MODES OF TRANSPORTATION
1. RAIL relatively slow and expensive
2. ROAD relatively slow
3. WATER relatively slow
4. AIR fast and expensive
What is HYPERLOOP?
Hyperloop is a new mode of transportation?
A high speed train that promises travel at twice the
speed of commercial aircraft, transporting passengers
from Los Angeles to San Francisco in just 30 minutes.
It is proposed by
and inventor. He is
currently the CEO &
CTO of SpaceX and
CEO & Chief
of Tesla Motors.
CONCEPT OF HYPERLOOP
Elon Musk proposed the Hyperloop as an alternative to
the costly California “high speed” rail
A Hyperloop would be ‘an elevated, reduced-pressure
tube that contains pressurized capsules driven within
the tube by a number of linear electric motors.
The system can achieve an average speed of 598 mph
(962 km/h), and a top speed of 760 mph (1,220 km/h).
Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with
capsules that are transported at both low and high
speeds throughout the length of the tube.
Hyperloop will serve as a form of greenn
transportation as the energy requirements will be met
through Solar energy which will make it energy
The maximum width of the capsule is 4.43 ft (1.35 m) and
maximum height is 6.11 ft (1.10 m). With rounded corners,
this is equivalent to a 15 ft² (1.14m²) frontal area, not including
any propulsion or suspension components.
One important feature of the capsule is the onboard
compressor, which serves two purposes . This system allows
the capsule to traverse the relatively narrow tube without
choking flow that travels between the capsule and the tube
By compressing air that is bypassed through the capsule. It
also supplies air to air bearings that support the weight of
the capsule throughout the journey.
The tube is made of steel.
Solar arrays will cover the top of the tubes in order to
provide power to the system.
The tube cross-sectional area is 42.2 ft² (3.91 m2)
giving a capsule/tube area ratio of 36% or a diameter
ratio of 60%.
The tube will be supported by pillars.
Average spacing is 30m between each pillar.
There will be roughly 25000 pillars for a distance of
680 kilometers • Built using reinforced concrete .
Tunneling mountains to kept the route straight.
Linear accelerators are constructed along the length of
the tube at various locations to accelerate the capsules.
Stators are located on the capsules to transfer
momentum to the capsules via the linear accelerators.
Capsules are accelerated by linear magnetic induction
and decelerated by regenerative braking similar to
magnetic levitation trains.
The Hyperloop uses a linear induction motor to
accelerate and decelerate the capsule. This provides
several important benefits over a permanent magnet
Economical to build and operate
made using extant technologies
safe and eco-friendly.
Inventor cannot complete alone
no working prototype for testing.
Infrastructure will take time.
More efficient than air under 900 ml
ideal frequent travelers open source
Societal resistance to change
California’s high speed rail
established modes of transit.
Lower cost at this kind of speed
Immune to weather
Sustainable (uses solar power)
Resistant to earthquakes
Decrease the traffic
Decrease the frictional losses that occur at subsonic
When we use less pressure instead of vacuum then we
need to increase the diameter of tube or go slow or
really , really fast.
But increasing speed that high will become very much
A battery can’t store enough energy to power fan over
whole journey so a linear electric motor, a round
induction motor rolled flat is provided.
A high speed transportation system known as Hyperloop
The concept of Hyperloop.
Its basically magnetic levitation train in vacuum tubes
helping in achieving high speeds. Using conventional
magnetic levitation systems.
Components of Hyperloop
SWOT analysis of Hyperloop
It has various advantages over traditional transport system.
Thus it also has some limitations.