QUESTION• Did the field trip accomplish something specific for Linus? Why do you say so?
• Do the materials give a true picture of the ideas they present? To avoid misconceptions, it is always good to ask when the material was produced.
• Do the materials contribute meaningful content to the topic under study? Does the material help you achieve the instructional objective?
• Is the material appropriate for the age, intelligence, and experience of the learners?
• Is the physical condition of the material satisfactory? An example, is the microscope properly working?
• Is there a teacher’s guide to provide a briefing for effective use? The chance that the instructional material will be used to the maximum and to the optimum is increased with a teacher’s guide.
• Can the materials in question help to make students better thinkers and develop their critical faculties? With exposure to mass media, it is highly important that we maintain and strengthen our rational powers.
• Is the material worth the time, expense and effort involved? Is it more effective than any other less expensive and less demanding instructional material that can take its place? Or is there a better substitute?
• “It is one thing to select a good instructional materials; it is another thing to use it well.”• Hayden Smith and Thomas Nagel (1972) book authors on Instructional Media
• Prepare yourself. You should know your lesson objective and what you expect form the class after the session and why you have selected such particular instructional material.
• Prepare your students. Set class expectations and learning goals. Motivate them and keep them interested and engaged.
• Present the material under the best possible conditions. Using media and materials, especially if they are mechanical in nature, often requires rehearsal and a carefully planned performance.
• Follow up. You use the instructional materials for the attainment of a lesson objective.
The materials that we select must:Give a true picture of the ideas they presentContribute to the attainment of the learning objectiveBe appropriate to the age, intelligence and experience of the learners
Be in good and satisfactory conditionProvide for a teacher’s guideHelp develop the critical and creative thinking powers of studentsBe worth the time, expense and effort involved
For optimum use of the instructionalmaterial, it is necessary that the teacherprepares:HerselfHer studentsThe instructional material and doesfollow up
9 Instructional events by Robert GagneGain attentionInform learner of objectivesStimulate recall of prior learningPresents stimulus materialsProvide learner guidanceElicit performanceProvide feedbackAssess performanceEnhance retention transfer
B i d a B e s t T e a c h e r“Our choices dictate of what we will become in the future.” -Virginia L. Sevilla