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Future Prospects for Disabled Children in Samarthanam Trust

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  1. 1. “Future Prospects for Disabled Children in Samarthanam Trust” Conducted at Samarthanam Trust Submitted in partial fulfilment of the course requirement of Post Graduate Diploma In ManagementSubmitted by: External Guided by:Pradeep Singha xxxxxxx xxxxxxDSBSPGDMA1135 Samarthanam Trust Internal Guide Prof. Xxxxxxxx xxxxxx 2011-2013 Dayananda Sagar Business School Shavige Malleswara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout Bangalore – 56007
  2. 2. Guide CertificationThis is to certify that the project work entitled “Future Prospects for DisabledChildren in Samarthanam Trust” was carried-out under my guidance andsupervision. The report is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for theaward of Post Graduate Diploma in Management (Approved by AICTE) byPradeep Singha with Reg No:-DSBSPGDMA1135. I further certify that thisreport/study has not formed a basis for the award of any other degree or diploma inany university / institution.Place: Bangalore (Prof.xxxxxx xxxx.)Date: DSBS, Bangalore
  3. 3. Student DeclarationI hereby declare that the project work/report entitled “Future Prospects for DisabledChildren in Samarthanam Trust” was carried-out under the guidance of Prof. Xxxx xxxwhich is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Post GraduatesDiploma in Management (AICTE) in Dayananda Sagar Business School is my bonafide originalwork and has not been submitted for the award of any other degree/diploma in anyuniversity/institution. .Place: Bangalore Pradeep SinghaDate: DSBSPGDMA1135
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI take this opportunity to convey my sincere thanks and gratitude to all those who have directlyor indirectly helped and contributed towards the completion of this project.The success of any project study depends upon a number of factors among which the properguidance received from the experts in the industry and teachers plays an important role.I take here a great opportunity to express my sincere and deep sense of gratitude to Prof. Xxxxxxxxxx for giving me an opportunity to work on this project. The support and guidance from mam,was of great help & it was extremely valuable. I would like to express my gratitude to mam forher constant support and encouragement.I would like to express my sincere gratitude and thanks to Mrs xxxxx xx , for her constant supportand encouragement. without her outright and energetic motivation, support and prompt response,it would not have been possible to do any justice as well as bring authenticity to the project.Finally I want to thank my parents for their constant support and encouragement. . Pradeep SinghaPlace: Bangalore DSBSPGDMA1135Date:
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTChapter-1  IntroductionChapter- 2  Research MethodologyChapter-3  Data Analysis and InterpretationChapter-4  Recommendations  Suggestions  ConclusionReferencesAppendix
  6. 6.  IntroductionThis brief overview highlights some of the key barriers faced by disabled children and youngpeople, which impacts on their progression into adulthood and provides suggestions and optionsfor addressing these barriers within the context of four key areas: Education, Transition toAdulthood, Benefits and Employment.For young disabled people to have better and more realistic opportunities for progressing intofurther or higher education or gaining access to progressive employment opportunities theirexperience of primary and secondary education and the level to which they are supported canhave a significant impact on their future prospects. The increasing numbers of disabled youngpeople in further and higher education demonstrate that by supporting disabled children ineducation and by embedding a culture of high expectation where they are prepared to be moreproductive adults as their non-disabled peers are, they are more prepared to access a wider rangeof educational and employment options beyond school. This section gives a brief overview ofEquality 2025’s advice on the current issues surrounding education for young disabled people.The Government has hinted at its aim of developing such a vision. There are a number ofimmediate questions that disabled people will want to be considered when developing such avision. ―How integrated will such a vision be?‖ ―Will it be cross-departmental and will it impacton all areas of the child’s life including areas such as family, education, social engagement andchoice and control.‖ Disabled people will want to see what the government sees as its keyoutcomes and how these will be monitored. Critically however, to what extent will disabledchildren be involved in developing such a vision?Employment Support is a significant change which will undoubtedly impact on young disabledpeople. Given the high number of young disabled people who are not employed, this is likely toimpact more on them as they may take longer to access suitable employment which allows themto move away from income-based benefits.For those people who become unemployed because of redundancy (and are already disabled), oracquire an impairment, they are more likely to be unemployed for longer (for rehabilitation and
  7. 7. training purposes) and are therefore at a disadvantage compared to their non-disabled peers whentrying to re-enter the labour market. The loss of contributions whilst not having an immediateimpact, will undoubtedly impact later in life when those contributions become a determiningfactor in level of pension payments etc.  About The Organization Samarthanam Trust for the disabled was registered as an NGO on February 26, 1997. Twovisually challenged young graduates started the Trust with the initial objective of providinghostel and education facilities to visually impaired girls pursuing their studies after tenthslandered. Over the year the trust has expanded its horizon to include various projects for thebenefits of physically and economically challenged students also. Besides getting them admittedin various prestigious colleges in the city of Bangalore, the trust also provide the visuallychallenged student with reader and scribe services.Samarthanam Trust for the Disabled has been working since 1997 to empower the visuallychallenged, differently- abledand economically underprivileged people in India.Samarthanam is working towards providing support to persons with disabilities to helpthem keep pace with the rest of the society by providing quality education, accommodation,nutritious food, vocational training and placement based rehabilitation. Samarthanam promotesan inclusive society which provides equal opportunities—withoutany discrimination—for the development of the visually challenged, differently-abled andeconomically underprivileged. The trust is affiliated to the World Blind Union and RehabilitationInternational.
  8. 8. Objective Of The Organization:-  To promote primary and higher education among the visually challenged, differently - able and economically underprivileged people.  To increase accessibility to education and employment opportunities by using assistive aids/ technology and providing comprehensive vocational training.  To reduce malnutrition related disability through nutritional supplements  To foster artistic, cultural and recreational avenues for persons with disabilities  To encourage sports and games for people with disabilities, especially the visually challenged.  To promote eco-friendly living and introduce sustainable waste management practices as innovative vocational opportunities for the differently-abled  To establish and maintain community based rehabilitation centres’ for special target groups like destitute women and neglected children.  To work at national and international levels to achieve the objectives of UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities.Mission:-  To empower visually challenged, differently abled and economically underprivileged people through developmental initiatives focusing on educational, social, economic, cultural and technological aspects.Vision:-  An inclusive society, free of discrimination against the differently-abled, where people with Disabilities, especially the visually challenged, enjoy equal opportunities and an enhanced quality of life.
  9. 9. Address:- #11, Villa Suchita, 1st cross, 17th A Main, J.P. Nagar II Phase, Bengaluru 560078 Tele-Fax: +91 80 26582570Website:- www.samarthanam.org  Future Prospects for Disabled Children in Samarthanam TrustSamarthanam is deeply committed to helping people with disabilities gain skills to be able toparticipate fully in their communities. Following the success of our IT and BPO training centres,we have setup a BPO in Bidadi. We have had a great start and look forward to sustainedbusiness. Today, Samarthanam runs the entire gamut of operations and supports the differently-able right from primary education & nutrition, to higher education, specialized training inIT/BPO/vocational skills, counselling and job placements, while also providing training andopportunities in sports and Culture throughout. We immensely value your standing by us as wework on our dream. As we look forward to a new year, we renew our pledge to strive to providea level-playing field and integrate the differently bled into the mainstream.Samarthanam provided assistance to 78 young people to pursue higher academic andprofessional courses this year. We continue to provide financial support, laptops, digital audiobooks, scribes and tutors to support students enrolled in several renowned institutionsSamarthanam also provides free hostel facilities –this enables young men and women from ruralKarnataka to pursue their education.  Programs offered by the Samarthanam trust to built the future for the disabled childrenVisually Impairment Workshops Programs:- At Samarthanams Techvision centres, 83differently-able youth, 47 of whom have visually impairment, received training in computers andsoft skills this year. 40% of the trainees have been placed in reputed companies, 60% undergomore specialized training or higher education. Future Plans of techvisiosn: Techvision intends to
  10. 10. continue existing programmers and be ready for new opportunities, and also aims to improve theskills of students through more guest lectures, exposure visits and workshops.IT and BPO/Call centres training:- At Shrishti, Samarthanams BPO/Call canter training unit,as many as 203 visually impaired and physically challenged youth received BPO training.Kirana, Samarthanams BPO centre at Bidadi was set up in June 2011 with partial funding fromKBITS and the objective of empowering skilled rural youth with disabilities. The 100-seaterBPO hosting disabled-friendly workstations, went live with state-of-the-art infrastructure,technology and resources on par with the best in the industry, and made an excellent start withwork orders from financial Institutions and IT majors.Samarthanam Vidyaprasad programme:- Samarthanam provides nutritious midday meals to52 government schools across Bangalore city, under the Akshara Dasoha program supported byGovt. of Karnataka and Govt. of India. Centralized kitchens, mechanized cooking and anefficient distribution system ensure 250,000 hygienic meals are delivered every month by a teamof 14 members.TechVision Program:- At Samarthanams Techvision centers, 83 differently-ambled youth, 47of whom have visually impairment, received training in computers and soft skills this year. 40%of the trainees have been placed in reputed companies, 60% undergo more specialized training orhigher education. 50% of staff at Techvision is differently-abled Field visits were organized tovarious places, including a visit to Delhi for the Daisy & Tech Share program.Vivdha Enterprise Program :- Vividha, one of the rehabilitation wings of Samarthanam, is aself-sustained unit wherein the differently bled and economically underprivileged are trained andemployed to service outsourced job work orders. Training is provided in soldering, packing,reconditioning of printer cartridge and assembling. This year, a total of 40 beneficiaries - 50% ofwhom are physically challenged or visually impaired - were trained.Sports & Cultural Programs:- Samarthanam has actively promoted sports for the visuallyimpaired over the last decade, both as a rightful pursuit and as a platform for their physical andsocial development. Sportspersons from Samarthanam have regularly participated in National
  11. 11. and International athletic events, cricket and chess tournaments. This includes three CricketWorld Cup tournaments and tours to Pakistan and England.Samarthanam encourages talent among differently-abled youth, nurturing their skills in art,music & dance and providing opportunities to perform on stage.EXCEL Program:- Excellence through Communication in English Language (EXCEL)concentrates on the language training in a three level strategy: 1.Foundation level 2. Grammarlevel and 3. Accent neutralization.PEARL Program :- Personality Enrichment and All-round Learning (PEARL). Besidestechnical and language skill enhancement Samarthanam TechVision gives importance todevelopment of soft skills for all –round development of its students. PEARL includes variousaspects of personality development, life skills education, motivation, communication, leadership,team building and team work, career guidance,employability and entrepreneurship
  12. 12. Chapter – 2Research Methodology
  13. 13.  Objective Of The Study:-  Research the field of Disabled Children in order to establish their future. And determine the current state of the field outside of the NGO settings.  Identify the possibilities for a Future of Disabled Children what are the steps that would be necessary in order to implement these.  Evaluate the possible applications of Future of Disabled Children at Samarthanam trust and make a proposal based on this analysis.  Scope Of The Study:  Future of Disabled Children is an innovative blend of social action.  An increasing number of opportunities are merely socially responsibility; they have adopted a social mission at their core.  Changing definitions of and approaches to welfare (A) DATA COLLECTION:The main source of information for this study is based on the data collection. Data collected areboth primary and secondary in nature.Primary DataPrimary data have been directly collected from the members and students of Samarthanam aswell from the people outside the Samarthanam by survey method through undisguised structuredquestionnaire.Questions like open ended, close ended, multiple choice, dichotomous and ranking type havebeen used for the purpose of data collection.Secondary DataSecondary data have been collected from official website of Samarthanam trust and also fromother official websites.
  14. 14. Sample SizeSample size is the total number of samples selected for the study from the samplingpopulation. Sample size for the study taken is 30.(B) TOOLS :Tools used in the study are 1. Percentage analysis 2. T-testT-testA t-test is any statistical hypothesis test in which the test statistic followsa Students t distribution if the null hypothesis is supported. It is most commonly applied whenthe test statistic would follow a normal distribution if the value of a scaling term in the teststatistic were known. When the scaling term is unknown and is replaced by an estimate based onthe data.One-sample t-test FormulaWhere d¯ = x¯ - μo Tcal = d¯ / s √n  Limitations Of The Study:-  Time constraint- the study is a time consists.  Awareness of Ngo’s planning:- The awareness of the NGO’s Planning is weak.  Community participation:- the participation of community are less.  Missionary zeal:- In respect of the Future prospects many of the NGO’s or the society having the missionary zeal to fulfilment.
  15. 15. Chapter 3Data Analysis and Interpretation
  16. 16. Data Analysis and Interpretation  No of Males and females No of respondents 30 males 18 females 12Analysis:-From the above table we can analysis that male candidate are more than the female candidate respondent 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 respondent 6 4 2 0 male femaleInterpretation: In the given graph it clearly indicates that out of 30 respondent 18 are males and 12 arefemales.
  17. 17.  Age group of respondentsAge group No of respondent 3015-20 1420-25 1225-30 430 and above 0Analysis:-From the above table we can analysis that the no of respondents are more in the age group of 15-20. respondent 25-30 20-25 respondent 15-20 0 5 10 15Interpretation:In this given graph its clearly state that no of respondents is 30 but age group divided into Fourcategory.
  18. 18.  What are the Disability Type of the students which are the part of Samarthanam Trust? No.of 30 respondents Physical 11 disability Visual 7 difficulties Hearing loss 3 Intellectual 2 Speaking 4 Psychology 1 Other 2Analysis:-From the above table we can analysis that there are more person who are physically disabled inrespect of the other disability. 12 10 8 6 4 2 0Interpretation:All the respondents from sample size of 30 are the part of Samarthanam trust.
  19. 19.  Effect of the education program of Samarthanam trust towards Society? No.of respondents 30 Excellent 8 Good 17 Average 3 Bad 2Analysis:-From the above question we can analysis that of the effect of the education program ofSamarthanam trust are good. Excellent Good Average BadInterpretation:In this given graph its clearly state that the Effect of the education program of Samarthanam trusttowards Society is 56% good, 26% Excellent, 10% Average and 8% is not so positive .
  20. 20.  Are you satisfied with educational services provided by Samarthanam? No.of respondents 30 Yes 18 No 12  Using T-test to indentify whether the educational services provided are satisfactory.Total no. of samples (n)= 30X = yes = 18Y = No = 12Ho = Samarthanam educational services are satisfactoryH1= Samarthanam educational services are not satisfactoryCalculation of Tcal valueƩ d = (x-y) = 18-12Ʃd=6Ʃ d2 = 36d¯ = Ʃ d / n = 6/30 = 0.2S ²= { (Ʃ d) ² - (d¯)² * n } / n – 1S2 = 36-0.04*30/30-1S2 = 1.2S = 1.09
  21. 21. Tcal = ¯d/s/√n = 0.2/1.09/√30 = 1.004T at 5% with n-1 =29 degree of freedomTtab = 2.76 ( value from table)Hence Ttab > TcalAccept Ho,i.e., Educational services offered by Samarthanam trust are satisfactory.Analysis:-By the analysis through t-test we can observe that the Education services offered bySamarthanam trust are satisfactory.Interpretation:From the above test it is proved that the educational services offered by samarthanam trust wassatisfactory
  22. 22.  Are you able to get the required knowledge for the teaching staff in respect to your future? No.of respondents 30 yes 22 no 8Analysis:-From the above question we can analysis that the respondents are satisfied with the educationknowledge given by the trust. respondents 25 20 15 10 respondents 5 0 yes noInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that the knowledge provided by the teaching staff of samarthanamwas satisfied by 73% of the respondents out of 30.
  23. 23.  Are you satisfied with the support given by the Samarthanam Trust? No.of respondents 30 Yes 13 No 17Analysis:-From the above table we can analysis that the respondents are not getting proper support by theSamarthanam trust in respect of their future. 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Yes NoInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that 57% of respondent are not satisfied with the support given by theSamarthanam Trust and the reaming 43% are satisfied with that. 
  24. 24.  Do you think that people with disabilities receive equal opportunities in terms of education? No.of respondents 30 Yes 3 No 21 Can’t Say 6Analysis:-From the above table we can say that the disabled childrens are not geting equal opportunitites inrespect of the employment. 25 20 15 10 5 0 Yes No Can’t SayInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that 70% of respondent are not receive equal opportunities in terms ofeducation, 10% of the respondent receive equal opportunities, where 20% of the respondentdon’t know the answer .
  25. 25.  Do you agree or disagree that people with the following disabilities should attend the same Schools as children without disabilities? No.of respondents 30 Yes 8 No 14 Can’t Say 8Analysis:-From the above question we can analysis that more than 46% disabled person should not attendthe same school as children without disabilities. Just because of the hesitation or the services thatwere provided by the instructions. 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Yes No Can’t SayInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that 46% of respondent are disagree that people with the followingdisabilities should attend the same schools as children without disabilities, 27% of the respondentagree with this term, where 27% of the respondent don’t know the answer.
  26. 26.  Do you think that people with disabilities receive equal opportunities in terms of employment? No.of respondents 30 Yes 1 No 23 Can’t Say 6Analysis:-From the above question we can analysis that more than 75% disabled person never receives theequal opportunities in term of the employment. 25 20 15 10 5 0 Yes No Can’t SayInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that 77% of respondent are not receive equal opportunities in terms ofemployment , 3% of the respondent agree with this term, where 20% of the respondent don’tknow the answer
  27. 27.  Did people with disabilities receive Government benefits? No.of respondents 30 Yes 15 No 5 Some people receive 7 Don’t know 3Analysis:-From the above graph we can analysis that 50% of the disabled children gets the governmentbenefits. 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Yes No Some people Don’t know receiveInterpretation :From the graph it indicates that 50% of respondent receives Government benefits where 17% donot receives the benefits and 23% says that only some people get the benifts, where 20% of therespondent don’t know the answer.
  28. 28.  What are the Educations Programs you ever heard of Samarthanam Trust? No.of respondents 30 IT and BPO training Program 22 Visually Impairment Workshops Programs 19 Sports & Cultural Programs 18 Samarthanam Vidyaprasad programme 21 Vivdha Enterprise Program 17 TechVision Program 17 EXCEL Program 20 PEARL Program 23 Other programs 0Analysis:-From the above graph we can analysis that there are several programs which were introduced bythe Samarthanam trust and the respondents are aware for the above program. 25 22 23 21 20 19 18 20 17 17 15 10 5 0 0Interpretation :From the graph it indicates that 73% of respondent knows about the IT and BPO Program , 63%knows about the Visually Impairment workshops, 60% knows about the sports and culturalprograms,70% knows about the Samarthanam vidyaprasad program, 56% knows aboutvividhaand techvision program, 66% and 76% of respondents knows about the EXCEL andPERAL program.
  29. 29.  The Programs which are provided by Samarthanam trust will be beneficial for your future? No.of respondents 30 Yes 16 No 14  Using T-test to indentify whether the Programs which are provided by Samarthanam trust will be beneficial for future or Not.Total no. of samples (n)= 30X = yes = 16Y = No = 14Ho = Samarthanam Programs are beneficialH1= Samarthanam Programs are not beneficialCalculation of Tcal valueƩ d = (x-y) = 16-14 =2(Ʃ d) ² = 4d¯ = Ʃ d / n = 2/30 = 0.066s ²= { (Ʃ d) ² - (d¯)² * n } / n – 1 = 4 – ( 0.066) ² * 30 / 30 – 1s ²= 0.133
  30. 30. s = 0.364Tcal = d¯ / s √n=0.066 / (0.364 / √30)Tcal = 0.99322T at 5% with n-1 =29 degree of freedomTtab = 2.76 ( value from table)Hence Ttab > TcalAccept Ho,i.e., Samarthanam Programs are beneficialFrom the above test it is proved that the educational programs offered by samarthanam trust arebeneficial for the disabled children.
  31. 31. Chapter - 4 Findings,Suggestions and Conclusion
  32. 32. Findings  Staff strength and capacities need to be enhanced for future prospects for the disabled children to be effective.  Samarthanam programme is handled by many of the volunteers it difficult to manage.  Looking at the current scenario more marketing effort should be done at the organizational level. As it is require to sustain in near future. More awareness among people will lead to more funds.  There is no proper monitoring of the academic performance of the children residing there.Suggestions  The trust can arrange some experienced visiting staff so that the children can get the required knowledge  More volunteers should be encouraged to address the children so that the additional coaching can be given.  Individual counselling should be done so that the children can express their needs and necessary steps should be taken to resolve the problems.  The trust should approach other intuitions to provide such kind of facilities for the betterment of the future of the disabled children.Conclusions From the above study we can say that the Samarthanam trust is doing a good job towards the future of the disabled children. We can also conclude that the organization requires more awareness and services regarding education in respect of the future of the children should be taken as major function so that the number of children not continuing with the Samarthanam trust will be reduced. Surveys should be done so that the trust can understand the problems and get more number of volunteers for their additional support.
  33. 33. References  www.samarthanamtrust.com  http//.wikipedia/research  Research Methodology by C.R. KOTHARI
  34. 34. Questionnaire For The Future Prospects Of Disabled Children In Samarthanam Trust1- Name_______________________________________________________________________2- Gender- Male Female3- Age Group 15-20 20-25 25-30 30 and above4-Occupation___________________________________________________________________5- Disability TypePhysical disability Visual difficulties Hearing lossIntellectual Speaking Psychology Other6- Effect of the education program of Samarthanam trust towards Society?Excellent Good Average Bad7- Are you satisfied with educational services provided by Samarthanam?Yes No8- Are you able to get the required knowledge for the teaching staff in respect to your future?Yes No9- Are you satisfied with the support given by the Samarthanam Trust?
  35. 35. Yes No10- Do you think that people with disabilities receive equal opportunities in terms of education?Yes No Can’t Say11- Do you agree or disagree that people with the following disabilities should attend the sameSchools as children without disabilities?Agree Disagree Can’t Say12- Do you think that people with disabilities receive equal opportunities in terms ofemployment?Yes No Can’t Say13- Did people with disabilities receive Government benefits?Yes No Some people receive Don’t know14- What are the Educations Programs you ever heard of Samarthanam Trust?IT and BPO training Program Visually Impairment Workshops ProgramsSports & Cultural Programs Samarthanam Vidyaprasad programmeVivdha Enterprise Program TechVision ProgramEXCEL Program PEARL ProgramOther programs (please Specify) ___________________________________________________15-The Programs which are provided by Samarthanam trust will be beneficial for your future?Yes No
  36. 36. 16- Any suggestion regarding future prospects of Disabled Children which should be on theSamarthanam trust Program list and are currently not?______________________________________________________________________________ Thank You.

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