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Co-operative organizations

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Some co-operative organizations in rural areas

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Co-operative organizations

  1. 1. Co-operative Organizations in Rural areas By Simran Sakshi & Akriti Raj BBM, DEI
  2. 2. Contents What is a co-operative organization? Co-operative organizations in rural areas Objectives of rural co-operative organizations Some rural co-operative organizations Conclusion References
  3. 3. What is a co-operative organization? According to Indian Cooperative Societies Act, 1912, “A cooperative society has its objective, the promotion of economic interests of its members in accordance with cooperative principles”.
  4. 4. Co-operative organizations in rural areas  India is an agrarian society and half of its population resides in villages.  Rural sector is the major contributor to the overall GDP of the nation and hence lack of development in villages means lack of development in India.  Cooperatives cover more than 97%of Indian villages and share a major credit in the growth of rural sector, thus contributing to the overall economy of India.  Government each year spends lakhs to crores of rupees on rural development. But co-operatives working in rural areas are playing noteworthy role in this.  After independence, role of cooperative societies grew to encompass socio-economic development and eradication of poverty in rural India. It became an integral part of five year plan and a fundamental part of our economy.
  5. 5. Objectives of rural co-operative organizations To get the poor and indebted farmers out of poverty and out from the clutches of money lenders To provide top quality fertilizers, seeds, insecticides, pesticides etc. at reasonable price to farmers Farmers also get marketing, warehousing facility and transportation support It helps in the socio-economic development of the rural areas in our country It provides agricultural credit To improve the standards of living and maintain equity
  6. 6. Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad Objective: Empowerment of women by providing employment Founded: 1959 Headquarters: Mumbai (81 branches and 27 divisions all over India) Annual turnover: Rs 6.50 billion (2010)  It provides employment to around 42,000 people.  It makes efforts to promote literacy and computer education to member- sisters.  Orientation courses in typing, cooking, sewing, knitting and toy making as well as other courses like child welfare, first aid and hygiene were also taught.
  7. 7. It contributes in social service activities such as -  distributing nutritious food for poor children  donating money for conducting community marriage  instituting prize-money for spread of primary education  undertaking blood donation drive  Organizing health camps, plantation drives and making donations to Government bodies  After the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, all the branches of Lijjat gave a total donation of more than ₹ 4.8 million.
  8. 8. Products manufactured by Lijjat: Papad Vadi SASA Detergent Cake (Tikia)
  9. 9. Jan Vikas multi-purpose co-operative society ltd. Aim : To uplift agricultural standards in seven states i.e., Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra Objectives:  To provide support to its members through latest information and techniques  To undertake purchase, sale and supply of agricultural products, marketing and processing requisites of agricultural produce  To facilitate, co-ordinate, promotes and engage in Animal Husbandry and Sericulture  To provide seeds and grains to the members for their land holdings at cheaper rates  To provide specialized training, education and data based information and promote harmonious relations amongst members
  10. 10. Lokmanya Co-operative credit society  It deals with secured loan proposal and micro loans.  It caters to the needs of small industries, startup businesses and new entrepreneurs as well as helps all classes of society in building their own.
  11. 11. Competitive advantages:  Has a vast branch network spread all over the states of Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka in certain trading business centers to enable resource mobilization at low cost  Advanced technological implementation  Well trained personnel in key fields to handle specialized products Corporate strategies:  To build business volume through penetration of other segments with innovative products  To use technology for better customer comfort and satisfaction, coupled with reduction in operating expenses  To provide most efficient and speedy customer service  Increased emphasis on fee and commission based products
  12. 12. Key Charter of Duties of the Society:  Accepting deposits for the purpose of lending or investment of deposits from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise and withdrawn by withdrawal slips or otherwise  Marketing of sale & distribution of Insurance products of leading insurance companies  After receiving the status of Multipurpose, the Society has diversified into Real Estate Business, MSEB Bill collection, Healthcare and many more sectors  They have launched a new venture Quest Tours in travel domain to cater to all the travel needs
  13. 13. Banking services: Fixed Deposit Kalpavruksh MIS Recurring Deposit Madhu Sanchay Daily Deposit Loan Against Deposit Housing Loan Hypothecation Loan Mortgage Loan Industrial Loan Personal Loan Dam Duppat Yojana
  14. 14. Tribal Co-operative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED)  India is a home to one hundred million tribal people who live by farming and a large number of specialized manual industries.  TRIFED was formed in 1987 for socio economic development of tribal population in the country.  It involves marketing development of the tribal products i.e. forest produce and handicrafts, handloom and food products.  It comprises of developing a marketing system and export promotion.  It also works to protect tribals from exploitation.
  15. 15. • Providing pools of information. • For systematic operations.Knowledge • Formation of SHGs. • Training for tasks.Capacity Building • Exploring international markets. • Creating a brand.Marketing Objectives
  16. 16. Minor Forest Produce Development  It includes all non-timber forest produce of plant origin i.e. bamboo, canes, fodder, leaves, gums, waxes, dyes, resins and many forms of food such as nuts, wild fruits, Honey, Lac, Tusser etc.  It faces problems such as perishable nature of the produce, lack of holding capacity, lack of marketing infrastructure, exploitation by middlemen, lack of government intervention at the required time and scale, volatile nature of markets etc.  Govt. of India has decided to introduce Minimum Support Price (MSP) in order to provide them with fair price for the MFPs they collect.  TRIFED has organized intensive training on sustainable collection, cultivation, primary processing, value addition and marketing of Honey, Gum Karaya, Mahua flower, Lac, Donna Pattal making, Hill Grass, etc.
  17. 17. Retail Marketing  It involves exploring marketing possibilities for marketing of tribal products on a sustainable basis, creating brand and providing other services.  TRIFED sources products like handicraft, handloom and natural & food products from individual tribal artisans, tribal SHGs, Organisations/ Agencies/NGOs working with tribals.  TRIFED has been marketing tribal products through its Retail Outlets located across country and also through exhibitions.  It also participates in international exhibitions/trade fairs through Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts(EPCH) and India Trade Promotion Organisation(ITPO) in various countries for display and sale of tribal products sourced from tribal artisans.
  18. 18. Aadi-Chitra • An exhibition of tribal paintings. Aadi-shilp • National Tribal Craft Expo to showcase tribals ethnic craft. Trade Fairs • Participation in international exhibitions/trade fairs.
  19. 19. National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd.(NAFED)  It was established on 2nd October 1958.  It was setup with the object to promote Co-operative marketing of Agricultural Produce to benefit the farmers.  It undertakes marketing, processing and storage of agricultural, horticultural and forest produce, distribution of agricultural machinery, implements and other inputs, import and export trade, assistance for technical advice in agricultural production.
  20. 20. Activities • Facilitates trading activities of the cooperative institutions in agricultural and other commodities, • Sale, purchase, import, export and distribution of agricultural commodities, horticultural and forest produce. Marketing • Manure, seeds, fertiliser, agricultural implements and machinery, packing machinery.Agricultural requisites • It constructs its own godowns and cold storages. Warehouseman • Undertakes insurance work. Insurance agent • It undertakes grading, packing and standardisation of agricultural produce and other articlesGrading • Consultancy & Market Research for the benefit of the cooperative membersConsultancy work
  21. 21. National Tree Growers Co-operative Federation (NTGCF)  It was created in 1988  It aimed at restoring the ecological security of village communities in eco-fragile and marginalised zones.  The NTGCF has promoted the organisation and establishment of village-level Tree Growers Cooperative Societies (TGCS) in six states of the country, and provided technical and financial support for regenerating degraded forests, conservation of natural resources through community protection, and activities related to Joint Forest Management.
  22. 22. Objective  Its main objective has been the restoration of the biological productivity of marginally productive and unproductive degraded lands by establishing sustainable fuelwood and fodder plantations to meet the essential needs of the villagers.  Additional produce caters to the urban demand for fuelwood, timber and tree-based products.  Concurrent objectives include the strengthening of existing village institutions and empowerment of women.
  23. 23. Approach  It assists the villagers in acquiring village wastelands on long leases.  The degraded lands are restored to a productive state through natural regeneration plantations and soil and water conservation measures.  In some areas, large scale seed sowing of forest trees and shrubs was done.  The villagers are supplied seeds, saplings, cuttings and biofertilisers.  It encourages adoption of energy conserving techniques and devices such as improved stoves, biogas plants, pressure cookers and solar cookers.  They have also developed facilities for the processing and marketing of wood at Cooperative and regional levels.
  24. 24. Conclusion  Cooperatives are considered to have immense potential to deliver goods and services in areas where both the state and the private sector have failed.  Over dependence on government assistance, lack of professional management, bureaucratic control and interference in the management, lack of resources have proved harmful for the growth of cooperatives.  With the efforts of National Cooperative Union of India the Central Government passed the Multi State Cooperatives Societies Act and also formulated a national cooperative policy that provides greater autonomy to cooperatives.  For the success of any developmental effort in the agricultural sector is to synergize with the efforts in the cooperative sector.  Panchayat Raj institutions and cooperative sector can bring about positive change in the rural areas.
  25. 25. References  http://malumnalu.blogspot.in/2012/02/role-of-cooperative-societies-in-rural.html  http://www.theglobaljournals.com/ijar/file.php?val=November_2012_1357019672_becc a_38.pdf  http://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/vikas_doc/docs/bills/1167469384/bill54_2007 010354_ReportoftheTaskForceonRevivalofRuralCooperative_Credit_Institutions_NABARD. pdf  http://www.sociologyguide.com/rural-sociology/cooperatives-in-india.php  http://www.mapsofindia.com/my-india/society/co-operative-societies-and-rural-india  https://gocoop.com/directory/all  http://janvikasmpcs.com/  http://www.lokmanyasociety.org/  https://www.scribd.com/doc/204185265/Multi-State-Coop-Societies-list#scribd  http://nafed.com/  http://trifed.com/

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