5{ . %= afn b'Jo{jxf/df x'g'sf] s/0f kQf nufO{ afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿nfO{ cfkm' / p;sf cfkmGthg ;dfhdf /x]sf e› enfbdL / Tof] kl/jf/n] ljZjf; ug]{ kl/jf/ jf JolQmx? dfkm{t afn b'j{ojxf/sf a]kmfObf / ug{ gx'g] laifodf cfjZos dgf]ladz{, ;xof]u / ;Nnfx ;'emfj lbg'k5{ . ^= :yfgLo ;/sf/ dfkm{t sfg'gL sf/afxL jf ;xof]usf] nflu kxn ug]{ / pgLx¿sf] /f]xa/df afn b'j{ojxf/ x'g glbg lgu/fgLsf] Aoa:yf klg ug{' k5{ . &= afn b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?nfO{ ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›df la/fdLsf] cg'udgdf cfpFbf klg laz]if rf;f] lbP/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg dgf]ljdz{ / ;xof]u ug'{ k5{ . *= s'g} klg afnaflnsf b'Jo{jxf/df kg{ ;S5 eGg] x]Ssf /fv]/ x/]s k6ssf] e]63f6df afn b'j{ojxf/ ug{ gx'g] / u/]df o;sf] kl/jf/, afnaflnsf, ;dfh / l;+uf] /fi6«nfO{ kg]{ cK7of/f] / c;/ k|lt ;r]t u/fpg' k5{ .
  • 11. 11 gf]6M tkfO{nfO{ nfUg ;S5 ls s;}sf] kfl/jfl/s dfldnfdf lsg s'/f p7fpg] jf csf{;+u lsg dgd'6fj a9fpg] eGg] . t/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ kl/jf/sf] dfq dfldnf xf]Og o;n] afnaflnsfsf] eljio 8fdf8f]n agfO{ lbG5 . o;y{ tkfO{n] afn b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg sbd rfNg} k5{ . sltko kl/jf/df ghfg]/ jf yfxf g} gkfO{ b'j{ojxf/ e}/x]sf] x'g ;S5, To:tf] kl/jf/df ;fdfGo 5nkmnn] klg b'Jo{jxf/ /f]Sg 7"nf] d2t u5{ . &= 3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f ;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg s] s] ug{ ;lsG5 < ckfË afn c:ktfn tyf k'g:yf{kg s]G›n] ;d'bfodf ug]{ 3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/x? afn;+/If0f k|lt r]tgf hufpg] dxTjk"0f{ ynf] / cj;/x? x'g . To;}n],3'DtL :jf:Yo lzlj/df afn;+/If0f;DaGwL r]tgf hufpg lgDgfg';f/ sfo{x? ug{ ;lsG5 . 7fpF / kl/l:ylt x]/]/ tkfO{+ cfkm'n] s]lx kl/jt{g ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 . != lzlj/ :yndf cfPsf dflg;x?n] b]Vg] / k9g] ;lhnf] x'g] :yfgdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL ljleGg kf]i6x? 6fF:g] . ;xefuLx?nfO{ tL kf]:6/ x]g{ / a'‰g a]nf a]nfdf cg'/f]w ug]{ . @= lzlj/df gfd btf{ ug]{ 7fpFdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL xft] k'l:tsf /fVg] / x/]s JolQmnfO{ gfd btf{ u/]/ k'hL{ lbg] a]nfdf pQm xft] k'l:tsf klg lbg] l xft] k'l:tsf cfkm'n] k9g / kl9;s]kl5 ufpFsf c?nfO{ k9g lbg] eg]/ ;Nnfx lbg] . #= gfd btf{ ul/;s]kl5 lrlsT;snfO{ b]vfpg' cufj} jf lrlsT;snfO{ s'g]{ ;dodf la/fdLsf cfkmGtx?nfO{ e]nf u/]/ afn b'Jo{jxf/ , o;sf] kl/0ffd, /f]syfd nufoftsf afn;+/If0fsf ljleGg kIfdf 5nkmn ug]{ . sf]7f / lah'nL tyf cGo cfjZos ;fdu|Lx?sf] k|aGw eP afn;+/If0f;DaGwL r]tgf clea[4L ug]{ >Job[Zo ;fdu|L b]vfpg . $= lrlsT;sn] ckfËtf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] hfFr ul/;s]kl5 pkrf/sf] ;Nnfx lbg] a]nfdf b'Jo{jxf/ ug{ gx'g] / afnaflnsfnfO{ dfof ddtf / l;Sg ;xhLs/0f ug]{ ;Nnfx ;'emfa lbg] . %= cf}iflw jf pkrf/ lbg] 7fpFdf afn;+/If0f;DaGwL laifox¿df klg 5f]6f] 5nkmn ug]{ / xft] k'l:tsf cfkm'n] k9g], n]vk9 ug{ g;Sg] eP 3/sf c¿ kl/jf/x¿nfO{ k9g nufP/ l;Sg] cflb laifox¿df 5nkmn ug]{ .
  • 12. 12 lzlj/df lj/fdLx?sf] k|j]z / aflx/ hfg] Joj:yf lgDgfg';f/ ldnfpg] . zNolqmof lzlj/ gfd btf{ + afn ;+/If0f ;DaGwL xft] k'l:tsf ljt/0f -!_ afn ;+/If0f ;DaGwL lzIff -@_ lrlsT;sLo ;]jf ++ k/fdz{ ;]jf -#_ cf}ifwL ljt/0f / pks/0f ljt/0f + afn ;+/If0f ;DaGwL ljifodf 5f]6f] 5nkmn / k'gtf{hsL -$_ leq aflx/ gfd btf{ k'l:tsf Awareness Consultation AdmissionSurgeryCounseling + CPSP
  • 13. 13