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E-WASTE PRESENTED BY Prateek kumar rjit gwalior mp(8269262630)

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E- WASTE ANALYSIS IN INDIA

Published in: Engineering
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E-WASTE PRESENTED BY Prateek kumar rjit gwalior mp(8269262630)

  1. 1. RUSTAMJI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BORDER SECURITY FORCE TEKANPUR GWALIOR (M.P) SEMINAR ON ELECTRONIC WASTE SUBMITED TO SUBMITED BY ANJANA GOEN PRATEEK KUMAR (HOD OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT) 0902EC13MT 09 COMMUNICATION SYSTEM MTECH 2ND YEAR
  2. 2. INDIA’S FASTEST GROWING WASTE
  3. 3. E - WASTES
  4. 4. THE BASEL ACTION NETWORK (BAN) STATEMENT 80 per cent of e-waste collected by the US is exported to India, China, Pakistan, Taiwan and a number of African countries. This is done because Cheaper labor is available for recycling in these countries. In the US, export of e-waste is legal.  There is no banned on import of E-WASTE in India In India, recycling of e-waste is almost left to the informal sector, which does not have adequate means to handle either the increasing quantities or certain processes, leading to intolerable risk for human health and the environment.
  5. 5. E-WASTE PRODUSING BY STATES 10 STATES CONTRIBUTE 70% EWASTE
  6. 6. 65 CITIES GENRATE 60 % E-WASTES
  7. 7. E-WASTE EFFECTS ENVIRONMENT • It may cause soil air and water pollution too • Acid and sludge obtained from melting computer chips , if disposed on ground and water causes acidification of soil and water . • The most dangerous form of burning E-Waste is the open air burning of plastics in order to recover copper , silver , gold , platinum or other metals .
  8. 8. BURNING OF E-WASTE 0N RIVER BANK
  9. 9. METAL DANGER Lead A neurotoxin that affects the kidneys and the reproductive sysIt affects mental development in children Mercury Mercury Affects the central nervous system, kidneys and immune system. Methylated mercury is toxic and can enter the human food chain through aquatic Cadmium Severe pain in the joints and spine. It affects the kidneys and softens bones. Beryllium Causes lung diseases Chromium Damage liver and kidneys and cause bronchial maladies including asthmatic bronchitis and lung cancer. Plastics Can harm reproductive and immune systems. Acid Cause respiratory problems and eye and skin related problems
  10. 10. CHALLENGES 1. Accurate figures not available for rapidly increasing e-waste volumes -generated domestically and by imports . 2. Low level of awareness among manufacturers and consumers of the hazards of incorrect e-waste disposal 3. Major portion of e-waste is processed by the informal (unorganised) sector using rudimentary techniques such as acid leaching and open-air burning, which results in severe environmental damage
  11. 11. 5. e-waste workers have little or no knowledge of toxins in e-waste and are exposed to health hazards 6. High-risk backyard recycling operations impact vulnerable social groups like women, children and immigrant labourers 7. Inefficient recycling processes result in substantial losses of material value and resources
  12. 12. 8. Cherry-picking by recyclers who recover precious metals (gold, platinum, silver, copper, etc) and improperly dispose of the rest, posing environmental hazards 9. No specific legislation for dealing with e-waste at present
  13. 13. E-WASTE MANAGEMENT The major components of e-waste management are: 1. e-waste collection, sorting and transportation 2. e-waste recycling; it involves dismantling, recovery of valuable resource, sale of dismantled parts and export of processed waste for precious metal recovery THE STAKEHOLDERS The people who can help in overcoming the challenges posed by e-waste, are: 1. Manufacturers 2. Users 3. Recyclers 4. Policy makers
  14. 14. WHAT SHOULD BE DONE ? • Need for stringent health safeguards and environmental protection laws in India • Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR) • Import of e-waste under license • Need Producer-Public and Government cooperation • Choosing safer technologies and cleaner substitutes • Awareness programme • Monitoring of compliance of Rules • Effective regulatory mechanism strengthened by manpower and technical expertise • Reduction of waste at source • Recognizing the unorganized sector in India
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF RECYCLING • Reduction of need forlandfills • Material recovery • Resale and Reuse is possible • Creation of jobs .
  16. 16. CONCLUSION Rules shall apply to every  Producer(s)  Distributer(s)  Collection centre(s)  Refurbisher(s)  Dismantler(s)  Recycler(s)  Consumer(s) or bulk consumer(s) involved in the manufacture, sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment or components .
  17. 17. Without effective reduce reuse and recycle , E-Waste is dangerous for environment and human beings Manufacturing companies should not use non toxic chemicals in their products . Environmental law should be made and enforced seriously E-Waste management new techniques should be used to improve awareness stakeholder engagement and estimates of e-waste

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