The roles of botanic gardens in biodiversity conservation


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Biodiversity conservation in botanic gardens, arboreta, living collections, biogeography, natural history, species richness, sustainable energy, National Botanic Garden of Wales, University of Cambridge Botanic Garden, Species richness as a function of year of establishment

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The roles of botanic gardens in biodiversity conservation

  1. 1. London Metropolitan Univ. - 2010 Biodiversity Conservation – week 8 Marco Pautasso (marpauta at
  2. 2. Biodiversity Conservation main topics – week 8 1. Biodiversity conservation and botanic gardens 2. Preparation for the field visit and for the writing of the report
  3. 3. [CO2]from MacKay (2008) Sustainable Energy
  4. 4. CO2 emissions (2000) per person per continentfrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  5. 5. CO2 emissions (2000) per person per countryfrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  6. 6. CO2 emissions (cumulative: 1880-2004) per person per countryfrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  7. 7. CO2 emissions since 2000: scenarios vs. datafrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  8. 8. Fossil fuel consumption as a threat to biodiversitySource: NZZ, April 2010
  9. 9. Map of the world by Abraham Ortelius, ~1570From:
  10. 10. Orbis terrarum, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, ~27 a.C.from
  11. 11. Hotspots of biodiversity
  12. 12. Areogram of plant species richness per countrySource:
  13. 13. Proportion of plant species at risk worldwide per countrySource:
  14. 14. Number of botanic gardens per countrySource:
  15. 15. National Botanic Garden of Wales
  16. 16. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh
  17. 17. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh
  18. 18. Cambridge University Botanic Garden
  19. 19. Mount Lofty Botanic Garden, Australia
  20. 20. Berkeley University Botanic Garden
  21. 21. Berlin Botanic Garden
  22. 22. Tokyo Koishikawa Botanic Garden
  23. 23. Auckland Botanic Garden,New Zealand
  24. 24. ArnoldArboretum, Harvard University,Boston, USA
  25. 25. ArnoldArboretum, Harvard University,Boston, USA
  26. 26. ArnoldArboretum, Harvard University,Boston, USA
  27. 27. ArnoldArboretum, Harvard University,Boston, USA
  28. 28. Frequency distribution of the species richnessof the living collections of the world’s botanic gardens from: Botanica Helvetica (2007)
  29. 29. Frequency distribution of the areas of the world’s botanic gardens from: Botanica Helvetica (2007)
  30. 30. Frequency distribution of the years of establishment of the world’s botanic gardens from: Botanica Helvetica (2007)
  31. 31. ReferencesBarbosa AM, Fontaneto D, Marini L & Pautasso M (2010) Positive regional species–people correlations: a sampling artefact or a key issue forsustainable development? Animal Conservation 13: 446-447Dehnen-Schmutz K, Holdenrieder O, Jeger MJ & Pautasso M (2010) Structural change in the international horticultural industry: some implicationsfor plant health. Scientia Horticulturae 125: 1-15Golding J, Güsewell S, Kreft H, Kuzevanov VY, Lehvävirta S, Parmentier I & Pautasso M (2010) Species-richness patterns of the living collectionsof the worlds botanic gardens: a matter of socio-economics? Annals of Botany 105: 689-696MacLeod A, Pautasso M, Jeger MJ & Haines-Young R (2010) Evolution of the international regulation of plant pests and challenges for future planthealth. Food Security 2: 49-70Parmentier I & Pautasso M (in press) Species-richness of the living collections of the world’s botanical gardens – patterns within continents. KewBulletin doi:10.1007/s12225-011-9244-5Pautasso M & Chiarucci A (2008) A test of the scale-dependence of the species abundance-people correlation for veteran trees in Italy. Annals ofBotany 101: 709-715Pautasso M & Dinetti M (2009) Avian species richness, human population and protected areas across Italy’s regions. Environmental Conservation36: 22-31Pautasso M & Fontaneto D (2008) A test of the species-people correlation for stream macro-invertebrates in European countries. EcologicalApplications 18: 1842-1849Pautasso M & Parmentier I (2007) Are the living collections of the world’s botanical gardens following species-richness patterns observed in naturalecosystems? Botanica Helvetica 117: 15-28Pautasso M & Powell G (2009) Aphid biodiversity is correlated with human population in European countries. Oecologia 160: 839-846Pautasso M & Weisberg PJ (2008) Density-area relationships: the importance of the zeros. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 203-210Pautasso M & Zotti M (2009) Macrofungal taxa and human population in Italys regions. Biodiversity & Conservation 18: 473-485Pautasso M et al (2010) Plant health and global change – some implications for landscape management. Biological Reviews 85: 729-755Pecher C, Fritz S, Marini L, Fontaneto D & Pautasso M (2010) Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the speciesrichness of stream macroinvertebrates. Basic Applied Ecology 11: 272-280Schlick-Steiner B, Steiner F & Pautasso M (2008) Ants and people: a test of two mechanisms behind the large-scale human-biodiversity correlationfor Formicidae in Europe. Journal of Biogeography 35: 2195-2206Steck CE & Pautasso M (2008) Human population, grasshopper and plant species richness in European countries. Acta Oecologica 34: 303-310