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Effective Public SpeakingEffective Public Speaking
By – N.G.PalitBy – N.G.Palit
What is Public Speaking?What is Public Speaking?
Public speaking is thePublic speaking is the
process of speakingprocess o...
””Great speakers are not born,Great speakers are not born,
they are trained.”they are trained.”
Presenting is a skillPresenting is a skill, and can be, and can be
developed through training anddeveloped through trainin...
Presentation SkillsPresentation Skills
””A good presentationA good presentation
is the single mostis the single most
effec...
WhyWhy
Public Speaking?Public Speaking?
WHAT ISWHAT IS
A PRESENTATION?A PRESENTATION?
FUNDAMENTA
L
BUSINESS
TOOL REFLECTS
COMPANY’
S
• IMAGE
•VALUE
SYSTEM
•VISION...
Aim of PresentationAim of Presentation??
1. To inform1. To inform
2. Inspire or persuade2. Inspire or persuade
3. To commu...
1. To Inform1. To Inform
Presentations offer ideal opportunities toPresentations offer ideal opportunities to
inform other...
2. To Persuade2. To Persuade
A persuasive speech works to convinceA persuasive speech works to convince
people to change o...
3. To communicate views3. To communicate views
Emphasis is not on transmissionEmphasis is not on transmission
but on recep...
4. To Educate4. To Educate
Properly designedProperly designed
presentation can bepresentation can be
used as a greatused a...
Effective public speaking is
INFLUENCE.
Influence is
LEADERSHIP.
Leadership is
BEING DIFFERENT AND
SUCCESSFUL.
Being diffe...
Because --Because --
A smallA small STEPSTEP
can makecan make
AA BIGBIG
DIFFERENCEDIFFERENCE
Boring PresentationBoring Presentation
Common causes of IneffectiveCommon causes of Ineffective
PresentationPresentation
Failure to motivate theFailure to motiva...
Effective PresentationEffective Presentation
Effective presentation involves four keyEffective presentation involves four ...
Effective PresentationEffective Presentation
2.2. The AudienceThe Audience
IdentifyIdentify
Who will be my audience, what ...
Effective PresentationEffective Presentation
3.3. The SpeakerThe Speaker
Understanding,Understanding,
controlling andcontr...
Effective PresentationEffective Presentation
44.. The PresentationThe Presentation
a) Deciding its goals and objectives.a)...
Public SpeakingPublic Speaking
Is AIs A
Show BusinessShow Business
Maxim No - 1Maxim No - 1
FollowFollow ”The Jolson Principle”,”The Jolson Principle”, which is:which is:
1. Give the audien...
Maxim No -2Maxim No -2
”” Your Audience Don’t Care --- ”Your Audience Don’t Care --- ”
It is true that your audience don’t...
Phases of PresentationPhases of Presentation
Three components of a good presentationThree components of a good presentatio...
Collect material on the topicCollect material on the topic
PlanningPlanning
Decide in advanceDecide in advance::
Purpose of the presentation?Purpose of the presentation?
Who will be...
PreparationPreparation
AA) Subject of presentation:) Subject of presentation:
Decide in advance yourDecide in advance your...
PreparationPreparation
BB).). Organize your points logically:Organize your points logically:
Structure your outline into a...
A suggested Model for presentation
PREVIEWPREVIEW
Tell them
what you are going to tell them
(Introduction)
THE VIEWTHE VIE...
PresentationPresentation
Every presentation should have:Every presentation should have:
1.1. An introductionAn introductio...
PresentationPresentation
3.3. A conclution:A conclution:
The conclution should include aThe conclution should include a
dy...
Rehearse in privateRehearse in private
Follow the principle ofFollow the principle of three Psthree Ps::
Practice, Practic...
Preparation & PracticePreparation & Practice
Thorough preparationThorough preparation
Plenty of practicePlenty of practice
PracticePractice
Do this in front of a mirrorDo this in front of a mirror
or in front of a friendor in front of a friend
o...
Things that needThings that need PracticePractice
Your SmileYour Smile
GesturesGestures
Head & EyesHead & Eyes
SinceritySi...
Keep notes to a minimumKeep notes to a minimum
If necessary, useIf necessary, use ’Index Cards.’’Index Cards.’
Jot down ma...
WhyWhy
FearFear
Public Speaking?Public Speaking?
Conquer NervousnessConquer Nervousness
Try to conquer nervousnessTry to conquer nervousness
Try to minimize your stageTry to minimize your stage
fear.fear.
Take ...
Try to conquer nervousnessTry to conquer nervousness
Concentrate on the topic andConcentrate on the topic and
not on the a...
Don’t Be AfraidDon’t Be Afraid
Sometimes audience maySometimes audience may
seem intimidatingseem intimidating..
But, alwa...
The DeliveryThe Delivery
Here are a fewHere are a few
guidelines forguidelines for
an effectivean effective
delivery of pr...
Build RapportBuild Rapport
””The key to effective public speakingThe key to effective public speaking
is to manage the rel...
Build RapportBuild Rapport
Shake hands with a few audienceShake hands with a few audience
Mingle, learn names.Mingle, lear...
Delivering Speech - BeginningDelivering Speech - Beginning
Walk Calmly with ConfidenceWalk Calmly with Confidence
Establis...
IntroductionIntroduction
Start with a goodStart with a good
attention-getter.attention-getter.
A good presentation startsA...
Begin with a Bang!Begin with a Bang!
Your Opening should grab
your audiences
attention.
Start with a Story
A well told story is
interesting and captures
audience attention straight away.
Body of PresentationBody of Presentation
Cover the subject in logical order.Cover the subject in logical order.
Use ’KISS’...
Body of PresentationBody of Presentation
The Voice:The Voice:
The voice is probably theThe voice is probably the
most valu...
PresentationPresentation
Volume:Volume:
Good speakers lower their voice toGood speakers lower their voice to
draw the atte...
Vocal QualitiesVocal Qualities
2. Tone:2. Tone:
The tone of voice gives evidence of yourThe tone of voice gives evidence o...
PresentationPresentation
Eye Contact:Eye Contact:
Maintain maximum eyeMaintain maximum eye
contact.contact. This conveysTh...
PresentationPresentation
Facial ExpressionsFacial Expressions::
Smiling is a powerful tool.Smiling is a powerful tool.
It ...
PresentationPresentation
Gesture:Gesture:
Gestures used while speakingGestures used while speaking
capture the attention a...
PresentationPresentation
Posture & Body LangaugePosture & Body Langauge::
Keep your posture relaxed.Keep your posture rela...
Enhance Body ImageEnhance Body Image
Analyze your stance.Analyze your stance.
Improve your stance.Improve your stance.
PRA...
Personal AppearancePersonal Appearance
Study yourself in the mirror.Study yourself in the mirror.
Dress appropriatelyDress...
Summarize & ConcludeSummarize & Conclude
At the end:At the end:
Summarize, what you have told.Summarize, what you have tol...
Summarize & ConcludeSummarize & Conclude
Do a quick summary, thenDo a quick summary, then
have a closure ready to wraphave...
Delivering Speech -EndingDelivering Speech -Ending
””Frame” the SpeechFrame” the Speech
Pause before Returning toPause bef...
The golden rule for speakersThe golden rule for speakers
1. Keep the presentation1. Keep the presentation
short enough to ...
The golden rule for speakersThe golden rule for speakers
Tell the audience,Tell the audience,
What you are going toWhat yo...
The Body of the PresentationThe Body of the Presentation
TellTell (Body of presentation)(Body of presentation)
Now is the time to deliverNow is the time to deliver
your whole pres...
Organizing - The CloseOrganizing - The Close
””Tell them what youTell them what you
have told them”have told them”
- Summa...
Create a Compelling
Closing
Create a Compelling
Closing
Summarize Your Key Points
The Three Presentation EssentialThe Three Presentation Essential
1. Use Visual Aid, wherever possible.1. Use Visual Aid, w...
Things one should doThings one should do
Eye contactEye contact
Appropriate gesturesAppropriate gestures
Glancing at your ...
Things one shouldn’t doThings one shouldn’t do
Read directly from notesRead directly from notes..
Read directly from scree...
Why Visuals?Why Visuals?
Visuals are powerful toolsVisuals are powerful tools
because they:because they:
Increase understa...
Creating Effective Visual AidsCreating Effective Visual Aids
Content:Content:
If it does not add value, don’t use it.If it...
Visual AidsVisual Aids
EnhancingEnhancing
understandingunderstanding
Add varietyAdd variety
Support claimsSupport claims
L...
Visual AidsVisual Aids
Visual Aid ShouldVisual Aid Should
Outline, explain and support main poinOutline, explain and support main points.ts.
Serv...
Tips on Visual AidsTips on Visual Aids
Are visual aids easy to read and easyAre visual aids easy to read and easy
to under...
Design the ’Look’ of yourDesign the ’Look’ of your
presentationpresentation
Do not use more than 7 lines on anyDo not use ...
How to Get BetterHow to Get Better
Keep practicing and getting feedback
about your performance.
The more you practice, the...
Tips & Techniques for a goodTips & Techniques for a good
presentationpresentation
Speak clearly and loudly enough for allS...
Tips & Techniques for aTips & Techniques for a
good presentationgood presentation
Don’t put both your hands in pocket. Thi...
Tips & TechniquesTips & Techniques
Do not leave visual aids on, too longDo not leave visual aids on, too long..
Do not rus...
We heartily welcome
We heartily welcome
your views, Queries and
your views, Queries and
applause!!!applause!!!
Any Question?Any Question?
At The EndAt The End
Please send your valuable feed-backPlease send your valuable feed-back
to the following address:to th...
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
Effective public speaking
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Effective public speaking

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Public Speaking is a show business. For effective pulic presentation follow th three principles:
1. Give the audience what they want.
2. Give them something more.
3. Leave them wanting more.
Great Speakers are not born, they are trained.

Published in: Education
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Effective public speaking

  1. 1. Effective Public SpeakingEffective Public Speaking By – N.G.PalitBy – N.G.Palit
  2. 2. What is Public Speaking?What is Public Speaking? Public speaking is thePublic speaking is the process of speakingprocess of speaking to a group of peopleto a group of people in ain a structured and deliberatestructured and deliberate mannermanner to inform, influence orto inform, influence or entertain the listenersentertain the listeners..
  3. 3. ””Great speakers are not born,Great speakers are not born, they are trained.”they are trained.”
  4. 4. Presenting is a skillPresenting is a skill, and can be, and can be developed through training anddeveloped through training and experience.experience.
  5. 5. Presentation SkillsPresentation Skills ””A good presentationA good presentation is the single mostis the single most effective tool anyeffective tool any organization canorganization can have.”have.” - John Detz- John Detz
  6. 6. WhyWhy Public Speaking?Public Speaking?
  7. 7. WHAT ISWHAT IS A PRESENTATION?A PRESENTATION? FUNDAMENTA L BUSINESS TOOL REFLECTS COMPANY’ S • IMAGE •VALUE SYSTEM •VISION BASIS OF RELATIONSHIP WITH CLIENTS
  8. 8. Aim of PresentationAim of Presentation?? 1. To inform1. To inform 2. Inspire or persuade2. Inspire or persuade 3. To communicate views3. To communicate views 4. To educate4. To educate
  9. 9. 1. To Inform1. To Inform Presentations offer ideal opportunities toPresentations offer ideal opportunities to inform others about any progress, newinform others about any progress, new developments, announcements, newdevelopments, announcements, new products or market opportunities etc.products or market opportunities etc.
  10. 10. 2. To Persuade2. To Persuade A persuasive speech works to convinceA persuasive speech works to convince people to change or do something or topeople to change or do something or to start doing what they are not currentlystart doing what they are not currently doing.doing.
  11. 11. 3. To communicate views3. To communicate views Emphasis is not on transmissionEmphasis is not on transmission but on reception andbut on reception and understanding by audience,understanding by audience, so that: -so that: - YOUR MESSAGE IS UNDERSTOOD, REMEMBERED AND ACTED UPON! YOUR MESSAGE IS UNDERSTOOD, REMEMBERED AND ACTED UPON!
  12. 12. 4. To Educate4. To Educate Properly designedProperly designed presentation can bepresentation can be used as a greatused as a great educational tool.educational tool. It can serve toIt can serve to educate andeducate and motivate people.motivate people.
  13. 13. Effective public speaking is INFLUENCE. Influence is LEADERSHIP. Leadership is BEING DIFFERENT AND SUCCESSFUL. Being different and successful is MAKING A POSITIVE CONTRUBUTION. Making a positive contribution is CREATING AN IMPACT.
  14. 14. Because --Because -- A smallA small STEPSTEP can makecan make AA BIGBIG DIFFERENCEDIFFERENCE
  15. 15. Boring PresentationBoring Presentation
  16. 16. Common causes of IneffectiveCommon causes of Ineffective PresentationPresentation Failure to motivate theFailure to motivate the audience.audience. Confusing structureConfusing structure Excessive detailsExcessive details Poorly designed slidesPoorly designed slides
  17. 17. Effective PresentationEffective Presentation Effective presentation involves four keyEffective presentation involves four key components:components: 1.1. The SituationThe Situation It involves finding the purpose, occasion,It involves finding the purpose, occasion, and environment in which theand environment in which the presentation is made.presentation is made.
  18. 18. Effective PresentationEffective Presentation 2.2. The AudienceThe Audience IdentifyIdentify Who will be my audience, what are theirWho will be my audience, what are their needs and expectations.needs and expectations. What is their knowledge about the topic?What is their knowledge about the topic? Then, try to exceed their expectations.Then, try to exceed their expectations.
  19. 19. Effective PresentationEffective Presentation 3.3. The SpeakerThe Speaker Understanding,Understanding, controlling andcontrolling and conquering your fearsconquering your fears and developing aand developing a unique presentation style.unique presentation style.
  20. 20. Effective PresentationEffective Presentation 44.. The PresentationThe Presentation a) Deciding its goals and objectives.a) Deciding its goals and objectives. b) Then, planning and preparing.b) Then, planning and preparing. c) Finally, developing an impressivec) Finally, developing an impressive presentation.presentation.
  21. 21. Public SpeakingPublic Speaking Is AIs A Show BusinessShow Business
  22. 22. Maxim No - 1Maxim No - 1 FollowFollow ”The Jolson Principle”,”The Jolson Principle”, which is:which is: 1. Give the audience what they want.1. Give the audience what they want. 2. Give them something more.2. Give them something more. 3. Leave them wanting more.3. Leave them wanting more.
  23. 23. Maxim No -2Maxim No -2 ”” Your Audience Don’t Care --- ”Your Audience Don’t Care --- ” It is true that your audience don’t careIt is true that your audience don’t care about you.about you. They care only about themselves.They care only about themselves. So, remember to give themSo, remember to give them what they wantwhat they want..
  24. 24. Phases of PresentationPhases of Presentation Three components of a good presentationThree components of a good presentation are:are: 1.1. The Planning PhaseThe Planning Phase:: Develop main pointsDevelop main points 22. The Preparation Phase. The Preparation Phase:: Structure your presentationStructure your presentation 3.3. The Delivery PhaseThe Delivery Phase:: This involves your personal styThis involves your personal stylele
  25. 25. Collect material on the topicCollect material on the topic
  26. 26. PlanningPlanning Decide in advanceDecide in advance:: Purpose of the presentation?Purpose of the presentation? Who will be attending?Who will be attending? Audience’s knowledge about the topic?Audience’s knowledge about the topic? What is the venue?What is the venue? What is the total time allotted?What is the total time allotted?
  27. 27. PreparationPreparation AA) Subject of presentation:) Subject of presentation: Decide in advance yourDecide in advance your message or subject ofmessage or subject of talktalk Have a strong convictionHave a strong conviction on what you want to talk.on what you want to talk.
  28. 28. PreparationPreparation BB).). Organize your points logically:Organize your points logically: Structure your outline into aStructure your outline into a ”presentable”presentable” format.” format. FollowFollow ” The Universal Speaker’s Law”” The Universal Speaker’s Law” which says:which says: 1.1. Tell them what you are going to tellTell them what you are going to tell 2.2. ThenThen, Tell them., Tell them. 3.3. At the end,At the end, Tell them what you haveTell them what you have told them.told them.
  29. 29. A suggested Model for presentation PREVIEWPREVIEW Tell them what you are going to tell them (Introduction) THE VIEWTHE VIEW Tell them (Body of your talk) REVIEWREVIEW Tell them what you told them (Your summary)
  30. 30. PresentationPresentation Every presentation should have:Every presentation should have: 1.1. An introductionAn introduction:: A good attention gettingA good attention getting opener.opener. 2.2. A bodyA body:: A brief summary of the topic.A brief summary of the topic.
  31. 31. PresentationPresentation 3.3. A conclution:A conclution: The conclution should include aThe conclution should include a dynamite, thought-provokingdynamite, thought-provoking closureclosure following a brief summary offollowing a brief summary of what you told them.what you told them.
  32. 32. Rehearse in privateRehearse in private Follow the principle ofFollow the principle of three Psthree Ps:: Practice, Practice, PracticePractice, Practice, Practice.. BecauseBecause practice makes apractice makes a person perfect.person perfect.
  33. 33. Preparation & PracticePreparation & Practice Thorough preparationThorough preparation Plenty of practicePlenty of practice
  34. 34. PracticePractice Do this in front of a mirrorDo this in front of a mirror or in front of a friendor in front of a friend or get a video recordingor get a video recording andand view itview it criticallycritically
  35. 35. Things that needThings that need PracticePractice Your SmileYour Smile GesturesGestures Head & EyesHead & Eyes SinceritySincerity
  36. 36. Keep notes to a minimumKeep notes to a minimum If necessary, useIf necessary, use ’Index Cards.’’Index Cards.’ Jot down main points on a set ofJot down main points on a set of ””Index Cards”Index Cards” It will serve as aIt will serve as a memory joggmemory joggerer for thefor the actual presentation.actual presentation.
  37. 37. WhyWhy FearFear Public Speaking?Public Speaking?
  38. 38. Conquer NervousnessConquer Nervousness
  39. 39. Try to conquer nervousnessTry to conquer nervousness Try to minimize your stageTry to minimize your stage fear.fear. Take deep breath and try toTake deep breath and try to relax. If required, sip a littlerelax. If required, sip a little water.water. Before going to the stage, remind yourselfBefore going to the stage, remind yourself ””I can do it.”I can do it.”
  40. 40. Try to conquer nervousnessTry to conquer nervousness Concentrate on the topic andConcentrate on the topic and not on the audience.not on the audience. Remember, even the bestRemember, even the best presenters make mistakes.presenters make mistakes. ””The Winners continue,The Winners continue, while the Losers stop.”while the Losers stop.”
  41. 41. Don’t Be AfraidDon’t Be Afraid Sometimes audience maySometimes audience may seem intimidatingseem intimidating.. But, always rememberBut, always remember that they are also peoplethat they are also people like you.like you. Imagine that you areImagine that you are addressing your friends.addressing your friends.
  42. 42. The DeliveryThe Delivery Here are a fewHere are a few guidelines forguidelines for an effectivean effective delivery of presentation.delivery of presentation.
  43. 43. Build RapportBuild Rapport ””The key to effective public speakingThe key to effective public speaking is to manage the relationship betweenis to manage the relationship between yourself and the audienceyourself and the audience, so that a, so that a good rapport is developed with them.good rapport is developed with them.””
  44. 44. Build RapportBuild Rapport Shake hands with a few audienceShake hands with a few audience Mingle, learn names.Mingle, learn names. Try to create good firstTry to create good first impressionimpression.. Remember, people listenRemember, people listen to people they like.to people they like.
  45. 45. Delivering Speech - BeginningDelivering Speech - Beginning Walk Calmly with ConfidenceWalk Calmly with Confidence Establish Eye Contact.Establish Eye Contact. Smile NaturallySmile Naturally Deliver IntroductionDeliver Introduction
  46. 46. IntroductionIntroduction Start with a goodStart with a good attention-getter.attention-getter. A good presentation startsA good presentation starts with a introduction andwith a introduction and anan ice-breaker, such as a story or aice-breaker, such as a story or a suitable quotation.suitable quotation.
  47. 47. Begin with a Bang!Begin with a Bang! Your Opening should grab your audiences attention.
  48. 48. Start with a Story A well told story is interesting and captures audience attention straight away.
  49. 49. Body of PresentationBody of Presentation Cover the subject in logical order.Cover the subject in logical order. Use ’KISS’ methodUse ’KISS’ method (Keep It Short &(Keep It Short & Simple)Simple) Use short and simple words & sentences.Use short and simple words & sentences. Repeat important points for better clarity.Repeat important points for better clarity. Use visuals/ graphs/ charts, whereverUse visuals/ graphs/ charts, wherever possible.possible.
  50. 50. Body of PresentationBody of Presentation The Voice:The Voice: The voice is probably theThe voice is probably the most valuable tool of themost valuable tool of the presenter.presenter. The voice should not be too fast or tooThe voice should not be too fast or too high or too soft.high or too soft.
  51. 51. PresentationPresentation Volume:Volume: Good speakers lower their voice toGood speakers lower their voice to draw the attention of the audience,draw the attention of the audience, and raise itand raise it to make a point.to make a point.
  52. 52. Vocal QualitiesVocal Qualities 2. Tone:2. Tone: The tone of voice gives evidence of yourThe tone of voice gives evidence of your feelings.feelings. Modulate your tone to avoid monotonyModulate your tone to avoid monotony.. 3. Pace3. Pace:: Vary your voice, to maintain audience’sVary your voice, to maintain audience’s interest.interest. * Emphasize a point by slowing down* Emphasize a point by slowing down..
  53. 53. PresentationPresentation Eye Contact:Eye Contact: Maintain maximum eyeMaintain maximum eye contact.contact. This conveysThis conveys interest, concern andinterest, concern and warmth.warmth.
  54. 54. PresentationPresentation Facial ExpressionsFacial Expressions:: Smiling is a powerful tool.Smiling is a powerful tool. It transmits happiness,It transmits happiness, warmth, friendliness andwarmth, friendliness and liking.liking. It makes your audience moreIt makes your audience more comfortable, and they will like to listencomfortable, and they will like to listen to you more.to you more.
  55. 55. PresentationPresentation Gesture:Gesture: Gestures used while speakingGestures used while speaking capture the attention andcapture the attention and makes the presentation moremakes the presentation more interesting.interesting. Express your emotions with the helpExpress your emotions with the help of gestures.of gestures.
  56. 56. PresentationPresentation Posture & Body LangaugePosture & Body Langauge:: Keep your posture relaxed.Keep your posture relaxed. We also communicate by theWe also communicate by the way we talk and move.way we talk and move. Maintain good posture.Maintain good posture.
  57. 57. Enhance Body ImageEnhance Body Image Analyze your stance.Analyze your stance. Improve your stance.Improve your stance. PRACTICAL TIPSPRACTICAL TIPS •Make sure your body language reflects whatMake sure your body language reflects what you are saying.you are saying. •Learn to relax your facial muscles and smile.Learn to relax your facial muscles and smile. •Always wear comfortable shoes whenAlways wear comfortable shoes when presenting.presenting.
  58. 58. Personal AppearancePersonal Appearance Study yourself in the mirror.Study yourself in the mirror. Dress appropriatelyDress appropriately.. Make an impression.Make an impression.
  59. 59. Summarize & ConcludeSummarize & Conclude At the end:At the end: Summarize, what you have told.Summarize, what you have told. Finish with a flourish & on a positiveFinish with a flourish & on a positive note.note. Close on a positive note.Close on a positive note. Call for action pointsCall for action points
  60. 60. Summarize & ConcludeSummarize & Conclude Do a quick summary, thenDo a quick summary, then have a closure ready to wraphave a closure ready to wrap up things.up things. At the end, thank the audienceAt the end, thank the audience for being attentive.for being attentive.
  61. 61. Delivering Speech -EndingDelivering Speech -Ending ””Frame” the SpeechFrame” the Speech Pause before Returning toPause before Returning to Seat.Seat. Accept Applause GracioAccept Applause Graciouslyusly
  62. 62. The golden rule for speakersThe golden rule for speakers 1. Keep the presentation1. Keep the presentation short enough to createshort enough to create interest and longinterest and long enough to cover theenough to cover the subject.subject.
  63. 63. The golden rule for speakersThe golden rule for speakers Tell the audience,Tell the audience, What you are going toWhat you are going to tell them.tell them. - Set the tone- Set the tone - Capture audience’s- Capture audience’s attention.attention. - Build rapport.- Build rapport. - Tailor your opener as per your audience- Tailor your opener as per your audience
  64. 64. The Body of the PresentationThe Body of the Presentation
  65. 65. TellTell (Body of presentation)(Body of presentation) Now is the time to deliverNow is the time to deliver your whole presentationyour whole presentation,, to the group, using all theto the group, using all the techniques we havetechniques we have discussed.discussed.
  66. 66. Organizing - The CloseOrganizing - The Close ””Tell them what youTell them what you have told them”have told them” - Summarize message.- Summarize message. - Repeat key points- Repeat key points - Ask for action.- Ask for action. - End with a positive note- End with a positive note
  67. 67. Create a Compelling Closing Create a Compelling Closing Summarize Your Key Points
  68. 68. The Three Presentation EssentialThe Three Presentation Essential 1. Use Visual Aid, wherever possible.1. Use Visual Aid, wherever possible. 2. Rehearse, Rehearse & Rehearse2. Rehearse, Rehearse & Rehearse ”” If you fail to prepare, you areIf you fail to prepare, you are prepared to fail.”prepared to fail.” 3. Rehearse against clock.3. Rehearse against clock. 4. Memorize your script.4. Memorize your script.
  69. 69. Things one should doThings one should do Eye contactEye contact Appropriate gesturesAppropriate gestures Glancing at your notesGlancing at your notes Rhetorical questionsRhetorical questions to involve audienceto involve audience
  70. 70. Things one shouldn’t doThings one shouldn’t do Read directly from notesRead directly from notes.. Read directly from screen.Read directly from screen. Turn back on the audience.Turn back on the audience. Keeping hands in the pocketKeeping hands in the pocket for a long time.for a long time. No nervous gestures.No nervous gestures. No ’um’, ’ah’, ’you know’ etc.No ’um’, ’ah’, ’you know’ etc. Talk too fastTalk too fast Talk too quietlyTalk too quietly
  71. 71. Why Visuals?Why Visuals? Visuals are powerful toolsVisuals are powerful tools because they:because they: Increase understanding.Increase understanding. Save time.Save time. Enhance attention.Enhance attention. Help control nervousnessHelp control nervousness
  72. 72. Creating Effective Visual AidsCreating Effective Visual Aids Content:Content: If it does not add value, don’t use it.If it does not add value, don’t use it. UnveilingUnveiling:: ThinkThink, is it useful or necessary?, is it useful or necessary? Colour:Colour: Know your room and lightingKnow your room and lighting Dark roomDark room – use light font on dark background– use light font on dark background Bright roomBright room –– use dark font on light backgrounduse dark font on light background
  73. 73. Visual AidsVisual Aids EnhancingEnhancing understandingunderstanding Add varietyAdd variety Support claimsSupport claims Lasting impactsLasting impacts
  74. 74. Visual AidsVisual Aids
  75. 75. Visual Aid ShouldVisual Aid Should Outline, explain and support main poinOutline, explain and support main points.ts. Serve audience’s needs, not speaker’s.Serve audience’s needs, not speaker’s. Be simple and cleaBe simple and clear.r. Supplement and support.Supplement and support. NeverNever DOMINATEDOMINATE the presentation.the presentation.
  76. 76. Tips on Visual AidsTips on Visual Aids Are visual aids easy to read and easyAre visual aids easy to read and easy to understand?to understand? Can they be easily seen from all areasCan they be easily seen from all areas of the room?of the room?
  77. 77. Design the ’Look’ of yourDesign the ’Look’ of your presentationpresentation Do not use more than 7 lines on anyDo not use more than 7 lines on any page and not more than 7 words perpage and not more than 7 words per line. ( This is called Rule – 77).line. ( This is called Rule – 77). Use bright and bold colours, but not red.Use bright and bold colours, but not red. Red colour should be used to highlightRed colour should be used to highlight any important poinany important point.t.
  78. 78. How to Get BetterHow to Get Better Keep practicing and getting feedback about your performance. The more you practice, the more confident and comfortable you’ll be on stage.
  79. 79. Tips & Techniques for a goodTips & Techniques for a good presentationpresentation Speak clearly and loudly enough for allSpeak clearly and loudly enough for all to hearto hear.. Don’t speak in monotone voice.Don’t speak in monotone voice. Speak to the audience, not to the charts.Speak to the audience, not to the charts. Don’t stand between the audience andDon’t stand between the audience and the visuals.the visuals. Don’t lean on the podium or the table forDon’t lean on the podium or the table for periods.periods.
  80. 80. Tips & Techniques for aTips & Techniques for a good presentationgood presentation Don’t put both your hands in pocket. ThisDon’t put both your hands in pocket. This makes you look unprofessional.makes you look unprofessional. Circulate around the room as you speak.Circulate around the room as you speak. This movement brings physical closenessThis movement brings physical closeness to the audience.to the audience. It is better to finish slightly early than toIt is better to finish slightly early than to over run.over run.
  81. 81. Tips & TechniquesTips & Techniques Do not leave visual aids on, too longDo not leave visual aids on, too long.. Do not rush through, as if you are in aDo not rush through, as if you are in a hurry.hurry. Involve members by asking themInvolve members by asking them questions.questions. Be honest with the audience.Be honest with the audience. Handle questions at the endHandle questions at the end..
  82. 82. We heartily welcome We heartily welcome your views, Queries and your views, Queries and applause!!!applause!!!
  83. 83. Any Question?Any Question?
  84. 84. At The EndAt The End Please send your valuable feed-backPlease send your valuable feed-back to the following address:to the following address: nandapalit@yahoo.co.innandapalit@yahoo.co.in OROR Call: 91 9949118910Call: 91 9949118910

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