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Proposal on Solid Waste Management

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Research proposal for getting Scholarship from Japan government.

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Proposal on Solid Waste Management

  1. 1. Proposal of Solid Waste Management Presented to: Dr Enge. Mujammel Haque Associate Professor FBA, USTC Research Methodology
  2. 2. Solid Waste useless and unwanted products in the solid state derived from the activities of and discarded by society. It is produced either by - product of production processes or arise from the domestic or commercial sector when objects or materials are discarded after use.
  3. 3. The City of Mandaue received the “GAWAD PANGULO SA KAPALIGIRAN AWARD” for two consecutive years, year 2010-2011 being the “MOST CLEANEST AND GREENEST CITY” in the highly urbanize city category.
  4. 4. Research Problem • Municipal Solid Waste is nonhazardous waste posing no direct threat to humans or ecology • Still there are risks • Excess generation • Improper management, which can lead to… • bacterial contamination: unsanitary conditions • toxic contamination: hazardous wastes mixed in • air pollution: incineration or decomposition gases
  5. 5. OBJECTIVE  monitor  coordinate  facilitate  generate  make conscious  provide assistance  development  implementation  improved solid waste management  acheiving 90% waste collection efficiency within 30 months
  6. 6. Significance to knowledge • Collection and disposal of existing waste littered throughout the project area. • Achievement of 90% waste collection efficiency within 30 months of commercial operations of the project. • Public participation. • Enforcement of strict environmental and municipal laws. • Collection and transportation of solid waste. • Waste reduction through extraction of recyclable material (Material Recovery) and composting. • Final disposal at the landfill site. • Improvement in city’s environment and aesthetics.
  7. 7. Literature review  Why Wsate Management is require?  What is happening around being unplanned waste management?
  8. 8. What is the effect of Climate Change? The Greenhouse Effect
  9. 9. Climate Change Means.....  Less harvest,  Less catch fish,  Less food on the table.  More droughts and floods,  More typhoons and landslides,  More diseases,  More properties destroyed,
  10. 10. Flash back of Japan
  11. 11. Human activities are causing accelerated climate change
  12. 12. The changes are happening at a rate faster than ever… climate change impacts are accelerating
  13. 13. CORAL REEFS NORTH POLE EARTH IS MELTING
  14. 14. Typhoons Stronger Wetter Unpredictable More people at risk FISH KILL
  15. 15. SNOW STORM SAND STORM SNOW STORM
  16. 16.  WHY is this happening to us  WHATawaitsusinthefuture  Can we stopthe plunderof our environment– the very sourceof our LIFE  Can we do it
  17. 17. Yes We CAN....! The solutions are … in our hands… Pursue genuine sustainable development
  18. 18. WE MUST PROTECT OUR PEOPLE OUR ENVIRONMENT OUR FUTURE Protect our seas. Protectourforests. Promotelovefor nature.
  19. 19. Do you want to see positive change in this world?
  20. 20. Our actions today will shape our future.
  21. 21. Solid Waste Management We can safe our environment by effective use or management of Waste...
  22. 22. R.A. 9003, ECO-WASTE MANAGEMENT LAW Principally, RA 9003 mandates the segregation of wastes at source collection and transfer and prioritizes the wide dissemination and adoption of measures for waste reduction, resource recovery, recycling, and re-use. Its salient features include: 1. Phasing out of open dumping in favor of sanitary landfills and banning of open burning of solid wastes. Non-segregation of wastes is made illegal. 2. Phasing out of non-recyclable consumer packaging materials and non-biodegradable packaging materials such as plastic bag, styrofoam, and aluminum foil. 3. Mandates the establishment of recycling centers at every barangay nationwide. 4. Calls for the integration of solid waste management concerns in the school curriculum starting in the elementary level. 5. Requires the preparation of 10-year solid waste management plans by all local government units.
  23. 23. Dumpsite of solid waste
  24. 24. project process and operation  Recycling & Reuse  Non-engineered disposal  Sanitary landfilling  Biogas  Composting  Incineration  Gasification
  25. 25. Gasification: Environmental Benefits 1. Gasification plants produce significantly lower quantities of criteria air pollutants. 2. Gasification can reduce the environmental impact of waste disposal because it can use waste products as feedstock—generating valuable products from materials that would otherwise be disposed as wastes. 3. Gasification's byproducts are non-hazardous and are readily marketable. 4. Gasification plants use significantly less water than traditional coal-based power generation, and can be designed so they recycle their process water, discharging none into the surrounding environment. 5. Carbon dioxide (CO2) can be captured from an industrial gasification plant using commercially proven technologies. 6. Gasification offers the cleanest, most efficient means of producing electricity from coal and the lowest cost option for capturing CO2 from power generation, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.
  26. 26. Effects of waste if not managed wisely Affects our health Affects our socio-economic conditions Affects our coastal and marine environment Affects our climate
  27. 27. Methodology
  28. 28. Result Landfills- where the waste is compacted and covered with soil before a new layer is dumped on. Incineration- is an alternative method of waste disposal, which reduce the volume of waste. Recycling- could reduce considerably the amount of garbage by reusing glass, plastics, aluminium, metals, scrap iron, and other materials. -this would reduce air, water and land pollution.
  29. 29. Project Duration After an initial period of 3 year, the project will be handed over to the local government
  30. 30. Project Budget Here is the budget classification of the entire project spread over the 3 year period. Item Estimated Cost • Accomodation $2,287.00 • Portable Machinery $1,020.00 • Maintenance $2,500.00 • Administration $1,500.00 • Waste Disposal Facility $5,000.00 • Miscellaneous $1,000.00
  31. 31. References • Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES). Kitakyushu initiative for a clean environment www.iges.or.jp/kitakyushu • Ministry of the Environment, Japan. (2003). The challenge to establish a sound material-cycle society. Tokyo, Japan. • Mendes, M.R. (2002). A comparison of the environmental impact of municipal solid waste management options by life cycle assessment. Doctoral Thesis, University of Tokyo. • World Bank (1999). What a waste: solid waste management in Asia. Urban Development Sector Unit, Washington DC, US. • UNEP (1996). International source book on environmentally sound technologies for municipal solid waste management. Vol. 6. International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), Osaka, Japan. • Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) (2001). Urban environmental challenge in Asia: current situations and management strategies. Part I: The summary of UE 1st phase project. Urban Environmental Management Project, Hayama, Japan. • For more information, cdm.unfccc.int
  32. 32. Proposed and Presented by MEHEDI HASAN 7th Semester Class ID: 1114 THANK YOU!

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