Educational values of instructional mterials(Preparation and evaluation of instructional materials lesson plan)
Educational values of Instructional materialsInstructional materials are highly important for teaching, especially forinexperienced teachers. Teachers rely on instructional materials in every aspect of teaching. Theyneed materials for background information on the subject they are teaching.Young teachers usually have not built up their expertise whenever they enter into thefield. Teachers often use instructional materials for lesson planning. These materials are alsoneeded by teachers to assess the knowledge of their students. Teachers often assess students byassigning tasks, creating projects, and administering exams. Instructional materials are essentialfor all of these activities. One cannot utilize instructional methods without using any form of media forcommunication. In this sense, the two are inseparable. In line to this, Corpuz et.al (2008) saidthat instructional materials play different roles in the execution of a lesson. These roles mayeither be Traditional, wherein it serves as delivery vehicles for instructional lessons orConstructivist in which IMs are viewed as partners in teaching and learning. For us to furtherunderstand, enumerated below are the roles of the IMs in traditional and constructivistperspectives:Traditional perspectives 1. Serves as delivery vehicles for instructional lessons 2. Technology serves as sources and presenter of knowledge. It is assumed that knowledge is embedded with technology and technology presents that knowledge to the students. 3. Learners learn from technology and Technology serves as teachers.Constructivist perspectives 1. Partners in teaching and learning 2. Helps build more meaningful interpretations of a learner’s life and world. 3. Have roles as: Tools to support knowledge construction Information vehicles for exploring knowledge to support learning by constructing Context support learning by doing Social media to support learning by conversing Intellectual partners to support learning by reflecting. May it be traditional or constructivist both views agree that IMs, when used effectively,will increase student learning and support development of critical thinking and problem solvingskills. Proper implementation in the classroom gives more control of their own learning andtends to move classrooms from a teacher-dominated to a learner centered environment.
Traditional perspectives Constructivist perspectives Similarities 1. Serves as delivery 1. Partners in teaching and May it be traditional or vehicles for learning constructivist both views instructional lessons agree that IMs, when 2. Technology serves 2. Helps build more meaningful used effectively, will as sources and interpretations of a learner’s life increase student learning presenter of and world. and support development knowledge. It is of critical thinking and assumed that problem solving skills. knowledge is Proper implementation in embedded with the classroom gives more technology and control of their own technology presents learning and tends to that knowledge to move classrooms from a the students. teacher-dominated to a learner centered 3. Learners learn from 4. Have roles as: environment. technology and Tools to support Technology serves knowledge as teachers. construction Information vehicles for exploring knowledge to support learning by constructing Context support learning by doing Social media to support learning by conversing Intellectual partners to support learning by reflecting.A table showing the differences and similarities of the Traditional and Constructivist perspectives.Lesson prepared by:CHRISTIAN L. CHUAStudent, BSE 4-English To be submitted to: DR. PRISCILA V. SAN PEDRO Instructor, English 136