Public speaking


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public speaking

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Public speaking

  1. 1. Public Speaking
  2. 2. What is Public k • Another term for large- group communication • Communication situation consisting of a speaker who addresses a large crowd in a formal tone and manner on a subject matter which is of general interest to the audience
  3. 3. What is Public k • In this communicative situation, FEEDBACK is restricted because of the physical and psychological distance between the audience and the speaker.
  4. 4. What is Public k • It also lacks the spontaneity and flexibility of a face-to-face situation.
  5. 5. Requirements for Public Speaking Speaker Listener Message Plan Purpose Record of the interchange
  6. 6. Preparation for Speaking Knowing your audience Choosing the topic Determining your purpose Collecting your supporting materials Making the outline Writing the speech
  7. 7. Presenting the Speech
  8. 8. Modes of Speech Delivery Extemporaneous Speech • Speaker builds his compositions prior to presentation but creates his language during the time of speaking • Talk is made with the final outline as guide. Impromptu Speech • Given without previous preparation • Speaker is asked or prompted for some reason to talk on the spur of the moment Memorized Speech • Also known as Speaking from a Manuscript or from Memory • Appropriate or required in cases where the speaker’s word may reflect the official policy of a business or nation
  9. 9. You must complement your message with your body during delivery. Specifically, be aware of your:
  10. 10. posture Body movement Facial expressions Eye contact
  11. 11. What are the integral parts of communication? Clothes and personal appearance Posture and poise Gestures and body language
  12. 12. Clothes and Personal Appearance • Dress appropriately and let your clothes be in harmony with the occasion. • Avoid flashy attires and too much jewelry which may distract the listeners. • Neatness and cleanliness must be observed.
  13. 13. Posture and Poise • Includes standing, walking and sitting • One’s good posture should look natural, alert yet at ease, and should allow freedom of bodily movement and ease of breathing. • Posture and poise can give definite clues to your emotional state.
  14. 14. Gestures and Body Language • Moving the head, face, hands or any part of the body while speaking • Should be done spontaneously with proper timing to add emphasis to the message • Gestures should be combined actions of the whole body.
  15. 15. Basic Hand Gestures Pointing Dividing Describing or imitating Giving and receiving Rejecting or restraining Emphasizing Facial Expressions
  16. 16. Tips and Techniques:
  17. 17. 1. Remove “Noisy” Moveme nts.
  18. 18. is as much to be gained from removing nervous and distracting movements as there is from adding conscious gestures. It may seem counter-intuitive, but this is “addition by
  19. 19. 2. Avoid “Forcing” Gestures into Your Speech.
  20. 20. 3. Record aVideo of Yourself Speaking.