Dr Enge. Mujammel Haque
useless and unwanted products in the solid state
derived from the activities of and discarded by
society. It is produced either by - product of
production processes or arise from the domestic
or commercial sector when objects or materials
are discarded after use.
The City of Mandaue received the
“GAWAD PANGULO SA KAPALIGIRAN
AWARD” for two consecutive years,
year 2010-2011 being the “MOST
CLEANEST AND GREENEST CITY” in
the highly urbanize city category.
• Municipal Solid Waste is nonhazardous waste posing
no direct threat to humans or ecology
• Still there are risks
• Excess generation
• Improper management, which can lead to…
• bacterial contamination: unsanitary conditions
• toxic contamination: hazardous wastes mixed in
• air pollution: incineration or decomposition gases
improved solid waste management
acheiving 90% waste collection
efficiency within 30 months
Significance to knowledge
• Collection and disposal of existing waste littered throughout the project
• Achievement of 90% waste collection efficiency within 30 months of
commercial operations of the project.
• Public participation.
• Enforcement of strict environmental and municipal laws.
• Collection and transportation of solid waste.
• Waste reduction through extraction of recyclable material (Material
Recovery) and composting.
• Final disposal at the landfill site.
• Improvement in city’s environment and aesthetics.
Why Wsate Management is
What is happening around being
unplanned waste management?
What is the effect of Climate Change?
Less catch fish,
Less food on the table.
More droughts and floods,
More typhoons and landslides,
More properties destroyed,
Solid Waste Management
We can safe our
environment by effective use
or management of Waste...
R.A. 9003, ECO-WASTE
Principally, RA 9003 mandates the segregation of wastes at source
collection and transfer and prioritizes the wide dissemination and
adoption of measures for waste reduction, resource recovery,
recycling, and re-use. Its salient features include:
1. Phasing out of open dumping in favor of sanitary landfills and
banning of open burning of solid wastes. Non-segregation of wastes
is made illegal.
2. Phasing out of non-recyclable consumer packaging materials and
non-biodegradable packaging materials such as plastic bag,
styrofoam, and aluminum foil.
3. Mandates the establishment of recycling centers at every
4. Calls for the integration of solid waste management concerns in
the school curriculum starting in the elementary level.
5. Requires the preparation of 10-year solid waste management
plans by all local government units.
Gasification: Environmental Benefits
1. Gasification plants produce significantly lower quantities of criteria air pollutants.
2. Gasification can reduce the environmental impact of waste disposal because it
can use waste products as feedstock—generating valuable products from materials
that would otherwise be disposed as wastes.
3. Gasification's byproducts are non-hazardous and are readily marketable.
4. Gasification plants use significantly less water than traditional coal-based
power generation, and can be designed so they recycle their process water,
discharging none into the surrounding environment.
5. Carbon dioxide (CO2) can be captured from an industrial gasification plant
using commercially proven technologies.
6. Gasification offers the cleanest, most efficient means of producing electricity
from coal and the lowest cost option for capturing CO2 from power generation,
according to the U.S. Department of Energy.
Effects of waste
if not managed wisely
Affects our health
Affects our socio-economic conditions
Affects our coastal and marine environment
Affects our climate
Landfills- where the waste is compacted and covered
with soil before a new layer is dumped on.
Incineration- is an alternative method of waste
disposal, which reduce the volume of waste.
Recycling- could reduce considerably the amount of
garbage by reusing glass, plastics, aluminium,
metals, scrap iron, and other materials.
-this would reduce air, water and land pollution.
After an initial period of 3
year, the project will be handed
over to the local government
Here is the budget classification of the entire project spread over the 3 year period.
Item Estimated Cost
• Accomodation $2,287.00
• Portable Machinery $1,020.00
• Maintenance $2,500.00
• Administration $1,500.00
• Waste Disposal Facility $5,000.00
• Miscellaneous $1,000.00
• Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES). Kitakyushu
initiative for a clean environment www.iges.or.jp/kitakyushu
• Ministry of the Environment, Japan. (2003). The challenge to
establish a sound material-cycle society. Tokyo, Japan.
• Mendes, M.R. (2002). A comparison of the environmental impact of
municipal solid waste management options by life cycle assessment.
Doctoral Thesis, University of Tokyo.
• World Bank (1999). What a waste: solid waste management in
Asia. Urban Development Sector Unit, Washington DC, US.
• UNEP (1996). International source book on environmentally sound
technologies for municipal solid waste management. Vol. 6.
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), Osaka,
• Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) (2001). Urban
environmental challenge in Asia: current situations and
management strategies. Part I: The summary of UE 1st phase
project. Urban Environmental Management Project, Hayama,
• For more information, cdm.unfccc.int
Proposed and Presented by
Class ID: 1114