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types of phrases

Published in: Education, Technology
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  1. 1. • A group of related words that lacks both a subject and a verb • A group of related words that cannot act as a sentence • A banal term for two or more words that convey an idea (according to Mark Nichol)
  2. 2. Prepositional Phrases Participial Phrases Gerund Phrases Infinitive Phrases
  3. 3. • Begins with a preposition and includes the object of the preposition • Consists of a noun or pronoun that serves as the preposition’s object, and often one or more adjectives
  4. 4. • I went for a walk in the dark woods. • Marie spent the whole day laughing with her closest friends. • The baby crawled under the table. • Jonah left her bag on top of the cabinet. • She witnessed the accident across the street.
  5. 5. • Begins with a participle and includes the object of the participle or other words that are connected to the noun by the participle • Consists of verbals ending in –ing or –ed, or another irregular form of the verb, and serves as an adjective
  6. 6. • Left alone in the dark, Matthew was so afraid. • The little girl, crying loudly, stepped in front of the crowd. • No one bothered to listen to the man dressed in shabby clothes.
  7. 7. • Begins with an infinitive and includes the object of the infinitive or other words that are acting as part of the phrase • Includes the word “to” and a verb as the basis of modification of a root sentence
  8. 8. • His effort to pass the bill doomed his political ambitions. • Luis plans to see a movie this coming weekend. • To obtain a passing grade is my goal this semester.
  9. 9. • Begins with a gerund and include the object of the gerund or other words that are acting as the complete subject or complete object • Includes a verbal that functions as a noun
  10. 10. • Juggling knives is not recommended for children. • Learning how to swim is my dream. • Waking up from a dream that he really likes you should now happen to prevent you from getting hurt.
  11. 11. References: • •