Instructional materials

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Instructional materials

  1. 1. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Lecture 1 Mrs. Draizelle Cruz - Sexon
  2. 2. Instructional Materials (I.M.) • considered to be forms of communication • must therefore be delivered in a manner that is equally effective for persons with disabilities
  3. 3. Communication is considered to be equally effective when it is: • comparable in quality to those received by students without disabilities • comparable in timeliness of delivery and availability • provided in a manner and medium appropriate to the significance of the message and the abilities of the person receiving the material
  4. 4. Public school Private school
  5. 5. • Thirty years ago, educators paid little attention to the work of cognitive scientists, and researchers in the nascent field of cognitive science worked far removed from classrooms.
  6. 6. • Today, cognitive researchers are spending more time working with teachers, testing and refining their theories in real classrooms where they can see how different settings and classroom interactions influence applications of their theories.
  7. 7. • In the 1950s and ’60s, developments in communications theory and systems concepts led to studies of the educational process, its elements, and their interrelationships.
  8. 8. • Among these elements are the teacher, the teaching methods, the information conveyed, the materials used, the student, and the student’s responses.
  9. 9. • As a result of these studies, the field of audiovisuals shifted its emphasis from devices and materials to the examination of the teaching-learning process. • The field is now known as audiovisual communications and educational technology, and audiovisual materials were viewed as an integral part of the educational system.
  10. 10. Classroom teaching during the early years would revolve around the “sage on the stage.”
  11. 11. In this period, teachers were the ones who would manipulate the discussion while the students would just be listening to the lecture.
  12. 12. The teacher would really use much of his teaching time posting manila paper and cartolina strips on the board.
  13. 13. The technique most commonly used was called the “chalk and talk” technique.
  14. 14. This is called TRADITIONAL TEACHING.
  15. 15. Student Satisfied with traditional methods of teaching Engaged member of the class
  16. 16. LISTENER ACTIVE PARTICIPANT
  17. 17. FACILITATOR OF LEARNING LECTURER
  18. 18. TRADITIONAL TEACHING DIGITAL TEACHING
  19. 19. MARC PRENSKY (Digital Immigrants, Digital Natives) 2001 “Today’s students think and process information differently from their predecessors.”
  20. 20. DR. BRUCE D. BERRY Baylor College of Medicine “It is very likely that our students’ brains have physically changed --- and are different from ours - -- as a result of how they grew up.”
  21. 21. MARC PRENSKY (Digital Immigrants, Digital Natives) 2001 “Our students have changed radically and that, today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach.”
  22. 22. Teaching the 21st century learners is not an easy task. Methods must be applicable for the learners. Teachers must flex to the needs of the learners. Digital natives will not go backwards.
  23. 23. Essential Matters Presented: Technology is very much needed in the classroom. Technology is the pen and paper of the modern time. Teachers must enrich themselves so they can keep abreast with the students’ skills. The schools are developing the technology used in classroom instruction.
  24. 24. Technology in the PCC Classroom
  25. 25. Technology is a fast-paced system. EQUIP YOURSELF
  26. 26. BILL GATES “Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is still the most important.”
  27. 27. NANCY KASSEBAUM Senator, United States of America “There can be infinite uses of the computer and of new age technology, but if the teachers themselves are not able to bring it into the classroom and make it work, then it fails.”
  28. 28. IAN JUKES “If we want to understand the world of our students, we must be willing to immerse ourselves in their world. We must embrace the new digital reality. If the teachers can’t relate, if the teachers don’t get it, then we won’t be able to make schools relevant to the current and future needs of the digital generation.”
  29. 29. TRADITIONAL IS NOT DIGITAL.
  30. 30. NIGEL WILLETTS ICT Educator “ When faced with a steam-rolling technology, you either become part of the technology or part of the road.”
  31. 31. Thank You So Much!

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