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Reforming Government

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MJanagement Engineering

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Reforming Government

  1. 1. Presenter: Engr. Marvin Darius M. Lagasca Professor: Jo B. Bitonio ME 215 Management of Change & Transition
  2. 2. Osborne and Gaebler suggest that governments should: <ul><li>1) steer, not row (or as Mario Cuomo put it, &quot;it is not government's obligation to provide services, but to see that they're provided&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>2) empower communities to solve their own problems rather than simply deliver services </li></ul><ul><li>3) encourage competition rather than monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>4) be driven by missions, rather than rules </li></ul><ul><li>5) be results-oriented by funding outcomes rather than inputs </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>6) meet the needs of the customer, not the bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>7) concentrate on earning money rather than </li></ul><ul><li>spending it </li></ul><ul><li>8) invest in preventing problems rather than curing crises </li></ul><ul><li>9) decentralize authority and </li></ul><ul><li>10) solve problems by influencing market forces rather than creating public programs </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Local Government Code of 1991 <ul><li>One of the main failures of the Weberian bureaucracy is it’s being too HIERARCHICAL & CENTRALIZED . </li></ul><ul><li>The 1991 LGC is a big step towards DECENTRALIZATION & DEVOLUTION of power and function. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Grounds for the LGC of 1991: <ul><li>“ It is more efficient for local authorities to administer said functions because they are in a better position to respond to diverse and changing local conditions; it promotes local democracy since local elected officials are now responsible for the delivery of such functions; and it is more equitable in the sense that local communities are more likely to get their due share of public services.” (Mila A. Reforma, 1998) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Basic Functions Devolved: <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Public Works </li></ul><ul><li>Environment & Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Social Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Management </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Management </li></ul><ul><li>Planning & Goal-Setting </li></ul>
  7. 7. B. Privatization <ul><li>Privatization is founded on the principle that “governments should steer, not row” and that &quot;it is not government's obligation to provide services, but to see that they're provided&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Government should only come in areas where private sector is unwilling or unable to provide the goods and services in a market setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy to reduce capital outlays and financial burden of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the conditionalities of IMF and WB. </li></ul>
  8. 8. C. Build-Operate and Transfer (BOT) Law/ Public-Private Partnership <ul><li>This law allows the private sector to construct, own, maintain, operate ,and manage infrastructure projects. </li></ul><ul><li>This opens the doors to active participation by the private sector in development/infrastructure projects of the government, such as roads, highways, expressways, public markets, ports, harbors, airports, industrial estates, solid waste management, telecommunications, and so forth. </li></ul>
  9. 9. D. Use of Alternative Mechanisms for Service Delivery/ NGOs <ul><li>The inadequacy and ineffectiveness of government in delivering basic services to the people have altogether led to the opening up of service delivery functions to NGOs and quasi-NGOs. </li></ul><ul><li>The absence of structural or bureaucratic constraints in the operation of many NGOs and QUANGOs makes them more reliable and efficient implementing mechanisms of basic services. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Summary (entire report): <ul><li>PA in the Philippines has undergone change and transition because of the ff reasons: </li></ul>
  11. 11. PA in the Philippines has undergone change and transition because of the ff reasons: <ul><li>Out of necessity. It needed to change because the prevailing one doesn’t work. </li></ul>
  12. 12. PA in the Philippines has undergone change and transition because of the ff reasons: <ul><li>Force of Globalization. Globalization is inevitable and either you cope up with the world or you perish. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PA in the Philippines has undergone change and transition because of the ff reasons: <ul><li>Influence of new trends (reinventing, BPR, and NPM) and inspiration from the success of other countries adopting the said changes. </li></ul>
  14. 14. PA in the Philippines has undergone change and transition because of the ff reasons: <ul><li>The citizens are not satisfied. </li></ul><ul><li>The Filipinos deserve more! </li></ul>
  15. 15. The end. Thank you so much!

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