Classifying Living Things

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Classifying Living Things

  1. 5. PLANTS ANIMALS Green and Don’t Move Not Green and Move About
  2. 6. SIZE Small Medium Large HERBS SHRUBS TREES
  3. 7. <ul><li>Aristotle’s system lasted over 2000 years </li></ul>WHERE THEY LIVE WATER LAND AIR
  4. 8. Linnaeus wrote a huge encyclopedia of life “ Systema Naturae” (system of nature), containing all living things at that time.
  5. 10. LARGEST GROUP Most General SMALLEST GROUP Most Specific
  6. 11. LEVEL GROUPS L1 Kingdom PAPER L2 Phylum CARDS BOXES L3 Class PLAYING BIRTHDAY L4 Order RED BLACK L5 Family L6 Genus LETTERS NUMBERS L7 Species A K Q J 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  7. 12. <ul><li>Sub or Super </li></ul><ul><li> added to Levels to </li></ul><ul><li> form more groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superclass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subclass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group names come from </li></ul><ul><li> trait used to form group : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phylum Arthropoda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ jointed legged animals” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phylum Echinodermata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ spiny skin animals” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each group comes from the </li></ul><ul><li>group before it </li></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>The more groups </li></ul><ul><li> organisms are placed in </li></ul><ul><li> together the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More traits they have in common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More closely the organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are related </li></ul></ul>KINGDOM Animal Animal Animal Animal PHYLUM Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata CLASS Mammilia Mammilia Mammilia Mammilia ORDER Carnivora Carnivora Carnivora Carnivora FAMILY Felidae Felidae Felidae Canidae GENUS Felis Felis Panthera Canis SPECIES domesticus leo pardus lupus
  9. 14. Which two organisms are most closely related? KINGDOM Animal Animal Animal Plant PHYLUM Chordata Chordata Arthropoda Tracheophyta CLASS Mammilia Reptilia Insecta Angiospermae ORDER Primates Chelonia Diptera Fagales FAMILY Hominidae Emydidae Culicdae Fagaceae GENUS Homo Terrapene Theobaldia Quercus SPECIES sapiens carolina anulata alba
  10. 22. Roadrunner Speedea blazi Cyote Hungrais maximus
  11. 23. FIRST SECOND Genus species Capatilized Lower case Italicized or Underlined
  12. 26. Kingdom Cell Type Cells Acquire Food MONERA Prokaryote Unicellular Autotrophs Hetrotrophs PROTISTA Eukaryote Unicellular * Multicellular Autotrophs Hetrotrophs FUNGI Eukaryote *Unicellular Multicellular Hetrotrophs PLANTAE Eukaryote Multicellular Autotrophs ANIMILIA Eukaryote Multicellular Hetrotrophs

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