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Observations on Country Case Study 
Presentations by Participants 
(UNEP-UNITAR-cifal Jeju Workshop – 
10-12 December 2013...
Bangladesh 
City: Rajshahi 
Waste: 195 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.245 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Institutes suppo...
People’s Republic of China 
City: Hangzhou 
Waste: 8876 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: ___ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
M...
India 
City: Chandigarh 
Waste: 370 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.370 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Observations: 
Dump...
India 
City: Kota 
Waste: 300 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.300 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Less paper office/E-gover...
India 
City: Vijayawada 
Waste: 550 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: _____ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste to energy pla...
India 
City: Panchkula 
Waste: ______ 
Kg/Capita/day: _____ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Good government control 
a...
Kiribati 
City: South Tarawa 
Waste: ______ 
Kg/Capita/day: _____ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Kiribati Integrated ...
Malaysia 
City: Penang 
Waste: 288,377 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 1.07 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste composition...
Mongolia 
City: Ulaaanbaatar 
Waste: ______ tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: _____ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Seasonal wa...
Nepal 
City: Kathmandu 
Waste: 475 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.3 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste generation 
asse...
Nepal 
City: Birendranagar 
Waste: 5 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.0415 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste composition...
Nepal 
City: Biratnagar 
Waste: 55 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.33 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste composition (75...
Nepal 
City: Hetauda 
Waste: 20-25 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.25 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste composition (70...
Nepal 
City: Siddharthanagar 
Waste: 30 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.48 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste compositio...
Nepal 
City: Tansen Municipality 
Waste: 6 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: ____ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste composi...
Pakistan 
City: Rawalpindi 
Waste: 48000 tons/day in 
country 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.5-0.7 
(country average) 
Good Practice/Fr...
Philippines 
City: Mandaluyong 
Waste: 400,000 m3 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.71 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Master plan for...
Philippines 
City: Cagayan De Oro 
Waste: 14,346.66 m3 per 
month 
Kg/Capita/day: ___ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
...
Sri Lanka 
City: Kattankudy 
Waste: 25 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: 0.412 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste compositio...
Thailand 
City: Nong Rua 
Municipality 
Waste: 25 tons 
Kg/Capita/day: ___ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
Waste compo...
Vietnam 
City: Hue 
Waste: 205 tons/day 
Kg/Capita/day: ___ 
Good Practice/Framework/ 
System: 
30 % recycling target by 
...
COMMON ISSUES 
My city, my home?? 
Know-your-waste 
Finance (rich city - more waste) 
Waste management strategy (Reactive ...
COMMON ISSUES 
Waste management priority – 
Geographic or waste stream based 
Government commitment 
Public private partne...
Thank you! 
K D Bhardwaj 
Senior Program Officer 
Industry Department, APO 
kdbhardwaj@apo-tokyo.org
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Municipal Solid Waste Management - Observations on Presentations K D Bhardwaj

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Solid waste management in cities, observations on country presentations

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Municipal Solid Waste Management - Observations on Presentations K D Bhardwaj

  1. 1. Observations on Country Case Study Presentations by Participants (UNEP-UNITAR-cifal Jeju Workshop – 10-12 December 2013) K D Bhardwaj Senior Program Officer Asian Productivity Organization
  2. 2. Bangladesh City: Rajshahi Waste: 195 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.245 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Institutes supporting SWM: Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) Bangladesh Municipal Development Fund (BMDF) Department of Public Health Engineering Observations: 75 – 85 % compostable waste Why not compost plant with the help of external support/donor agencies? Is landfill engineered/sanitary with liner system? Efforts on 3R !!
  3. 3. People’s Republic of China City: Hangzhou Waste: 8876 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: ___ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Municipal government set waste segregation standards Waste segregation website Eco-community project for zero waste community Smart Green House project Smart Bins Observations: Waste segregation not practiced properly. No incentives for waste segregation Why incineration plants opposed? Misconception about incineration !! No space left in landfill facility after 5 years. How to tackle this issue?
  4. 4. India City: Chandigarh Waste: 370 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.370 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Observations: Dumping ground or engineered landfill ? Waste reduction/reuse/recycle targets? Door-to-door collection of waste and Waste segregation Garbage processing plant for RDF Biomethanation for slaughter house waste
  5. 5. India City: Kota Waste: 300 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.300 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Less paper office/E-governance Use of polythene bags banned Sewage treatment 100 % ash utilization Observations: Waste reduction/reuse/recycle targets? Waste collection? Waste processing and disposal facility !
  6. 6. India City: Vijayawada Waste: 550 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: _____ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste to energy plant Plan for composting/vermin-composting Observations: Medical waste / Hazardous waste handling and management Engineered landfill ? Waste reduction/reuse/recycle targets? Waste to energy plant not functioning !
  7. 7. India City: Panchkula Waste: ______ Kg/Capita/day: _____ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Good government control and administration Community Led Total Sanitation Program Observations: Power generation as part of integrated waste management Lack of systematic assessment of waste generation
  8. 8. Kiribati City: South Tarawa Waste: ______ Kg/Capita/day: _____ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Kiribati Integrated Environment Policy Joint Enforcement Team Chemical waste management Observations: Can not afford having waste ! 3Rs essential! Minimise/eliminate landfilling
  9. 9. Malaysia City: Penang Waste: 288,377 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 1.07 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition Government commitment Way forward – zero waste Observations: Segregation at source still an issue ! Waste reduction targets! ISO14001 ?
  10. 10. Mongolia City: Ulaaanbaatar Waste: ______ tons/day Kg/Capita/day: _____ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Seasonal waste composition (50 % ash in winter) Master plan available Several regulations Observations: Waste processing and disposal ? Waste sorting? System to handle seasonal variation ? 3Rs !
  11. 11. Nepal City: Kathmandu Waste: 475 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.3 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste generation assessment Construction of transfer station /landfill site Community based composting Observations: Waste collection and transportation! Final waste processing and disposal ? Waste reduction strategy!
  12. 12. Nepal City: Birendranagar Waste: 5 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.0415 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (75% organic) Solid waste management plan Observations: Why landfill site construction ? What about composting/RDF or waste to energy?
  13. 13. Nepal City: Biratnagar Waste: 55 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.33 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (75% organic) Solid waste management system (private sector) Observations: Why landfill site ? Waste reduction targets? Leachate treatment at landfill site ! Implementation of strategies?
  14. 14. Nepal City: Hetauda Waste: 20-25 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.25 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (70% organic) and waste generation assessment Color based sorting (primary and secondary) Integrated waste management plan Observations: Waste processing and disposal site ? Waste reduction targets?
  15. 15. Nepal City: Siddharthanagar Waste: 30 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.48 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (73% organic) Waste segregation at source Good understanding Observations: Why landfill site construction? Why not composting/ RDF plant? Waste reduction targets?
  16. 16. Nepal City: Tansen Municipality Waste: 6 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: ____ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (44% organic) Compost plant Plastic free municipality Observations: Why landfill site construction? 3Rs targets?
  17. 17. Pakistan City: Rawalpindi Waste: 48000 tons/day in country Kg/Capita/day: 0.5-0.7 (country average) Good Practice/Framework/ System: National guidelines Infrastructure is there SWEEP program competed Observations: No law? Waste processing and disposal facilities 3Rs targets? Much needs to be done!
  18. 18. Philippines City: Mandaluyong Waste: 400,000 m3 Kg/Capita/day: 0.71 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Master plan for SWM Ban on plastic packaging Barangay-level beautification projects Observations: Waste processing and disposal facility Waste segregation 3Rs targets?
  19. 19. Philippines City: Cagayan De Oro Waste: 14,346.66 m3 per month Kg/Capita/day: ___ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (50 % food/organic waste, plastic 25%) MRF for each Barangay plan Observations: Waste processing and disposal facility Composting/RDF plant? 3Rs targets?
  20. 20. Sri Lanka City: Kattankudy Waste: 25 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: 0.412 Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (58 % biodegradable) Local authority fully responsible Waste recycling banking system Observations: No law on waste management? Waste processing and disposal facility Composting/RDF plant? 3Rs targets?
  21. 21. Thailand City: Nong Rua Municipality Waste: 25 tons Kg/Capita/day: ___ Good Practice/Framework/ System: Waste composition (58-64 % organic waste) Assessment of waste generation Observations: Waste processing and disposal facility Composting/RDF plant? 3Rs targets? Much needs to be done
  22. 22. Vietnam City: Hue Waste: 205 tons/day Kg/Capita/day: ___ Good Practice/Framework/ System: 30 % recycling target by 2020 Plan to construct recycling facilities Observations: Waste processing and disposal facility Waste sorting ? 3Rs targets? Much needs to be done
  23. 23. COMMON ISSUES My city, my home?? Know-your-waste Finance (rich city - more waste) Waste management strategy (Reactive or proactive) Cost recovery (Is it must?) Technology
  24. 24. COMMON ISSUES Waste management priority – Geographic or waste stream based Government commitment Public private partnership Waste reduction targets Natural disasters
  25. 25. Thank you! K D Bhardwaj Senior Program Officer Industry Department, APO kdbhardwaj@apo-tokyo.org

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