Taxonomy

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This concerns the scientific study of naming and grouping living things.

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Taxonomy

  1. 1. In biology….. is veryimportant!
  2. 2.  Classification is the arrangement of objects, ideas, or information into groups, the members of which have one or more characteristics in common. Classification makes things easier to find, identify, and study.
  3. 3. Taxonomy is the branch of biology concerned with the grouping and naming of organismsBiologists who study this are called taxonomists
  4. 4. People wanted to organize their world so they began grouping, or classifying everything they saw.
  5. 5. Things that swimThings that flyThings that crawlThings that walk on four legsThings that chew their foodThings that are toxic
  6. 6. To help us study the earthTo help us organize all the species we discoverPrevents misnomers
  7. 7. To give everyspecies a namebased on astandard method
  8. 8. copyright cmassengale 9
  9. 9. copyright cmassengale 10
  10. 10. •2000 yearsago, Aristotle was thefirst taxonomist•Aristotle dividedorganisms into plants &animals•He subdivided them bytheir habitat -land, sea, or air dwellers copyright cmassengale 11
  11. 11. Carolus Linnaeus was a Swedish botanistDeveloped a 7-level (taxa) classification system based on similarities between organisms
  12. 12. KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
  13. 13. Kingdom KingPhylum PhilipClass CalledOrder OprahFamily ForGenus GoodSpecies Spices
  14. 14. There are 6 broad kingdomsEvery living thing that we know of fits into one of the six kingdoms
  15. 15. Kingdom Broadest Phylum (Division – used for plants) Class Order Family Genus Species Most Specific copyright cmassengale 16

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