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Job design


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Job design

  1. 1. Job Design Pradeep Singha
  2. 2. Job Design Job design involves conscious efforts to organize task, duties and responsibilities in to a unit of work to achieve certain objectives. Job designEasierjob design new jobs than redesign follows toexisting analysis. jobs.
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE ORGANIZATION Greater Job Satisfaction Increased Performance Reduced Absenteeism & Turnover Greater Profitability
  4. 4. Techniques of Job DesignIndividual Design Options Group Design OptionsWORK SIMPLIFICATION WORK TEAMS Large task that is completed byJOB ROTATION a group of specific taskRotating from job to job Assignments.within an organization.JOB ENLARGEMENTAdding more tasks to the Job Design AUTONOMOUS WORKjob: Horizontal Loading Techniques GROUPS Work teams are given a goal toJOB ENRICHMENT achieve and the control overMaking jobs more its accomplishment.meaningful andChallenging: VerticalLoading
  5. 5. Factors Affecting Job DesignOrganizational FactorEnvironmental FactorBehavioral Factor
  6. 6. Organizational Factor Work flow Ergonomics Work practices
  7. 7. Environmental Factor Employee Abilities and Availability Social and Cultural Expectation
  8. 8. Behavioral Factor Feedback Use of abilities Variety
  9. 9. Common TechniquesSpecializationJob enlargementJob enrichmentJob rotation
  10. 10. Job specialization Involves Breaking jobs into small component parts. Assigning specialists to do each part. Found in manufacturing & service industries. Advantages  Disadvantages More efficient  Less flexibility Lower training costs  Repetitive, boring tasks People learn jobs more  Meaningless, monotonous quickly work Better person/job  High job dissatisfaction matching  No opportunity to develop and acquire new skills
  11. 11. Job RotationRotating people periodically from job to jobReduces boredom, increases flexibilityHelps minimize repetitive strain injuriesCan have some process loss
  12. 12. Job Enrichment Strategies Empowering employees giving employees more autonomy feeling of control and self-efficacy Forming natural work units completing an entire task assigning employees to specific clients Establishing client relationships employees put in direct contact with clients
  13. 13. Current Trends in Job Design Flextime Compressed Workweek Job Sharing Telecommuting
  14. 14. CASE
  15. 15. Amit’s Duties and Responsibilities BASIC DUTIES  Scheduling his sub - ordinate salesmen for sales.  Making Reports of Sales  Listening to consumer responses and feedbacks and forwarding them to the seniors.
  16. 16. New Job Designed Job Enrichment Scheduling his sub-ordinate salesmen + Target was given to him with adequate powers to achieve it
  17. 17. New Job Designed Job EnlargementListening to consumer responses and feedbacks and forwarding them to the seniors. +Trained to guide and suggest unsatisfied consumers.
  18. 18. Employee Satisfaction is Organization’s Success