SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop

Vactrain is the principle used for pneumatic transportation in both ET3 and Hyperloop .

1 of 42
Download to read offline
VACTRAIN
Train that runs inside a vacuum
pipe!
1
SEMINAR BY : AVIN GANAPATHI
VAC = VACUUM
+
TRAIN= A SERIES OF
CONNECTED VEHICLES
2
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
HISTORY
WORKING
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
CASE STUDY
CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
 Magnetically levitated train will run inside a
tunnel or pipe that contains no air.
 No drag or friction, so low power consumption
and high speeds.
 Use gravity to assist their acceleration.
4
Principle of VACTRAIN
 Pneumatic Tube .
 Magnetic Levitation.
5
6
Ad

Recommended

More Related Content

What's hot

Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhadeHyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhadeAishwarya Karhade
 
Hyperloop tansportation
Hyperloop tansportation Hyperloop tansportation
Hyperloop tansportation Debraj Maji
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Rahul John
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemHyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemDhananjay Kumar
 
Ppt on hyperloop
Ppt on hyperloopPpt on hyperloop
Ppt on hyperloopAtul1432
 
Hyperloop presentation
Hyperloop presentationHyperloop presentation
Hyperloop presentationSazzad Shawon
 
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportHyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportUmar Ahmed
 
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR D
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR DHYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR D
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR DHEMANTH KUMAR D
 
The hyperloop by rishabh mishra
The hyperloop by rishabh mishraThe hyperloop by rishabh mishra
The hyperloop by rishabh mishraRishabh Mishra
 
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadHyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadWashique Ahmad
 

What's hot (20)

Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhadeHyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhade
Hyperloop new transportation system seminar presentation - Aishwarya karhade
 
Hyperloop tansportation
Hyperloop tansportation Hyperloop tansportation
Hyperloop tansportation
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation systemHyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop transportation system
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Ppt on hyperloop
Ppt on hyperloopPpt on hyperloop
Ppt on hyperloop
 
Hyperloop presentation
Hyperloop presentationHyperloop presentation
Hyperloop presentation
 
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar ReportHyperloop VTU Seminar Report
Hyperloop VTU Seminar Report
 
hyper loop
hyper loophyper loop
hyper loop
 
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR D
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR DHYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR D
HYPERLOOP ENGINEERING SEMINAR-BY MR.HEMANTH KUMAR D
 
The hyperloop by rishabh mishra
The hyperloop by rishabh mishraThe hyperloop by rishabh mishra
The hyperloop by rishabh mishra
 
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique AhemadHyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
Hyperloop presentation by ER.Washique Ahemad
 
Hyperloop seminar report
Hyperloop seminar reportHyperloop seminar report
Hyperloop seminar report
 
Hyperloop technogy
Hyperloop technogyHyperloop technogy
Hyperloop technogy
 
Hyperloop ppt
Hyperloop pptHyperloop ppt
Hyperloop ppt
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 

Viewers also liked

Hyperloop - The future of Transportation
Hyperloop - The future of TransportationHyperloop - The future of Transportation
Hyperloop - The future of TransportationShubham Agarwal
 
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?Stinson
 
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]Janne Ruponen
 
Seminar report on Vactrain
Seminar report on VactrainSeminar report on Vactrain
Seminar report on VactrainPunit Chainwal
 
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionGyanendra Awasthi
 
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoAppcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoHans Knoechel
 
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittHyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittTess Audley Babbitt
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Hyperloop project
Hyperloop projectHyperloop project
Hyperloop project
 
Hyperloop transportation system
Hyperloop  transportation systemHyperloop  transportation system
Hyperloop transportation system
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop - The future of Transportation
Hyperloop - The future of TransportationHyperloop - The future of Transportation
Hyperloop - The future of Transportation
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
The Hyperloop - Fancy Commute at 800 MPH?
 
Hyperloop final
Hyperloop finalHyperloop final
Hyperloop final
 
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
1. introduction to Hyperloop Technology [3.3.2017]
 
Seminar report on Vactrain
Seminar report on VactrainSeminar report on Vactrain
Seminar report on Vactrain
 
Vactrains
VactrainsVactrains
Vactrains
 
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolutionHyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
Hyperloop- A 21st century transportation revolution
 
Hyperloop introduction
Hyperloop introductionHyperloop introduction
Hyperloop introduction
 
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & DemoAppcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
Appcelerator Hyperloop: Overview, Architecture & Demo
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
hyperloop tain..
hyperloop tain..hyperloop tain..
hyperloop tain..
 
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - BabbittHyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
Hyperloop Presentation - Babbitt
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 

Similar to Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop

Similar to Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop (18)

Hyperloop new
Hyperloop new Hyperloop new
Hyperloop new
 
Hyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation SystemHyperlop Transportation System
Hyperlop Transportation System
 
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
Hyperloop (Fifth mode of transport)
 
Hyperloop Transportation System
Hyperloop Transportation SystemHyperloop Transportation System
Hyperloop Transportation System
 
hyperloop.pptx
hyperloop.pptxhyperloop.pptx
hyperloop.pptx
 
Hyperloop welcome the future of transport
Hyperloop welcome the future of transportHyperloop welcome the future of transport
Hyperloop welcome the future of transport
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
406678621 hyperloop-pdf
406678621 hyperloop-pdf406678621 hyperloop-pdf
406678621 hyperloop-pdf
 
Hyperloop Fifth mode of transportation
Hyperloop Fifth mode of transportationHyperloop Fifth mode of transportation
Hyperloop Fifth mode of transportation
 
Heperloop
HeperloopHeperloop
Heperloop
 
Ppt hyperloop (1).pptx 333
Ppt hyperloop (1).pptx 333Ppt hyperloop (1).pptx 333
Ppt hyperloop (1).pptx 333
 
Prospects of Hyperloop Transportation Technology: A Case of China
Prospects of Hyperloop Transportation Technology: A Case of ChinaProspects of Hyperloop Transportation Technology: A Case of China
Prospects of Hyperloop Transportation Technology: A Case of China
 
Seminar hyperloop
Seminar hyperloopSeminar hyperloop
Seminar hyperloop
 
FINAL.pptx
FINAL.pptxFINAL.pptx
FINAL.pptx
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
HyperloopHyperloop
Hyperloop
 
hyperloop
hyperloophyperloop
hyperloop
 
Hyperloop
Hyperloop Hyperloop
Hyperloop
 

More from Avin Ganapathi

More from Avin Ganapathi (8)

My Numismatics Avin
My Numismatics AvinMy Numismatics Avin
My Numismatics Avin
 
Tribology
TribologyTribology
Tribology
 
Tribology
TribologyTribology
Tribology
 
Cellulosic Bio Nanocomposite
Cellulosic Bio NanocompositeCellulosic Bio Nanocomposite
Cellulosic Bio Nanocomposite
 
A seminar on Basalt fiber
A seminar on Basalt fiberA seminar on Basalt fiber
A seminar on Basalt fiber
 
Robotic Surgery
Robotic Surgery Robotic Surgery
Robotic Surgery
 
Waterless washing machine
Waterless washing machineWaterless washing machine
Waterless washing machine
 
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINE
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINE
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINE
 

Recently uploaded

Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi Arabia
Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi ArabiaArchitectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi Arabia
Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi ArabiaIgnacio J. Palma, Arch PhD.
 
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptx
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptxNexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptx
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptxRohanAgarwal340656
 
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docx
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docxCenter Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docx
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docxsjzzztc
 
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptx
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptxPM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptx
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptxnissamant
 
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptx
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptxPointers and Array, pointer and String.pptx
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptxAnanthi Palanisamy
 
Laser And its Application's - Engineering Physics
Laser And its Application's - Engineering PhysicsLaser And its Application's - Engineering Physics
Laser And its Application's - Engineering PhysicsPurva Nikam
 
Introduction to the telecom tower industry
Introduction to the telecom tower industryIntroduction to the telecom tower industry
Introduction to the telecom tower industryssuserf5bbfd
 
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDB
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDBIntroduction and replication to DragonflyDB
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDBMarian Marinov
 
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docx
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docxChecklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docx
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docxNomanKhan691800
 
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdf
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdfDeluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdf
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdfartpoa9
 
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证muvgemo
 
Introduction to Binary Tree and Conersion of General tree to Binary Tree
Introduction to Binary Tree  and Conersion of General tree to Binary TreeIntroduction to Binary Tree  and Conersion of General tree to Binary Tree
Introduction to Binary Tree and Conersion of General tree to Binary TreeSwarupaDeshpande4
 
GDSC Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4 Session 4
GDSC  Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4  Session 4GDSC  Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4  Session 4
GDSC Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4 Session 4SahithiGurlinka
 
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?Marian Marinov
 
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERS
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERSCCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERS
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERSTamil949112
 
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptx
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptxModule 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptx
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptxnikshaikh786
 
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)MANICKAVASAHAM G
 
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...AshishChanchal1
 
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdf
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdfForged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdf
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdfVikasKumar11936
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi Arabia
Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi ArabiaArchitectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi Arabia
Architectural Preservation - Heritage, focused on Saudi Arabia
 
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptx
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptxNexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptx
Nexus - Final Day 12th February 2024.pptx
 
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docx
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docxCenter Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docx
Center Enamel is the leading bolted steel tanks manufacturer in China.docx
 
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptx
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptxPM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptx
PM24_Oral_Presentation_Template_Guidelines.pptx
 
AC DISTRIBUTION - ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM
AC DISTRIBUTION - ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMAC DISTRIBUTION - ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM
AC DISTRIBUTION - ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM
 
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptx
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptxPointers and Array, pointer and String.pptx
Pointers and Array, pointer and String.pptx
 
Laser And its Application's - Engineering Physics
Laser And its Application's - Engineering PhysicsLaser And its Application's - Engineering Physics
Laser And its Application's - Engineering Physics
 
Introduction to the telecom tower industry
Introduction to the telecom tower industryIntroduction to the telecom tower industry
Introduction to the telecom tower industry
 
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDB
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDBIntroduction and replication to DragonflyDB
Introduction and replication to DragonflyDB
 
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docx
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docxChecklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docx
Checklist to troubleshoot CD moisture profiles.docx
 
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdf
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdfDeluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdf
Deluck Technical Works Company Profile.pdf
 
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证
【文凭定制】坎特伯雷大学毕业证学历认证
 
Introduction to Binary Tree and Conersion of General tree to Binary Tree
Introduction to Binary Tree  and Conersion of General tree to Binary TreeIntroduction to Binary Tree  and Conersion of General tree to Binary Tree
Introduction to Binary Tree and Conersion of General tree to Binary Tree
 
GDSC Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4 Session 4
GDSC  Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4  Session 4GDSC  Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4  Session 4
GDSC Google Cloud Study jam Web Bootcamp - Day-4 Session 4
 
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?
Microservices: Benefits, drawbacks and are they for me?
 
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERS
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERSCCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERS
CCW332-DIGITAL MARKETING QUESTION BANK WITH ANSWERS
 
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptx
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptxModule 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptx
Module 2_ Divide and Conquer Approach.pptx
 
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)
Microstructure of Hadfield Steels (Robert Hadfield)
 
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...
Series of training sessions by our experts for you to provide necessary insig...
 
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdf
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdfForged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdf
Forged Fitting Socket Welding Standard- ASME-B16.11-2001.pdf
 

Vactrain an insight into Hyperloop

  • 1. VACTRAIN Train that runs inside a vacuum pipe! 1 SEMINAR BY : AVIN GANAPATHI
  • 2. VAC = VACUUM + TRAIN= A SERIES OF CONNECTED VEHICLES 2
  • 4. INTRODUCTION  Magnetically levitated train will run inside a tunnel or pipe that contains no air.  No drag or friction, so low power consumption and high speeds.  Use gravity to assist their acceleration. 4
  • 5. Principle of VACTRAIN  Pneumatic Tube .  Magnetic Levitation. 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. HISTORY 7  Pneumatic Tube Transport. Aeolian : George Medhurst. Crystal Palace pneumatic railway. Beach Pneumatic Transit Company. Vactrain : Robert Goddard Swissmetro. The Very High Speed Transit System. Evacuated Tube Transport Technologies (ET3). Hyperloop.
  • 8. Pneumatic Tube Transport These are the systems that propel cylindrical containers through a network of tubes by compressed air or by partial vacuum. They are used for transporting solid objects, as opposed to conventional pipelines, which transport fluids. 8
  • 9. Aeolian On September 1827 George Medhurst a Mechanical Engineer in his book titled “Machinery for the rapid Conveyance of Goods and Passengers by Air” proposed the idea pneumatic transport. 9
  • 10. The Crystal Palace pneumatic railway was an experimental atmospheric railway that was designed by Thomas Webster Rammell in 1864 10
  • 11. In 1869, Alfred Ely Beach began constructing a subway line beneath Broadway in which air pressure in the tube pushed the cars. 11
  • 12. In the 1910s, vacuum train were first described by rocket pioneer Robert Goddard. 12
  • 13. During the 1970s Robert M Salter of RAND published an article about Very High Speed Transit System (VHST). 13
  • 14. The ET3 Global Alliance was founded by Daryl Oster in 1997 with the goal of establishing a global transportation system . 14
  • 15. The Hyperloop is a conceptual high –speed transportation system put forward by Elon Musk of Tesla corporation. 15
  • 16. 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18. Rand Corporation The Vactrain is a magnetically levitated, or magnetically powered, train system running in evacuated or partly evacuated tubes or tunnels. The lack of air resistance could permit vactrains to use little power and to move at extremely high speeds, up to 4000-5000 mph (6400-8000 km/h, 2 km/s), or 5-6 times the speed of sound (Mach 1) at standard conditions.  It explained there is the extremely important matter of the use and conservation of immense amounts of energy needed to move the vehicles at such great speed. 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. Evacuated Tube Transport Technologies(ET3) Car sized passenger capsules travel in 1.5m (5') diameter tubes on frictionless maglev. Air is permanently removed from the two-way tubes that are built along a travel route.  Airlocks at stations allow transfer of capsules without admitting air. Linear electric motors accelerate the capsules, which then coast through the vacuum for the remainder of the trip using no additional power. Most of the energy is regenerated as the capsules slow down. ET3 can provide 50 times more transportation per kWh than electric cars or trains. 20
  • 21. Speed in initial ET3 systems is 600km/h (370 mph) for in state trips, and will be developed to 6,500 km/h (4,000 mph) for international travel that will allow passenger or cargo travel from New York to Beijing in 2 hours. ET3 is networked like freeways, except the capsules are automatically routed from origin to destination. 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. HYPERLOOP The Hyperloop concept is proposed to operate by sending specially designed "capsules" or "pods" through a continuous steel tube maintained at a partial vacuum. Each capsule floats on a 0.5- to-1.3-millimetre (0.02 to 0.05 in) layer of air provided under pressure to air-bearing "skis", similar to how pucks are suspended in an air hockey table, thus avoiding the use of maglev while still allowing for speeds which wheels cannot sustain. Linear induction motors located along the tube would accelerate and decelerate the capsule to the appropriate speed for each section of the tube route. With rolling resistance eliminated and air resistance greatly reduced, the capsules are theorized to be able to glide for the bulk of the journey. In the Hyperloop concept, an electrically driven inlet fan and air compressor would be placed at the nose of the capsule in order to "actively transfer high pressure air from the front to the rear of the vessel," resolving the problem of high speed transport in a tube that is not a hard vacuum, wherein pressure builds up in front of the vehicle, slowing it down. 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. Capsule The capsules, which are proposed to be 2.23 metres (7 ft 4 in) in diameter for the passenger-only version, are projected to reach a top speed of 760 mph (1,220 km/h) so as to maintain aerodynamic efficiency, and the design proposes that passengers will experience a maximum inertial acceleration of 0.5 g, about 2 or 3 times that of a commercial airliner on takeoff and landing. At those speeds there would not be a sonic boom; with low-pressure warm air inside the tubes, Musk hypothesizes that the pods could travel at high speeds without crossing the sound barrier. 25
  • 26. Design Process  The simulation showed that the capsule design would need to be significantly reshaped to avoid creating supersonic airflow, and that the gap between the tube wall and capsule would need to be larger.  In October 2013, the development team of the OpenMDAO software framework released an unfinished, conceptual open-source model of parts of the Hyperloop's propulsion system. The team asserted that the model demonstrated the concept's feasibility, although the tube would need to be 13 feet (4 m) in diameter, significantly larger than originally projected.  In November 2013, MathWorks published a blog post with analysis of the route in the initial proposal. The analysis focused on acceleration forces that would be experienced by passengers along the journey and the necessary deviations from public roadways in order to keep the accelerations reasonable. 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. In September 2013, Ansys Corporation ran computational fluid dynamics simulations to model the aerodynamics of the capsule and shear stress forces that the capsule would be subjected to. The simulation showed that the capsule design would need to be significantly reshaped to avoid creating supersonic airflow, and that the gap between the tube wall and capsule would need to be larger. Sandeep Sovani said the simulation showed that Hyperloop has challenges but that he is convinced it is feasible. 28
  • 29. 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. Hyperloop Passenger Capsule Hyperloop capsules will float above the tube’s surface on an array of 28 air bearing skis that are geometrically conformed to the tube walls. The skis, each 4.9 ft (1.5 meters) in length and 3.0 ft (0.9 meters) in width, support the weight of the capsule by floating on a pressurized cushion of air 0.020 to 0.050 in. (0.5 to 1.3 mm) off the ground. Peak pressures beneath the skis need only reach 1.4 psi (9.4 kPa) to support the passenger capsule (9% of sea level atmospheric pressure). The skis depend on two mechanisms to pressurize the thin air film: external pressurization and aerodynamics. 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES  Safer.  Faster.  Lower cost.  More convenient.  Immune to weather.  Sustainably self powering.  Resistant to Earthquakes.  Not disruptive to those along the route. 33
  • 34. 34
  • 35. DISADVANTAGES Punctured tunnel could cause shock- waves. High speed might cause dizziness in some passengers. High speed might cause dizziness in some passengers. 35
  • 36. CASE STUDY Artificial Vacuum. Design & Design Practice. Design Process . 36
  • 37. 37
  • 38. 38
  • 39. CONCLUSION I analyzed the practicability of a Vactrain and how it would impact the world. In the world of today, where distances are no longer a constraint to communication, the next expected step is high speed travel. The Vactrain outweighs the current modes of transport in several ways, making it a ground-breaking idea. It has a clear edge over present airplanes, trains and automobiles as it causes no pollution and does not operate with gas or petroleum. 39
  • 40. 40 REFERENCES George Medhurst, A New method of conveying letters and goods with great certainty and rapidity by air. London: 1810. George Medhurst, Calculations and remarks tending to prove the practicability ... of a plan for the rapid conveyance of goods and passengers upon an iron road through a tube of 30 feet in area, by the power and velocity of air. London: 1812. Musk, Elon (August 12, 2013). "Hyperloop Alpha" SpaceX. Retrieved August 13, 2013. "Beyond the hype of Hyperloop: An analysis of Elon Musk's proposed transit system" Gizmag.com. August 22, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  • 41. 41
  • 42. 42