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Preparation and evaluation of instruction materials

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Preparation and evaluation of instruction materials

  1. 1. PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS • PRINCIPLES IN MATERIAL DESIGN (NUNAN, 1988) • DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION OF MATERIALS MA. ELENA OBLINO ABAINZA
  2. 2. PRINCIPLES IN MATERIAL DESIGNS
  3. 3. Why ID?  Designing effective instructional materials is one way of improving the quality of educational opportunities.  The common concern of instructional designers is the facilitation of successful learning experiences from which learners can demonstrate their newly acquired knowledge, skills and attitudes.
  4. 4. What is an ISD ?  Instructional design refers to the systematic process of translating principles of learning and instruction into plans or specifications for instructional materials or activities
  5. 5. Who is an instructional designer ?  Instructional designers use established learning theories and principles as problem solving procedures (models) to guide them in making decisions about their designs. (Smith and Ragan, 1999)
  6. 6. Basic Elements of ID 1. Determining the needs of the learners and examining the learning context and environment 2. Determining the outcomes of the learning program or course and formulating the learning objectives 3. Developing appropriate and meaningful assessment criteria and procedures 4. Establishing the most effective approach(es) to delivering the instruction
  7. 7. Basic Elements of ID 5. Testing and evaluating the effectiveness of the instructional system (both the instruction itself and the performance of the learner) 6. Implementing, adjusting and maintaining the instructional system
  8. 8. How we learn? Taste 1% Touch 2% Smell 4% Hear 10% See 83% Taste Touch Smell Hear See
  9. 9. THREE (3) PHASES OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PHASE 1 Curriculum Planning  Identify learner needs  Set goals and objectives  Write materials  Write tests
  10. 10. Learning Objects The term learning object generally refers to a reusable component at the page, lesson, or, perhaps, course level.
  11. 11. What kind of material? Easy to create Easy to offer Easy to access Reusable
  12. 12. THREE (3) PHASES OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PHASE 2 Curriculum Implementation  Instruct learners  Monitor and adapt instruction  Write supplementary materials
  13. 13. THREE (3) PHASES OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PHASE 3 Curriculum Evaluation  Test learners  Evaluate curriculum  Plan changes in the curriculum
  14. 14. Authentic Versus Created Materials  Authentic materials Refer to the use in teaching of texts that were not specially prepared for pedagogic purposes.  Created materials Refer to textbooks and other specially developed instructional resources.
  15. 15. DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION OF MATERIALS
  16. 16. Design Phase  Accumulated experiences – the writer reviews or surveys existing materials which can give useful information about the demands and the needs in the field.  Rationale for the design – identifies the shortcomings of existing materials to ensure that such short comings are not repeated in the present material.  Conceptual Framework – combines major and minor concepts regarding language learning, language teaching theories, and materials design principles upon which the material is anchored.
  17. 17. Detailed writing of the specification for the new materials – the specification includes:  Goals of the materials  What are the goals of the instruction? (Where are we going?)  Subject matter, language content to be covered, and the skills to be acquired through the content
  18. 18. Detailed writing of the specification for the new materials – the specification includes:  Techniques and modes of presentation, practice, use and management associated with the learning of the content  What is the instructional strategy and the instructional medium? (How will we get there?)
  19. 19. Detailed writing of the specification for the new materials – the specification includes:  Format of the materials including how learning units are divided  Technical details for the writing of the materials
  20. 20. Developmental Phase  Writing the experimental materials  Internal evaluation of materials  Controlled tryout
  21. 21. Dissemination Phase  Extensive use of the new IM  Field evaluation of the IM  How will we evaluate and revise the instructional materials for future improvement? (How will we know when we have arrived?)

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