Intro to biodiversity and taxonomy

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Science module 1 for DMID

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  • Recreation\n´I believe there is a subtle magnetism to nature, which if we unconsciously yield to it, will direct us alright´\nMore than 10 million last year\n
  • HUMAN HEALTH\nclean air, infectious diseases\nPest control\n
  • HUMAN SERVICES\nfood diversity 90% of food currently comes from 14 species\npollination services\nundiscovered medicinal sources and mechanisms\n
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  • Nature conservancy, \nWorld conservation monitoring center\n\n
  • Food webs, \nbiological syncs and sources\nKeystone species\nRecent study on local pollinators\n
  • Where did all the species come from?\nWhat past events have led to current biodiversity\n
  • new sources of EIDs\nspread of invasive species\nlose of key species services\n\n
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  • clouded leopard\n380 mammal, 170\n450/250 reptiles\n240/200 amph\n770/150 birds\n15000 vascular plants found nowhere else\nEncroachment upon and complete destruction of the Bornean Clouded Leopards' natural habitat, primarily by logging and the creation of rubber and palm oil plantations, continues to threaten the whole fauna of Borneo.\n\n
  • Intro to biodiversity and taxonomy

    1. 1. Science ModuleBiodiversity and Taxonomy
    2. 2. From the beginningWhat is a species?
    3. 3. There are multiple definitions.2 useful ones for our purposes...A set of organisms adapted to aparticular set of resources in theenvironment
    4. 4. There are multiple definitions.2 useful ones for our purposes...A group of organismsthat share a lineage,and thus, genes atsome significant level
    5. 5. Keeping trackThere are many many species to name
    6. 6. Keeping trackHow do we organizeour species?
    7. 7. Keeping trackBiologists use a system calledTaxonomy
    8. 8. Keeping trackThe science of naming andclassifying species in an orderedsystem that indicates naturalrelationships
    9. 9. Taxonomy assigns each animal ina hierarchical classification systemFirst, identify a new speciesSecond, determine if the species already has a nameThird, assign a new, unused, name to the speciesFourth, notify a name authority of the new speciesA system founded on the principles of Carl Linnaeus
    10. 10. Taxonomy Gives order to a system of namesKingdom Animalia   Phylum    Arthropoda      Class       Insecta         Order          Insecta            Family             Lycaenidae              Genus               Maculinea                 Species               M. alcon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)                                            
    11. 11. Beyond speciesWhat is a biodiversity?
    12. 12. Genes Species Ecosystems
    13. 13. BiodiversityWe have documented ~2 millionspecies
    14. 14. Biodiversity10-50 million are thought to exist
    15. 15. Future of biodiversityWhat does biodiversity do for us?
    16. 16. Why do scientists study biodiversity
    17. 17. An attempt to get big pictureunderstanding of what is happeningto our natural world
    18. 18. Conservation
    19. 19. Ecosystem functions and services
    20. 20. Evolution and natural selection
    21. 21. Global and regional change
    22. 22. Future of biodiversityWhat is happening to biodiversity?
    23. 23. First, think about thisQuadrillion ants in the worldEO Wilson
    24. 24. First, think about thisExtinction rates are 100-1000times higher than beforehumansIUCN, 2004
    25. 25. Future of biodiversity"There is medium confidence thatapproximately 20-30% of species assessed sofar are likely to be at increased if increases inglobal average warming exceed 1.5-2.5 deg C(relative to 1980-1999). As global averagetemperature increase exceeds about 3.5 deg C,model projections suggest significantextinctions (40-70% of species assessed)around the globe." IPCC Four
    26. 26. Species extinction"The death of birth"    e.o. wilson
    27. 27. Species extinction"The death of birth"    e.o. wilson

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