13 Colonies


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13 Colonies

  1. 1. 13 Colonies<br />
  2. 2. New England Colonies<br />Rhode Island<br />Connecticut<br />Massachusetts<br />New Hampshire<br />
  3. 3. New England<br />Climate and Physical Features<br />Rocky Soils<br />Short farming season<br />Subsistence farming<br />Bad farming conditions<br />Great harbors for port<br />Cities like Boston<br />
  4. 4. New England<br />Economic Comparative Advantage<br />Commercial businesses ($$$)<br />Fishing<br />Shipping<br />manufacturing<br />
  5. 5. New England<br />Why colonies were started<br />Religious freedom<br />Pilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts <br />
  6. 6. The New England Colonies<br />Massachusetts<br />New Hampshire<br />Rhode Island<br />Connecticut<br />
  7. 7. Rhode Island<br />Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) <br />Major Cities: Providence <br />Colony Named for: Dutch for &quot;red island&quot; <br />Became a State: May 29, 1790 <br />
  8. 8. Connecticut<br />Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing) <br />Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven <br />Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, &quot;beside the long tidal river&quot; <br />Became a State: February 6, 1788 <br />
  9. 9. Massachusetts<br />Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) <br />Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord <br />Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means &quot;large hill place&quot;) <br />Became a State: February 6, 1788 <br />
  10. 10. New Hampshire<br />Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) <br />Major Cities: Concord <br />Colony Named for: county of Hampshire in England <br />Became a State: June 21, 1788 <br />
  11. 11. Middle Colonies<br />Delaware<br />Pennsylvania<br />New York<br />New Jersey<br />
  12. 12. Middle Colonies<br />Climate and Physical Features<br />Good Soil<br />Longer growing seasons than New England<br />Ok Harbors<br />
  13. 13. Middle Colonies<br />Economic Comparative Advantage<br />Known as the “Breadbasket”<br />Grew crops like wheat and corn <br />Provided food for other colonies<br />Some shipping and manufacturing<br />
  14. 14. Middle Colonies<br />Why colonies were started<br />Religious Freedom<br />Make money through trade (New York and New Jersey)<br />
  15. 15. The Middle Colonies<br />New York<br />New Jersey<br />Pennsylvania<br />Delaware<br />
  16. 16. Delaware<br />Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) <br />Major Cities: Wilmington <br />Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr<br />Became a State: December 7, 1787 <br />
  17. 17. Pennsylvania<br />Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding) <br />Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York <br />Colony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for &quot;forest&quot; <br />Became a State: December 12, 1787 <br />
  18. 18. New York<br />Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island <br />Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat) <br />Major Cities: New York City, Albany <br />Colony Named for: Duke of York <br />Became a State: July 26, 1788 <br />
  19. 19. New Jersey<br />Founded: 1664 by English colonists <br />Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering) <br />Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton <br />Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in England <br />Became a State: December 18, 1787 <br />
  20. 20. Southern Colonies<br />Maryland<br />Virginia<br />North Carolina<br />South Carolina<br />Georgia<br />
  21. 21. Southern Colonies<br />Climate and Physical Features<br />Great Soil<br />Warm Weather<br />Very long growing seasons<br />Bad harbors<br />
  22. 22. Southern Colonies<br />Economic Comparative Advantage<br />Focused on farming cash crops<br />Large plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo<br />Almost no shipping<br />
  23. 23. Southern Colonies<br />Why colonies were started<br />Almost all were started to make money by growing cash crops<br />Maryland was started for religious freedom<br />Georgia<br />A place for criminals/ debtors <br />
  24. 24. Southern Colonies<br />Maryland<br />Virginia<br />North Carolina<br />South Carolina<br />Georgia<br />
  25. 25. Maryland<br />Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore <br />Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) <br />Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis <br />Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England <br />Became a State: April 28, 1788 <br />
  26. 26. Virginia<br />Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown <br />Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn) <br />Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond <br />Colony Named for: England&apos;s &quot;Virgin Queen,&quot; Elizabeth I <br />Became a State: June 25, 1788 <br />
  27. 27. North Carolina<br />Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists <br />Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco) <br />Major Cities: Raleigh <br />Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for &quot;Charles,&quot; Charles I of England <br />Became a State: November 21, 1789 <br />
  28. 28. South Carolina<br />Founded: 1663 by English colonists <br />Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle) <br />Major Cities: Charleston <br />Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for &quot;Charles,&quot; Charles I of England <br />Became a State: May 23, 1788 <br />
  29. 29. Georgia<br />Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others <br />Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar) <br />Major Cities: Savannah <br />Colony Named for: England&apos;s King George II <br />Became a State: January 2, 1788 <br />
  30. 30. Reasons why the colonies began<br />God – Religious Freedoms<br />The Puritans and the Pilgrims fled from England to the colonies<br />Glory – Wanted the fame of starting a new country<br />Gold – People could make lots of money in the colonies especially on plantations<br />
  31. 31. The Development of Democratic Ideas<br />
  32. 32. Magna Carta-1215<br />1st document to limit power of English rulers<br />Kings and queens must obey the law too!<br />Major step toward constitutional government<br />Where? - England<br />
  33. 33. Colonial Government – 1600s<br />The governor of colony represented King <br />Colonists voted for members of a legislature (assembly)<br />
  34. 34. <ul><li>DISCUSS: In colonial government, assemblies controlled the salary of the governor. How is this an examples of Montisqieu’s separation of power?</li></li></ul><li>Virginia House of Burgesses-1619<br />1st representative assembly in America<br />Beginning of representative government<br />Where? South<br />
  35. 35. Mayflower Compact - 1620<br />1st document to establish self-government, popular sovereignty and rule of law in the colonies<br />Where? New England<br />
  36. 36. New England Town Meetings - 1629<br />Meeting for townspeople to express themselves openly <br />Helped further direct democracy as self-government in the colonies<br />One vote/one person<br />Where? New England<br />
  37. 37. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- 1639<br />1st written constitution in the American colonies<br />Began a pattern of the colonists securing guaranteed rights. <br />constitution = a written plan for government<br />Where? New England<br />
  38. 38. Maryland Toleration Act - 1649<br />1st document to recogonize religious freedom in the colonies<br />model for the 1st Amendment of the Constitution<br />Where? Southern<br />
  39. 39. Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)<br />Governor William Berkeley agreed to keep settlers from taking Native American land.<br />Nathaniel Bacon disagreed strongly and led attacks on colonial government<br />Rebellion against an oppressive government<br />Where? South<br />
  40. 40. English Bill of Rights (1689)<br />List of rights for the English citizens<br />Where? England<br />Discuss<br />Today where can US citizens look to find rights that are given?<br />
  41. 41. Peter Zenger Trial - 1734<br />First case to protect the idea of freedom of the press in the colonies<br />Where? Middle<br />
  42. 42. Enlightenment Thinkers<br />
  43. 43. Enlightenment Thinkers Ideas<br />They argued that the laws of nature also applied to human life and society.<br />
  44. 44. John Locke (England)<br />Viewpoints<br /><ul><li>All humans have “natural rights”
  45. 45. Life
  46. 46. Liberty
  47. 47. Property
  48. 48. In order to have their “natural rights” protected, humans give up certain freedoms to Government
  49. 49. If gov’t does NOT protect your Rights, citizens can OVERTHROW it!!!</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>DISCUSS: When you go through airport security, what freedoms might you give up? Which one of your “natural rights” is the government protecting?</li></li></ul><li>Baron de Montesquieu (France)<br />Viewpoints<br />Believed too much power in one place is dangerous for others<br />Introduced “Separation of Powers” between branches of government<br />Ex: England’s Government<br />King-enforced laws<br />Parliament-made laws<br />Judges-interpreted laws<br />
  50. 50. <ul><li>DISCUSS: What might happen if Police Officers were the ones who determined the people they arrested guilty instead of judges or juries? </li></li></ul><li>Jean Jacques Rousseau (France)<br />Viewpoints<br />Humans will destroy themselves if they don’t give up some freedoms<br />Humans create a “social contract” with government to protect themselves <br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>Discuss: How are speed limits examples of the social contract?</li></li></ul><li>Voltaire (France & England)<br />Viewpoints<br />Believed in Civil Liberties<br />Trial by Jury of peers<br />Freedom of Religion<br />Freedom of Speech<br />
  52. 52. <ul><li>DISCUSS: Voltaire once said:“I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your RIGHT to say it.”What do you think he meant by that?</li>