Biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes

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Biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes, the importance of habitat and landscape connectivity, resilience to abrupt climate changes, roadless areas, protected areas

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Biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes

  1. 1. Biodiversity Conservation – week 6 London Metropolitan Univ. - 2010 Marco Pautasso (marpauta at gmail.com)
  2. 2. Biodiversity Conservation main topics – week 6 Habitat fragmentation and biodiversity conservation Biodiversity conservation and connectivity
  3. 3. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between disciplines Kiss et al. (2010) Journal of Informetrics
  4. 4. Some graph theory termsMinor and Urban (2008) Conservation Biology
  5. 5. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation Normandie, France (August 2003)
  6. 6. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation
  7. 7. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Champagne, France (August 2003) Conservation
  8. 8. The value of open habitat corridors (Lueneburger Heide) Eggers et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  9. 9. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation UK (August 2003) Essex,
  10. 10. Laurance et al. (2009) Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  11. 11. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation UK (August 2003) Bedfordshire,
  12. 12. Landscape fragmentation in China Li et al. (2010)Landscape Ecology
  13. 13. Landscape fragmentation in California (USA) Girvetz et al. (2008) Landscape and Urban Planning
  14. 14. Landscape fragmentation in Wisconsin (USA)Hawbaker et al. (2006) Ecological Applications
  15. 15. Landscape fragmentation in Wisconsin (USA)Glista et al. (2009) Landscape and Urban Planning
  16. 16. Disconnection of river landscapes due to railways and roads Blanton & Marcus (2009) Geomorphology
  17. 17. Disconnection of river landscapes due to railways and roads (2) Blanton & Marcus (2009) Geomorphology
  18. 18. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation (December 2009) Greece
  19. 19. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation (December 2009) Athens
  20. 20. County mean distance to road in the USA Watts et al. (2007) Science
  21. 21. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between realms Beger et al. (2010) Biological Conservation UK (August 2003) Buckinghamshire,
  22. 22. County per person roadless volume in the USA Watts et al. (2007) Science
  23. 23. Roadless areas in New England (USA)Jantz et al. (2008) Natural Areas Journal
  24. 24. Quebec (July 2006)
  25. 25. Groundlevel ozone pollution in Lithuania Girgzdiene et al. (2009) Ambio
  26. 26. Biodiversity sensitivity to ground-level ozone pollution Girgzdiene et al. (2009) Ambio
  27. 27. Birch endophytes in islands in Finland Helander et al. (2007) New Phytologist
  28. 28. Birch endophytes in islands in Finland Helander et al. (2007) New Phytologist
  29. 29. Habitat connectivity and biodiversity conservation Hodgson et al. (2009) Journal of Applied Ecology
  30. 30. Habitat fragmentation and road avoidance (Illinois, USA) Shepard et al. (2008) Animal Conservation
  31. 31. Kent, UK (April 2006)
  32. 32. Protected area connectivity and biodiversity conservation Leibenath et al. (2010) Landscape and Urban Planning
  33. 33. Landscape connectivity for agricultural crops Margosian et al. (2009) BioScience Kent, UK (April 2006)
  34. 34. Examples of invasions of plant pathogensFrom Brown & Hovmøller (2002) Science
  35. 35. Human impacts on biodiversityHabitat fragmentation, degradation and loss Water, air and soil pollution Species introductions Climate change Trade, travel, transportation and tourism
  36. 36. ReferencesHarwood TD, Xu XM, Pautasso M, Jeger MJ & Shaw M (2009) Epidemiological risk assessment using linked network and grid based modelling: Phytophthoraramorum and P. kernoviae in the UK. Ecological Modelling 220: 3353-3361Holdenrieder O, Pautasso M, Weisberg PJ & Lonsdale D (2004) Tree diseases and landscape processes: the challenge of landscape pathology. Trends inEcology and Evolution 19, 8: 446-452Jeger MJ & Pautasso M (2008) Comparative epidemiology of zoosporic plant pathogens. European Journal of Plant Pathology 122: 111-126MacLeod A, Pautasso M, Jeger MJ & Haines-Young R (2010) Evolution of the international regulation of plant pests and challenges for future plant health. FoodSecurity 2: 49-70Moslonka-Lefebvre M, Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2009) Disease spread in small-size directed networks: epidemic threshold, correlation between links to andfrom nodes, and clustering. Journal of Theoretical Biology 260: 402-411Pautasso M (2009) Geographical genetics and the conservation of forest trees. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Systematics & Evolution 11: 157-189Pautasso M & Chiarucci A (2008) A test of the scale-dependence of the species abundance-people correlation for veteran trees in Italy. Annals of Botany 101:709-715Pautasso M & Dinetti M (2009) Avian species richness, human population and protected areas across Italy’s regions. Environmental Conservation 36: 22-31Pautasso M & Fontaneto D (2008) A test of the species-people correlation for stream macro-invertebrates in European countries. Ecological Applications 18:1842-1849Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2008) Epidemic threshold and network structure: the interplay of probability of transmission and of persistence in directed networks.Ecological Complexity 5: 1-8Pautasso M & Powell G (2009) Aphid biodiversity is correlated with human population in European countries. Oecologia 160: 839-846Pautasso M & Weisberg PJ (2008) Density-area relationships: the importance of the zeros. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 203-210Pautasso M & Zotti M (2009) Macrofungal taxa and human population in Italys regions. Biodiversity & Conservation 18: 473-485Pautasso M et al (2010) Plant health and global change – some implications for landscape management. Biological Reviews 85: 729-755Pautasso M et al (2011) Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. Global Ecology & Biogeography 20: 426-436Pecher C, Fritz S, Marini L, Fontaneto D & Pautasso M (2010) Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the species richness ofstream macroinvertebrates. Basic Applied Ecology 11: 272-280Schlick-Steiner B, Steiner F & Pautasso M (2008) Ants and people: a test of two mechanisms behind the large-scale human-biodiversity correlation forFormicidae in Europe. Journal of Biogeography 35: 2195-2206Steck CE & Pautasso M (2008) Human population, grasshopper and plant species richness in European countries. Acta Oecologica 34: 303-310Xu XM, Harwood TD, Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2009) Spatio-temporal analysis of an invasive plant pathogen (Phytophthora ramorum) in England and Wales.Ecography 32: 504-516

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