Classification Of Living Things

27,799 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology

Classification Of Living Things

  1. 1. ARRANGED BY NUR HESTININGSIH
  2. 2. ARISTOTLE DIVIDED LIVING THINGS INTO TWO KINGDOMS CAROLLUS LINNAEUS DEVELOPED THE CLASSIFICATION ON SIMILAR PROPERTIES, FOUND BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE AS A SYSTEM TO GIVE A SCIENTIFIC NAME ROBERT WHITTAKER THE CONSIDERED FIVE KINGDOMS SYSTEM
  3. 3. THE ARISTOTLE’S SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS HAD BEEN USED FOR YEARS SINCE ABOUT 200 YEARS AGO
  4. 4. K ing-- P hillip-- C ame-- O ver-- F or-- G ood-- S oup The mnemonic device to help you remember the complete hierarchy
  5. 5. Prokaryotic Cells Without Nuclei And Membrane-Bound Organelles   1.  Kingdom Monera [10,000 species]: Unicellular and colonial--including the true bacteria (eubacteria) and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). Eukaryotic Cells With Nuclei And Membrane-Bound Organelles:   2.  Kingdom Protista (Protoctista) [250,000 species]: Unicellular protozoans and unicellular & multicellular (macroscopic) algae with 9 + 2 cilia and flagella (called undulipodia).   3.  Kingdom Fungi [100,000 species]: Haploid and dikaryotic (binucleate) cells, multicellular, generally heterotrophic, without cilia and eukaryotic (9 + 2) flagella (undulipodia).   4.  Kingdom Plantae [250,000 species]: Haplo-diploid life cycles, mostly autotrophic, retaining embryo within female sex organ on parent plant.   5.  Kingdom Animalia [1,000,000 species]: Multicellular animals, without cell walls and without photosynthetic pigments, forming diploid blastula .
  6. 6. In biology , binomial nomenclature is how species are named. As the word "binomial" suggests, the name of a species is made by using two words: the genus name and the species description. Binomial nomenclature means "two-name description". Kingdom Fungi Plantae Phylum Eumycota Tracheophyta Class Ascomycetes Angiospermae Order Pyrenulales Arales Family Verrucariaceae Lemnaceae Genus Verrucaria Wolffia Species Maura borealis
  7. 7. The Five Kingdoms KINGDOM : MONERA PROTISTA FUNGUS PLANTAE ANIMALIA
  8. 8. Kingdom Monera Escheria coli Oscillatoria Bacteria Cyanophyta Salmponella typhosa
  9. 9. Kingdom Protista Protozoa radiolaria amoeba Algae seaweed green algae
  10. 10. Kingdom Fungus volvariella volvacea tempeh / rhyzopus oryzae mushroom
  11. 11. Kingdom Plantae DIVISION BRYOPHYTA adiantum cuneatum DIVISION PTERIDOPHYTA DIVISION SPERMATOPHYTA Sub Division Gymnospermae Sub Division Angiospermae Class dycotiledon Class monocotiledon
  12. 12. Kingdom Animalia PHYLUM AVERTEBRATA SPONGIA SP AURELIA AURITA ANNELIDA ACHANITA FULICA MYRIAPODA ASCHERIAS VULGARIS PHYLUM VERTEBRATA PISCES AMPHIBI AVES/ BIRDS REPTILIA MAMAE
  13. 13. <ul><li>Form six groups in class to work together </li></ul><ul><li>The task for each group is complete the table of classification of living things. </li></ul><ul><li>Give some examples for each Phylum or Divisions using a table, you can add any figure you can get from internet. The task is divided as : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 1 for Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Vertebrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 2 for Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Invertebrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 3 for Kingdom Plantae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 4 for Kingdom Fungi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 5 for Kingdom Protista </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group 6 for Kingdom Monera </li></ul></ul>

×