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PDU 211 Research Methods: Mixed-Methods & Action Research Designs

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What are mixed-methods and action research designs? What are their key characteristics and types?

(Lecture slides mostly in English)

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  • Excellent slides, can I have a copy, email to shamid@usc.edu
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  • I like the way you presented the content regarding mixed methods designs. This will be a great reference. I hope I can have a copy of your presentation. Here's my email address: magforastero@gmail.com. Thank you in advance.
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  • This is a great presentation! I would also like to share this. My email is rharvey@aubg.edu. Thank you in advance!
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  • I also want a share of this preentation if you don't mind. This is my e-mail: nur.basuki@ui.ac.id. Tks.
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PDU 211 Research Methods: Mixed-Methods & Action Research Designs

  1. 1. Mixed-Methods & Action Research Designs PDU 211 Metode Penelitian Semester Gasal 2014/2015 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah XIV - 26 November 2014 ICON CREDIT: Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  2. 2. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 One Day Objectives 2 Mahasiswa mampu memahami karakteristik pendekatan mixed-method (dan action research design), termasuk menemukan persamaan dan perbedaan dari pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif Chapter 16: Mixed-Methods Designs Chapter 17: Action Research Designs ICON CREDIT: Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  3. 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Research Designs 3 QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS CORRELATIONAL DESIGNS GROUNDED THEORY DESIGNS ETHNOGRAPHIC DESIGNS NARRATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS (Creswell, 2012) SURVEY DESIGNS ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Erlenmeyer Flask by Emily van den Heever; Clipboard by Garrett Knoll; book by Eugen Belyakoff; Mask by Richard González Tapia; Documents by hunotika from The Noun Project
  4. 4. SURVEY DESIGNS MIXED-METHODS DESIGNS ACTION RESEARCH DESIGNS FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Research Designs 4 QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS CORRELATIONAL DESIGNS GROUNDED THEORY DESIGNS ETHNOGRAPHIC DESIGNS NARRATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS (Creswell, 2012) ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Erlenmeyer Flask by Emily van den Heever; Clipboard by Garrett Knoll; book by Eugen Belyakoff; Mask by Richard González Tapia; Documents by hunotika; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Running by Kevin Laity from The Noun Project
  5. 5. Mixed-Methods Designs ICON CREDIT: Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  6. 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 A mixed-methods research design is a procedure for collecting, analyzing, and “mixing” both quantitative and qualitative methods in a single study or a series of studies to understand a research problem. 6 (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2011; Creswell, 2012, p. 535)
  7. 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 A mixed-methods research design is a procedure for collecting, analyzing, and “mixing” both quantitative and qualitative methods in a single study or a series of studies to understand a research problem. “The uses of both quantitative and qualitative methods, in combination, provide a better understanding of the research problem and question than either method by itself.” 6 (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2011; Creswell, 2012, p. 535)
  8. 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 When? one type of research is not enough to address the research problem or answer the research questions 7 we want to provide an alternative perspective in a study we have both types of data and they, together, provide a better understanding of our research problem than either type by itself (Creswell, 2012, p. 535-536) ICON CREDITS: Double Tap by Gary Lim; Two boxes by Ben Peetermans from The Noun Project
  9. 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Key Characteristics 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 Include collecting quantitative and qualitative data Consider priority Consider sequence Match the data analysis to a design Diagram the procedures (Creswell, 2012, p. 548-533) Provide a rationale for the design
  10. 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 9 (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  11. 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 9 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  12. 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 9 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  13. 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Convergent Parallel Designs 10 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  14. 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Convergent Parallel Designs • Equal priority to both QUAN and QUAL data • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data concurrently or simultaneously during the study 11 ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project (Creswell, 2012, p. 540) QUAN QUAL
  15. 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Convergent Parallel Designs • Equal priority to both QUAN and QUAL data • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data concurrently or simultaneously during the study • Compares the results from QUAN and QUAL analyses to determine if the two databases yield similar or dissimilar results 11 ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project (Creswell, 2012, p. 540) QUAN QUAL COMPARE/ RELATE INTERPRETATION
  16. 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Convergent Parallel Designs it combines the advantages of each form of data; for generalizability, and information about the context or setting 12 (Creswell, 2012, p. 542) QUAN QUAL COMPARE/ RELATE INTERPRETATION how to merge the two forms of data, and, when this is done, to determine how to assess results that diverge ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Thumbs Up Smiley by im icons; Thumbs Down Smiley by im icons from The Noun Project
  17. 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 13 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  18. 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Explanatory Sequential Designs 14 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  19. 19. Explanatory Sequential Designs FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 • Priority on QUAN data collection and analysis 15 (Creswell, 2012, p. 542-543) QUAN QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  20. 20. Explanatory Sequential Designs FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 • Priority on QUAN data collection and analysis • Collects QUAN data first in the sequence 15 (Creswell, 2012, p. 542-543) QUAN QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  21. 21. Explanatory Sequential Designs • Priority on QUAN data collection and analysis • Collects QUAN data first in the sequence • Uses the QUAL data to refine the results from the QUAN data FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 15 (Creswell, 2012, p. 542-543) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  22. 22. Explanatory Sequential Designs labor intensive, requires expertise and time to collect both data; determine what aspect of the QUAN results to follow up on FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 clearly identified QUAN and QUAL parts; captures the best of both QUAN and QUAL data 16 (Creswell, 2012, p. 543) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Thumbs Up Smiley by im icons; Thumbs Down Smiley by im icons from The Noun Project
  23. 23. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 17 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  24. 24. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Exploratory Sequential Designs 18 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  25. 25. Exploratory Sequential Designs FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 • Priority on QUAL data collection and analysis 19 (Creswell, 2012, p. 543-544) QUAN QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  26. 26. Exploratory Sequential Designs FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 • Priority on QUAL data collection and analysis • Collects QUAL data first in the sequence 19 (Creswell, 2012, p. 543-544) QUAN QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  27. 27. Exploratory Sequential Designs • Priority on QUAL data collection and analysis • Collects QUAL data first in the sequence • Plans on the QUAN data to build on or explain the initial QUAL findings FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 19 (Creswell, 2012, p. 543-544) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  28. 28. Exploratory Sequential Designs extensive data collection; make decisions about the most appropriate QUAL data to use in the follow-up QUAN phase of the study FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 identify measures actually grounded in the data obtained from study participants 20 (Creswell, 2012, p. 544) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Thumbs Up Smiley by im icons; Thumbs Down Smiley by im icons from The Noun Project
  29. 29. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 21 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  30. 30. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Embedded Designs 22 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  31. 31. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Embedded Designs • Priority to the major form of data collection (e.g., often QUAN) and secondary status to the supportive form (e.g., often qual) of data collection • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data simultaneously or sequentially 23 (Creswell, 2012, p. 544-545) QUAN QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  32. 32. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Embedded Designs • Priority to the major form of data collection (e.g., often QUAN) and secondary status to the supportive form (e.g., often qual) of data collection • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data simultaneously or sequentially 23 (Creswell, 2012, p. 544-545) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  33. 33. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Embedded Designs • Priority to the major form of data collection (e.g., often QUAN) and secondary status to the supportive form (e.g., often qual) of data collection • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data simultaneously or sequentially • Uses the secondary form of data to augment or provide additional sources of information not provided by the primary source of data 23 (Creswell, 2012, p. 544-545) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  34. 34. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Embedded Designs • Priority to the major form of data collection (e.g., often QUAN) and secondary status to the supportive form (e.g., often qual) of data collection • Collects both the QUAN and QUAL data simultaneously or sequentially • Uses the secondary form of data to augment or provide additional sources of information not provided by the primary source of data 23 (Creswell, 2012, p. 544-545) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  35. 35. be clear about the intent of the FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Embedded Designs combines the advantages of both data; collect QUAL/QUAN data, but the overall design still emphasizes QUAN/ QUAL approaches 24 (Creswell, 2012, p. 545) secondary database; the simultaneous data collection of both data may be labor intensive QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Thumbs Up Smiley by im icons; Thumbs Down Smiley by im icons from The Noun Project
  36. 36. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 25 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  37. 37. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Transformative Designs 26 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  38. 38. FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Transformative Designs • Uses either a convergent, explanatory, exploratory, or embedded design 27 (Creswell, 2012, p. 546-547) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  39. 39. FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Transformative Designs • Uses either a convergent, explanatory, exploratory, or embedded design • Uses an overall orienting lens in the study as a transformative framework 27 (Creswell, 2012, p. 546-547) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION TRANSFORMATIVE FRAMEWORK ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  40. 40. FOLLOW UP WITH FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Transformative Designs • Uses either a convergent, explanatory, exploratory, or embedded design • Uses an overall orienting lens in the study as a transformative framework • The researcher calls for change that will address the social issue faced by the group under study 27 (Creswell, 2012, p. 546-547) QUAN QUAL INTERPRETATION TRANSFORMATIVE FRAMEWORK ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  41. 41. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Determine the type of mixed methods design will be used by considering these aspects: 28 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  42. 42. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types Multiphase Designs 29 PRIORITY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS WHERE TO “MIX” (Creswell, 2012, p. 539-540) ICON CREDITS: Star by Alex S. Lakas; Redirect by Alexander Bickov; Gear by Reed Enger; Stir by Paul Slowinsky; Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek; Flask by hunotika; Test Tubes by hunotika; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Analysis by Boris Kaiser; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS from The Noun Project
  43. 43. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Multiphase Designs 30 (Creswell, 2012, p. 547) STUDY 1 QUAN STUDY 2 QUAL ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  44. 44. INFORMS FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Multiphase Designs 30 (Creswell, 2012, p. 547) STUDY 1 QUAN STUDY 2 QUAL STUDY 3 MIXED-METHODS INFORMS ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  45. 45. INFORMS FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Multiphase Designs • The researchers examine a problem or topic through a series of phases or separate studies 30 (Creswell, 2012, p. 547) STUDY 1 QUAN STUDY 2 QUAL STUDY 3 MIXED-METHODS INFORMS OVERALL PROGRAM OBJECTIVES ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  46. 46. INFORMS FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Multiphase Designs • The researchers examine a problem or topic through a series of phases or separate studies • Use either a convergent, explanatory, exploratory, or embedded design in multiple phases or projects • Need to clearly identify projects or phases that help address a larger program objective • Need to interrelate the different phases or projects so that they tie together to address a common research objective 30 (Creswell, 2012, p. 547) STUDY 1 QUAN STUDY 2 QUAL STUDY 3 MIXED-METHODS INFORMS OVERALL PROGRAM OBJECTIVES ICON CREDITS: Statistics by Mateo Zlatar; Conversation by Gregory Radek;; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Stir by Paul Slowinsky from The Noun Project
  47. 47. Action Research Designs ICON CREDIT: Running by Kevin Laity from The Noun Project
  48. 48. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Action research designs are systematic procedures done by teachers (or other individuals in an educational setting) to gather information about, and subsequently improve, the ways their particular educational setting operates, their teaching, and their student learning. 33 (Mills, 2011 in Creswell, 2012, p. 577)
  49. 49. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Action research designs are systematic procedures done by teachers (or other individuals in an educational setting) to gather information about, and subsequently improve, the ways their particular educational setting operates, their teaching, and their student learning. 34 (Mills, 2011 in Creswell, 2012, p. 577) When?
  50. 50. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Key Characteristics 35 1 2 3 4 5 6 The educator–researcher’s own practices Collaboration A dynamic process A plan of action Sharing research (Creswell, 2012, p. 586-588) A practical focus
  51. 51. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Types 36 PRACTICAL PARTICIPATORY ICON CREDITS: Tools by Alex AS; Group by baabullah hasan from The Noun Project
  52. 52. Collect Data Identify an Area of Focus Analyze & Interpret Data Develop an Action Plan FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Practical Action Research 37 DIAGRAM CREDIT: Mills (2011), p. 19 in Creswell (2012), p. 581 | ICON CREDITS: Tools by Alex AS; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Architect by Luis Prado from The Noun Project (Creswell, 2012, p. 580)
  53. 53. Collect Data Identify an Area of Focus Analyze & Interpret Data Develop an Action Plan FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Practical Action Research • To research a specific situation with a view toward improving practice (Schmuck, 1997), which is undertaken by the practitioners. • The practitioners ARE the researchers. 37 DIAGRAM CREDIT: Mills (2011), p. 19 in Creswell (2012), p. 581 | ICON CREDITS: Tools by Alex AS; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Architect by Luis Prado from The Noun Project (Creswell, 2012, p. 580) DIALECTIC ACTION RESEARCH SPIRAL
  54. 54. the practitioners have little time to engage in their own research, they may need assistance in becoming researchers FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Practical Action Research practitioners can test their own theories and explanations, examine the effects of their practices, and explore the impact 38 (Creswell, 2012, p. 580) Collect Data Analyze & Interpret Data Develop an Action Plan Identify an Area of Focus DIALECTIC ACTION RESEARCH SPIRAL DIAGRAM CREDIT: Mills (2011), p. 19 in Creswell (2012), p. 581 | ICON CREDITS: Tools by Alex AS; Shopping Cart by Márcio Duarte; Puzzle by SuperAtic LABS; Architect by Luis Prado; Thumbs Up Smiley by im icons; Thumbs Down Smiley by im icons from The Noun Project
  55. 55. Look Look Look Look Act Act Act Act Act Think Think Think Think Think FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Participatory Action Research 39 DIAGRAM CREDIT: Stringer (2007), p. 9 in Creswell (2012), p. 584 | ICON CREDITS: Group by baabullah hasan from The Noun Project (Stringer, 2007 in Creswell, 2012, p. 582-583)
  56. 56. ACTION RESEARCH INTERACTING SPIRAL Look Look Look Look Act Act Act Act Act Think Think Think Think Think FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA PDU 211 Metode Penelitian ardhiati © 2014 Participatory Action Research • The research that contributes to emancipation or change in the society, to improve the quality of people. • The researcher also engages in a process of research that promotes egalitarian and democratic aims, strive for an open, broad-based involvement of participants. 39 DIAGRAM CREDIT: Stringer (2007), p. 9 in Creswell (2012), p. 584 | ICON CREDITS: Group by baabullah hasan from The Noun Project (Stringer, 2007 in Creswell, 2012, p. 582-583)
  57. 57. Want to know more? Creswell, J.W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

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