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Monroe presidency


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Monroe's Presidency

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Monroe presidency

  1. 1. A GROWING SENSE OF UNITY • After the War of 1812, Americans begin to feel more loyalty toward the Federal Government and the United States as a whole. Some newspapers began to call this time after another successful war against Great Britain, “The Era of Good Feelings”. • In addition, the Federalist Party had disintegrated after the Hartford Convention. So even political fighting began to cool down. James Monroe is elected • The Country finally began to President in 1820, unopposed. gain an unified identity.
  2. 2. The American System A plan to strengthen the U. S. Economy.  Variety of protective tariffs  Create the Second National Bank  Improve and build road and canal systems
  3. 3. AMERICAN SYSTEM • In 1815, two former “warhawks”, John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay, proposed the American System that created a variety of protective tariffs which encouraged Americans to buy only American made goods. • The plan proposed that with the increase in money from the tariffs, the country would be able to build up transportation and a strong national bank. This would allow the United States to become more dependent on its own citizens rather than world trade, which failed them during the War of 1812 blockade. John C. Calhoun Henry Clay
  4. 4. “Let us bind the republic together with a perfect system of roads and canals” •When John C. Calhoun spoke these words in 1817, Congress had already supported the building of a national road, but many desired a road on much larger scale. By 1841, it extended hundreds of miles across several states. •In 1825, the Erie Canal was completed. The success of the Erie Canal and the money it generated was not lost on the new country. Some cities grew into trading giants as a result of canals. New York City became the nations largest city as it nearly doubled in size by 1830. The years from 1825-1850 have been called the “Age of Canals” as many new canals were constructed in the Northern U.S.
  5. 5. In 1825, the Erie Canal opened the Great Lakes region to trade and settlement as it formed a water way to the Hudson River and Atlantic Ocean. The success of the Erie Canal led other canals in the Northern United States. Press this Button for History of the Erie Canal (Click on “Launch Erie Canal Tour”)
  6. 6. Latin America Gains Independence Miguel Hidalgo Latin American Countries such as Mexico, Venezuela, & Argentina revolted against Spain & won their Independence The United States & Britain were happy that Latin America would now be open for trade. Simon Bolivar Jose de San Martin
  7. 7. CHANGES IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE • The American Revolution had begun a chain reaction of revolutions around the world. By 1824, all of Spanish South America was independent. • The Seminole Indians were attacking American Settlements near Georgia. So, in 1817, President Monroe sent Andrew Jackson to deal with the Indians in Florida. • While he was there, Jackson also captured all of Florida from Spain and held it. Jackson was ordered to withdraw, but the U.S. demanded that Spain “police” Florida or give it up. Spain finally agreed to the AdamsOnis Treaty. The treaty required that Spain give up all of Florida and its claim on the Oregon Country. The U.S., in turn, agreed to give up its claim on Texas and a $5 million debt owed by Spain.
  8. 8. THE MONROE DOCTRINE • In 1823, President James Monroe issued the “Monroe Doctrine”. • This Monroe Doctrine banned all future European colonization and influence of the Americas. • The Monroe Doctrine would have been impossible for the small United States navy to enforce, but Great Britain also wanted to keep the Americas free from European control because of the trade benefits. • The U.S. was able to take a “tough stand” because of Great Britain’s support. James Monroe
  9. 9. Monroe Doctrine (1823) a. Proclaimed that European powers should no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the nations of the Americas. b. Established the U.S. as a strong nation. c. Many Europeans saw the Monroe Doctrine as arrogant claiming the U.S had no right to interfere in the affairs of Latin America.
  10. 10. Monroe Doctrine Political Cartoon